Quenya 

rauta

metal

rauta noun "metal" [meaning changed by Tolkien from "copper"]. Notice that in the LotR, the word for metal is given as tinco. (RAUTĀ)

Ara-

noble

Ara-, ar- a prefixed form of the stem Ara- "noble" (PM:344). In the masc. names Aracáno "high chieftain", mothername (amilessë, q.v.) of Fingolfin (PM:360, cf. 344), Arafinwë "Finarfin" (MR:230)

orna

tall, high, lofty

orna adj. (2) "tall, high, lofty" (PE17:112, 186), also orwa

orwa

tall, high, lofty

orwa adj. (2) "tall, high, lofty" (PE17:112, 186), also orna

arato

noble

arato noun "a noble" (PE17:147), in PE17:118 given as aratō and there glossed "lord" (often = "king"). Cf. aráto. The form cited in the latter source, aratō with a long final vowel, is evidently very archaic (compare Enderō under Ender); later the vowel would become short. (PE17:118)

halda

adjective. tall, tall; [ᴱQ.] wide, broad

tunda

tall

tunda adj. "tall" (TUN)

tára

lofty

tára (1) adj. "lofty". (SA:tar, LT1:264, TĀ/TA3 (AYAK, TÁWAR), VT45:6), "tall, high" (WJ:417). Compare antara. Adverb táro in an early "Qenya" text (VT27:20, 26). The adj. tára is not to be confused with the continuative form of the verb #tar- "stand".

arquen

noble

arquen noun "a noble" (WJ:372), "knight" (PE17:147)

aiqualin

tall

aiqualin ("q")adj. "tall", plural form (???) (MC:216; this is "Qenya" - but cf. aiqua above.)

halla

tall

halla (1) adj. "tall" (Appendix E, footnote)

halla

adjective. tall

Derivations

  • KHAL “raise; lift up or extend upwards, raise; lift up or extend upwards, [ᴹ√] uplift, erect, lift from ground, (make) stand up” ✧ PE17/184

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KHAL > halda[kʰalda] > [xalda] > [halda]✧ PE17/184

Variations

  • halda ✧ PE17/184
Quenya [LotR/1123; PE17/184] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinco

metal

tinco noun "metal" (TINKŌ), also name of tengwa #1 (Appendix E, there spelt "tinco", but "tinko" in Etym); tincotéma noun "t-series", dental series, first column of the Tengwar system (Appendix E)

tinco

noun. metal

Derivations

Element in

Quenya [LotR/1122; PE17/123] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

raud

noun. metal

Element in

  • S. Rodëol “metal of Eöl” ✧ WJ/322

raud

tall

adj. tall, high, lofty, eminent, noble. Q. arta (< áratā). >> Nimrodel, rodel

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:49:118] < _(a)rātā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

raud

noun. metal

Sindarin [Ety/383, X/RH] Generalized from OS *rauta "copper". Group: SINDICT. Published by

raud

excellent

_ adj. _excellent, noble, eminent.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < AR. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

raud

lofty

adj. lofty. Q. rāta. >> arod, taer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:186] < RAT tower up. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

Cognates

  • Q. arata “high, noble, exalted, lofty” ✧ PE17/049; PE17/186
  • T. aráta “noble” ✧ PM/363

Derivations

  • arātā “high, lofty, noble” ✧ PE17/039; PE17/049; PE17/186; PM/363; VT41/09
    • RĀ/ARA “noble, high, royal” ✧ PE17/118; PM/363
    • RAT “tower up” ✧ PE17/186
  • ARAT “good, excellent, noble” ✧ PE17/147

Element in

  • S. Arodreth “Noble Endurance” ✧ PE17/182
  • S. Arothir “Noble Lord”
  • S. Finrod ✧ VT41/09
  • S. Thinrod “noble member of the Thindrim” ✧ VT41/09

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
arātā > arod[arātā] > [arāta] > [arǭta] > [arauta] > [araut] > [araud] > [arod]✧ PM/363
Sindarin [PE17/039; PE17/049; PE17/147; PE17/182; PE17/186; PM/363; VT41/09] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

d adj. noble. Q. arata. >> raud

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:186] < *_arāta_ < RAT tower up. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

adj. #noble.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < _arāta_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

adjective. tall

_ adj. _tall, eminent. Q. aratā.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:39] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

noble

1b _adj._noble. >> raud

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:49] < _(a)rātā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

Sindarin [PM/363, VT/41:9] Group: SINDICT. Published by

orchal

adjective. tall, tall; [N.] superior, eminent, lofty

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
or“above, above; [G.] onto, on top, on”
hall“exalted, high”

Variations

  • Orchal ✧ WJ/305; WJI/Galdor; WJI/Orchal
Sindarin [WJ/305; WJI/Galdor; WJI/Orchal] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arth

adjective. (unknown meaning, perhaps (?) noble, lofty, exalted)

Sindarin [Arthedain LotR] Q arta or OS *artʰa, CE *arâtâ. Group: SINDICT. Published by

maer

adjective. excellent

_ adj. _excellent. Q. maira admirable, excellent, precious. >> maer-, maeron

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:163] < MAY excellent, admirable. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

taer

adjective. lofty, lofty, *high

Cognates

  • Q. tára “lofty, tall, high” ✧ PE17/186; PE17/186

Derivations

  • TĀ/TAƷ “high, high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble” ✧ PE17/186
  • tagra ✧ PE17/186
    • TĀ/TAƷ “high, high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble” ✧ PE17/186

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
tagra > taer[taɣra] > [tagra] > [taɣra] > [taira] > [tair] > [taer]✧ PE17/186

taer

lofty

adj. lofty. Q. tāra.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:186] < TAG. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arphen

noun. a noble

Sindarin [WJ/376] ar-+pen. Group: SINDICT. Published by

ar

noble

(adjectival prefix) ar- (high, royal). In the form ar(a)- this is an element in the names of the kings of Arnor and Arthedain.

arn

noble

(adjective) 1) arn (royal), pl. ern, also arth (lofty, exalted), pl. erth, or arod (archaic *araud), pl. aroed. 2) brand (high, lofty, fine), lenited vrand, pl. braind; 3) raud (eminent, high), in compounds -rod, pl. roed. 4) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”. Also used as noun ”a noble”; see below.

arth

lofty

1) arth (noble, exalted), pl. erth, 2) brand (high, noble, fine), lenited vrand, pl. braind, 3) orchall (superior, eminent), pl. erchail (for archaic örchail), 4) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (high, sublime, noble; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.

tond

adjective. tall

Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan adaptations. Published by

tond

tall

1) tond (lenited dond; pl. tynd), 2) †orn (pl. yrn). Note: a homophone of the latter means ”tree”.

tinc

metal

tinc (i dinc, o thinc), no distinct pl. form except with article (i thinc), coll. pl. tingath. The word rhaud “metal” occurring in the Etymologies would normally be ”updated” to Sindarin in the form raud, but since raud appears with different meanings in later sources (see

arphen

noble

(noun, "a noble") 1) arphen, pl. erphin; 2) raud (eminent man, champion), pl.roed (idh roed), coll. pl. rodath.

Telerin 

aráta

adjective. noble

Cognates

  • S. arod “noble” ✧ PM/363

Derivations

  • arātā “high, lofty, noble” ✧ PM/363
    • RĀ/ARA “noble, high, royal” ✧ PE17/118; PM/363
    • RAT “tower up” ✧ PE17/186

Element in

Variations

  • arāta ✧ PM/363

Primitive elvish

rāta

adjective. lofty

Derivations

  • RAT “tower up” ✧ PE17/186

Derivatives

  • S. raud “noble, eminent; lofty, high, tall; excellent” ✧ PE17/186
Primitive elvish [PE17/186] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

rhaud

noun. metal

Noldorin [Ety/383, X/RH] Generalized from OS *rauta "copper". Group: SINDICT. Published by

rhaud

noun. metal

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. rauta “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Derivations

  • On. rauta “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
    • ᴹ√RAUTA “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Element in

  • N. Damrod “hammerer of copper” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
  • N. Angrod ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
  • N. Finrod ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. rauta > rhaud[rauta] > [rǭta] > [routa] > [rauta] > [raut] > [r̥aut] > [r̥aud]✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
Noldorin [Ety/RAUTĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brand

adjective. lofty, noble, fine

Noldorin [Ety/351, TAI/150, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

brand

adjective. high (in size)

Noldorin [Ety/351, TAI/150, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

brann

adjective. lofty, noble, fine

Noldorin [Ety/351, TAI/150, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

brann

adjective. high (in size)

Noldorin [Ety/351, TAI/150, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

tond

adjective. tall

Noldorin [Ety/395, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

tonn

adjective. tall

Noldorin [Ety/395, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

tonn

adjective. tall

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. tunda “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶tundā “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN
    • ᴹ√TUN “*tall; mound” ✧ Ety/TUN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶tundā > tond > tonn[tundā] > [tunda] > [tonda] > [tond] > [tonn]✧ Ety/TUN

tinc

noun. metal

Noldorin [Ety/394] Group: SINDICT. Published by

tinc

noun. metal

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. tinko “metal” ✧ Ety/TINKŌ

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TINKŌ “metal” ✧ Ety/TINKŌ

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TINKŌ > tinc[tiŋko] > [tiŋko] > [tiŋkʰo] > [tiŋxo] > [tiŋx] > [tiŋk]✧ Ety/TINKŌ
Noldorin [Ety/TINKŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

rauta

noun. metal

Cognates

  • On. rauta “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
  • N. rhaud “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Derivations

  • ᴹ√RAUTA “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Nambarauto “Hammerer of Copper” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√RAUTĀ > rauta[rautā] > [rauta]✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

halda

adjective. tall

tunda

adjective. tall

Cognates

  • N. tonn “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN
  • Ilk. tund “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶tundā “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN
    • ᴹ√TUN “*tall; mound” ✧ Ety/TUN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶tundā > tunda[tundā] > [tunda]✧ Ety/TUN

halla

adjective. tall

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KHAL “uplift, erect, lift from ground, (make) stand up” ✧ PE22/103

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KHAL > halda[kʰalda] > [xalda] > [halda]✧ PE22/103

Variations

  • halda ✧ PE22/103
Qenya [PE22/051; PE22/103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinko

noun. metal

Cognates

  • N. tinc “metal” ✧ Ety/TINKŌ

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TINKŌ “metal” ✧ Ety/TINKŌ

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TINKŌ > tinko[tiŋkō] > [tiŋko]✧ Ety/TINKŌ

Variations

  • tiñko ✧ PE22/050
Qenya [Ety/TINKŌ; PE22/022; PE22/050; PE22/061] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

tund

adjective. tall

An adjective for “tall” derived from primitive ᴹ✶tundā (Ety/TUN). It is an example of how the Ilkorin a-affection was prevented or reverted before [nd], as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/tund).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. tunda “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶tundā “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN
    • ᴹ√TUN “*tall; mound” ✧ Ety/TUN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶tundā > tund[tundā] > [tunda] > [tonda] > [tunda] > [tund]✧ Ety/TUN
Doriathrin [Ety/TUN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

rauta

noun. metal

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. rauta “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Derivations

  • ᴹ√RAUTA “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Derivatives

  • N. rhaud “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√RAUTĀ > rauta[rautā] > [rauta]✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
Old Noldorin [Ety/RAUTĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tōra

adjective. lofty

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. tára “lofty, high” ✧ Ety/TĀ

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶tārā “lofty” ✧ Ety/TĀ
    • ᴹ√TĀ/TAƷ “high, lofty; noble” ✧ Ety/AYAK; Ety/TĀ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶tārā > tōra[tārā] > [tāra] > [tǭra]✧ Ety/TĀ

Variations

  • tára ✧ EtyAC/TĀ
Old Noldorin [Ety/TĀ; EtyAC/TĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

rauta

root. metal

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s, first glossed “copper” and then “metal”, with derivatives ᴹQ. rauta/N. rhaud “metal” and serving mainly to explain names like N. Angrod and N. Finrod (Ety/RAUTĀ). It might have reappeared in the name S. Rodëol “metal of Eöl” from later Silmarillion drafts (WJ/322), but by 1957 Tolkien was explaining the final element of S. Finrod as S. raud “noble” (PE17/49, 118), so I think it is likely that ᴹ√RAUTA “metal” was abandoned.

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I’d use Q. tinco (LotR/1122) and its cognate [N.] tinc (Ety/TINKŌ) for “metal” words. For “copper” I'd use derivatives of √(U)RUS (VT41/10).

Changes

  • RAUTĀRAUTĀ “copper” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. rauta “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
  • On. rauta “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
    • N. rhaud “metal” ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ

Element in

Variations

  • RAUTĀ ✧ Ety/NDAM; Ety/PHIN; Ety/RAUTĀ; Ety/RAUTĀ (RAUTĀ)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/NDAM; Ety/PHIN; Ety/RAUTĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tārā

adjective. lofty

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TĀ/TAƷ “high, lofty; noble” ✧ Ety/AYAK; Ety/TĀ

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. tar- “high; king or queen (in compounds)” ✧ EtyAC/TĀ
  • ᴹQ. tára “lofty, high” ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR
  • On. tōra “lofty” ✧ Ety/TĀ

Element in

Variations

  • tāra ✧ Ety/AYAK; Ety/KHIL
  • Tára ✧ Ety/NIK-W
  • tára ✧ EtyAC/AYAK
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/AYAK; Ety/KHIL; Ety/NIK-W; Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; EtyAC/AYAK; EtyAC/TĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tundā

adjective. tall

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TUN “*tall; mound” ✧ Ety/TUN

Derivatives

  • Ilk. tund “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN
  • ᴹQ. tunda “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN
  • N. tonn “tall” ✧ Ety/TUN
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TUN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinkō

root. metal

The “root” ᴹ√TINKŌ (more likely just a primitive word) appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s with the gloss “metal” and derivatives like ᴹQ. tinko/N. tinc of the same meaning (Ety/TINKŌ). The reappearance of Q. tinco “metal” in The Lord of the Rings appendices (LotR/1122) strongly indicates its ongoing validity.

ᴹ√TINKŌ may have replaced the root ᴱ√SINI “pale blue” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. sink “mineral, gem, metal” and G. sinc “metal” (QL/83; GL/67); these early mineral words were originally attributed to ᴱ√SṆT͡YṆ “twinkle” before they were transferred to ᴱ√SINI, leaving only derivatives like ᴱQ. sintl “crystal” and ᴱQ. sinty- “sparkle” under ᴱ√SṆT͡YṆ (QL/85). However, in notes from the late 1960s Tolkien had primitive ✶sinki as an element ✶sinkitamo, the basis for Q. sintamo “smith” (PE17/108). Likewise there is evidence of the earlier root in Q. sinca “flint” as in Q. sincahonda “flint-hearted” (LotR/979), initially given as ᴹQ. tingahondo in Lord of the Rings drafts (SD/68).

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I would definitely use ✶tink- = “metal”, but I think it is worth keeping ✶sinki = “✱mineral = any inorganic solid including both stone and metal” as a variant.

Derivatives

  • Q. tinco “metal”
  • ᴹQ. tinko “metal” ✧ Ety/TINKŌ
  • N. tinc “metal” ✧ Ety/TINKŌ
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TINKŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

dara

adjective. lofty

Cognates

  • Eq. tára “lofty, high, tall” ✧ LT1A/Qalmë-Tári

Derivations

  • ᴱ√DAHA “*high” ✧ LT1A/Qalmë-Tári

Element in

  • G. daroth “summit, peak” ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Qalmë-Tári
Gnomish [GL/29; LT1A/Qalmë-Tári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

annuir

adjective. lofty

mandra

adjective. noble

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MANA “*good (moral)”
Gnomish [GL/56; LT1A/Mánir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sinc

noun. metal

A noun from the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s appearing as G. sinc “metal” (GL/67), clearly the cognate of ᴱQ. sink “mineral, gem, metal” from the root ᴱ√SINI (QL/83).

Neo-Sindarin: I would retain this word for purposes of Neo-Sindarin, but would revise its sense to ᴺS. sinc “mineral”, derived from the primitive form ✶sinki (PE17/108) which may itself mean “✱mineral”; see that entry for discussion. I would use N. tinc for “metal”.

Cognates

  • Eq. sink “mineral, gem, metal”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SINI “pale blue‽”

Element in

  • G. sincli “crystal” ✧ GL/67

annor(in)

adjective. lofty

Changes

  • andorannor ✧ GL/19

Derivations

Variations

  • annor ✧ GL/19
  • annorin ✧ GL/19
  • andor ✧ GL/19 (andor)
  • annuir ✧ PE13/110
Gnomish [GL/19; PE13/110] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

tyulu

root. tall

Derivatives

  • Eq. tyulin “tall” ✧ QL/050
  • Eq. tyulma “mast” ✧ QL/050
  • Eq. tyulta- “to rear up, stick up” ✧ QL/050
  • Eq. tyulusse “poplar” ✧ QL/050
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

orda

adjective. lofty

orwa

adjective. lofty

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ORO “steepness, rising” ✧ QL/070

Element in

  • Eq. ordie “height, loftiness” ✧ QL/070

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ORO¹ > orwa[orwā] > [orwa]✧ QL/070

Variations

  • orda ✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tahóra

adjective. lofty

Changes

  • dahóratahóra “lofty” ✧ PE12/021

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶taχsođa “seated high” ✧ PE12/021
    • ᴱ√DAHA “*high”
  • ᴱ√DAHA “*high” ✧ QL/087

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶taχ-sṓđā́ > tahóra[taxsōðā] > [taxsōða] > [taxsōza] > [taxsōra] > [tahōra]✧ PE12/021
ᴱ√TAHA > tahōra[taxsōðā] > [taxsōða] > [taxsōza] > [taxsōra] > [tahōra]✧ QL/087

Variations

  • dahóra ✧ PE12/021 (dahóra)
  • tahōra ✧ PME/088; QL/087 (tahōra)
  • tayóra ✧ QL/087
Early Quenya [PE12/021; PME/088; QL/087] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tyulin

adjective. tall

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TYULU “tall” ✧ QL/050

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TYULU > tyulin[tʲulin]✧ QL/050
Early Quenya [PME/050; QL/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by