master-shout (if interpretable at all); tûr (“mastery, victory”) + caun (“outcry, clamour” ) S name of Turukáno.
masculine name. Ruling Lord, Victory Prince, (lit.) Master Shout
Second son of Fingolfin and the lord of Gondolin (S/60). His name seems to be a combination of tûr “mastery, victory” (SA/tur) and the suffix -gon (PM/345). His name was variously translated “Master Shout” (PM/345), “Ruling Lord” or “Victory Prince” (PE17/113).
Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, his name was already G. Turgon (LT1/115), and it remained so throughout Tolkien’s writings. At the earliest stage it seems to have been derived from the root ᴱ√TURU “be strong”, as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Tuor). In Early Noldorin word lists from the 1920s, the name was glossed “fierce k[ing]”, but this entry was replaced with an unglossed form marked “ON”. In The Etymologies from the 1930s, Tolkien specified that the final element of N. Turgon was -gon, the suffixal form of caun “valour” (Ety/KAN).
In later writings, Tolkien considered several origins for this name, based on a variety of Quenya equivalents. In Notes on Names (NN) from 1957, he considered and rejected Q. Turondo “Lord of Stone” (PE17/112), briefly considered Q. Turucáno “Ruling Lord” (PE17/117) and also Q. Turukondo “Victory Prince” (PE17/113).
In his “Shibboleth of Fëanor” from 1968, Tolkien said his Quenya name was Turucáno (PM/345), untranslated but likely meaning something like “Victory Commander”. Tolkien said that his Sindarin name Turgon was a phonetic adaptation with no real meaning, but that it could be interpreted as “Master Shout” (PM/345). This seems to have been Tolkien’s last word on the subject, but it is possible that the final element could also be interpreted as a suffixal form -gon of caun “prince”; see those entries for discussion.
Word Gloss tûr “master, [N.] mastery, victory, [ᴱN.] power [over others]; [S.] master” -gon “lord, prince, lord, prince; [N.] valour”
Development Stages Sources ✶Turukundā > Turgond- [turukundā] > [turukunda] > [turukonda] > [turukond] > [turugond] > [turgond] ✧ PE17/112 ✶Turukāno > Tur(u)gon [turukāno] > [turukǭno] > [turukauno] > [turukaun] > [turugaun] > [turgaun] > [turgon] ✧ PE17/113 ✶Turukondō > Turgond [turukondō] > [turukondo] > [turukond] > [turugond] > [turgond] ✧ PE17/113
- Turgond- ✧ PE17/112 (
- Turugorn ✧ PE17/113 (
- Tur(u)gon ✧ PE17/113 (Tur(u)gon)
- Turgond ✧ PE17/113; PE17/113