Primitive elvish

et

root. out, forth

The various roots for “out” retained similar forms in Tolkien’s development of the Elvish languages. The earliest such roots were ᴱ√ERE and ᴱ√ESE “out” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/36). Tolkien wrote a Ð above ᴱ√ERE indicating its true form was ᴱ√EÐE, as confirmed by Gnomish derivatives like G. edh “outside, near borders of, near, hard by, beside” (GL/31). This root became ᴹ√ET “out, forth” in The Etymologies of the 1930s (Ety/ET) and it continued to appear with this form and meaning in Tolkien’s later writings (PE17/152, 167; PE18/88; PE21/70; VT48/25).

Derivatives

  • et “out (of), forth”
    • S. ed “out, out of, out, out of, [N.] forth” ✧ WJ/367
  • ᴺQ. eccan- “to proclaim, assert, (lit.) forth-call out”
  • Q. et “out (of)”
  • ᴺQ. etil “ivy”
  • ᴺS. edol “ivy”
  • ᴺS. edren “outer”
  • ᴺS. eth “outside”

Element in

  • ᴺQ. ehten “outlook, sight, view, spectacle”
  • ᴺQ. esta “outwards”
  • ᴺS. echuia- “to awaken, wake up (intr.)”
  • ᴺS. echuida- “to wake up (trans.), waken, rouse”
  • S. ephed- “to say out” ✧ PE17/167
  • ᴺS. ethiria- “to flow out”
  • ᴺS. ethog- “to lead out, *bring out”
  • ᴺS. etholtha- “to extract, make come out”

Variations

  • ETE ✧ PE18/088
  • et ✧ PE21/70
Primitive elvish [PE17/152; PE17/167; PE18/088; PE21/70; VT48/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by

et

preposition. out (of), forth

Derivations

  • ET “out, forth”

Derivatives

  • S. ed “out, out of, out, out of, [N.] forth” ✧ WJ/367

Element in

  • etkat- “to form, (lit.) out-shape, to form, [ᴹ✶] fashion, [✶] (lit.) out-shape” ✧ PE17/042
  • et-kelē “spring, issue of water”
  • etlendā “exiled” ✧ PE17/051
  • etr- “open (intransitive)” ✧ PE17/045
  • S. edraith “rescue, saving” ✧ PE17/038
  • S. ethir “mouth of a river, (lit.) outflow” ✧ SA/sîr

Variations

  • e(t) ✧ PE17/024
Primitive elvish [PE17/024; PE17/038; PE17/042; PE17/045; PE17/051; SA/sîr; WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by