A title in The Etymologies translated “Vala-king”, a combination of the root ᴹ√BAL and Ilk. tôr “king”, also attested in its plural form Balthorin (Ety/BAL). It is an example of how voiceless stops became spirants after liquids l and r.
proper name. Vala-king
- ᴹQ. Valatar “Vala-king” ✧ Ety/BAL
- ᴹ✶bal’tār- “Vala-king” ✧ Ety/BAL
Word Gloss BAL “*power” tôr “king”
Development Stages Sources ᴹ✶bal’tār- > Balthor [baltār] > [baltōr] > [balθōr] > [balθor] ✧ Ety/BAL