Sindarin 

en

preposition. of the

Changes

  • anieni ✧ PE17/097
  • en(n)aena ✧ PE17/097

Derivations

  • ān(a) “subjective genitive” ✧ PE17/097

Element in

Variations

  • en ✧ Let/448; LotR/0953; PE17/097; PE17/102; PE17/141; S/197; S/203; S/216; UT/040; UT/100; UT/150; UT/153; UT/245; VT50/23
  • en· ✧ MR/373
  • an ✧ PE17/097
  • ena ✧ PE17/097
  • ani ✧ PE17/097 (ani)
  • en(n)a ✧ PE17/097 (en(n)a)
Sindarin [Let/448; LotR/0953; LotR/1134; MR/373; PE17/097; PE17/102; PE17/126; PE17/141; S/197; S/203; S/216; UT/040; UT/054; UT/100; UT/150; UT/153; UT/245; VT50/23] Group: Eldamo. Published by

en

pronoun. 1st sg pronoun

Variations

  • en ✧ VT50/14

en

of the

poss. art. of the.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

en

article. of the (genitival article)

Sindarin [LotR/VI:IV, Letters/308] i+na (?). Group: SINDICT. Published by

aen

adverb. should be; ?may it be that

Carl Hostetter suggested (VT31/16) that this may be a cognate of Q. nai “be it that”, since in combination with the future verb estathar it resembles the nai + future construct of the Quenya subjunctive. David Salo suggested instead (GS/228) that it might be a pronominal subject of the same verb, though with less conviction. This entry follows Carl Hostetter’s theory. @@@ In VT50/13 Carl Hostetter suggested an alternate theory, that this is a subjunctive passive voice marker, vs. indicative passive voice marker en.

Cognates

  • Q. nai “maybe; be it that, may it be that; perhaps, it may be, there is a chance or possibility, maybe; be it that, may it be that; perhaps, it may be, there is a chance or possibility; [ᴱQ.] remoter possibility”

Element in

Variations

  • en ✧ VT50/13
Sindarin [SD/129; VT50/13] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eneth

noun. name

Sindarin [VT/44:21,24] Group: SINDICT. Published by

ennas

adverb. there

Derivations

  • EN “again, once more, go on doing; further, beyond, again, once more, go on doing; further, beyond; [ᴹ√] yonder, over there”

Element in

ennas

adverb. there, in that place

Sindarin [SD/129-31] Group: SINDICT. Published by

han

that

pl1. hain _pron. _that, the thing previously mentioned. Tolkien notes "hain = heinn (< san-)" (PE17:42). Im Narvi hain echant 'I Narvi made them'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:42] < pl1. _hein_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

san

pronoun. that

Derivations

  • san- “that” ✧ PE17/042

Element in

Sindarin [LotR/0305; PE17/042] Group: Eldamo. Published by

him

adverb/adjective. ever, ever, [N.] enduring, continually; steadfast, abiding

Element in

  • S. Himring “Ever-cold” ✧ S/123

Variations

  • him ✧ S/123 (him)

ui

adverb. ever

Cognates

  • Q. oi(o) “ever, everlastingly; an endless period, ever, everlastingly; an endless period, *aeon”

Derivations

  • oio “ever” ✧ Let/278
    • OY “ever, continual, unceasing”

Element in

  • S. Fanuilos “Bright (Angelic) Figure upon Uilos” ✧ Let/278
  • S. Uilos “Ever-snow”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
oio > ui[oio] > [uio] > [ui]✧ Let/278

ui-

prefix. ever

Sindarin [uidafnen, uilos (see these words)] Cognate of the quenya oi. Group: SINDICT. Published by

esta-

verb. to name

Sindarin [estathar SD/129-31] Group: SINDICT. Published by

esta-

verb. to be called

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. esta- “to name”

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ES “indicate, name”

Element in

Sindarin [SD/129; VT50/13] Group: Eldamo. Published by

panna-

verb. to fill

Sindarin [Ety/366, X/Z] Group: SINDICT. Published by

-ian(d)

suffix. -land, country

A suffix meaning “-land” or “country” appearing often in the names of regions and countries along with its plural variant -ien(d) “-lands”, mentioned in a number of places in Tolkien’s later writings (Let/383; UT/318). In notes from the late 1950s Tolkien derived it from primitive ✶yandē “a wide region or country” from the root √YAN “wide”, which replaced another root √YON of similar meaning (PE17/42-43). In notes having to do with “large & small” words, probably from the late 1960s, Tolkien connected it instead to an apparent adjective S. iand “wide”, still derived from √YAN (PE17/115).

Conceptual Development: This suffix seems to have first appeared in ᴱN. Broseliand in the Lays of Beleriand of the 1920s, precursor to the name S. Beleriand and almost certainly inspired by the legendary medieval French forest Brocéliande. Tolkien used this suffix widely in names starting with Lord of the Rings drafts, but it seems he did not develop a clear etymology for the suffix until quite late. Tolkien himself mentioned the connection between this suffix and the French name Brocéliande in a 1967 letter (Let/383). It is thus an interesting case study in how Tolkien would gradually integrate elements inspired by real-world languages into his Elvish corpus.

Derivations

  • yandē “a wide region or country” ✧ PE17/042
    • YAN “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend” ✧ PE17/042

Element in

  • S. Anórien “Sunlending, *(lit.) Sun-lands” ✧ PE17/042; PE17/042
  • S. Beleriand “Country of Balar” ✧ PE17/029; PE17/037; PE17/042; PE17/042
  • S. Cardolan “?Red Hill Land”
  • S. Eryd-wethion “Mountains of the Region of Shadows” ✧ PE17/042
  • S. Garthúrian “Hidden Realm”
  • S. Ithilien “Land of the Moon” ✧ PE17/042; PE17/042; UT/318
  • S. Lórien “*Golden Lands”
  • S. Ossiriand “Land of Seven Rivers”
  • S. Rochand “Rohan, Horse-country” ✧ Let/382; UT/318
  • S. Rohan “Riddermark, (lit.) Horse-country”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
yandē > -iand[-jandē] > [-jande] > [-iande] > [-iand] > [-iann] > [-ian]✧ PE17/042
yandē > iend[-jandī] > [-jandi] > [-iandi] > [-iendi] > [-iend] > [-ienn] > [-ien]✧ PE17/042

Variations

  • -and ✧ Let/382; Let/383; UT/318
  • an ✧ Let/383
  • -ian ✧ PE17/037; PE17/042; PE17/043
  • -iand(a) ✧ PE17/037 (-iand(a))
  • -iand ✧ PE17/042
  • -iann ✧ PE17/115
  • (i)and ✧ PE17/170
Sindarin [Let/382; Let/383; PE17/029; PE17/037; PE17/042; PE17/043; PE17/115; PE17/170; UT/318] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gûr

noun. heart (in the moral sense), counsel

Sindarin [VT/41:11,15] Group: SINDICT. Published by

pathra

fill

pathra- (i bathra, i phathrar). Also panna- (i banna, i phannar), but pathra- may be preferred for clarity since panna- also means ”open, enlarge”.

sa

pronoun. that

Derivations

  • sa “3 sg. neuter [it], the thing, impersonal; this by me, [ᴱ√] demonstrative”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

taw

pronoun. that

Derivations

  • TA “that, there, then; demonstrative”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

taw

that

(demonstrative pronoun) ?taw. _Only the ”Old Noldorin” form is actually given in LR:389 s.v. _

en

of the

en-, e- (sg. genitival article): interjection

en

of the

en-, e-, genitival article, mostly only used in the singular (in the plural, in or i + nasal mutation is used), though infrequently en is used in the pl. as well. Followed by ”mixed mutation” according to David Salos reconstructions.

en

adverb. then, [G.] that past, that by you, that already mentioned (by you)

Derivations

  • EN “again, once more, go on doing; further, beyond, again, once more, go on doing; further, beyond; [ᴹ√] yonder, over there”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan adaptations. Published by

tass

1,D adverb. then, there

A Quenya-influenced neologism meaning "there, then, in that (place/time)", from Q. tassë.

Sindarin [Etymologies, PE17, PE22, VT49] Group: Neologism. Published by

eneth

name

(noun) eneth (pl. enith)

ennas

there

ennas (SD:128-31)

ess

noun. name

Cognates

Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

esta

name

(verb.) esta- (call) (i esta, in estar)

ui

ever

ui (always); also used as adj. ”everlasting, eternal”. Also as prefix, as in *uidafnen ”ever-closed) (WJ:341, where the spelling ”uidavnen” is used), pl. uidefnin

ad

again

(as prefix) ad-, also meaning "back, second, re-", e.g. aderthad "reunion".

hûn

heart

1) (physical heart) hûn (i chûn, o chûn, construct hun), pl. huin (i chuin), 2) (inner mind) gûr (i **ûr, construct gur), pl. guir (i nguir = i ñuir). Note: A homophone means ”death”, but has different mutations. (VT41:11). 3) ind (inner thought, mind, meaning), no distinct pl. form;, coll. pl. innath. 4) nest (core, center), pl. nist. Also notice the prefix hû**- apparently meaning ”heart”..