Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. am strong


  • G. Tuor ✧ LT1A/Tuor
  • Eq. tur “king” ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; QL/095
  • Eq. turu- “can, to be able” ✧ QL/095
  • Eq. turka “strong”
  • Eq. túre “might, strength, power” ✧ QL/095
  • Eq. turqima “haughty” ✧ QL/095
  • Eq. turwa “powerful” ✧ QL/095
  • G. drum “stout, firm, strong”
  • G. taur “ability, power”
  • G. tûr “king” ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • G. trug “easy to handle; convenient, tractable, docile” ✧ GL/71
  • G. turinthi “princess” ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • G. turm “authority, rule; strength” ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • G. tur- “can, to have power to” ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • G. turwin “queen” ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi

Element in

  • Eq. Turambar “Conqueror of Fate” ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; QL/095
  • Eq. Turondo ✧ LT1A/Tuor
  • Eq. Valatúru “Lord of the Valar”
  • G. Turgon ✧ LT1A/Tuor


  • turu· ✧ GL/71 (turu·)
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/71; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; LT1A/Tuor; LT1A/Turuhalmë; QL/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. TUŘU

Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. kindle

The root ᴱ√TUŘU “kindle” [TUÐU] appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variant forms ᴱ√TUSO and ᴱ√TUSU as well as derivatives like ᴱQ. tunda- “kindle”, ᴱQ. turu “wood, properly firewood”, and ᴱQ. tusturin “match” (QL/96). The contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon had a similar primitive form tudh- with derivatives like G. tund “log for the fire”, G. tusta- “inflame, kindle, set light to, burn”, and G. tuthli “match” (GL/72). However, the Gnomish Lexicon also had words like G. drui “wood, forest” and G. duru “wood; a pole, beam, or log” (GL/31). Since initial d- > t- in Early Qenya, it seems likely that ᴱ√TUŘU “kindle” may also represent a blending with an unattested root ✱ᴱ√DURU “wood”.

Many years later Tolkien gave a hypothetical root √TUD in contrasted to √TUL to illustrate certain principles of etymological variations (VT48/25). It is not clear whether this √TUD is related to earlier ᴱ√TUÐU “kindle”. Nevertheless, I think it is worth positing a Neo-Root ᴺ√TUD “firewood, kindling” to salvage Early Qenya and Gnomish words of similar meaning.


  • Eq. tunda- “to kindle” ✧ LT1A/Turuhalmë; QL/096
  • Eq. tundo “firewood, fuel” ✧ QL/096
  • Eq. turu “wood (as material), (orig.) firewood” ✧ LT1A/Turuhalmë; QL/096
  • Eq. turya- “to catch fire” ✧ QL/096
  • Eq. tusture “tinder, chips, firewood” ✧ LT1A/Turuhalmë; QL/096
  • En. dron “wood”
  • G. drui “wood, forest”
  • G. duru “wood; pole, beam, log” ✧ LT1A/Turuhalmë
  • G. tuth “tinder” ✧ GL/72
  • G. tund “log for the fire” ✧ GL/72
  • G. tusta- “to inflame, kindle, set light to, burn (tr.)” ✧ GL/72
  • G. tusc “inflammable; touchy, irritable; explosive” ✧ GL/72

Element in

  • Eq. tustima “inflammable” ✧ QL/096


  • tudh- ✧ GL/72
  • TURU ✧ LT1A/Turuhalmë
  • TUSO ✧ LT1A/Turuhalmë; QL/096
  • TUŘU ✧ QL/096
  • TUSU ✧ QL/096
  • TUR̂U ✧ QL/096
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/72; LT1A/Turuhalmë; QL/096] Group: Eldamo. Published by