Quenya 

Quende#

noun. Elf

Elf

Quenya [PE 18:71] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

elda

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk, Elven, one of the Star-folk, Elves in general

The most common Quenya word for “Elf”. Its literal meaning is “one of the Star-folk” (WJ/374), a name given to them by Oromë (S/49) and derived from the same primitive root √EL as Q. elen “star”. Strictly speaking, this term excludes the Avari who chose not to journey to Valinor, so that the proper term for all of Elvenkind is Q. Quendë “one of the Elven race”. The Elves of the West rarely encountered the Avari, however, so that term Elda was ordinarily broad enough to describe all Elves.

Conceptual Development: This word dates back to the earliest stages of Tolkien’s languages. At its first appearance, ᴱQ. Elda was glossed “a beach-fay” (QL/35), but was soon extended to describe all Elves (LT1/113). In Tolkien’s earliest writings the word was not given a clear etymology. In the Lhammas “Account of Tongues” from the 1930s (LR/168-180), Tolkien gave ᴹQ. Elda the sense of “one who departed” (LR/169), as opposed to the ᴹQ. Lembi “Lingerers” who remained behind (precursors of the Avari). With this sense, Elda was derived from ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” (Ety/LED).

Tolkien soon revised the etymology of Elda so that it was derived instead from ᴹ√ELED “star-folk” (Ety/ELED). In some later writings, he considered both etymologies of this word to be valid, so that Elda was blending of both “star-folk” (from √EL) and Q. Eldo “marcher” (from √LED or √DEL¹), as discussed in the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 and elsewhere (WJ/362-3, PE17/139). However, the sense “star-folk” is probably better known.

In some notes from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving this word from a variant root √DEL² “fair” so that its meaning would be “the fair” (PE17/151), but this seems to have been a transient idea.

Quenya [Let/198.2307; Let/281.2205; LotR/1127.2905; LotR/1137.2308; LotRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Edhil.002; MRI/Eldar.001; MRI/Eldar.004; PE17/045.1001; PE17/056.1103; PE17/057.1008; PE17/114.1202; PE17/135.2402; PE17/135.2414; PE17/139.1302; PE17/139.1907; PE17/139.1907-2; PE17/151.1208; PE17/152.0606; PE17/152.0606-2; PE17/189.4007-1; PE21/73.1713; PE21/73.1908; PE21/77.1605; PE21/77.3111; PE21/77.3209; PE21/77.3214; PE22/155.3408; PM/029.3606; PM/346.4003-1; PM/395.1404; PM/403.0810; PMI/Eldar.001; PMI/Eldar.004; RC/217.1306; RC/780.1604; RC/780.1607; S/049.3102; S/049.3201; SA/êl.071; SA/êl.079; SI/Eldar.001; SI/High Elves.004; TII/Eldar.001; UTI/Eldanna.017; UTI/Eldar.017; VT49/08.2401; VT49/08.3505; VT49/08.3705; WJ/362.2702; WJ/362.2711; WJ/364.0202; WJ/364.0203; WJ/368.4002; WJ/369.0201; WJ/369.0205; WJ/369.1110; WJ/369.1201; WJ/373.0202; WJ/374.1701; WJ/374.3304; WJ/375.3810; WJ/407.2109; WJ/407.2203; WJI/Eldar.001; WJI/Eldar.004; WRI/Eldar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

quendë

elf

quendë noun "Elf", the little-used analogical sg. of Quendi, q.v. (KWEN(ED), WJ:361)

él

star

él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)

él

noun. star
Quenya [PM/340.3302; WJ/362.2302; WJ/362.2304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda

of the stars

elda 1. originally adj. "of the stars", but wholly replaced (WJ:362) by: 2. noun (Elda) = one of the people of the Stars, (high-)elf, an Elf (SA:êl, elen, Letters:281, ELED, ÉLED; notice that Tolkien abandoned a former etymology with "depart"), chiefly in the pl. Eldar (WJ:362, cf. GAT(H), TELES).The primitive form Tolkien variously cited as ¤eledā / elenā(Letters:281, PE17:152) and ¤eldā(WJ:360). Partitive pl. Eldali (VT49:8), gen. pl. Eldaron (WJ:368, PM:395, 402);dative pl.eldain "for elves", for Eldar (FS); possessive sg. Eldava "Elf's" (WJ:407); possessive pl. Eldaiva (WJ:368), Eldaivë governing a plural word (WJ:369). The word Eldar properly refers to the non-Avari Elves only, but since Eldar rarely had any contact with the Avari, it could be used for "elves" in general (in LT1:251, Elda is simply glossed "Elf"). See also Eldo. The plural form Eldar should not require any article when the reference is to the entire people; i Eldar refers to a limited group, "(all) the Elves previously named"; nevertheless, Tolkien in some sources does use the article even where the reference seems to be generic (i Eldar or i-Eldar, VT49:8).

elen

star

elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.

Elessar

elf-stone

Elessar masc. name "Elf-stone" (Elen + sar, actually "Star-stone", cf. Elendil concerning elen "star" being used to mean "Elf") (LotR3:V ch. 8). Genitive Elesarno _(VT49:28, read _Elessarno?) indicates that the stem is -sarn-. As a common noun, elessar or "elf-stone" may signify "beryl" (in the chapter Flight to the Ford in the LotR, Aragorn finds "a single pale-green jewel" and declares: "It is a beryl, an elf-stone"). Elessar as a name may also be seen as a pun or variant of Elesser "Elf-friend".

elena

of the stars

elena adj. "of the stars" (SA:êl, elen); also elenya

heldo

friend

[heldo, also helmo, fem. heldë, noun "friend" (VT46:3)]

meldo

friend, lover

meldo noun "friend, lover". _(VT45:34, quoting a deleted entry in the Etymologies, but cf. the pl. #_meldor in Eldameldor "Elf-lovers", WJ:412) **Meldonya *"my friend" (VT49:38, 40). It may be that meldo is the distinctly masculine form, corresponding to feminine #meldë** (q.v.)

meldë

friend

#meldë noun "friend", feminine (meldenya "my friend" in the Elaine inscription [VT49:40], Tolkien referring to Elaine Griffiths). Compare meldo.

ecelli

collective name. Forsaken, The Forsaken

A term Tolkien introduced in the 1950s, used for the Eldar left behind on the march from Middle Earth (MR/169-170). This term probably replaced the older term Lembi “Lingerers” for this particular purpose (MR/169). Ecelli was later changed to Alamanyar (MR/170) or Sindar (WJ/175), but the concept survived in the Sindarin word Eglath “The Forsaken” (MR/170, S/58). The Quenya cognate of this later Sindarin word, Hecel “Elf who stayed in Beleriand”, is probably the successor to the term Ecelli.

Quenya [MR/169.3704; MR/169.3707; MR/170.0407; MRI/Ekelli.001; MRI/Ekelli.002; WJ/175.0803; WJI/Ekelli.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Elendil

star-friend

Elendil masc. name"Star-friend", "Lover or student of stars", applied to those devoted to astronomical lore. However, when the Edain used this name they intended it to mean "Elf-friend", confusing elen "star" and elda "elf" (WJ:410). (This idea that the name was misapplied seems to be late; Tolken earlier interpreted the name as an ancient compound Eled + ndil so that the meaning really was "Elf-friend"; see Letters:386. See also NIL/NDIL in the Etymologies, where Elendil is equated with "Ælfwine", Elf-friend.) Allative Elendilenna "to Elendil" (PM:401); Elendil Vorondo genitive of Elendil Voronda "Elendil the Steadfast" _(CO) Pl. Elendili the Númenórean Elf-friends (Silm)_; the variant Elendilli in SD:403 would seem to presuppose a stem-form Elendill- not attested elsewhere. Tar-Elendil a Númenorean king, UT:210.

-ser

friend

-ser noun "friend" (SER)

-ser

suffix. friend
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

lemen

cardinal. five
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

lemen

cardinal. five

lemen, alternative cardinal "five" (VT48:6, 20); the word normally appears as lempë, but compare lemenya below.

lemnë

cardinal. five
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

lempë

cardinal. five

lempë cardinal "five" (LEP/LEPEN/LEPEK, GL:53, VT42:24, VT47:10, 24); lempëa ordinal "fifth", an analogical formation replacing older lemenya, in turn altered from the historically "correct" form lepenya because of analogy with the cardinal lempë "five" (VT42:25; Vanyarin Quenya maintained lepenya, VT42:26)

lempë

cardinal. five
Quenya [PE17/095.3405; PE17/095.3407; PE17/095.3707; VT42/24.4008; VT42/25.3109; VT42/26.2012; VT47/10.1212; VT47/24.3303; VT48/06.1412] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ílë

star

ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)

-ndil

friend

-ndil (also -dil) ending occurring in many names, like Amandil, Eärendil; it implies devotion or disinterested love and may be translated "friend" (SA:(noun)dil); this ending is "describing the attitude of one to a person, thing, course or occupation to which one is devoted for its own sake" (Letters:386). Compare -ndur. It is unclear whether the names derived with the ending -ndil are necessarily masculine, though we have no certain example of a woman's name in -ndil; the name Vardilmë (q.v.) may suggest that the corresponding feminine ending is -(n)dilmë.

alqua

noun. swan

swan

Quenya [PE 18:100] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

alqua

swan

alqua noun "swan" _(ÁLAK [there spelt _alqa, as in LT1:249/LT2:335], SA:alqua, UT:265, VT42:7). The alternative form alquë ("q") mentioned in early material (LT1:249) may or may not be valid in LotR-style Quenya.

alqua

noun. swan
Quenya [PE18/100.1809; SA/alqua.001; UT/265.3808; VT42/07.1013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

málo

noun. friend

friend, comrade

Quenya [PE 18:46 PE 18:96] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

málo

friend

málo noun "friend" (MEL, VT49:22)

nildo

friend

nildo noun "friend" (apparently masc.; contrast nildë) (NIL/NDIL)

nildë

friend

nildë noun "friend" (fem.) (NIL/NDIL)

nilmo

friend

nilmo noun "friend" (apparently masc.) (NIL/NDIL)

nilmo

noun. friend
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

sermo

friend

sermo noun "friend" (evidently masc., since sermë is stated to be fem.) (SER)

sermë

friend

sermë noun "friend" (fem.) (SER)

seron

noun. friend
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

seron

friend

seron noun "friend" (SER)

-ndur

friend

-ndur (also -dur), ending in some names, like Eärendur; as noted by Christopher Tolkien in the Silmarillion Appendix it has much the same meaning as -ndil "friend"; yet -ndur properly means "servant of" (SA:(noun)dil), "as one serves a legitimate master: cf. Q. arandil king's friend, royalist, beside arandur 'king's servant, minister'. But these often coincide: e.g. Sam's relation to Frodo can be viewed either as in status -ndur, in spirit -ndil." (Letters:286)

quendë

noun. Elf, (lit.) One That Speaks
Quenya [Let/176.1704; LotR/1137.2208; LotRI/Quendi.001; LT2I/Quendi.001; MR/229.0804; MR/229.0806; MR/229.0810; MR/229.0902; MR/229.1002; MR/229.1004; MR/229.1007; MR/229.1009; MR/471.3101; MR/471.3104; MR/471.3201; MR/471.3204; MRI/Quendi.001; PE17/137.3402; PE17/137.4302; PE17/141.1503; PE17/152.1203; PE18/071.0413; PE19/093.0209; PE19/093.0508; PM/029.3504; PM/395.1302; PMI/Quendi.001; S/049.1003; SA/quen.006; SI/Quendi.001; SMI/Quendi.001; UTI/Quendi.001; WJ/361.3302; WJ/361.3305; WJ/372.2802; WJ/372.2901; WJ/375.2007; WJ/391.3101; WJI/Pendi.003; WJI/Quendi.001; WJI/Quendi.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sondo

friend

[sondo noun "friend" (VT46:15)]

quentaro

noun. speaker, speaker, reciter
Quenya [PE18/100.2811; PE19/083.2205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

quentaro

noun. speaker

speaker, reciter, minstrel

Quenya [PE 18:50, 51 PE 19:40] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Sindarin 

edhel

noun. Elf
Sindarin [Ety/356, S/430, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel

Elf

d _ n. _Elf. Q. elda.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:151] < *_edelā_ Elf < DEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

Elf

{ð} _n. _Elf.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:140-1] < _edelō_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

Elf

pl1. edhil, pl2. edhellim {ð} _n. _Elf. A name used by the Sindar for themselves, characterizing other varieties by an adjective or prefix. Aredhel, Thinnedhel

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:139] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf

_ n. _Elf, a general name for all the Elves (since the name Quendi had gone out of use in Sindarin). Probably related to or connected with Q. Elda. edhellen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:45] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf
Sindarin [LRI/Edhil.001; PE17/045.0905; PE17/097.2003; PE17/097.3101; PE17/097.3102; PE17/139.2809; PE17/139.2811; PE17/139.2812; PE17/141.0201; PE17/151.1210; PE17/152.0806; PE17/152.0808; PM/346.4001-1; RC/780.1711; RGEO/62.3603; SA/edhel.001; SA/edhel.010; SA/êl.081; SA/êl.083; SI/Sindar.121; SI/Sindar.123; UT/255.2301; UT/318.4109; UTI/Edhelrim.001; UTI/Edhelrim.006; WJ/364.1302; WJ/364.1304; WJ/364.2707; WJ/377.3002; WJ/377.3004; WJ/377.3807; WJ/378.0207; WJ/378.2806-2; WJI/Edhel.001; WJI/Edhel.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh

noun. Elda, Elf
Sindarin [Let/281.2701; Let/281.2703; PE17/139.2616; PE17/139.2618; PE17/140.1904; SA/êl.091; UTI/Edhelrim.002; UTI/Edhelrim.007; UTI/Haudh-en-Elleth.034; WJ/363.0802; WJ/363.0804; WJ/363.0808; WJ/377.4203; WJ/377.4205; WJI/Elen.001; WJI/Elen.003; WJI/Elen.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. Elf
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ell

noun. elf

n. elf, esp. [?in ?the ?South]. Noldorin form.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:141] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ell

noun. Elf
Sindarin [Let/281.3109; PE17/141.0601; PE17/141.0703; PE17/152.1006; VT50/15.0503; VT50/19.1503; VT50/23.0107; WJ/363.0502; WJ/363.0608; WJ/363.0611; WJ/363.0702; WJ/364.1607; WJ/364.1904; WJ/364.2409; WJ/364.2411; WJ/377.3706; WJ/377.4102; WJ/377.4104; WJ/412.2005-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellon

noun. elf
Sindarin [WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Sindarin [PE17/140.1905; PE17/141.0302-2; PE17/141.0303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

star

n. star.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:55] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

egol

noun. someone forsaken, an Elf of the Falathrim
Sindarin [Eglath WJ/189, WJ/344] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

elen

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath _n._star. Its collective plural (pl2.) designates 'the (host of all the) stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmament'. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'. êl

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:24-5:67:139:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

elen

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

êl

noun. star (little used except in verses)
Sindarin [WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

êl

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath** ** n. star. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni, pl2. elelli. elen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24:67:127:139-40:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl

noun. star
Sindarin [Let/281.2609; Let/281.2611; LotR/0238.0504; MR/373.2706; PE17/022.0104; PE17/024.4002; PE17/024.4110; PE17/024.4113; PE17/024.4114; PE17/025.0307; PE17/025.0601; PE17/025.1413; PE17/025.1415; PE17/055.2103; PE17/067.0115; PE17/067.0117; PE17/067.0118; PE17/067.0203; PE17/127.2901; PE17/127.2902; PE17/127.2903; PE17/139.2603; PE17/139.2604; PE17/139.2606; PE17/151.3908; PE17/151.3911; PE17/151.3914; PE22/150.1710; PM/369.2609; RGEO/63.0504; RGEO/64.0405; RGEO/65.1404; RGEO/65.1406; RGEO/65.1407; RGEO/67.0105; RGEO/67.0109; RGEO/67.0202; SA/êl.001; WJ/363.0202; WJ/363.0204; WJ/363.0207] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elleth

noun. elf-maid
Sindarin [WJ/148, WJ/256, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mornedhel

noun. Dark-Elf
Sindarin [WJ/377, WJ/380] morn+edhel. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Teler

noun. an Elf, one of the Teleri
Sindarin [PM/385] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhelharn

noun. elf-stone
Sindarin [SD/128-129] edhel+sarn. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eglan

adjective. forsaken
Sindarin [WJ/365.2902-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eglan

noun/adjective. forsaken
Sindarin [WJ/365, WJ/379-380] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eglan

proper name. Forsaken, Forsaken (Elf)

A name the Sindarin used for themselves, mostly used in the plural forms Eglath, Eglain or Egladhrim (S/58, MR/170, WJ/365). It was often applied more specifically to the people of Círdan (WJ/380, PM/392 note #35). This name is derived from the adjective eglan “forsaken” < ✶heklanā, whereas the prefixal form Egla- (surviving only in names) was derived from the primitive noun form ✶hek(e)lā “a waif or outcast” (WJ/365).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, the word G. Egla was given as the Gnomish name for all Elves, meaning “a being from outside” and related to the word G. edh “outside” (which took the form eg before l) and ᴱQ. Elda (GL/32; LT1A/Eldar, Eglamar). Its class-plural Eglath also appeared in the Gnomish Lexicon (GL/50, entry idhrin). When Tolkien revised the phonology of the Noldorin language, he switched the language of this word to Ilk. Egla “Elf”, equivalent of ᴹQ. Elda and N. Eledh (Ety/ELED).

After Tolkien abandoned the Ilkorin language, he revised the meaning of this name to “The Forsaken”, a name the Sindar gave themselves after they were left in Beleriand (S/58). In this new sense, the class-plural S. Eglath “Forsaken” first appeared in a chart of the divisions of the Elves from the early 1950s, where it was equated to (and possibly replaced) Q. Ecelli of the same meaning (MR/170). The singular form Eglan appeared in his “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60, equated to Q. Hekel and with the etymology discussed above (WJ/365).

Sindarin [MR/170.1906; MRI/Eglath.001; PE18/077.1805; PMI/Eglain.001; S/058.2702; SI/Eglath.001; SI/Forsaken Elves.004; WJ/365.2902; WJ/365.2908; WJ/365.2909; WJ/365.3202; WJ/379.2102; WJ/379.2104; WJ/379.2105; WJI/Egladhrim.001; WJI/Egladhrim.016; WJI/Egladhrim.018; WJI/Eglath.001; WJI/Eglath.008; WJI/Eglath.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eglan

noun/adjective. an Elf of the Falathrim
Sindarin [WJ/365, WJ/379-380] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

elvellon

noun. elf-friend
Sindarin [WJ/412] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eglath

noun. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim
Sindarin [WJ/189, WJ/344] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegel

noun. a Green Elf
Sindarin [WJ/385] laeg+-el. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mellon

noun. friend

_ n. _friend. Pedo mellon a minno! 'Say friend and enter'. 

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:41] < _melnā_ < MEL love. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

mellon

noun. friend
Sindarin [Let/424.3602; LotR/0305.0503; LotR/0308.1302; LotRI/Mellon.001; PE17/041.0502; PE17/097.2001; SA/mel.018; SD/129.0310; VT44/26.1103; WJ/412.2005-2; WJ/412.2407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mellon

noun. friend
Sindarin [Ety/372, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-31, Letters/424] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

miniel

noun. an Elf, one of the Vanyar
Sindarin [WJ/383] min+-el "first elf". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ódhel

noun. Deep Elf or Gnome, one of the Wise Folk
Sindarin [WJ/364, WJ/366, WJ/378-379] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

avar

proper name. Refuser
Sindarin [PE17/139.4210; PE17/139.4211; VT47/13.3904; VT47/24.4409; WJ/380.1407; WJI/Evair.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

avar

noun. refuser

This plural name was known to the loremasters, but went out of daily use at the time of the Exile

Sindarin [WJ/380, VT/47:12] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glinnel

noun. Elf, one of the Teleri
Sindarin [WJ/378, WJ/385] glind("teleri")+el. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gódhel

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk
Sindarin [WJ/364, WJ/379] go(lodh)+ódhel, or OS *wådelo. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

telerrim

noun. the Teleri, a tribe of Elves
Sindarin [PM/385] teler+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúnedhel

noun. Elf of the West, Elf of Beleriand (including Noldor and Sindar)
Sindarin [WJ/378] dûn+edhel, OS *ndûnedelo. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

egladhrim

noun. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim
Sindarin [WJ/189, WJ/365, WJ/379] eglan+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil

noun. star, bright spark

In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil , plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath )

Sindarin [LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ódhellim

noun. Deep Elves or Gnomes, the Wise Folk
Sindarin [WJ/364] ódhel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

iathrim

noun. Elves of Doriath
Sindarin [WJ/378] iâth+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gódhellim

noun. "Deep Elves" or "Gnomes", the Wise Folk
Sindarin [WJ/364] gódhel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegeldrim

noun. the people of the Green Elves
Sindarin [WJ/385] laegel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

alph

noun. swan
Sindarin [LotR/1114.1807; PE17/100.3804; SA/alqua.004; UT/265.3802; UT/265.3806; VT42/07.0701; VT42/07.1412; VT42/07.2803] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alph

noun. swan

n. Zoo. swan.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:100] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

alph

noun. swan
Sindarin [Ety/348, S/427, LotR/E, VT/42:6-7, X/PH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil-

noun. star
Sindarin [PE 22:159] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

gill

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

leben

cardinal. five
Sindarin [Ety/368, TAI/150, VT/42:24-25, VT/47:10, VT/47:2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

tawarwaith

noun. Silvan elves
Sindarin [UT/256] tawar+gwaith "forest-elves". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

galadhrim

noun. Elves of Lothlórien
Sindarin [LotR] galadh+rim "people of the trees". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

calben

noun. all Elves but the Avari
Sindarin [WJ/362, WJ/376-377, WJ/408-409] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

calben

noun. Elf of the Great Journey (lit. "light person")
Sindarin [WJ/362, WJ/376-377, WJ/408-409] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodh

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk
Sindarin [Ety/377, S/431, WJ/364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Sindarin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lachend

noun. Deep Elf (Sindarin name for the Ñoldor)
Sindarin [WJ/384, X/ND4] lach+hend "flame-eyed". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lachenn

noun. Deep Elf (Sindarin name for the Ñoldor)
Sindarin [WJ/384, X/ND4] lach+hend "flame-eyed". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegrim

noun. the people of the Green Elves
Sindarin [WJ/385] laegel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodhrim

noun. Deep Elves, Gnomes
Sindarin [Ety/377, WJ/323] golodh+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

avar

noun. the Avari, Elves who refused the invitation of the Valar

This plural name was known to the loremasters, but went out of daily use at the time of the Exile

Sindarin [WJ/380, VT/47:12] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* edhel

elf

edhel (pl. edhil). Coll. pl. Edhelrim (or Edhellim) (UT:318). Also †eledh, pl. elidh, coll. pl. eledhrim (Letters:281), also elen, pl. elin, also with coll. pl. eledhrim (elen + rim with the regular change nr > dhr). _(WJ:363, 377-78; _the shorter coll. pl. Eldrim > Elrim_ _may also occur). But since elin also means "stars", other terms for "Elf" may be preferred.

* calben

elda

(Elf of the Great Journey, as opposed to the Avari) calben (i galben, o chalben), pl. celbin (i chelbin). The general word for Elves, Elidh or Edhil, may be used in the sense of Quenya Eldar (which itself is often used in a generalized sense: any kind of Elves).

* edhelharn

elf-stone

(a term for beryl) edhelharn (pl. edhelhern) (SD:128-31).

* edhelharn

elf-stone

(a term for beryl) edhelharn (pl. edhelhern) (SD:128-31). SEEING STONE (palantír) *gwachaedir (i **wachaedir), no distinct pl. form except with prefixed article (in gwachaedir), coll. pl. ?gwachaediriath or ?gwachadirnath (the latter form assuming that -dir is reduced from older -dirn) The form occurring in the primary source, gwahaedir, must represent the late Gondorian pronunciation with h for ch** (PM:186).

* eglan

forsaken

eglan, pl. eglain also used for "the forsaken Elves" (coll. pl. Egladhrim), i.e. the Sindar or Falathrim that were left i Beleriand. (WJ:379, VT45:12) This people could also be referred to as the Eglath (a coll. pl.), apparently with no singular (?Egol), though Egla- appears at the beginning of compounds (e.g. Eglador = land of the Eglain or Eglath).

* mellon

friend

1) (masc.) mellon (i vellon) (lover), pl. mellyn (i mellyn), coll. pl. mellonnath. Also meldir (i veldir), no distinct pl. form except with article (i meldir). Also seron (i heron, o seron), pl. seryn (i seryn), coll. pl. seronnath. 2) (fem.) meldis (i veldis), no distinct pl. form except with article (i meldis), coll. pl. meldissath.

* alph

swan

alph (pl. eilph)

* leben

cardinal. five

leben;

* gîl

star

gîl (i ngîl = i ñîl, o n**gîl, construct gil) (bright spark, silver glint), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gîl = i ñgîl), coll. pl. giliath** (RGEO, MR:388). Poetic †êl (elen-, pl. elin, coll. pl. elenath) (RGEO, Letters:281, WJ:363).

Telerin 

ella

noun/adjective. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3502; WJ/364.0608; WJ/375.3504; WJI/Eldar.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ello

noun. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3507; WJ/364.0602; WJ/364.1002; WJ/373.0206; WJ/375.3502; WJ/376.0105; WJI/Eldar.013; WJI/Eldar.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3202; WJ/362.3204; WJ/407.1109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3302; WJ/362.3304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alpa

noun. swan
Telerin [UT/265.4213] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin 

* cwenda

noun. elf

A doubtful word according to Tolkien's later conception; in the branch of Eldarin that Nandorin belongs to, primitive KW became P far back in Elvish linguistic history [WJ:375 cf. 407 note 5]. This was not a problem in Tolkien's earlier conception, in which the Danians came from the host of the Noldor, not the Teleri [see PM:76; the idea of the Nandor being of Noldorin origin also occurs in VT47:29]. In his later version of Nandorin, the word cwenda is probably best ignored; simply emending it to *penda would produce a clash with primitive pendâ "sloping" [cf. WJ:375].

In the Etymologies, Tolkien derived cwenda from kwenedê "elf" (stem KWEN(ED) of similar meaning, LR:366; as for the shift of original final to Nandorin , compare hrassa "precipice" from khrassê). But later the primitive word that yielded Quenya Quende was reconstructed as kwende (WJ:360).

No certain example shows how original short final -e comes out in Nandorin, so we cannot say whether kwende is also capable of yielding cwenda, ignoring the question of kw failing to become p.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:366, WJ:375:360)] < KWEN(ED). Published by

* ealc

noun. swan

Primitive form given as alk-wâ, derived from a stem ÁLAK "rushing" (LR:348); alk-wâ would seem to be an adjectival formation (ending -wâ), so the primitive word probably had the same meaning as the stem: "rushing", later used as a noun "rushing (one)" and applied to an animal. According to Tolkien's later conception, kw should probably have come out as p rather than c in Nandorin; see cwenda.

Primitive a becoming ea is a strange shift with no direct parallels even where it might have been expected, but compare eo from i in meord (and from e in beorn), as well as ie from a in sciella. Perhaps we are to understand that the liquids l, r trigger such changes in a preceeding vowel, but then we might expect for instance *ealm instead of alm as the word for "elm-tree".

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:348)] < ÁLAK. Published by

* galadrim

noun. Elves of Lothlórien

Note: "The Galadrim were 'Tree-people' (though the formation is Sindarin, + S [rim] = Q rimbë, great number) = true Sindarin galadhrim."

Nandorin [PE17/50] galadā + rim(b). Published by

* Danas

noun. Green-elves, Nandor

In Etym derived from the stem DAN (LR:353), simply defined as an "element found in names of the Green-elves", and tentatively compared to NDAN "back" (since the Nandor "turned back" and did not complete the march to the Sea). Tolkien's later view on the derivation of the name of the Green-elves, as set down in WJ:412, is that the stem dan- and its strengthened form ndan- do indeed have a similar meaning: these forms have to do with "the reversal of an action, so as to undo or nullify its effect", and a primitive form ndandô, "one who goes back on his word or decision", is suggested. However, it seems unlikely that the Nandor would have called themselves by such a name, and indeed Tolkien in WJ:385 states that "this people still called themselves by the old clan-name Lindai [= Quenya Lindar], which had at that time taken the form Lindi in their tongue". It may be, then, that Tolkien had rejected the idea that the Nandor called themselves Danas. - As for the ending -as, it is probably to be compared to the Sindarin class plural ending -ath; indeed a Sindarin ("Noldorin") form Danath evidently closely corresponding to Danas is given in LR:353.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:353, WJ:385)] < DAN. Published by

Adûnaic

nimir

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) Shining One

A noun translated “Elf” (WJ/419) and fully declined as an example of a Strong I noun (SD/436). In one place, its plural Nimrî was translated “Shining Ones” (SD/358), which indicates was probably derived from the Primitive Adûnaic root √NIMIR.

Conceptual Development: In its earliest appearances from the 1940s, this noun had the plural form Nimrî (SD/358, 388) as opposed to later plural Nimîr (SD/388, 436), which could indicate either an earlier singular form Nimri or a variant syntax for draft-plural formation. The word also appears in Tolkien’s “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/386), indicating that this word survived in Tolkien’s later conception of Adûnaic.

Adûnaic [SD/358.3909; SD/388.0701; SD/388.0703; SD/389.07071; SD/414.0613; SD/436.3008; SD/436.3304; SD/436.3404; SD/436.3503; SD/436.3604; SD/436.3705; SD/436.3804; SDI2/Nimrî.001; SDI2/Nimrî.008; WJ/386.0807; WJ/419.1106; WJI/Nimîr.001; WJI/Nimîr.006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gimli

noun. star, star (in the sky)

A noun translated “star” (SD/431) or “star (in the sky)” (SD/427), and fully declined on SD/431 as an example of a Strong II noun.

Adûnaic [SD/427.3206; SD/427.3908; SD/428.03101; SD/428.3607; SD/431.0404; SD/431.0603; SD/431.0703; SD/431.0805; SD/431.0806; SD/431.0903; SD/431.0904; SD/431.1004; SD/431.1103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

azar

noun. star, star (draft)

Christopher Tolkien mentions this as a noun meaning “star” from early and unpublished materials related to “The Notion Club Papers” stories (PM/372). It may be an element in the early Adûnaic name Indilzar for Elros. As Indilzar was replaced by Gimilzôr, it is likely that azar was replaced by gimli and gimil, which are well attested in later writings.

Adûnaic [PM/372.4601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

edhel

noun. Elf
Noldorin [Ety/356, S/430, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eledh

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf
Noldorin [Ety/ELED.010; Ety/ELED.046; Ety/ELED.048; Ety/ELED.050; Ety/KWEN(ED).019; Ety/LÁYAK.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elf

noun. friend
Noldorin [EtyAC/ÑEL.041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Noldorin [Ety/KWEN(ED).008; Ety/KWEN(ED).010; Ety/KWEN(ED).016; EtyAC/SET.019] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penn

noun. Elf
Noldorin [EtyAC/MOR.062-2; PE22/067.0608; PE22/067.0618; PE22/067.0620] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/EL.010; Ety/EL.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alf

noun. swan
Noldorin [Ety/348, S/427, LotR/E, VT/42:6-7, X/PH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

alf

noun. swan
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK.033; Ety/KHOP.019] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/GIL.015; Ety/GIL.018; Ety/GIL.030; Ety/OT.014-2; EtyAC/GIL.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star, bright spark
Noldorin [Ety/358, VT/45:15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

meldir

noun. friend, friend [m.]
Noldorin [Ety/MEL.037; EtyAC/MEL.014; EtyAC/MEL.029; RS/452.2301; RSI/Mellyn.002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

meldir

noun. friend
Noldorin [Ety/372] mell+dîr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

meldis

noun. friend
Noldorin [Ety/372] mell+dîs. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mellon

noun. friend
Noldorin [Ety/372, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-31, Letters/424] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lheben

cardinal. five
Noldorin [Ety/LEP.016; TAI/150.3701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lheben

cardinal. five
Noldorin [Ety/368, TAI/150, VT/42:24-25, VT/47:10, VT/47:2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodh

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk
Noldorin [Ety/377, S/431, WJ/364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thond

noun. friend
Noldorin [EtyAC/SON.020; EtyAC/SON.021] Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Noldorin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodhrim

noun. Deep Elves, Gnomes
Noldorin [Ety/377, WJ/323] golodh+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

edelā

noun. Elf, the fair
Primitive elvish [PE17/139.1611; PE17/151.1201; PE17/151.1205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ēl

noun. star
Primitive elvish [PE17/066.0105; WJ/360.2103; WJ/360.2105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eled

root. Star-Folk, Elf
Primitive elvish [PE18/084.3508; PE18/084.4006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Primitive elvish [Let/281.2101; Let/281.2103; MR/387.2810-1; MR/388.2101; PE17/022.2506; PE17/023.3010; PE17/067.0105; PE17/139.1607; PE17/151.3901; PE17/152.3901; PE22/150.1709; VT42/11.2615; WJ/360.2203; WJ/360.2205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

abaro

noun. refuser
Primitive elvish [VT47/13.3814; VT47/24.4404; WJ/371.2201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heklanā

adjective. forsaken
Primitive elvish [WJ/365.3206] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwende

noun. speaker, elf
Primitive elvish [PE17/137.3701; PE17/138.0201; PE17/139.2310; PE17/140.1707; PE17/141.1501; PE17/152.1114; WJ/360.1005; WJ/360.1007; WJ/373.0308; WJ/376.0703; WJ/376.0704; WJ/393.3104; WJ/393.3107; WJ/410.0802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lenep

root. five
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepem

root. five
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepen

root. five
Primitive elvish [PE17/095.3501; PE17/095.3502; PE17/159.3801; PE17/160.0101; PE17/160.0102; VT42/24.1102; VT42/26.0713; VT42/26.2912; VT42/26.3201; VT47/16.1512; VT47/24.3004; VT47/27.3404] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mālō

noun. friend
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

álkwā

noun. swan
Primitive elvish [UT/265.4211; VT42/07.1408; PE18/100.1807] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwentrō

noun. speaker, speaker, reciter, speaker, reciter, narrator, minstrel
Primitive elvish [PE18/100.2806; PE19/083.2202] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ancient telerin

alpa

noun. swan
Ancient telerin [VT42/07.1409] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

elda

noun. Elf, beach-fay
Qenya [GG/13.0509; GL/32.2303; LBI/Eldar.001; LT1/114.2909; LT1/235.0907; LT1/235.1205; LT1A/Eldamar.081; LT1A/Eldar.001; LT1A/Eldar.004; LT1I/Eldar.001; LT1I/Eldar.003; LT2A/Eglamar.056; LT2I/Eldar.001; PE13/099.0601; PE13/155.1601; PE14/009.0301; PE14/047.1112; PE14/047.1114; PE14/047.1714; PE14/050.2202; PE14/050.2207; PE14/079.2405; PE14/079.2409; PE14/079.2705; PE14/083.3211; PE14/083.3215; PE14/083.3602; PE14/084.0313; PE15/23.6505; PE15/61.1103; PE15/62.0507; PE15/62.0509; PE15/71.6303; QL/035.2901; QL/043.2601; WJI/Egla.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda

noun. ‘departed’ Elf, Elf, Star-folk, Elf
Qenya [Ety/ELED.006; Ety/ELED.038; EtyAC/EDE.008; LR/072.0905; LR/072.1301; LR/072.3703; LR/169.0805; LR/169.1002; LR/181.1303; LR/197.2001; LR/212.3202; LR/218.0706; LR/218.1002; LRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Eldar.002; PE18/024.0106; PE21/57.1116; PE21/57.1118; PE21/57.3106; PE21/57.3109; PE22/124.0110; PE22/124.0908; PE22/125.0708; SD/401.3409; SDI2/Eldar.001; SDI2/Eledâi.002; SDI2/Nimrî.005; SMI/Eldar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [GL/32.2403; LRI/Qendi.001; LT1/235.0705; LT1I/Qendi.001; PE13/099.1201; PE13/146.7204; PE13/146.7206; PE14/009.1612; PE14/009.1701; QL/092.1403; SM/013.1107; SM/168.3303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [PE21/19.2605; PE21/19.3505; PE21/25.0202; PE21/25.0401; PE21/25.0402; PE21/25.0403; PE21/25.0404; PE21/25.0405; PE21/25.0406; PE21/25.0407; PE21/25.0408; PE21/25.0505; PE21/25.0506; PE21/25.0601; PE21/25.0602; PE21/25.0801; PE21/25.0802; PE21/25.0803; PE21/25.0804; PE21/25.0805; PE21/25.0806; PE21/25.1001; PE21/25.1002; PE21/25.1201; PE21/25.1202; PE21/25.1203; PE21/25.1204; PE21/25.1205; PE21/25.1206; PE21/25.1401; PE21/25.1402; PE21/25.1403; PE21/25.1404; PE21/25.1405; PE21/25.1503; PE21/25.1809; PE21/25.2103; PE21/25.2114; PE21/25.2205; PE21/25.2614; PE21/25.2701; PE21/25.2702; PE21/25.2703; PE21/25.2704; PE21/25.2705; PE21/25.2709; PE21/25.2902] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya [Ety/KWEN(ED).005; LR/119.1709; LR/168.2103; LR/212.3104; LRI/Qendi.002; MRI/Quendi.002; PE18/023.0313; PE21/69.0907; SM/085.0202; SM/086.1102; SMI/Quendi.007; TII/Qendi.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-el

suffix. friend
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL.021] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.007; Ety/EL.028; Ety/EL.029; Ety/EL.031; PE17/014.1006; RS/324.4402; RS/324.4410; WR/223.3410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elena

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellen

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

helde

noun. friend
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL.012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heldo

noun. friend
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

helmo

noun. friend
Qenya [EtyAC/ÑEL.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ser

suffix. friend
Qenya [Ety/SER.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alqa

noun. swan
Qenya [Ety/ÁLAK.027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alqa

noun. swan
Qenya [GL/18.9505; LT1A/Alqaluntë.003; LT1A/Alqaluntë.016; LT2A/Alqarámë.007; PE13/136.8506; PE13/159.0107; QL/030.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alqe

noun. swan
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

lempe

cardinal. five
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

lempe

cardinal. five
Qenya [Ety/LEP.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

íle

noun. star
Qenya [GL/37.0905; LT1A/Tinwetári.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

málo

noun. friend
Qenya [Ety/MEL.029; PE18/046.2615] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nildo

noun. friend, friend [m.]
Qenya [Ety/NIL.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nilmo

noun. friend
Qenya [Ety/NIL.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

seron

noun. friend
Qenya [Ety/SER.018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinwe

noun. star
Qenya [LT1A/Tinwë Linto.127; MC/213.2601; MC/214.1004; MC/220.3802; PE16/056.0306-1; PE16/057.2602-1; PE16/060.2102-1; PE16/060.4217; PE16/062.1202; PE16/072.1602; PE16/074.1202; PE16/077.0502; PE16/142.5301; PME/092.7103; QL/052.6301-2; QL/092.6401; QL/092.6402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sondo

noun. friend
Qenya [EtyAC/SON.017] Group: Eldamo. Published by

siloine

noun. swan
Qenya [QL/083.3501; QL/083.3502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

cwend

noun. Elf

A Doriathrin noun meaning “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)), an example of the Ilkorin syncope.

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish Cwenn “Elf” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [kw] became [p].

Doriathrin [EtyAC/KWEN(ED).007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

noun. star

A Doriathrin noun meaning “star”, a simple derivative of the root ᴹ√EL (Ety/EL).

Doriathrin [Ety/EL.009; Ety/EL.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eld

noun. Star-folk, Elf

A rejected Doriathrin word for “Elf”, a derivation of the root ᴹ√ELED and a direct cognate of ᴹQ. Elda, also appearing in its plural form Eldin (Ety/ELED). It was replaced by Ilk. Egla derived from the inverted form of the root: ᴹ✶edel[a].

Doriathrin [Ety/ELED.060; Ety/ELED.062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

egla

noun. Star-folk, Elf

A Doriathrin word for “Elf” (Ety/ELED), also attested in its class-plural form Eglath which was marked as both Doriathrin (Ety/ELED) and Ilkorin (Ety/GAT(H), LED). This word developed from the inverted primitive form ᴹ✶edel[a] of the root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). First the middle [e] was lost because of the Ilkorin syncope, after which the resulting [dl] became [gl].

This word was a frequent element in Ilkorin names. As noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/Eglador), ordinarily the primitive final [a] would be lost in Ilkorin. Perhaps it was preserved in Ilk. Egla by analogy with the various names where it appeared, or perhaps Egla was actually the genitival form (of unattested *Egol as Ilk. legol) with the suffix -a(n).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, G. Egla was the Gnomish word for “Elf”. In The Etymologies from the 1930s, Tolkien first wrote Ilk. Eld for “Elf”, derived from the uninverted form of the root. This was rejected in favor of Ilk. Egla, perhaps an attempt to preserve the earlier Gnomish form.

Doriathrin [Ety/ELED.086; Ety/ELED.087; Ety/GAT(H).025; Ety/LED.047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alch

noun. swan

An Ilkorin word for “swan” derived from primitive ᴹ✶alkwā (Ety/ÁLAK). This word is a good example of how voiceless stops became spirants after liquids and voiceless stops in Ilkorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/ÁLAK.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

cwenda

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” developed from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (Ety/KWEN(ED)). It is an example of the Danian syncope, with second unstressed [e] vanishing after the identical vowel. It is also one of the Danian words for which a long final vowel developed into short final [a].

Ossriandric [Ety/KWEN(ED).012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf

A noun for “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶edel-, an inversion of the primitive root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). Unlike most similar Danian nouns, it did not undergo the Danian syncope and retained its second vowel. One possible explanation is that the primitive form of this noun ended in a short vowel, *✶edelă, and this short final vowel vanished before the period of the syncope, preventing it from occurring in this word. Helge Fauskanger originally suggested a theory much like this one (AL-Nandorin/edel).

Conceptual Development: In an earlier version of this entry, the Danian word for Elf was given as Elda (Ety/ELED).

Ossriandric [Ety/ELED.064; Ety/ELED.092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ealc

noun. swan

A noun for “swan” that developed from primitive ᴹ✶alkwā (Ety/ÁLAK). It is an example of how [w] vanished after medial velars in Ossiriandic and of how [a] broke into the diphthong [ea] before the liquid [l].

Ossriandric [Ety/ÁLAK.037] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

alpha

noun. swan
Old Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK.031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

kwen(ed)

root. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).001; PE18/034.0404; PE18/061.1413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwenedē

noun. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).003; PE19/057.1301; PE19/059.0217; PE19/059.0301; PE21/25.1911; PE21/25.2206; PE21/69.0906] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

root. star, star, starry sky
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/ROD.052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yel

root. friend
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/YEL.041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel-

noun. Star-folk, Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ELED.083] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lep(e)ne

noun. five
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/LEP.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepek

root. five
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepen

root. five
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LEP.010; Ety/LEP.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mālō

noun. friend
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MEL.026] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkwā

noun. swan
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÁLAK.024; PE18/050.0213] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilya

noun. star
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GIL.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alk-wā

noun. swan
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÁLAK.024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

n(d)il

root. friend, love, devotion
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/NIL.001; EtyAC/NIL.004; SD/241.1509; SD/305.3909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* eledā

noun. Star-folk, Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/64.0208; PE21/64.0214; PE21/64.3701; PE21/64.3904; PE21/64.3905; SD/358.3804; SD/401.3410; SDI2/Eledâi.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Telerin

alpa

noun. swan
Middle Telerin [Ety/ÁLAK.029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

cwenn

noun. Elf
Gnomish [GL/28.6301; GL/28.6707; GL/32.2405; GL/32.2904; PE13/099.1207; PE14/009.1702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elf

noun. feeling, heart
Gnomish [GL/32.5203; GL/32.5307; LT2/202.0202; PE15/23.8801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alf

noun. swan
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

elf(in)

cardinal. five
Gnomish [GL/32.5201; GL/53.5907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alfa

noun. swan
Gnomish [GL/18.9501; GL/18.9506; GL/67.7102; LT1A/Alqaluntë.006; LT1A/Alqaluntë.021; PE13/109.3101; PE13/109.3106; PE13/109.3201; PE13/109.3705] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alfuil

noun. swan
Gnomish [GL/19.0101; GL/19.0103; PE13/109.3102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alfuil(in)

noun. swan
Gnomish [GL/19.0101; GL/19.0103; PE13/109.3102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gail

noun. star
Gnomish [GL/37.0901; LT1A/Tinwetári.053] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silwin

noun. swan
Gnomish [GL/67.7101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

egol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwenn

noun. Elf
Early Noldorin [PE13/146.6901; PE13/146.7103; PE13/146.7201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

idhel

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ileth

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uigol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

alf

noun. swan
Early Noldorin [PE13/136.8501; PE13/136.8504; PE13/136.8603; PE13/159.0101; PE13/159.0105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhel

noun. elf, fairy
Early Noldorin [PE13/155.0901; PE13/155.0903; PE13/155.1001; PE13/155.1703; PE13/155.1704; PE15/61.1107; PE15/61.1108; PE15/61.111; PE15/61.1111; PE15/61.1113; PE15/61.1114; PE15/62.0601; PE15/62.0602; PE15/62.0604; PE15/62.0606; PE15/62.2407; PE15/62.2409; PE15/62.2411; PE15/62.2413; PE15/62.2505; PE15/62.2614; PE15/62.2615; PE15/62.2701; PE15/62.2703] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwanwen

noun. swan
Early Noldorin [PE13/146.4401; PE13/146.4404; PE13/159.0306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

alchwa

noun. swan
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/18.9502; LT1A/Alqaluntë.022; PE13/109.3104] Group: Eldamo. Published by