Quenya 

Quende#

noun. Elf

Elf

Quenya [PE 18:71] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

quendë

elf

quendë noun "Elf", the little-used analogical sg. of Quendi, q.v. (KWEN(ED), WJ:361)

él

noun. star

An archaic or poetic word for star (WJ/362), somewhat common in compounds but in ordinary speech typically appearing as elen. It was derived directly from the primitive root √EL “behold”, the basis for other star words (PM/340; WJ/360).

Conceptual Development: This word first appeared as poetical ᴹQ. él “star” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, already with the derivation given above, though in this document the root ᴹ√EL meant “star” (Ety/EL), a common gloss for the root in later writings as well.

Variations

  • el ✧ PM/340

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ PM/340
  • ēl “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ WJ/360

Cognates

  • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
el- > el[el]✧ PM/340
ēl > él[ēl]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
†éliplural-✧ WJ/362
Quenya [PM/340; WJ/362] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

star

él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)

elda

of the stars

elda 1. originally adj. "of the stars", but wholly replaced (WJ:362) by: 2. noun (Elda) = one of the people of the Stars, (high-)elf, an Elf (SA:êl, elen, Letters:281, ELED, ÉLED; notice that Tolkien abandoned a former etymology with "depart"), chiefly in the pl. Eldar (WJ:362, cf. GAT(H), TELES).The primitive form Tolkien variously cited as ¤eledā / elenā(Letters:281, PE17:152) and ¤eldā(WJ:360). Partitive pl. Eldali (VT49:8), gen. pl. Eldaron (WJ:368, PM:395, 402);dative pl.eldain "for elves", for Eldar (FS); possessive sg. Eldava "Elf's" (WJ:407); possessive pl. Eldaiva (WJ:368), Eldaivë governing a plural word (WJ:369). The word Eldar properly refers to the non-Avari Elves only, but since Eldar rarely had any contact with the Avari, it could be used for "elves" in general (in LT1:251, Elda is simply glossed "Elf"). See also Eldo. The plural form Eldar should not require any article when the reference is to the entire people; i Eldar refers to a limited group, "(all) the Elves previously named"; nevertheless, Tolkien in some sources does use the article even where the reference seems to be generic (i Eldar or i-Eldar, VT49:8).

elda

noun. Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk

The most common Quenya word for “Elf”. Its literal meaning is “one of the Star-folk” (WJ/374), a name given to them by Oromë (S/49) and derived from the same primitive root √EL as Q. elen “star”. Strictly speaking, this term excludes the Avari who chose not to journey to Valinor, so that the proper term for all of Elvenkind is Q. Quendë “one of the Elven race”. The Elves of the West rarely encountered the Avari, however, so that term Elda was ordinarily broad enough to describe all Elves.

Conceptual Development: This word dates back to the earliest stages of Tolkien’s languages. At its first appearance, ᴱQ. Elda was glossed “a beach-fay” (QL/35), but was soon extended to describe all Elves (LT1/113). In Tolkien’s earliest writings the word was not given a clear etymology. In the Lhammas “Account of Tongues” from the 1930s (LR/168-180), Tolkien gave ᴹQ. Elda the sense of “one who departed” (LR/169), as opposed to the ᴹQ. Lembi “Lingerers” who remained behind (precursors of the Avari). With this sense, Elda was derived from ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” (Ety/LED).

Tolkien soon revised the etymology of Elda so that it was derived instead from ᴹ√ELED “star-folk” (Ety/ELED). In some later writings, he considered both etymologies of this word to be valid, so that Elda was blending of both “star-folk” (from √EL) and Q. Eldo “marcher” (from √LED or √DEL), as discussed in the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 and elsewhere (WJ/362-3, PE17/139). However, the sense “star-folk” is probably better known.

In some notes from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving this word from a variant root √DEL “fair” so that its meaning would be “the fair” (PE17/151), but this seems to have been a transient idea.

Variations

  • elda ✧ PE17/045; PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/151; PE17/152; PE17/152

Derivations

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl; WJ/360; WJ/364; WJ/364
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281
  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
    • elen “star” ✧ PE17/139
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360
  • edelā “the fair” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/151
    • DEL “fair” ✧ PE17/151
  • edelō “one who goes, traveller, migrant, marcher” ✧ PE17/152
    • DEL “walk, go, proceed, travel” ✧ WJ/360; WJ/363

Cognates

  • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl
  • S. Ell “Elf” ✧ Let/281; WJ/362
  • S. Edhel “Elf” ✧ LRI/Edhil; PE17/045; PE17/151; PE17/152; SA/êl; SA/êl; RC/780
  • S. Ellon “Elf-man” ✧ PE17/151
  • T. Ello “Elf” ✧ WJ/375; WJ/373
  • T. Ella “Elf” ✧ WJ/362; WJI/Eldar

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
eledā/elenā > Elda[eledā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ Let/281
elenā > Elda[elenā] > [elnā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ PE17/139
edelā > Elda[edelā] > [edlā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ PE17/139
edelā > elda[edelā] > [edlā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ PE17/151
elenā > elda[elenā] > [elnā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ PE17/152
edelā > eledā > elda[edelā] > [eledā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ PE17/152
elda > Elda[elda]✧ SA/êl
eldā > Elda[eldā] > [elda]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eldarplural“High Elves”✧ Let/198; LotR/1127; LotR/1137; LotRI/Eldar; LRI/Edhil; MRI/Eldar; PE17/114; PE17/135; PE17/139; PE21/73; PE21/77; PM/029; PMI/Eldar; RC/217; RC/780; S/049; S/049; SA/êl; SI/Eldar; SI/High Elves; TII/Eldar; UTI/Eldar; VT49/08; VT49/08; WJ/362; WJ/373; WJ/374; WJI/Eldar; WRI/Eldar
Eldarongenitive plural“of the Eldar”✧ NM/239; PE21/77; PM/395; PM/403; WJ/368; WJ/369
Eldalipartitive-plural“some Elves, a lot of Elves”✧ PE17/135; PE21/73; VT49/08
Eldarpast-✧ PE21/77
Eldōgenitive“Elf’s”✧ PE21/77
eldalipartitive-plural“elves”✧ PE22/155
Elda(r)plural-✧ UTI/Eldanna
-elsuffix-✧ WJ/364
-eldisuffix plural-✧ WJ/364
Eldaivapossessive plural“of the Eldar”✧ WJ/369; WJ/407
Eldaivepossessive plural“of the Eldar”✧ WJ/369
Eldavapossessive“Elf’s”✧ WJ/407
Quenya [Let/198; Let/281; LotR/1127; LotR/1137; LotRI/Eldar; LRI/Edhil; MRI/Eldar; NM/239; PE17/045; PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/114; PE17/135; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE17/152; PE17/189; PE21/73; PE21/77; PE22/155; PM/029; PM/346; PM/395; PM/403; PMI/Eldar; RC/217; RC/780; S/049; SA/êl; SI/Eldar; SI/High Elves; TII/Eldar; UTI/Eldanna; UTI/Eldar; VT49/08; WJ/362; WJ/364; WJ/368; WJ/369; WJ/373; WJ/374; WJ/375; WJ/407; WJI/Eldar; WRI/Eldar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

star

elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.

elen

noun. star

The most common Quenya word for “star”, mentioned very frequently, derived from an extended form ✶elen of the root √EL “behold” (PE17/67; WJ/360, 362). Its usual plural form is eleni, but it has an archaic plural †eldi sometimes used in verse, the result of the Ancient Quenya sound whereby [[aq|[ln] became [ld]]] after the ancient plural underwent the Quenya syncope, ✶elenī > AQ. elni; its normal modern plural form eleni was actually a reformation from the singular (PE17/57, 151; WJ/362).

Conceptual Development: This word first appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s, though in the original entry for the root ᴹ√EL Tolkien said it was poetical and gave variants ellen and elena (Ety/EL).

Variations

  • Elen ✧ LotR/0081; WJ/367

Derivations

  • elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/151; WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360
  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ PE17/151; PM/340; RGEO/65; SA/êl

Cognates

  • S. êl “star” ✧ PE17/024; PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/151; SA/êl; WJ/362
  • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/367
  • T. elen “star” ✧ WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
elen > elen[elen]✧ PE17/067
elni > eldi[eleni] > [elni] > [eldi]✧ PE17/151

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eleniongenitive plural“of Stars”✧ Let/385; LotR/0720
eleniplural“stars”✧ LotR/0377; PE17/012; PE17/024; PE17/056; PE17/067; PE17/091; PE17/127; PE17/151; RGEO/59; RGEO/65; VT49/45; WJ/362
eleniongenitive plural-✧ LotR/0915; PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/090; PE17/091; PE17/101; VT49/45
elenillorablative plural“[from] the stars”✧ MC/222
ellipartitive-plural-✧ PE17/024
eldiplural-✧ PE17/024; PE17/067
-elellipartitive-plural-✧ PE17/024
elellipartitive-plural-✧ PE17/127
†eldiplural-✧ PE17/151; WJ/362
Elemassimilated“star”✧ PE19/096
élenìplural“stars”✧ RGEO/58
Quenya [Let/265; Let/385; LotR/0081; LotR/0377; LotR/0720; LotR/0915; MC/222; PE17/012; PE17/024; PE17/025; PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/067; PE17/090; PE17/091; PE17/101; PE17/127; PE17/151; PE19/096; PM/340; RGEO/58; RGEO/59; RGEO/65; SA/êl; UT/213; VT49/39; VT49/44; VT49/45; WJ/362; WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Elessar

elf-stone

Elessar masc. name "Elf-stone" (Elen + sar, actually "Star-stone", cf. Elendil concerning elen "star" being used to mean "Elf") (LotR3:V ch. 8). Genitive Elesarno _(VT49:28, read _Elessarno?) indicates that the stem is -sarn-. As a common noun, elessar or "elf-stone" may signify "beryl" (in the chapter Flight to the Ford in the LotR, Aragorn finds "a single pale-green jewel" and declares: "It is a beryl, an elf-stone"). Elessar as a name may also be seen as a pun or variant of Elesser "Elf-friend".

elena

of the stars

elena adj. "of the stars" (SA:êl, elen); also elenya

heldo

friend

[heldo, also helmo, fem. heldë, noun "friend" (VT46:3)]

meldo

friend, lover

meldo noun "friend, lover". _(VT45:34, quoting a deleted entry in the Etymologies, but cf. the pl. #_meldor in Eldameldor "Elf-lovers", WJ:412) **Meldonya *"my friend" (VT49:38, 40). It may be that meldo is the distinctly masculine form, corresponding to feminine #meldë** (q.v.)

meldë

friend

#meldë noun "friend", feminine (meldenya "my friend" in the Elaine inscription [VT49:40], Tolkien referring to Elaine Griffiths). Compare meldo.

Elendil

star-friend

Elendil masc. name"Star-friend", "Lover or student of stars", applied to those devoted to astronomical lore. However, when the Edain used this name they intended it to mean "Elf-friend", confusing elen "star" and elda "elf" (WJ:410). (This idea that the name was misapplied seems to be late; Tolken earlier interpreted the name as an ancient compound Eled + ndil so that the meaning really was "Elf-friend"; see Letters:386. See also NIL/NDIL in the Etymologies, where Elendil is equated with "Ælfwine", Elf-friend.) Allative Elendilenna "to Elendil" (PM:401); Elendil Vorondo genitive of Elendil Voronda "Elendil the Steadfast" _(CO) Pl. Elendili the Númenórean Elf-friends (Silm)_; the variant Elendilli in SD:403 would seem to presuppose a stem-form Elendill- not attested elsewhere. Tar-Elendil a Númenorean king, UT:210.

-ser

friend

-ser noun "friend" (SER)

lemen

cardinal. five

lemen

cardinal. five

lemen, alternative cardinal "five" (VT48:6, 20); the word normally appears as lempë, but compare lemenya below.

lemnë

cardinal. five

lempë

cardinal. five

lempë cardinal "five" (LEP/LEPEN/LEPEK, GL:53, VT42:24, VT47:10, 24); lempëa ordinal "fifth", an analogical formation replacing older lemenya, in turn altered from the historically "correct" form lepenya because of analogy with the cardinal lempë "five" (VT42:25; Vanyarin Quenya maintained lepenya, VT42:26)

lempë

cardinal. five

Variations

  • lempe ✧ PE17/095; PE17/095; VT42/24; VT42/25; VT42/26; VT47/10; VT47/24
  • lemne ✧ PE17/095
  • lemen ✧ VT48/06

Derivations

  • LEPEN “five” ✧ PE17/095
  • lepene “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
    • LEPEN “five” ✧ VT47/24

Cognates

  • S. leben “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT48/06
  • T. lepen “five” ✧ VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24; VT48/06

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
LEPEN > lepne > lempe[lepne] > [lenpe] > [lempe]✧ PE17/095
lepen > lempe[lepne] > [lenpe] > [lempe]✧ PE17/095
lepene > lepne > lempe[lepene] > [lepne] > [lenpe] > [lempe]✧ VT42/24
lepene > lepne > lempe[lepene] > [lepne] > [lenpe] > [lempe]✧ VT47/10
lepenē̆ > lepnē > lempe[lepenē] > [lepnē] > [lenpē] > [lempē] > [lempe]✧ VT47/24
Quenya [PE17/095; VT42/24; VT42/25; VT42/26; VT47/10; VT47/24; VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ílë

star

ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)

-ndil

friend

-ndil (also -dil) ending occurring in many names, like Amandil, Eärendil; it implies devotion or disinterested love and may be translated "friend" (SA:(noun)dil); this ending is "describing the attitude of one to a person, thing, course or occupation to which one is devoted for its own sake" (Letters:386). Compare -ndur. It is unclear whether the names derived with the ending -ndil are necessarily masculine, though we have no certain example of a woman's name in -ndil; the name Vardilmë (q.v.) may suggest that the corresponding feminine ending is -(n)dilmë.

alqua

swan

alqua noun "swan" _(ÁLAK [there spelt _alqa, as in LT1:249/LT2:335], SA:alqua, UT:265, VT42:7). The alternative form alquë ("q") mentioned in early material (LT1:249) may or may not be valid in LotR-style Quenya.

alqua

noun. swan

swan

Quenya [PE 18:100] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

alqua

noun. swan

The Quenya noun for “swan” derived from primitive ✶alkwā (NM/378; PE18/100; UT/265; Ety/ÁLAK).

Conceptual Development: The word ᴱQ. alqa dates all the way back to the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, where it was a derivative of the early root ᴱ√ḶKḶ (QL/30), though it had a variant form alqe in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon (GL/18). Other than this one exception, Tolkien stuck with alqua throughout his life. In The Etymologies of the 1930s, ᴹQ. alqa “swan” appeared under the root ᴹ√ALAK “rushing” (Ety/ÁLAK).

Derivations

  • alkwā “swan” ✧ NM/378; PE18/100; UT/265; VT42/07
    • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ PE18/100
  • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ SA/alqua

Cognates

  • S. alph “swan” ✧ NM/378; SA/alqua; UT/265; VT42/07
  • T. alpa “swan” ✧ UT/265

Element in

  • Q. Alqualondë “Haven of the Swans” ✧ SA/alqua; UT/265

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
alkwā > alqua[alkwā] > [alkwa]✧ NM/378
álkwā > alqua[alkwā] > [alkwa]✧ PE18/100
alak- > alqua[alakwā] > [alkwā] > [alkwa]✧ SA/alqua
alkwa > alqua[alkwa]✧ UT/265
alkwa > alqua[alkwa]✧ VT42/07
Quenya [NM/378; PE18/100; SA/alqua; UT/265; VT42/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

málo

noun. friend

friend, comrade

Quenya [PE 18:46 PE 18:96] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

málo

friend

málo noun "friend" (MEL, VT49:22)

nildo

friend

nildo noun "friend" (apparently masc.; contrast nildë) (NIL/NDIL)

nildë

friend

nildë noun "friend" (fem.) (NIL/NDIL)

nilmo

friend

nilmo noun "friend" (apparently masc.) (NIL/NDIL)

sermo

friend

sermo noun "friend" (evidently masc., since sermë is stated to be fem.) (SER)

sermë

friend

sermë noun "friend" (fem.) (SER)

seron

friend

seron noun "friend" (SER)

-ndur

friend

-ndur (also -dur), ending in some names, like Eärendur; as noted by Christopher Tolkien in the Silmarillion Appendix it has much the same meaning as -ndil "friend"; yet -ndur properly means "servant of" (SA:(noun)dil), "as one serves a legitimate master: cf. Q. arandil king's friend, royalist, beside arandur 'king's servant, minister'. But these often coincide: e.g. Sam's relation to Frodo can be viewed either as in status -ndur, in spirit -ndil." (Letters:286)

quendë

noun. Elf, (lit.) One That Speaks

Variations

  • quende ✧ NM/095; WJ/361
  • Quende ✧ PE17/137; WJ/372; WJI/Quendi
  • qende ✧ PE17/141

Derivations

  • kwende “speaker, elf” ✧ PE17/137; PE17/141; PE17/152
    • KWENED “spoken, articulate, spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf” ✧ PE17/137
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093
      • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE17/140; WJ/360
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
  • KWENED “spoken, articulate, spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf” ✧ PE19/093
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
  • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ SA/quen; WJ/361; WJ/391
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392

Cognates

  • T. Pendë “Elf (as a race)” ✧ WJ/375; WJI/Pendi; WJ/361

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
quet-“to say, speak, tell, to say, speak, tell, [ᴱQ.] talk”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
kwendī > Quendi[kwendī] > [kwendi]✧ PE17/137
kwenedē > qende[kwenedē] > [kwendē] > [kwende]✧ PE17/141
kwened- > Quendi[kwenedē] > [kwendē] > [kwende]✧ PE17/152
kwened > quend-[kwenede] > [kwende]✧ PE19/093
quen- > Quendi[kwende]✧ SA/quen
KWEN > quende[kwende]✧ WJ/361
KWEN > Quendi[kwende]✧ WJ/391

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Quendiplural“Elves”✧ Let/176; LotR/1137; LotRI/Quendi; LT2I/Quendi; MRI/Quendi; PE17/137; PE17/152; PE18/071; PE19/093; PM/029; PMI/Quendi; S/049; SA/quen; SI/Quendi; SMI/Quendi; UTI/Quendi; WJ/361; WJ/372; WJ/375; WJ/391; WJI/Pendi; WJI/Quendi
-quendorplural masc-✧ MR/229
-quenderplural fem-✧ MR/229
-quendurplural masc-✧ MR/229
-quendirplural fem-✧ MR/229
-quendomasc-✧ MR/229
-quendefem-✧ MR/229
-quendumasc-✧ MR/229
-quendifem-✧ MR/229
quende/quendifem“Elvish woman”✧ MR/471
quender/quendirfem plural-✧ MR/471
quendo/quendumasc“Elvish man”✧ MR/471
quendor/quendurmasc plural-✧ MR/471
quend-stem-✧ PE19/093
Quendiongenitive plural“of the Elves”✧ PM/395
Quenya [Let/176; LotR/1137; LotRI/Quendi; LT2I/Quendi; MR/229; MR/471; MRI/Quendi; NM/095; PE17/137; PE17/141; PE17/152; PE18/071; PE19/093; PM/029; PM/395; PMI/Quendi; S/049; SA/quen; SI/Quendi; SMI/Quendi; UTI/Quendi; WJ/361; WJ/372; WJ/375; WJ/391; WJI/Pendi; WJI/Quendi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sondo

friend

[sondo noun "friend" (VT46:15)]

quentaro

noun. speaker

speaker, reciter, minstrel

Quenya [PE 18:50, 51 PE 19:40] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Sindarin 

edhel

noun. Elf

Sindarin [Ety/356, S/430, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel

Elf

d _ n. _Elf. Q. elda.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:151] < *_edelā_ Elf < DEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

Elf

{ð} _n. _Elf.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:140-1] < _edelō_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

Elf

pl1. edhil, pl2. edhellim {ð} _n. _Elf. A name used by the Sindar for themselves, characterizing other varieties by an adjective or prefix. >> Aredhel, Thinnedhel

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:139] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf

Variations

  • edhel ✧ PE17/045; PE17/151; RC/780; SA/edhel; UT/255; UTI/Edhelrim
  • eðel ✧ PE17/139; PE17/141; PE17/152
  • Eðel ✧ PM/346

Derivations

  • edelā “the fair” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/151
    • DEL “fair” ✧ PE17/151
  • edelō “one who goes, traveller, migrant, marcher” ✧ PE17/141; PE17/152; WJ/360
    • DEL “walk, go, proceed, travel” ✧ WJ/360; WJ/363

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ LRI/Edhil; PE17/045; PE17/151; PE17/152; SA/êl; SA/êl; RC/780
  • Q. Eldo “one of the Marchers” ✧ WJ/363

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
edelā > eðel[edelā] > [edela] > [eðela] > [eðel]✧ PE17/139
edelō > eðel[edelō] > [edelo] > [eðelo] > [eðel]✧ PE17/141
edelā > edhel[edelā] > [edela] > [eðela] > [eðel]✧ PE17/151
edelā > eðel[edelā] > [edela] > [eðela] > [eðel]✧ PE17/152
edelō > Edhel[edelō] > [edelo] > [eðelo] > [eðel]✧ WJ/360
edelō > Edhil[edelī] > [edeli] > [eðeli] > [eðili] > [eðil]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Edhilplural-✧ LRI/Edhil; RGEO/62; SA/edhel; SA/êl; SI/Sindar; WJ/364; WJ/377; WJI/Edhel
Edhellionold-genitive plural-✧ PE17/097
-Eleðrimclass-plural-✧ PE17/097
-Edhellonold-genitive plural-✧ PE17/097
eðilplural-✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
eðillimclass-plural-✧ PE17/139
Eledhrim/Edhelrimclass-plural“all Elves”✧ UT/318
Edhelrimclass-plural“The Elves”✧ UTI/Edhelrim
-edhelsuffix-✧ WJ/364 in later compounds
Eledhrimclass-plural-✧ WJ/377; WJ/378 later class-plural
edhilplural“elves”✧ WJ/378
Sindarin [LRI/Edhil; PE17/045; PE17/097; PE17/139; PE17/141; PE17/151; PE17/152; PM/346; RC/780; RGEO/62; SA/edhel; SA/êl; SI/Sindar; UT/255; UT/318; UTI/Edhelrim; WJ/364; WJ/377; WJ/378; WJI/Edhel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf

_ n. _Elf, a general name for all the Elves (since the name Quendi had gone out of use in Sindarin). Probably related to or connected with Q. Elda. >> edhellen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:45] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

eledh

noun. Elf

Variations

  • eledh ✧ Let/281 (eledh); UTI/Edhelrim
  • elein ✧ PE17/139 (elein)
  • eleð ✧ PE17/140
  • Elen ✧ WJ/363; WJ/377 (Elen); WJI/Elen

Derivations

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ Let/281; PE17/140
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281
  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/360
    • elen “star” ✧ PE17/139
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl
  • Q. elenya “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar” ✧ WJ/362

Element in

  • S. Eledhwen “Elfsheen, Elven-fair” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl; UTI/Haudh-en-Elleth

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
eledā/elenā > eledh[eledā] > [eleda] > [eleða] > [eleð]✧ Let/281
eledā/elenā > elidh[eledī] > [eledi] > [eleði] > [eliði] > [elið]✧ Let/281
elenyā > elein[elenjā] > [elenja] > [elenia] > [eleni] > [elein] > [elain]✧ PE17/139
eledā > eleð[eledā] > [eleda] > [eleða] > [eleð]✧ PE17/140
elenā > Elen[elenā] > [elena] > [elen]✧ WJ/360
elenā > Elin[elenī] > [eleni] > [elini] > [elin]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elidhplural-✧ Let/281
†eleniath/elenwaithclass-plural-✧ PE17/139
Eledhrimclass-plural“The Elves”✧ UTI/Edhelrim; WJ/363; WJI/Elen
Elinplural“Elves”✧ WJ/363; WJI/Elen
†Elinplural-✧ WJ/377
Sindarin [Let/281; PE17/139; PE17/140; SA/êl; UTI/Edhelrim; UTI/Haudh-en-Elleth; WJ/363; WJ/377; WJI/Elen] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. Elf

ell

noun. elf

n. elf, esp. [?in ?the ?South]. Noldorin form.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:141] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ell

noun. Elf

Variations

  • ell ✧ Let/281; PE17/141; PE17/152 (ell)
  • Ell- ✧ WJ/363
  • ell- ✧ WJ/364

Derivations

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ PE17/141; WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ Let/281; WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
eldā > ell[eldā] > [elda] > [elða] > [elð] > [ell]✧ PE17/141
eldā > Ell-[eldā] > [elda] > [elða] > [elð] > [ell]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
eldrimclass-plural-✧ PE17/141
ellathclass-plural“*Elves”✧ VT50/15
Ellathclass-plural“*Elves”✧ VT50/19; VT50/23
El(d)rimclass-plural-✧ WJ/363
-elsuffix-✧ WJ/363; WJ/364; WJ/377
-ilsuffix plural-✧ WJ/363; WJ/364; WJ/377
Eldrim/Elrimclass-plural-✧ WJ/364
†Eldrim/Elrimclass-plural-✧ WJ/377
Elprefix“Elf”✧ WJ/412
Sindarin [Let/281; PE17/141; PE17/152; VT50/15; VT50/19; VT50/23; WJ/363; WJ/364; WJ/377; WJ/412] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellon

noun. elf

Sindarin [WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf

Variations

  • peneð ✧ PE17/140; PE17/141

Derivations

  • kwende “speaker, elf” ✧ PE17/140
    • KWENED “spoken, articulate, spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf” ✧ PE17/137
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093
      • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE17/140; WJ/360
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
kwenedē > peneð[kwenedē] > [penedē] > [penede] > [peneðe] > [peneð]✧ PE17/140

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
beneðsoft-mutation-✧ PE17/141
Sindarin [PE17/140; PE17/141] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

star

n. star.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:55] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

egol

noun. someone forsaken, an Elf of the Falathrim

Sindarin [Eglath WJ/189, WJ/344] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

elen

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath _n._star. Its collective plural (pl2.) designates 'the (host of all the) stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmament'. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'. >> êl

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:24-5:67:139:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

elen

noun. star

êl

noun. star

Variations

  • Êl ✧ MR/373
  • el- ✧ PE17/022
  • elen ✧ PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/139
  • el(en) ✧ PE17/025
  • el ✧ PE17/055; PM/369

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; RGEO/65; SA/êl
  • elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/139; PE22/150; WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/024; PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/151; SA/êl; WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
EL > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ Let/281
elen > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ PE17/067
ELEN > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ PE17/139
elenī > elin[elenī] > [eleni] > [elini] > [elin]✧ PE22/150
EL > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ RGEO/65
ele > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ SA/êl
elen > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elinplural-✧ Let/281; PE17/024; PE17/025; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE22/150; RGEO/65; RGEO/67
elenathclass-plural-✧ LotR/0238; PE17/024; PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/151; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; RGEO/65; RGEO/67; WJ/363
elenathonclass-plural old-genitive-✧ PE17/024 full genitive
†elinplural-✧ WJ/363
Sindarin [Let/281; LotR/0238; MR/373; PE17/022; PE17/024; PE17/025; PE17/055; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE22/150; PM/369; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; RGEO/65; RGEO/67; SA/êl; WJ/363] Group: Eldamo. Published by

êl

noun. star (little used except in verses)

Sindarin [WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

êl

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath** ** n. star. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni, pl2. elelli. >> elen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24:67:127:139-40:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

elleth

noun. elf-maid

Sindarin [WJ/148, WJ/256, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mornedhel

noun. Dark-Elf

Sindarin [WJ/377, WJ/380] morn+edhel. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Teler

noun. an Elf, one of the Teleri

Sindarin [PM/385] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhelharn

noun. elf-stone

Sindarin [SD/128-129] edhel+sarn. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eglan

adjective. forsaken

Variations

  • Eglan ✧ WJ/365

Derivations

Element in

  • S. Eglan “Forsaken (Elf)” ✧ WJ/365

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
heklanā > Eglan[ɣeklanā] > [eklanā] > [eklana] > [eklan] > [eglan]✧ WJ/365

eglan

noun/adjective. an Elf of the Falathrim

Sindarin [WJ/365, WJ/379-380] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eglan

noun/adjective. forsaken

Sindarin [WJ/365, WJ/379-380] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

elvellon

noun. elf-friend

Sindarin [WJ/412] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eglath

noun. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim

Sindarin [WJ/189, WJ/344] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegel

noun. a Green Elf

Sindarin [WJ/385] laeg+-el. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mellon

noun. friend

_ n. _friend. Pedo mellon a minno! 'Say friend and enter'. 

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:41] < _melnā_ < MEL love. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

mellon

noun. friend

Variations

  • Mellon ✧ LotR/0308; LotRI/Mellon

Derivations

  • MEL “love, [ᴹ√] love (as friend)” ✧ SA/mel

Cognates

  • Q. meldo “friend, lover” ✧ WJ/412

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
mel- > mellon[meldondo] > [melðondo] > [melðond] > [mellond] > [mellonn] > [mellon]✧ SA/mel

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
mellynplural-✧ PE17/097; WJ/412
mhellynsoft-mutation plural“friends”✧ SD/129
vellynsoft-mutation plural“lovers”✧ WJ/412
Sindarin [Let/424; LotR/0305; LotR/0308; LotRI/Mellon; PE17/041; PE17/097; SA/mel; SD/129; VT44/26; WJ/412] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mellon

noun. friend

Sindarin [Ety/372, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-31, Letters/424] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

miniel

noun. an Elf, one of the Vanyar

Sindarin [WJ/383] min+-el "first elf". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ódhel

noun. Deep Elf or Gnome, one of the Wise Folk

Sindarin [WJ/364, WJ/366, WJ/378-379] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

avar

noun. refuser

This plural name was known to the loremasters, but went out of daily use at the time of the Exile

Sindarin [WJ/380, VT/47:12] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

avar

proper name. Refuser

Variations

  • gavar ✧ PE17/139
  • avar ✧ VT47/13; VT47/24

Derivations

  • abar(o) “refuser, recusant, one who refuses to act as advised or commanded” ✧ VT47/13; VT47/24; WJ/380
    • BĀ/ABA “refuse, forbid, prohibit, say nay (in refusal or denial), refuse, forbid, prohibit, say nay (in refusal or denial), [ᴹ√] deny; away, go away, depart” ✧ WJ/361; WJ/411

Cognates

  • Q. Avar “Refuser, Elf who did not journey to Aman” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/380; VT47/24

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ava-“will not, do not”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
abar > avar[abaro] > [abar] > [avar]✧ VT47/13
abar > avar[abaro] > [abar] > [avar]✧ VT47/24
Abarī > Evair[abarī] > [abari] > [avari] > [everi] > [eveir] > [evair]✧ WJ/380

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
gevairplural-✧ PE17/139
†Evairplural-✧ WJ/380
Evairplural-✧ WJI/Evair
Sindarin [PE17/139; VT47/13; VT47/24; WJ/380; WJI/Evair] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glinnel

noun. Elf, one of the Teleri

Sindarin [WJ/378, WJ/385] glind("teleri")+el. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gódhel

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk

Sindarin [WJ/364, WJ/379] go(lodh)+ódhel, or OS *wådelo. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

telerrim

noun. the Teleri, a tribe of Elves

Sindarin [PM/385] teler+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúnedhel

noun. Elf of the West, Elf of Beleriand (including Noldor and Sindar)

Sindarin [WJ/378] dûn+edhel, OS *ndûnedelo. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

egladhrim

noun. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim

Sindarin [WJ/189, WJ/365, WJ/379] eglan+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil

noun. star, bright spark

In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil , plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath )

Sindarin [LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ódhellim

noun. Deep Elves or Gnomes, the Wise Folk

Sindarin [WJ/364] ódhel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

iathrim

noun. Elves of Doriath

Sindarin [WJ/378] iâth+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gódhellim

noun. "Deep Elves" or "Gnomes", the Wise Folk

Sindarin [WJ/364] gódhel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegeldrim

noun. the people of the Green Elves

Sindarin [WJ/385] laegel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

alph

noun. swan

The Sindarin noun for “swan” derived from primitive ✶alkwā (NM/378; UT/265; Ety/ÁLAK), where first the [[at|ancient [kw] became [p]]] and then the [[os|[lp] became [lf] (spelled lph)]].

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, this word appeared as {alcwi >>} alfa (GL/18), which is perhaps the moment that Tolkien decided that labialized velars became labials in the Sindarin branch of Elvish (though in Gnomish this sound change applied only medially). In Gnomish Lexicon Slips modifying this document, the word became alf (PE13/109), and Tolkien stuck with this form thereafter, though eventually revising the spelling to alph once he decide that final [f] was spelled ph. In The Etymologies of the 1930s, N. alf “swan” appeared under the root ᴹ√ALAK “rushing” (Ety/ÁLAK).

Variations

  • alf ✧ NM/378; VT42/07

Derivations

  • alkwā “swan” ✧ NM/378; VT42/07
    • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ PE18/100
  • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ SA/alqua
  • T. alpa “swan” ✧ UT/265
    • alkwā “swan” ✧ UT/265
    • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ PE18/100

Cognates

  • Q. alqua “swan” ✧ NM/378; SA/alqua; UT/265; VT42/07

Element in

  • ᴺS. alfeg “cygnet, young swan”
  • ᴺS. alfuil “large white sea-bird, albatross, †swan”
  • S. Alphros
  • S. Elphir
  • S. Nîn-in-Eilph “Swanfleet, Waterlands of the Swans” ✧ NM/378; VT42/07

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
alkwā > alpa > alf[alkwā] > [alpā] > [alpa] > [alpʰa] > [alɸa] > [alfa] > [alf]✧ NM/378
T. alpa > alph[alpa] > [alpʰa] > [alɸa] > [alfa] > [alf]✧ UT/265
T. alpa > eilph[alpi] > [alpʰi] > [alɸi] > [alfi] > [elfi] > [eilf]✧ UT/265
alkwa > alf[alkwa] > [alpa] > [alpʰa] > [alɸa] > [alfa] > [alf]✧ VT42/07

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eilphplural“swans”✧ NM/378
eilphplural“swan”✧ UT/265
Sindarin [LotR/1114; NM/378; PE17/100; SA/alqua; UT/265; VT42/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alph

noun. swan

Sindarin [Ety/348, S/427, LotR/E, VT/42:6-7, X/PH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

alph

noun. swan

n. Zoo. swan.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:100] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gil-

noun. star

Sindarin [PE 22:159] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

gill

noun. star

leben

cardinal. five

Sindarin [Ety/368, TAI/150, VT/42:24-25, VT/47:10, VT/47:2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

leben

cardinal. five

Variations

  • leb(en ✧ PE17/095

Derivations

  • lepene “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
    • LEPEN “five” ✧ VT47/24

Cognates

  • Q. lempë “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT48/06
  • T. lepen “five” ✧ VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
lepen > leb(en[lepene] > [lepen] > [leben]✧ PE17/095
lepene > leben[lepene] > [lepen] > [leben]✧ VT42/24
lepene > leben[lepene] > [lepen] > [leben]✧ VT47/10
lepenē̆ > leben[lepene] > [lepen] > [leben]✧ VT47/24
Sindarin [PE17/095; VT42/24; VT42/25; VT47/10; VT47/24; VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tawarwaith

noun. Silvan elves

Sindarin [UT/256] tawar+gwaith "forest-elves". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

galadhrim

noun. Elves of Lothlórien

Sindarin [LotR] galadh+rim "people of the trees". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

calben

noun. all Elves but the Avari

Sindarin [WJ/362, WJ/376-377, WJ/408-409] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

calben

noun. Elf of the Great Journey (lit. "light person")

Sindarin [WJ/362, WJ/376-377, WJ/408-409] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodh

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk

Sindarin [Ety/377, S/431, WJ/364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars

Sindarin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lachend

noun. Deep Elf (Sindarin name for the Ñoldor)

Sindarin [WJ/384, X/ND4] lach+hend "flame-eyed". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lachenn

noun. Deep Elf (Sindarin name for the Ñoldor)

Sindarin [WJ/384, X/ND4] lach+hend "flame-eyed". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegrim

noun. the people of the Green Elves

Sindarin [WJ/385] laegel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodhrim

noun. Deep Elves, Gnomes

Sindarin [Ety/377, WJ/323] golodh+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

avar

noun. the Avari, Elves who refused the invitation of the Valar

This plural name was known to the loremasters, but went out of daily use at the time of the Exile

Sindarin [WJ/380, VT/47:12] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel

elf

edhel (pl. edhil). Coll. pl. Edhelrim (or Edhellim) (UT:318). Also †eledh, pl. elidh, coll. pl. eledhrim (Letters:281), also elen, pl. elin, also with coll. pl. eledhrim (elen + rim with the regular change nr > dhr). _(WJ:363, 377-78; _the shorter coll. pl. Eldrim > Elrim_ _may also occur). But since elin also means "stars", other terms for "Elf" may be preferred.

edhelharn

elf-stone

(a term for beryl) edhelharn (pl. edhelhern) (SD:128-31).

edhelharn

elf-stone

(a term for beryl) edhelharn (pl. edhelhern) (SD:128-31). SEEING STONE (palantír) *gwachaedir (i **wachaedir), no distinct pl. form except with prefixed article (in gwachaedir), coll. pl. ?gwachaediriath or ?gwachadirnath (the latter form assuming that -dir is reduced from older -dirn) The form occurring in the primary source, gwahaedir, must represent the late Gondorian pronunciation with h for ch** (PM:186).

eglan

forsaken

eglan, pl. eglain also used for "the forsaken Elves" (coll. pl. Egladhrim), i.e. the Sindar or Falathrim that were left i Beleriand. (WJ:379, VT45:12) This people could also be referred to as the Eglath (a coll. pl.), apparently with no singular (?Egol), though Egla- appears at the beginning of compounds (e.g. Eglador = land of the Eglain or Eglath).

mellon

friend

1) (masc.) mellon (i vellon) (lover), pl. mellyn (i mellyn), coll. pl. mellonnath. Also meldir (i veldir), no distinct pl. form except with article (i meldir). Also seron (i heron, o seron), pl. seryn (i seryn), coll. pl. seronnath. 2) (fem.) meldis (i veldis), no distinct pl. form except with article (i meldis), coll. pl. meldissath.

alph

swan

alph (pl. eilph)

leben

cardinal. five

leben;

gîl

star

gîl (i ngîl = i ñîl, o n**gîl, construct gil) (bright spark, silver glint), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gîl = i ñgîl), coll. pl. giliath** (RGEO, MR:388). Poetic †êl (elen-, pl. elin, coll. pl. elenath) (RGEO, Letters:281, WJ:363).

Telerin 

ella

noun/adjective. Elf

Derivations

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ WJ/362; WJI/Eldar

Element in

Telerin [WJ/362; WJ/364; WJ/375; WJI/Eldar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ello

noun. Elf

Derivations

  • edelō “one who goes, traveller, migrant, marcher” ✧ WJ/362; WJ/360
    • DEL “walk, go, proceed, travel” ✧ WJ/360; WJ/363

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ WJ/375; WJ/373
  • Q. Eldo “one of the Marchers” ✧ WJI/Eldar

Element in

  • T. Audel “Elf who left for Aman” ✧ WJ/364

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-elsuffix-✧ WJ/364 shortened form in composition
Elloiplural-✧ WJ/373; WJ/375; WJI/Eldar
Telerin [WJ/362; WJ/364; WJ/373; WJ/375; WJ/376; WJI/Eldar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star

Variations

  • ēl ✧ WJ/362; WJ/407

Derivations

  • ēl “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. él “star” ✧ WJ/362
  • Q. elen “star” ✧ WJ/367

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ēliplural-✧ WJ/362
Telerin [WJ/362; WJ/407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star

Derivations

  • elen “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. elen “star” ✧ WJ/362

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
†elniplural-✧ WJ/362

alpa

noun. swan

Derivatives

  • S. alph “swan” ✧ UT/265

Derivations

  • alkwā “swan” ✧ UT/265
    • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ PE18/100

Cognates

  • Q. alqua “swan” ✧ UT/265

lepen

cardinal. five

Derivations

  • lepene “five” ✧ VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
    • LEPEN “five” ✧ VT47/24

Cognates

  • Q. lempë “five” ✧ VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24; VT48/06
  • S. leben “five” ✧ VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24

Element in

Telerin [VT42/24; VT42/25; VT47/10; VT47/24; VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin 

cwenda

noun. elf

A doubtful word according to Tolkien's later conception; in the branch of Eldarin that Nandorin belongs to, primitive KW became P far back in Elvish linguistic history [WJ:375 cf. 407 note 5]. This was not a problem in Tolkien's earlier conception, in which the Danians came from the host of the Noldor, not the Teleri [see PM:76; the idea of the Nandor being of Noldorin origin also occurs in VT47:29]. In his later version of Nandorin, the word cwenda is probably best ignored; simply emending it to *penda would produce a clash with primitive pendâ "sloping" [cf. WJ:375].

In the Etymologies, Tolkien derived cwenda from kwenedê "elf" (stem KWEN(ED) of similar meaning, LR:366; as for the shift of original final to Nandorin , compare hrassa "precipice" from khrassê). But later the primitive word that yielded Quenya Quende was reconstructed as kwende (WJ:360).

No certain example shows how original short final -e comes out in Nandorin, so we cannot say whether kwende is also capable of yielding cwenda, ignoring the question of kw failing to become p.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:366, WJ:375:360)] < KWEN(ED). Published by

ealc

noun. swan

Primitive form given as alk-wâ, derived from a stem ÁLAK "rushing" (LR:348); alk-wâ would seem to be an adjectival formation (ending -wâ), so the primitive word probably had the same meaning as the stem: "rushing", later used as a noun "rushing (one)" and applied to an animal. According to Tolkien's later conception, kw should probably have come out as p rather than c in Nandorin; see cwenda.

Primitive a becoming ea is a strange shift with no direct parallels even where it might have been expected, but compare eo from i in meord (and from e in beorn), as well as ie from a in sciella. Perhaps we are to understand that the liquids l, r trigger such changes in a preceeding vowel, but then we might expect for instance *ealm instead of alm as the word for "elm-tree".

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:348)] < ÁLAK. Published by

galadrim

noun. Elves of Lothlórien

Note: "The Galadrim were 'Tree-people' (though the formation is Sindarin, + S [rim] = Q rimbë, great number) = true Sindarin galadhrim."

Nandorin [PE17/50] galadā + rim(b). Published by

Danas

noun. Green-elves, Nandor

In Etym derived from the stem DAN (LR:353), simply defined as an "element found in names of the Green-elves", and tentatively compared to NDAN "back" (since the Nandor "turned back" and did not complete the march to the Sea). Tolkien's later view on the derivation of the name of the Green-elves, as set down in WJ:412, is that the stem dan- and its strengthened form ndan- do indeed have a similar meaning: these forms have to do with "the reversal of an action, so as to undo or nullify its effect", and a primitive form ndandô, "one who goes back on his word or decision", is suggested. However, it seems unlikely that the Nandor would have called themselves by such a name, and indeed Tolkien in WJ:385 states that "this people still called themselves by the old clan-name Lindai [= Quenya Lindar], which had at that time taken the form Lindi in their tongue". It may be, then, that Tolkien had rejected the idea that the Nandor called themselves Danas. - As for the ending -as, it is probably to be compared to the Sindarin class plural ending -ath; indeed a Sindarin ("Noldorin") form Danath evidently closely corresponding to Danas is given in LR:353.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:353, WJ:385)] < DAN. Published by

Adûnaic

nimir

noun. Elf, (lit.) Shining One

A noun translated “Elf” (WJ/419) and fully declined as an example of a Strong I noun (SD/436). In one place, its plural Nimrî was translated “Shining Ones” (SD/358), which indicates was probably derived from the Primitive Adûnaic root √NIMIR.

Conceptual Development: In its earliest appearances from the 1940s, this noun had the plural form Nimrî (SD/358, 388) as opposed to later plural Nimîr (SD/388, 436), which could indicate either an earlier singular form Nimri or a variant syntax for draft-plural formation. The word also appears in Tolkien’s Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 (WJ/386), indicating that this word survived in Tolkien’s later conception of Adûnaic.

Variations

  • nimir ✧ SD/436

Derivations

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Elda “Elf” ✧ SDI2/Nimrî

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Nimrîdraft-plural“Shining Ones”✧ SD/358; SD/388; SDI2/Nimrî
Nimîrplural-✧ SD/388; SDI2/Nimrî; WJ/386; WJI/Nimîr
#Nimruobjective-✧ SD/389
Nimīrplural-✧ SD/414
nimransubjective-✧ SD/436
nimur-objective-✧ SD/436
nimru-objective-✧ SD/436
nimrā̆tdual-✧ SD/436
nimīrplural-✧ SD/436
nimrimplural subjective-✧ SD/436
Adûnaic [SD/358; SD/388; SD/389; SD/414; SD/436; SDI2/Nimrî; WJ/386; WJ/419; WJI/Nimîr] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

ēl

noun. star

Variations

  • el ✧ PE17/066

Derivatives

  • Q. él “star” ✧ WJ/360
  • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/360

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ WJ/360

Element in

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen-barathī “star-queen” ✧ PE17/066

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
eli/ēliplural-✧ WJ/360
Primitive elvish [PE17/066; WJ/360] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eled

root. *Star-Folk, Elf

Variations

  • ’ELED ✧ PE18/084
  • ’EDEL ✧ PE18/084 (’EDEL)
Primitive elvish [PE18/084] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star

Variations

  • ĕlĕn ✧ Let/281
  • ELEN ✧ PE17/022; PE17/139; PE17/152
  • el-en ✧ PE17/023
  • elen- ✧ VT42/11

Derivatives

  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139
    • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
    • Q. elenya “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar” ✧ WJ/360
    • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/360
  • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/151; WJ/360
  • S. êl “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/139; PE22/150; WJ/360
  • T. elen “star” ✧ WJ/360

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Element in

  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen-barathī “star-queen” ✧ MR/387
  • Q. Elentári “Queen of the Stars, Star-queen” ✧ PE17/022
  • S. Elbereth “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star-queen” ✧ PE17/022; PE17/023

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elenīplural-✧ Let/281; PE22/150; WJ/360
elniplural-✧ PE17/151
Primitive elvish [Let/281; MR/387; MR/388; NM/060; PE17/022; PE17/023; PE17/067; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE17/152; PE22/150; VT42/11; WJ/360] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heklanā

adjective. forsaken

Derivatives

  • S. eglan “forsaken” ✧ WJ/365
Primitive elvish [WJ/365] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwende

noun. speaker, elf

Variations

  • kwendē̆ ✧ PE17/139
  • kwenedē ✧ PE17/140; PE17/141
  • kwened- ✧ PE17/152

Derivatives

  • Av. cuind “the People” ✧ WJ/410
  • Av. hwenti “the People” ✧ WJ/410
  • Av. kindi “the People” ✧ WJ/410
  • Av. kinn-lai “the People” ✧ WJ/410
  • Av. penni “the People” ✧ WJ/410
  • Av. windan “the People” ✧ WJ/410
  • Q. Quendë “Elf, (lit.) One That Speaks” ✧ PE17/137; PE17/141; PE17/152
  • S. pen “one, somebody, anybody, one, somebody, anybody; [N.] Elf” ✧ PE17/141
  • S. penedh “Elf” ✧ PE17/140
  • T. Pendë “Elf (as a race)” ✧ PE17/137

Derivations

  • KWENED “spoken, articulate, spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf” ✧ PE17/137
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
  • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE17/140; WJ/360
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392

Element in

  • kala-kwendī “Light-folk” ✧ WJ/373
  • kwenyā “Elvish” ✧ WJ/393
  • morikwende “*Dark-elf, [ᴹ✶] Dark-elf” ✧ WJ/373
  • S. pengolodh “teaching sage, doctor (of lore), teacher of lore, teaching sage, doctor (of lore), *professor” ✧ PE17/139

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
kwendīplural“all the people assembled”✧ PE17/137; WJ/360; WJ/373; WJ/376; WJ/393; WJ/410
Kwendīplural“all the people assembled”✧ PE17/138
Primitive elvish [PE17/137; PE17/138; PE17/139; PE17/140; PE17/141; PE17/152; WJ/360; WJ/373; WJ/376; WJ/393; WJ/410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lenep

root. five

lepem

root. five

lepen

root. five

LEPEN was the most common root for “five” in Tolkien’s writings, but he explored a variety of other options. Its earliest iteration appeared in the Qenya and Gnomish lexicons as ᴱ√LEH (QL/52) or ᴱ√LEF “half” (GL/53), so I think the actual early form was ᴱ√LEǶE [lexʷe]. At this early stage it had derivatives with the meanings “five”, “ten”, and “half”, but in later writings “ten” became ᴹ√KAYAN >> √KWAY(AM) and “half” became √PER*.

In The Etymologies of the 1930s the root appeared as ᴹ√LEPEN “five” with variant ᴹ√LEPEK, but ᴹ√LEPEK had no derivatives (Ety/LEP). √LEPEN appeared again in a list of numbers from the late 1950s or early 1960s beside a variant √LENEP; again the variant had no clear derivatives (PE17/95). √LEPEN reappeared in numeric discussions from the late 1960s (VT42/24; VT47/10). In these late discussions Tolkien said that “five” most likely originally from *lepem as an ancient plural of √LEP, but it seems this became √LEPEN already in Common Eldarin (CE), given that the Sindarin word for “five” remained S. leben; Tolkien gave varying explanations for this CE sound change, either as dissimilation from p (VT47/26 note 2) or with final -m &gt; -n being the regular phonetic development (VT47/24).

Variations

  • LENEP ✧ PE17/095; PE17/159; PE17/160
  • lepen ✧ VT42/24; VT42/26; VT42/26
  • lepem ✧ VT42/26 (lepem); VT47/16; VT47/24 (lepem); VT47/27

Derivatives

  • lepene “five” ✧ VT47/24
    • Q. lempë “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
    • S. leben “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
    • T. lepen “five” ✧ VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
  • Q. lempë “five” ✧ PE17/095
  • ᴺS. lebem “fifteen”

Element in

Primitive elvish [PE17/095; PE17/159; PE17/160; VT42/24; VT42/26; VT47/16; VT47/24; VT47/27] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepene

noun. five

Variations

  • lepen ✧ PE17/095
  • lepenē̆ ✧ VT47/24

Derivatives

  • Q. lempë “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
  • S. leben “five” ✧ PE17/095; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24
  • T. lepen “five” ✧ VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24

Derivations

  • LEPEN “five” ✧ VT47/24

Element in

Primitive elvish [PE17/095; VT42/24; VT47/10; VT47/24] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkwā

noun. swan

Variations

  • álkwā ✧ PE18/100
  • alkwa ✧ UT/265; VT42/07

Derivatives

  • Q. alqua “swan” ✧ NM/378; PE18/100; UT/265; VT42/07
  • S. alph “swan” ✧ NM/378; VT42/07
  • At. alpa “swan” ✧ VT42/07
  • T. alpa “swan” ✧ UT/265
    • S. alph “swan” ✧ UT/265

Derivations

  • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ PE18/100
Primitive elvish [NM/378; PE18/100; UT/265; VT42/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

edhel

noun. Elf

Noldorin [Ety/356, S/430, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

elf

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. helmo “friend” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > elf[ŋelmo] > [elmo] > [elm] > [elv]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL
Noldorin [EtyAC/ÑEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf

Variations

  • peneð ✧ EtyAC/SET (peneð)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • ᴹQ. Qendelie “Elf-race” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > penedh[kwenedē] > [penedē] > [penede] > [peneðe] > [peneð]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
ᴹ✶kwenedē > penidh[kwenedī] > [penedī] > [penedi] > [peneði] > [peniði] > [penið]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
penidhplural-✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Penedhrimclass-plural-✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Noldorin [Ety/KWEN(ED); EtyAC/SET] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penn

noun. Elf

Variations

  • penn ✧ PE22/067

Element in

  • N. Morbenn “Dark Elf” ✧ EtyAC/MOR (Morbenn)

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-bennsoft-mutation“Elf”✧ EtyAC/MOR
i-phinnnasal-mutation plural“the Elves”✧ PE22/067
pinnplural-✧ PE22/067
Noldorin [EtyAC/MOR; PE22/067] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

noun. star

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. él “star” ✧ Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. elen “star, stars” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Element in

  • N. elanor “sun-star”
  • N. Elbereth “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star Queen” ✧ Ety/EL
  • N. Elrond “Starry-dome, Sky” ✧ Ety/EL
  • N. Elros “Star-foam”
  • N. Eldûn “*West-star”
  • N. Elrûn “*East-star”
  • N. Elwing “Star-spray” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > el[elen] > [ele] > [el]✧ Ety/EL

alf

noun. swan

Noldorin [Ety/348, S/427, LotR/E, VT/42:6-7, X/PH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

alf

noun. swan

Derivations

  • On. alpha “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. alpha > alf[alɸa] > [alfa] > [alf]✧ Ety/ÁLAK
On. alpha > Elf[alɸi] > [alfi] > [elfi] > [elf]✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Elfplural-✧ Ety/KHOP
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/KHOP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star, bright spark

Noldorin [Ety/358, VT/45:15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

geil

noun. star

Variations

  • gîl ✧ EtyAC/GIL

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶gilya “star” ✧ Ety/GIL
    • ᴹ√GIL “shine (white or pale)” ✧ Ety/GIL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶gilya > gíl[gilji] > [gilī] > [gil] > [gīl]✧ Ety/GIL
ᴹ✶gilya > geil[gilja] > [gelja] > [gelia] > [geli] > [geil]✧ Ety/GIL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
gílplural-✧ Ety/GIL
giliathclass-plural-✧ Ety/GIL
gilplural“stars”✧ Ety/OT
Noldorin [Ety/GIL; Ety/OT; EtyAC/GIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh

noun. Star-folk, Elf

Variations

  • eledh ✧ Ety/ELED (eledh)

Changes

  • eledhEledh “‘departed’ Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Elda “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/ELED

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ELED > eledh[eleda] > [eleða] > [eleð]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ√ÉLED > Eledh[eleda] > [eleða] > [eleð]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ√ÉLED > Elidh[eledī] > [eledi] > [eleði] > [eliði] > [elið]✧ Ety/ELED

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Elidhplural-✧ Ety/ELED
Eledhrimclass-plural-✧ Ety/ELED
elidhplural-✧ Ety/LÁYAK
Noldorin [Ety/ELED; Ety/KWEN(ED); Ety/LÁYAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

meldir

noun. friend

Noldorin [Ety/372] mell+dîr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

meldis

noun. friend

Noldorin [Ety/372] mell+dîs. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mellon

noun. friend, (friend), lover, friends

Variations

  • Mellon ✧ TI/181

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MEL “love (as friend)” ✧ Ety/MEL; EtyAC/MEL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. málo “friend” ✧ Ety/MEL
  • ᴹQ. meldo “(friend), lover” ✧ EtyAC/MEL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MEL > meldon > mellon[meldondo] > [melðondo] > [melðond] > [mellond] > [mellonn] > [mellon]✧ EtyAC/MEL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Mellynplural“friends”✧ RS/452; RSI/Mellyn; TI/181
Noldorin [Ety/MEL; EtyAC/MEL; RS/452; RSI/Mellyn; TI/181; TI/182] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mellon

noun. friend

Noldorin [Ety/372, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-31, Letters/424] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lheben

cardinal. five

Noldorin [Ety/368, TAI/150, VT/42:24-25, VT/47:10, VT/47:2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lheben

cardinal. five

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LEPEN “five” ✧ Ety/LEP

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. lempe “five” ✧ Ety/LEP

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LEPEN > lheben[lepene] > [lepen] > [l̥epen] > [l̥eben]✧ Ety/LEP
Noldorin [Ety/LEP; TAI/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

golodh

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk

Noldorin [Ety/377, S/431, WJ/364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thond

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SON “love, befriend, cherish” ✧ EtyAC/SON

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. sondo “friend” ✧ EtyAC/SON

Element in

  • N. Elethon “Ælfwine” ✧ EtyAC/SON (Elethon)
  • N. ManathonBliss-friend” ✧ EtyAC/SON (Manathon*)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SON > thond[tʰondo] > [θondo] > [θond]✧ EtyAC/SON

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
--thonsuffix“friend”✧ EtyAC/SON
Noldorin [EtyAC/SON] Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars

Noldorin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodhrim

noun. Deep Elves, Gnomes

Noldorin [Ety/377, WJ/323] golodh+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Ancient telerin

alpa

noun. swan

Derivations

  • alkwā “swan” ✧ VT42/07
    • ALAK “rushing, rushing, [ᴹ√] swift” ✧ PE18/100

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
alkwa > alpa[alkwa] > [alpa]✧ VT42/07
Ancient telerin [VT42/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

elda

noun. Elf

Variations

  • eleda ✧ EtyAC/EDE (eleda)

Changes

  • EldaElda “‘departed’ Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • ᴹ✶edēlā “firstborn, eldest” ✧ EtyAC/EDE
    • ᴹ√EDE(L) “precede, come forward, hence” ✧ EtyAC/EDE
  • ᴹ✶eledā “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ SD/401; SDI2/Eledâi
    • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves”

Cognates

  • N. Eledh “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/ELED
  • Ilk. Eld “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • Dan. Edel “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/ELED
  • Ilk. Egla “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • Ad. Nimir “Elf, (lit.) Shining One” ✧ SDI2/Nimrî

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ELED > Elda[eleda] > [elda]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ√ÉLED > Elda[eleda] > [elda]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ✶edela > eleda[edela] > [eleda]✧ EtyAC/EDE

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
eldaindative plural“for Elves”✧ LR/072; LR/072
Eldaindative plural“for Elves”✧ LR/072; LRI/Eldar
-Eldarplural“those that departed”✧ LR/169; PE21/57
Eldarplural“Star-folk”✧ LR/169; LR/181; LR/197; LR/212; LR/218; LR/218; LRI/Eldar; PE18/024; PE21/57; PE22/124; PE22/125; SD/401; SDI2/Eldar; SDI2/Eledâi; SDI2/Nimrî; SMI/Eldar; VT27/07
-Eldalipartitive-plural“the Elves, the whole Elda-race”✧ PE21/57
Eldalipartitive-plural“some (many) Elves, (some[?]) elves”✧ PE21/57
Eldalinpartitive-plural“(some) Elves”✧ PE22/124
Qenya [Ety/ELED; EtyAC/EDE; LR/072; LR/169; LR/181; LR/197; LR/212; LR/218; LRI/Eldar; PE18/024; PE21/57; PE22/124; PE22/125; SD/401; SDI2/Eldar; SDI2/Eledâi; SDI2/Nimrî; SMI/Eldar; VT27/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf

Variations

  • qen ✧ PE21/19; PE21/25

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ PE21/25; PE21/25
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶qend(ǝ)mēn > qenwen[kwendemēn] > [kwendmēn] > [kwenmēn] > [kwenwēn] > [kwenwen]✧ PE21/25

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
qend-stem-✧ PE21/19
qennominative-✧ PE21/25
qendaaccusative-✧ PE21/25
qendendative-✧ PE21/25
qendogenitive-✧ PE21/25
qendaneninstrumental-✧ PE21/25
qenduntaallative-✧ PE21/25
qendulloablative-✧ PE21/25
qendesselocative-✧ PE21/25
†qendataallative-✧ PE21/25
qenduloablative-✧ PE21/25
qenduvapossessive-✧ PE21/25
qendanonsimilative-✧ PE21/25
qenduntnominative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendutaccusative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendudative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendumetinstrumental dual-✧ PE21/25
qendullutablative dual-✧ PE21/25
qenduntauallative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendussetlocative dual-✧ PE21/25
qenduhtagenitive dual-✧ PE21/25
qendinnominative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendiaccusative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendirdative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendiongenitive plural-✧ PE21/25
qendintanallative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendillonablative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendissenlocative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendinwapossessive plural-✧ PE21/25
qendindonsimilative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendíkapartitive-plural-✧ PE21/25
qendíneninstrumental plural-✧ PE21/25
qendilinnominative plural-✧ PE21/25
†qenweninstrumental-✧ PE21/25
†qentaallative-✧ PE21/25
†qenselocative-✧ PE21/25
†qendyoablative-✧ PE21/25 only in OQ
†qentauallative dual-✧ PE21/25
†qentanallative plural-✧ PE21/25
†qendyutablative dual-✧ PE21/25
†qendyonablative plural-✧ PE21/25
†qensetlocative dual-✧ PE21/25
†qenwetinstrumental dual-✧ PE21/25
†qendessetinstrumental dual-✧ PE21/25
†qendardative-✧ PE21/25
Qenya [PE21/19; PE21/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf

Variations

  • qende ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • N. penedh “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • N. penn “Elf”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > qende[kwenedē] > [kwendē] > [kwende]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
ᴹ✶kwĕndĕ > qende[kwende]✧ PE21/69

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Quendiplural“Elves”✧ LR/119; LR/212; LRI/Qendi; SM/085
Qendiplural“Elves”✧ LR/168; MRI/Quendi; PE18/023; SMI/Quendi; TII/Qendi
-Quendiplural-✧ SM/086
Qenya [Ety/KWEN(ED); LR/119; LR/168; LR/212; LRI/Qendi; MRI/Quendi; PE18/023; PE21/69; SM/085; SM/086; SMI/Quendi; TII/Qendi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-el

suffix. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Aláriel “Eadwine” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL (Aláriel)
  • ᴹQ. Elériel “Ælfwine” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL (Elériel)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > -el[-ŋel] > [-ɣel] > [-el]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL

Cognates

  • Ilk. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL
  • N. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > él[ēl]✧ Ety/EL

elen

noun. star

Variations

  • ellen ✧ Ety/EL
  • elena ✧ Ety/EL
  • Elen ✧ RS/324

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Cognates

  • Ilk. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL
  • N. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > elen[elen]✧ Ety/EL
ᴹ√EL > elen[elen]✧ Ety/EL
ᴹ√EL > ellen[ellen]✧ Ety/EL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eleniplural“stars”✧ RS/324
-elliplural-✧ VT28/11
elliplural-✧ VT28/11
eleniplural-✧ VT28/11
Eleniongenitive plural-✧ WR/223
Qenya [Ety/EL; PE17/014; RS/324; VT28/11; WR/223] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elena

noun. star

ellen

noun. star

helde

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > helde[ŋelde] > [ɣelde] > [helde]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heldo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > heldo[ŋeldo] > [ɣeldo] > [heldo]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

helmo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Cognates

  • N. elf “friend” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > helmo[ŋelmo] > [ɣelmo] > [helmo]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ser

suffix. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SER “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)” ✧ Ety/SER

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Elesser “Elf-friend” ✧ Ety/SER

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SER > -ser[-ser]✧ Ety/SER

alqa

noun. swan

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050

Cognates

  • ᴹT. alpa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • On. alpha “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • N. alf “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • Ilk. alch “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • Dan. ealc “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Alqalonde “Swan-haven” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶alk-wā > alqa[alkwā] > [alkwa]✧ Ety/ÁLAK

lempe

cardinal. five

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶lep(e)ne “five” ✧ EtyAC/LEP
    • ᴹ√LEPEN “five” ✧ Ety/LEP

Cognates

  • N. lheben “five” ✧ Ety/LEP

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶lep(e)ne > lempe[lepene] > [lepne] > [lenpe] > [lempe]✧ EtyAC/LEP

málo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mālō “friend” ✧ Ety/MEL
    • ᴹ√MEL “love (as friend)” ✧ Ety/MEL
  • ᴹ√MEL “love (as friend)” ✧ PE18/046

Cognates

  • N. mellon “friend” ✧ Ety/MEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mālō > málo[mālō] > [mālo]✧ Ety/MEL
ᴹ√MEL > málo[mę̄lō] > [mālō] > [mālo]✧ PE18/046
Qenya [Ety/MEL; PE18/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nilmo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√N(D)IL “friend; love, devotion” ✧ Ety/NIL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NIL/NDIL > nilmo[ndilmo] > [nilmo]✧ Ety/NIL

sermo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SER “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)” ✧ Ety/SER

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SER > sermo[sermo]✧ Ety/SER

seron

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SER “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)” ✧ Ety/SER

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SER > seron[seron]✧ Ety/SER

sondo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SON “love, befriend, cherish” ✧ EtyAC/SON

Cognates

  • N. thond “friend” ✧ EtyAC/SON

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SON > sondo[sondo]✧ EtyAC/SON

Doriathrin

cwend

noun. Elf

A Doriathrin noun meaning “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)), an example of the Ilkorin syncope.

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish Cwenn “Elf” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [[on|[kw] became [p]]].

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > cwend[kwenedē] > [kwenede] > [kwende] > [kwend]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Doriathrin [EtyAC/KWEN(ED)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

noun. star

A Doriathrin noun meaning “star”, a simple derivative of the root ᴹ√EL (Ety/EL).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. él “star” ✧ Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. elen “star” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > el[el]✧ Ety/EL
Doriathrin [Ety/EL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eld

noun. Star-folk, Elf

A rejected Doriathrin word for “Elf”, a derivation of the root ᴹ√ELED and a direct cognate of ᴹQ. Elda, also appearing in its plural form Eldin (Ety/ELED). It was replaced by Ilk. Egla derived from the inverted form of the root: ᴹ✶edel[a].

Changes

  • EldEgla “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Elda “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÉLED > Eld[elda] > [eld]✧ Ety/ELED

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-Eldinplural-✧ Ety/ELED
Doriathrin [Ety/ELED] Group: Eldamo. Published by

egla

noun. Star-folk, Elf

A Doriathrin word for “Elf” (Ety/ELED), also attested in its class plural form Eglath which was marked as both Doriathrin (Ety/ELED) and Ilkorin (Ety/GAT(H), LED). This word developed from the inverted primitive form ᴹ✶edel[a] of the root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). First the middle [e] was lost because of the Ilkorin syncope, after which the resulting [[ilk|[dl] became [gl]]].

This word was a frequent element in Ilkorin names. As noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/Eglador), ordinarily the [[ilk:primitive final [a] would be lost]] in Ilkorin. Perhaps it was preserved in Ilk. Egla by analogy with the various names where it appeared, or perhaps Egla was actually the genitival form (of unattested *Egol as Ilk. legol) with the suffix -a(n).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, G. Egla was the Gnomish word for “Elf”. In The Etymologies from the 1930s, Tolkien first wrote Ilk. Eld for “Elf”, derived from the uninverted form of the root. This was rejected in favor of Ilk. Egla, perhaps an attempt to preserve the earlier Gnomish form.

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶edel- “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
    • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Elda “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED

Element in

  • Ilk. Eglador “Land of the Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/GAT(H)
  • Ilk. Eglamar “Elvenhome” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • Ilk. Eglor “Elf-river” ✧ Ety/ELED

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶edel- > Egla[edela] > [edla] > [egla]✧ Ety/ELED

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eglathclass-plural-✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/GAT(H); Ety/LED
Doriathrin [Ety/ELED; Ety/GAT(H); Ety/LED] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alch

noun. swan

An Ilkorin word for “swan” derived from primitive ᴹ✶alkwā (Ety/ÁLAK). This word is a good example of how voiceless stops became spirants after liquids and voiceless stops in Ilkorin.

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶alk-wā > alch[alkwā] > [alkwa] > [alxwa] > [alxa] > [alx]✧ Ety/ÁLAK
Doriathrin [Ety/ÁLAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

cwenda

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” developed from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (Ety/KWEN(ED)). It is an example of the Danian syncope, with second unstressed [e] vanishing after the identical vowel. It is also one of the Danian words for which a long final vowel developed into short final [a].

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • Ilk. cwend “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > cwenda[kwenedē] > [kwendē] > [kwenda]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Ossriandric [Ety/KWEN(ED)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶edel-, an inversion of the primitive root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). Unlike most similar Danian nouns, it did not undergo the Danian syncope and retained its second vowel. One possible explanation is that the primitive form of this noun ended in a short vowel, edelă*, and this short final vowel vanished before the period of the syncope, preventing it from occurring in this word. Helge Fauskanger originally suggested a theory much like this one (AL-Nandorin/edel).

Conceptual Development: In an earlier version of this entry, the Danian word for Elf was given as Elda (Ety/ELED).

Variations

  • Elda ✧ Ety/ELED (Elda)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • ᴹ✶edel- “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
    • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Elda “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/ELED

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÉLED > Elda[eledā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ✶edel- > Edel[edela] > [edel]✧ Ety/ELED
Ossriandric [Ety/ELED] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ealc

noun. swan

A noun for “swan” that developed from primitive ᴹ✶alkwā (Ety/ÁLAK). It is an example of how [[dan|[w] vanished after medial velars in Ossiriandic]] and of how [[dan|[a] broke into the diphthong [ea] before the liquid [l]]].

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶alk-wā > ealc[alkwā] > [alkā] > [ealkā] > [ealk]✧ Ety/ÁLAK
Ossriandric [Ety/ÁLAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

alpha

noun. swan

Derivatives

  • N. alf “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶alk-wā > alpha[alkwā] > [alpā] > [alpa] > [alpʰa] > [alɸa]✧ Ety/ÁLAK
Old Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

kwen(ed)

root. Elf

Variations

  • KWENED ✧ PE18/034; PE18/061

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • Ilk. cwend “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69
    • ᴹQ. Qen “Elf” ✧ PE21/25; PE21/25
    • N. penedh “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • N. penn “Elf”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED); PE18/034; PE18/061] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwenedē

noun. Elf

Variations

  • kwènedḗ ✧ PE19/057; PE19/059
  • kwendḗ ✧ PE19/059
  • kwĕndĕ ✧ PE21/69

Derivatives

  • Ilk. cwend “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69
  • ᴹQ. Qen “Elf” ✧ PE21/25; PE21/25
  • N. penedh “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Element in

  • ᴹ✶morikwende “Dark-elf” ✧ PE19/057; PE19/059

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
qend(ǝ)mēninstrumental-✧ PE21/25
qend(ǝ)lōablative-✧ PE21/25
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED); PE19/057; PE19/059; PE21/25; PE21/69] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yel

root. friend

A new gloss for the root ᴹ√YEL “daughter”, with a new set of derivatives like ᴹQ. -iel “-friend” and ᴹQ. yelda “friendly” (Ety/YEL), but it was rejected in turn and probably replaced by ᴹ√MEL.

Variations

  • YEL ✧ Ety/YEL (YEL)

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. -iel “-friend” ✧ Ety/YEL
  • ᴹQ. yelda “friendly, dear as friend” ✧ Ety/YEL
  • ᴹQ. yelme “[unglossed]” ✧ Ety/YEL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/YEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel

root. *star-folk

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel-

noun. Star-folk, Elf

Derivatives

  • Dan. Edel “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • Ilk. Egla “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ELED] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledā

noun. Star-folk, Elf

Variations

  • Ĕlĕdă ✧ PE21/64 (Ĕlĕdă)

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. Elda “Elf” ✧ SD/401; SDI2/Eledâi

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eledāmsubjective plural“Elves, the Elves”✧ PE21/64
Eledālīpartitive-plural“some elves”✧ PE21/64
-Eldāmsubjective plural“Elves, the Elves”✧ PE21/64
-Ĕlĕdāobjective-✧ PE21/64
Eledâiplural-✧ SD/358; SDI2/Eledâi
Eledāiplural“Elves”✧ SD/401
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/64; SD/358; SD/401; SDI2/Eledâi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lep(e)ne

noun. five

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. lempe “five” ✧ EtyAC/LEP

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LEPEN “five” ✧ Ety/LEP
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepek

root. five

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepen

root. five

Variations

  • LEPEK ✧ Ety/LEP

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶lepenar “week” ✧ Ety/LEP
    • ᴹQ. lemnar “(Valarin five-day) week” ✧ EtyAC/LEP
    • N. lhevnar “week” ✧ EtyAC/LEP
  • ᴹ✶lep(e)ne “five” ✧ Ety/LEP
    • ᴹQ. lempe “five” ✧ EtyAC/LEP
  • N. lheben “five” ✧ Ety/LEP
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mālō

noun. friend

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. málo “friend” ✧ Ety/MEL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MEL “love (as friend)” ✧ Ety/MEL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkwā

noun. swan

Variations

  • alk-wā ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Derivatives

  • Ilk. alch “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • Dan. ealc “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • On. alpha “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • N. alf “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • ᴹT. alpa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilya

noun. star

Derivatives

  • N. geil “star” ✧ Ety/GIL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√GIL “shine (white or pale)” ✧ Ety/GIL

Element in

  • ᴹQ. tingilya “twinkling star” ✧ Ety/GIL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Telerin

alpa

noun. swan

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
Middle Telerin [Ety/ÁLAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

cwenn

noun. Elf

Variations

  • Cwend ✧ GL/28 (Cwend)

Changes

  • CwendCwenn ✧ GL/28

Cognates

  • Eq. Qen “Elf” ✧ GL/32; PE13/099; PE14/009

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Cwenninplural-✧ GL/32; PE14/009
-Cwendinplural-✧ GL/32
Cwendionplural-✧ PE13/099
Gnomish [GL/28; GL/32; PE13/099; PE14/009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elf

noun. feeling, heart, heart

Variations

  • elfeg ✧ GL/32 (elfeg)
  • Elf ✧ LT2/202; PE15/23

Changes

  • elfelf(in) “feeling, heart” ✧ GL/32

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LEFE “*heart”

Cognates

  • Eq. elwen “heart” ✧ LT2/202; PE15/23

Element in

  • G. Elfrin(iol) “Littleheart” ✧ GL/32 (Elfriniol); GL/32 (elfrin)
  • G. Elfrith “Littleheart” ✧ LT2/202; PE15/23
Gnomish [GL/32; LT2/202; PE15/23] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alf

noun. swan

elf(in)

cardinal. five

Variations

  • elf ✧ GL/53

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LEǶE “half; *five” ✧ GL/53

Element in

  • G. elfeg “half” ✧ GL/32

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√lef > elf[elxʷ] > [elf]✧ GL/53
Gnomish [GL/32; GL/53] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alfa

noun. swan

Variations

  • alcwi ✧ GL/18 (alcwi); LT1A/Alqaluntë (alcwi)
  • alf ✧ PE13/109

Changes

  • alcwialfa ✧ GL/18
  • alcwialfa ✧ LT1A/Alqaluntë

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶alchwa “swan” ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë; PE13/109

Cognates

  • Eq. alqa “swan” ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë

Element in

  • G. alfuil(in) “swan” ✧ GL/18; GL/18 (alcothil)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶alchwa > alfa[alkʷā] > [alpā] > [alpa] > [alfa]✧ GL/18

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ailfplural-✧ PE13/109
alfathclass-plural-✧ PE13/109
-alchwathclass-plural-✧ PE13/109
Gnomish [GL/18; GL/67; LT1A/Alqaluntë; PE13/109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alfuil(in)

noun. swan

Variations

  • alfuil ✧ GL/19
  • alcothil ✧ GL/19 (alcothil)

Changes

  • alcothilalfuil ✧ GL/19
Gnomish [GL/19; PE13/109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gail

noun. star

Variations

  • Gail ✧ GL/37

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GILI “*shine (white)”

Cognates

  • Eq. íle “star” ✧ GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári

Element in

Gnomish [GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silwin

noun. swan

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
SILI“*gleam”

Early Noldorin

egol

noun. elf

gwenn

noun. Elf

Derivations

Cognates

  • Eq. Qen “Elf” ✧ PE13/146
  • Et. Bende ✧ PE13/146

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
gwinnplural-✧ PE13/146
gwenlhaiclass-plural-✧ PE13/146 collective
Early Noldorin [PE13/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

idhel

noun. elf

ileth

noun. elf

uidhol

noun. elf

uigol

noun. elf

alf

noun. swan

Cognates

  • Eq. alqa “swan” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/159

Element in

  • En. elflin “cygnet, *young swan” ✧ PE13/159
  • En. alfuilin “large white sea-bird, albatross, †swan” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/136; PE13/159

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elfinplural-✧ PE13/136; PE13/159
Early Noldorin [PE13/136; PE13/159] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhel

noun. elf, fairy

Variations

  • Udhelli ✧ PE13/155 (Udhelli)
  • Udhelai ✧ PE13/155 (Udhelai)
  • Ileth ✧ PE15/61
  • Idhel ✧ PE15/61; PE15/62
  • Īðel ✧ PE15/62
  • Egl... ✧ PE15/62 (Egl...)
  • Uiðel ✧ PE15/62 (Uiðel)
  • Egol ✧ PE15/62
  • Uigol ✧ PE15/62
  • uidhol ✧ PE15/62
  • uidhel ✧ PE15/62

Changes

  • UdhelliUidhelhai ✧ PE13/155
  • UdhelaiUidhelhai ✧ PE13/155
  • Egl...Uiðel ✧ PE15/62
  • UiðelĪðel ✧ PE15/62
  • UidhelIdhel ✧ PE15/62

Derivations

Cognates

  • Eq. Elda “Elf; beach-fay” ✧ PE13/155; PE15/61; PE15/62

Element in

  • En. Uidhelian “Elfinesse” ✧ PE13/155; PE15/61

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Uidhilplural-✧ PE13/155
Uidhelhaiclass-plural-✧ PE13/155 collective
Ilithplural“Elves”✧ PE15/61
Idhilplural-✧ PE15/61; PE15/62
Idhelothclass-plural-✧ PE15/61; PE15/62
Iledhrimclass-plural-✧ PE15/61
-Uidhilplural-✧ PE15/62
-Uidelothclass-plural-✧ PE15/62
Early Noldorin [PE13/155; PE15/61; PE15/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwanwen

noun. swan

Elements

WordGloss
gwant“?beautiful”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
gwenwinplural-✧ PE13/146
Early Noldorin [PE13/146; PE13/159] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

alchwa

noun. swan

Variations

  • alqa- ✧ PE13/109

Derivatives

  • G. alfa “swan” ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë; PE13/109

Derivations

Early Primitive Elvish [GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë; PE13/109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

qen

noun. Elf

Variations

  • qende ✧ PE14/009

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. Cwenn “Elf” ✧ GL/32; PE13/099; PE14/009
  • En. Gwenn “Elf” ✧ PE13/146

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶Gwendi- > Qen[gʷend] > [gʷen] > [kʷen]✧ PE13/146

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Qendiplural-✧ GL/32; LRI/Qendi; LT1/235; LT1I/Qendi; PE13/146; PE14/009
QENDIplural-✧ PE13/099
Quendiplural“Elves, Light-elves”✧ SM/013; SM/168
Early Quenya [GL/32; LRI/Qendi; LT1/235; LT1I/Qendi; PE13/099; PE13/146; PE14/009; QL/092; SM/013; SM/168] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf

elda

noun. Elf; beach-fay

Variations

  • elda ✧ GG/13; PE14/107; PE15/71; QL/035

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. Egla “fairy, (lit.) being from outside” ✧ GG/13; GL/32; LT1A/Eldamar; LT2A/Eglamar; PE15/23; WJI/Egla; LT1A/Eldar; PE14/009
  • En. Uidhel “elf, fairy” ✧ PE13/155; PE15/61; PE15/62
  • Et. Illa ✧ PE13/155

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eldarplural-✧ LBI/Eldar; LT1/114; LT1/235; LT1A/Eldar; LT1I/Eldar; LT2I/Eldar; PE14/009; PE15/23; PE15/61; PE15/62; QL/043
ELDARplural“elves”✧ PE13/099
eldallorablative plural“from the elves”✧ PE14/047; PE14/079
eldalillo(r)ablative plural-✧ PE14/047
eldalluvaablative adjectival“from the elves”✧ PE14/047
elda(li)plural“elves”✧ PE14/050; PE14/083
eldaliongenitive plural“elves”✧ PE14/050
†eldalillo(r)ablative plural-✧ PE14/079
eldalluvaablative“from the elves”✧ PE14/079
eldaliplural“elves”✧ PE14/083
Eldaliongenitive plural“of ... elves”✧ PE14/083
Eldalinaccusative plural“Elves”✧ PE14/084
Early Quenya [GG/13; GL/32; LBI/Eldar; LT1/114; LT1/235; LT1A/Eldamar; LT1A/Eldar; LT1I/Eldar; LT2A/Eglamar; LT2I/Eldar; PE13/099; PE13/155; PE14/009; PE14/047; PE14/050; PE14/079; PE14/083; PE14/084; PE14/107; PE15/23; PE15/61; PE15/62; PE15/71; QL/035; QL/043; WJI/Egla] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alqa

noun. swan

Variations

  • alqe ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë
  • Alqa ✧ QL/030

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ḶKḶ “*appearance” ✧ QL/030

Cognates

  • G. alfa “swan” ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë
  • En. alf “swan” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/159

Element in

  • Eq. Alqalunte “Swanship” ✧ LT1A/Alqaluntë
  • Eq. Alqaráme “Swanwing” ✧ LT2A/Alqarámë

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√(I)ḶKḶ > Alqa[ḹkʷa] > [alkʷa]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë; LT2A/Alqarámë; PE13/136; PE13/159; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alqe

noun. swan

lempe

cardinal. five

íle

noun. star

Variations

  • īle ✧ GL/37
  • ílë ✧ LT1A/Tinwetári

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GILI “*shine (white)”

Cognates

  • G. gail “star” ✧ GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinwe

noun. star

Variations

  • tinwë ✧ LT1A/Tinwë Linto

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TINI “twinkle” ✧ LT1A/Tinwë Linto; QL/092

Cognates

  • G. tim “spark, gleam, (star)”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TINI > tinwe[tinwē] > [tinwe]✧ QL/092

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
tinwelindonsimilative plural“like stars”✧ MC/213; MC/220; PE16/062; PE16/074; PE16/077
tinwiplural“stars”✧ MC/214
tinwelinteallative plural-✧ PE16/060
tinvelindonsimilative plural-✧ PE16/072
tinwe-stem-✧ QL/092
Early Quenya [LT1A/Tinwë Linto; MC/213; MC/214; MC/220; PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/142; PME/092; QL/052; QL/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

siloine

noun. swan

A word for “swan” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s appearing under the early root ᴱ√SILI (QL/83).

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SILI “*gleam” ✧ QL/083

Cognates

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SILI > siloine[siloini] > [siloine]✧ QL/083

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
siloini-stem-✧ QL/083
Early Quenya [QL/083] Group: Eldamo. Published by