Primitive elvish


root. fire, fire, [ᴹ√] flame

A root for “fire” first appearing as ᴹ√NAR “flame, fire” in The Etymologies of the 1930s along with derivatives like ᴹQ. nár(e)/N. naur “flame” (Ety/NAR¹). There was also an augmented variant ᴹ√ANÁR that served as the basis for “Sun” words: ᴹQ. Anar and N. Anor (Ety/ANÁR). These roots and the various derivatives continued to appear in Tolkien’s later writings in the 1950s and 60s (PE17/38; Let/425), and in one place Tolkien specified that nār- was “fire as an element” as opposed to √RUYU for an actual blaze.


  • Anār “Sun”
    • Q. Anar “Sun” ✧ SA/nár
    • S. Anor “Sun” ✧ SA/nár
  • nāro “fire”
  • Q. Anar “Sun” ✧ Let/425; PE17/038
  • Q. nár “fire (as an element), fire (as an element); [ᴹQ.] flame” ✧ PE17/038
  • Q. Naira
  • S. Anor “Sun” ✧ PE17/038
  • S. naur “fire, fire, [N.] flame” ✧ PE17/038

Element in

  • Q. Narsil “Red and White Flame” ✧ Let/425; PE17/038
  • Q. Narsilion “(Song) of the Sun and Moon”
  • S. narthan “beacon”


  • (A)NAR ✧ PE17/038; PE17/147
Primitive elvish [Let/425; PE17/038; PE17/147; PE17/166] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. fire


  • NAR “fire, fire, [ᴹ√] flame”

Element in

Primitive elvish [PE17/039] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. sign, token


  • TAN “indicate, show” ✧ PE17/186


  • Q. tanna “sign, token” ✧ PE17/186
Primitive elvish [PE17/186] Group: Eldamo. Published by