Quenya zR5Ì#

ar-

brightest

ar- (2), also ari-, prefix for superlative (compare arya #1, 2), hence arcalima "brightest", arimelda *"dearest" (PE17:56-57). In the grammar described in the source, this prefix was to express superlative as the highest degree (in actual comparison), whereas the alternative prefix an- rather expressed "very" or "exceedingly" with a more purely augmentative or adverbial force, but these distinctions do not seem to have been clearly present at all stages of Tolkiens work. See an- #2, am- #2.

ar-

prefix. beside, by, by-, by-, beside, near, near, by, beside
Quenya [PE17/071.0904-1; PE17/169.2405; PE17/169.2603; VT42/17.2812] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar-

outside

ar- (1) prefix "outside" (AR2), element meaning "beside" (VT42:17), "by" (PE17:169; in the same source the glosses "near, by, beside" were rejected). Cf. ara.

Ara-

noble

Ara-, ar- a prefixed form of the stem Ara- "noble" (PM:344). In the masc. names Aracáno "high chieftain", mothername (amilessë, q.v.) of Fingolfin (PM:360, cf. 344), Arafinwë "Finarfin" (MR:230)

ar

day

ar (2) noun "day" (PE17:148), apparently short for árë, occurring in the names of the Valinorean week listed below. Tolkien indicated that ar in these names could also be arë when the following element begins in a consonant (VT45:27). Usually the word for "day" in LotR-style Quenya is rather aurë (or ), q.v.

am-

signifying addition, increase

am- (2) prefix used in comparison, "signifying addition, increase" (PE17:90), or with genitive superlative: elenion ancalima "brightest of stars" (PE17:91). Originally identical with #1 above. The form am- as such is in late Quenya only used before p and (presumably) before vowels; the longer form ama- came to be preferred before r and l; before other consonants, the prefix assumes the form an- (pronounced, but not in Romanized Quenya orthography written, - before c) (PE17:90-92). Phonologically we would expect am- before y- (since my is an acceptable Quenya combination); however, Tolkien used an- in the word anyára (q.v.) See an- #2 and compare ar- #2.

an-

very

an- (2) intensive or superlative prefix carrying the idea of "very" or "most", seen in ancalima "most bright" (cf. calima "bright"), antara "very high, very lofty" and #anyára "very old" or "oldest" (the latter form occurring in the so-called Elaine inscription [VT49:40], there with the dative ending -n). Assimilated to am- before p-, as in amparca ("k") "very dry", and to al-, ar-, as- before words in l-, r-, s- (though Tolkien seems to indicate that before words in l- derived from earlier d, the original quality of the consonant would be preserved so that forms in and- rather than all- would result). See also un-. (Letters:279, VT45:5, 36) Regarding the form of the superlative prefix before certain consonants, another, partially discrepant system was also set down in the Etymologies and first published in VT45:36. The prefix was to appear as um- or un- before labialized consonants like p-, qu-, v- (the consonant v preserving its ancient pronunciation b- following the prefix, thus producing a word in umb-), as in- (technically -) before c- and g- (the latter presumably referring to words that originally had initial g-, later lost in Quenya but evidently preserved following this prefix), and as an- otherwise. However, this system would contradict the canonical example ancalima, which would have been *incalima if Tolkien had maintained this idea. In a post-LotR source, the basic form of the prefix is given as am- instead (see am- #2). In this late conception, the prefix still appears as an- before most consonants, but as ama- before r, l, and the form an- is used even before s- (whether original or from þ), not the assimilated variant as- described above. General principles would suggest that the form am- should also appear before y- (so the form #anyára probably presupposes an- rather than am- as the basic form of the prefix, Tolkien revisiting the earlier concept in the _Elaine inscription). (PE17:92)_

ara

outside, beside, besides

ara prep.(and adv.?) "outside, beside, besides" (AR2, VT49:57). According to VT45:6, the original glosses were "without, outside, beside", but Tolkien emended this. Arsë "he is out", VT49:23, 35, 36. As for ar(a), see ar #1. VT49:25 lists what seems to be ar(a) combined with various pronominal suffixes: Singular anni > arni "beside me", astyë "beside you" (informal), allë "besides you" (formal), arsë "beside him/her", plural anwë > armë "beside us" (exclusive), arwë "beside us" (inclusive), astë > ardë "beside you" (plural), astë > artë "beside them"; dual anwet > armet "beside us (two)". (Here Tolkien presupposes that ara represents original ada-.) The same source lists the unglossed forms ari, arin that may combine the preposition with the article, hence "beside the" (VT49:24-25)

tar

affix. high, king or queen (in compounds)
Quenya [PE22/148.0405-1; SA/tar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-tar

king

-tar or tar-, element meaning "king" or "queen" in compounds and names (TĀ/TA3), e.g. Valatar; compare the independent nouns tár, tári. Prefix Tar- especially in the names of the Kings and Queens of Númenor (e.g. Tar-Amandil); see their individual names (like Amandil in this case), cf. also Tar-Mairon "King Excellent", title used by Sauron (PE17:183). Also in Tareldar "High-elves"; see also Tarmenel.

aran

noun. king
Quenya [LotR/0864.4201; LotRI/Asëa aranion.002; MR/121.1306; PE17/049.0712; PE17/100.1603; PE17/118.4311; PE17/147.1805; PE17/147.4001; PE17/186.1301; PE22/158.0606; UT/193.3202; VT49/27.3909; WJ/369.1109; WJ/369.1113; WJ/369.1608; WJ/369.1703; WJ/369.3702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

king

aran noun "king"; pl. arani (WJ:369, VT45:16, PE17:186); gen.pl. aranion "of kings" in asëa aranion, q.v.; aranya "my king" (aran + nya) (UT:193). Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" = "your majesty" (WJ:369); aran Ondórëo, "a king of Gondor" (VT49:27). Also in arandil "king's friend, royalist", arandur "king's servant, minister" (Letters:386); Arantar masc. name, "King-Lord" (Appendix A); Arandor "Kingsland" region in Númenor (UT:165); the long form Arandórë appears as a name of Arnor in PE17:28 (elsewhere Arnanórë, q.v.) Othercompounds ingaran, Noldóran, Núaran, q.v.

aurë

noun. day, day (as opposed to night), daylight, sunlight, day(light), sunlight, day
Quenya [MC/222.3402; MC/223.3202-2; PE17/120.0102; PE17/148.1110; RC/727.0808; S/190.3702; S/190.3708; S/195.0407; SA/ur.034; VT49/45.1401; VT49/45.1505; WJ/166.2403; WJ/166.2409] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tár

king

tár noun "king" (only used of the legitimate kings of whole tribes); the pl. tári "kings" must not be confused with the sg. tári "queen" (TĀ/TA3). Prefix tar-, compare -tar above. The normal Quenya word for "king" is aran, but compare Tarumbar.

tár

noun. king
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

árë

noun. day, sunlight, sunlight, warmth (especially of the sun)

In the Etymologies, this word has the sense “day” < ᴹ√AR¹ “day”, and it appears with this gloss in some later writings as well. By the time he was writing The Lord of the Rings appendices, though, Tolkien had changed the sense of this word to “sunlight” < √AS¹ “warmth”. This derivation is clear from the archaic form †ázë, whose [-z-] must developed from primitive intervocalic ✶[-s-]. The sense “day” was transferred to the word aurë and its shorter form .

Quenya [LotR/1123.0610; LotR/1123.1207; PE17/018.2012; PE17/126.3702; PE17/126.3704; PE17/126.3705; PE17/148.0705; PE17/148.0706; PE17/148.1203; PM/127.3106; SA/arien.017; VT43/18.1202] Group: Eldamo. Published by

árë

day

árë noun "day" (PM:127) or "sunlight" (SA:arien). Stem ári- _(PE17:126, where the word is further defined as "warmth, especially of the sun, sunlight"). Also name of tengwa #31; cf. also ar # 2. Originally pronounced ázë; when /z/ merged with /r/, the letter became superfluous and was given the new value ss, hence it was re-named essë (Appendix E)_. Also árë nuquerna *"árë reversed", name of tengwa #32, similar to normal árë but turned upside down (Appendix E). See also ilyázëa, ilyárëa under ilya. In the Etymologies, this word has a short initial vowel: arë pl. ari (AR1)

arata

high, lofty, noble

arata adj. "high, lofty, noble" (PE17:49, 186). Also used as a a noun with nominal pl. form Aratar "the Supreme", the chief Valar, translation of the foreign word Máhani adopted and adapted from Valarin (WJ:402). Aratarya "her sublimity"; Varda Aratarya "Varda the lofty, Varda in her sublimity" (WJ:369). In one source, Aratar is translated as a singular: "High One" (PE17:186)

arato

noble

arato noun "a noble" (PE17:147), in PE17:118 given as aratō and there glossed "lord" (often = "king"). Cf. aráto. The form cited in the latter source, aratō with a long final vowel, is evidently very archaic (compare Enderō under Ender); later the vowel would become short. (PE17:118)

haran

king, chieftain

haran (#harn-, as in pl. harni) noun "king, chieftain" (3AR, TĀ/TA3, VT45:17; for "king", the word aran is to be preferred in LotR-style Quenya). In a deleted entry in the Etymologies, haran was glossed "chief" (VT45:17)

taran

king

taran (1) noun "king", possibly ephemeral variant of aran, q.v. (PE17:186)

arquen

noble

arquen noun "a noble" (WJ:372), "knight" (PE17:147)

vardar

king

vardar noun "king" (LT1:273; rather aran in LotR-style Quenya)

Ae

day

Ae (Quenya?) noun "day" (LEP/LEPEN/LEPEK - ae was written over ar [# 2] in the names of the Valinorean week, but ar was not struck out.)

ala

day

[ala (7) noun "day", also alan "daytime". The forms allen, alanen listed after these words could be inflected forms of them, genitive "of daytime", constracted (allen = al'nen) and uncontracted. However, Tolkien struck out all of this (VT45:13).]

ava

outside, beyond

ava (1) adv.? noun? prep.? "outside, beyond" (AWA, VT45:6)

ita

very, extremely

ita, íta adv. 2) "very, extremely" (PE17:112). Like #1 above, this element emerged as part of Tolkiens efforts to explain the initial element of the name Idril (Q Itaril), so it is questionable if #1 and #2 were ever meant to coexist in the "same" version of Quenya.

lai

very

[lai adverbial particle "very" (VT45:8)]

day

noun "day" (of the sun), a full 24-hour cycle (Appendix D) composed of aurë (day, daylight) and lómë "night" (VT49:45). Short - in compounds like Ringarë (q.v.). Allative rénna (VT49:45).

noun. day, day (period from sunset to sunset), day in calendar
Quenya [LotR/1107.2903; LotR/1112.1305-2; PE17/119.4202; PE22/158.2716; RC/727.0806; VT49/34.2904; VT49/45.1606] Group: Eldamo. Published by

high

2) adj. "high" (LT1:264; there spelt . This is hardly a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya, but cf. tára "lofty".)

túr

king

túr, tur noun "king" (PE16:138, LT1:260); rather aran in LotR-style Quenya, but cf. the verb tur-. Also compare the final element -tur, -ntur "lord" in names like Axantur, Falastur, Fëanturi, Vëantur (q.v.)

halda

adjective. high, tall
Quenya [PE 22:103; PE 22:148] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

tána

high, lofty, noble

tána (meaning unclear, probably adj. "high, lofty, noble") (TĀ/TA3). Compare tára.

calima

adjective. bright, bright, luminous
Quenya [Let/278.4001; Let/279.0105; Let/385.3302; LotR/0720.2601; LotR/0915.2103; LotR/1116.3605; PE17/056.1901; PE17/056.1902; PE17/056.2701; PE17/056.2801; PE17/056.2901; PE17/056.4101; PE17/057.0106; PE17/057.4001; PE17/057.4002; PE17/057.4003; PE17/090.0404; PE17/090.0805; PE17/090.1005; PE17/090.1603; PE17/090.4213; PE17/091.1014; PE17/101.1404; PE17/146.4304; PE17/146.4307; PE17/153.3210; PE17/153.3212; PE22/137.1501; PE22/155.3907; PE22/156.1901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calima

bright

calima adj. "bright" (VT42:32); cf. ancalima; in PE17:56, arcalima appears as another superlative "brightest" (see ar- #2).

etsë

outside, exterior

etsë noun "outside, exterior", glosses changed from ?"issuing" and ?"spring" (VT45:13)

ettë

outside

ettë noun(and/or adv.?) "outside" (ET)

ettë

noun. outside
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

* arata

high, lofty, noble

arata adj. "high, lofty, noble" (PE17:49, 186). Also used as a a noun with nominal pl. form Aratar "the Supreme", the chief Valar, translation of the foreign word Máhani adopted and adapted from Valarin (WJ:402). Aratarya "her sublimity"; Varda Aratarya "Varda the lofty, Varda in her sublimity" (WJ:369). In one source, Aratar is translated as a singular: "High One" (PE17:186)

* eldatár

`Vm#1~C6 noun. elf-king, elfking, elven-king
Quenya [Compound of elda and tar] Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

ar-

ar-

_ pref. _Q. ar-. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:169] < ÑAR near, by, beside. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ar-

ar-

_ pref. _Q. ar-.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:169] < ÑAR by. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ar-

prefix. *beside, by, near, by, beside, without
Sindarin [PE17/169.2406; PE17/169.2604; VT42/17.2812-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar-

prefix. high, noble, royal
Sindarin [S/428] Reduced form of , element in the names of the kings of Arnor and Arthedain. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ar-

prefix. king

pref. king. ara-, Arathorn

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:113] < S. _aran_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Ara-

prefix. high, noble, royal
Sindarin [S/428] Reduced form of , element in the names of the kings of Arnor and Arthedain. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Ara-

prefix. king

pref. king. ar-, Arathorn

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:113] < S. _aran_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ar(a)-

prefix. noble, royal, high
Sindarin [Let/426.1707; LotR/1038.4408; PE17/113.0206; PE17/139.3507-1; PM/193.4407; RC/347.2507] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ara

noun. king

_ n. _king. 

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

aur

noun. day, sunlight, morning
Sindarin [Ety/349, S/439] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aran

noun. king, king, (lit.) high or noble person, king, lord, chief, (lit.) high or noble person, king/chief
Sindarin [Let/426.1911; LotR/0305.0409; PE17/040.1902; PE17/040.1910; PE17/040.2001; PE17/111.1502; PE17/111.1505; PE17/113.0306; PE17/113.4301; PE17/147.1808; PE17/147.1812; PE17/147.4013; PM/358.1804; SA/ar(a).038; SA/ar(a).057; SD/128.3706; SD/129.0808] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

noun. king (used of a lord or king of a specified region)
Sindarin [Ety/360, S/428, LotR/II:IV, LotR/VI:VII, SD/129-] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

d adj. noble. Q. arata. raud

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:186] < *_arāta_ < RAT tower up. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

adj. #noble.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < _arāta_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

noble

1b _adj._noble. raud

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:49] < _(a)rātā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

adjective. noble
Sindarin [PE17/039.2608; PE17/049.3009; PE17/147.4014; PE17/182.1505-1; PE17/186.1107; PM/363.1804; VT41/09.1108] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arod

adjective. noble
Sindarin [PM/363, VT/41:9] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

arth

adjective. (unknown meaning, perhaps (?) noble, lofty, exalted)
Sindarin [Arthedain LotR] Q arta or OS *artʰa, CE *arâtâ. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

arphen

noun. noble, noble, knight
Sindarin [PE17/147.1703; WJ/376.2202; WJ/376.2402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arphen

noun. a noble
Sindarin [WJ/376] ar-+pen. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

oraearon

noun. seventh day of the Númenórean week, Sea-day
Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+aearon. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

calan

noun. day, period of actual daylight

Attested in the first edition of LotR, but omitted from the second.

Sindarin [aLotR/D] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glân

adjective. bright, shining white

The word is deduced from its mutated form, but it is worth mentioning that a stem GALÁN "bright", with glan "daylight" (and later "clear") as derivative, is listed in the Etymologies (not included in the published text, but see VT/45:13). Most of the words meaning "white" in the Indo-Eureopean languages come from the original notion of "brightness", e.g. Greek leukós "white" is cognate with Latin lucere "to shine", lux "light". This association of sense is also found in Gnomish, PE/11:39 (glan "clean, pure", from "bright" originally) and in Early Noldorin (PE/13:144, glann "clean"). The similarity with Welsh glan (where the vowel, incidentally, is also long, though this is concealed by Welsh orthographic convention) is also striking

Sindarin [Curunír 'Lân UT/390] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

oranor

noun. second day of the week, day of the Sun
Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+anor. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orithil

noun. third day of the week, day of the Moon
Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+ithil. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ormenel

noun. fifth day of the week, Heavens' day
Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+menel. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orbelain

noun. sixth day of the week, day of the Powers or Valar
Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+belain. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orgaladh

noun. fourth day of the Númenórean week, day of the White Tree

This day was formerly called orgaladhad in the Elvish calendar

Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+galadh. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orgilion

noun. first day of the week, day of the Stars
Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+gil, with archaic genitive. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

penninor

noun. last day of the year
Sindarin [Ety/400, X/Z] pant+în+aur. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orgaladhad

noun. fourth day of the Elvish week, day of the Two Trees

This day was renamed orgaladh in the Númenórean calendar

Sindarin [LotR/D] aur+galadh, with quenya influenced dual ending. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* ar

noble

(adjectival prefix) ar- (high, royal). In the form ar(a)- this is an element in the names of the kings of Arnor and Arthedain.

* ar

outside

(adv. prefix) ar- (without)the literal meaning of a word translated SPY (q.v.)

* an-

very

(as adverbial prefix) an-, as in:

* arn

noble

(adjective) 1) arn (royal), pl. ern, also arth (lofty, exalted), pl. erth, or arod (archaic *araud), pl. aroed. 2) brand (high, lofty, fine), lenited vrand, pl. braind; 3) raud (eminent, high), in compounds -rod, pl. roed. 4) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”. Also used as noun ”a noble”; see below.

* aur

day

aur (morning), pl. oer. As prefix or- in names of weekdays.

* aran

king

1) (king of a region) aran (pl. erain). Coll. pl. aranath. Also †âr with stem-form aran- (also with pl. erain; the longer form aran may be a back-formation from this plural). 2) (king of a people)taur (i daur, o thaur) (said in LR:389 s.v. _T_Ā to refer to ”legitimate kings of the whole tribes”), pl. toer (i thoer), coll. pl. torath.

* arphen

noble

(noun, "a noble") 1) arphen, pl. erphin; 2) raud (eminent man, champion), pl.roed (idh roed), coll. pl. rodath.

* or

high

(adjectival pref.) or- (above, over), also ar- (noble, royal). In the form ar(a)- this is an element in the names of the kings of Arnor and Arthedain. Nouns:

* dae

very

dae (exceedingly). Lenited dhae.

* gail

bright

gail (light), lenited ngail; no distinct pl. form (VT45:18). The adj. calen etymologically means "bright", but is used = "green" (q.v.).

Telerin 1RjR7T5

aráta

adjective. noble
Telerin [PM/363.1802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

ar-

prefix. King, king or queen, prefix for names of Kings

A prefix appearing before the Adûnaic names of kings and queens, the equivalent of Q. Tar- “High” (SA/ar(a)). It is most likely either a prefixal form of Ad. ârû “king” or derived from the same root. Conceptual Development: This prefix was introduced in the earliest versions of Adûnaic from the 1940s (SD/311, SD/248), and survived in the later Adûnaic names of The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion.

Adûnaic [SA/ar(a).066; SD/248.3713; SD/428.3902; SD/429.1403; SD/435.27081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ârû

noun. king

A noun translated as “king” (SD/429). The Adûnaic word for “queen” is not attested, but could be a feminized form of this word, such as *ârî.

Adûnaic [SD/429.3302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Khuzdûl

durin

masculine name. king
Khuzdûl [LotR/0305.0408; LotRI/Durin.001; PE17/040.0703; PM/304.1601; PMI/Durin.001; RSI/Durin.001; SDI1/Durin.001; SI/Durin.001; TI/182.1702; TII/Durin.001; UTI/Durin.001; WJI/Durin.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

ar-

prefix. day
Noldorin [Ety/AR¹.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar-

prefix. outside, beside, outside, beside; without, without
Noldorin [Ety/AR².060; Ety/AWA.020; Ety/NOT.022-1; Ety/NOT.025-1; EtyAC/AWA.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar-

prefix. etym. beside
Noldorin [Ety/349] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ar-

prefix. without
Noldorin [Ety/349] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aur

noun. day, sunlight, morning
Noldorin [Ety/349, S/439] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aran

noun. king, king, lord (of specific region), lord or king of specified region
Noldorin [Ety/ƷAR.047; Ety/ƷAR.050; Ety/TĀ.095; Ety/TĀ.096; Ety/THIN.048-1; EtyAC/ƷARA.012; EtyAC/ƷARA.013; PE22/033.1215; TI/182.1703; WR/098.3302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

noun. king (used of a lord or king of a specified region)
Noldorin [Ety/360, S/428, LotR/II:IV, LotR/VI:VII, SD/129-] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

taur

noun. king, king (of whole tribe)
Noldorin [Ety/TĀ.123; EtyAC/LEP.043; EtyAC/LEP.044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taur

noun. king (only used of the legitimate kings of whole tribes)

In LotR/IV:IV, Frodo is called Daur, which might be the mutated form of this word

Noldorin [Ety/389, Ety/395] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

âr

noun. king (used of a lord or king of a specified region)
Noldorin [Ety/389] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

âr

noun. king
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

penninar

noun. last day of the year
Noldorin [Ety/400, X/Z] pant+în+aur. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dae

adverb. very
Noldorin [EtyAC/DAƷ.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Westron

tûrac

noun. king
Westron [PM/053.1004; PM/060.4405] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

ar

root. beyond, further than, outside, beside, along side
Primitive elvish [PE17/147.3501; SA/ar.001; VT43/33.1407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ara

adjective. beyond, further than
Primitive elvish [PE17/147.3601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tār(ō)

noun. king
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

tāra

adjective. high
Primitive elvish [PE17/067.2111; PE17/186.3912-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tārō

noun. king
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

as

root. beside
Primitive elvish [VT47/31.0406; VT48/25.2810] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kalinā

adjective. bright
Primitive elvish [PE22/136.3201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

ar-

prefix. outside, beside
Qenya [Ety/AR².008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tar-

affix. high, King or Queen, king or queen (in compounds)
Qenya [Ety/TĀ.162; EtyAC/TĀ.096; EtyAC/TĀ.105; SD/248.3706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ara

preposition/adverb. outside, beside
Qenya [Ety/AR².003; EtyAC/AR².013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

are

noun. day
Qenya [Ety/AR¹.005; Ety/AR¹.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

noun. king
Qenya [PE22/106.2814; PE22/124.3201; PE22/125.3009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

noun. king

Element in: MQ. aranaite, MQ. Nuaran

Qenya [PE22/106.2814; PE22/124.3201; PE22/125.3009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tár

noun. king
Qenya [Ety/TĀ.119; Ety/TĀ.121; LR/047.1906] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tára

adjective. high, lofty, lofty, high, tall, tall
Qenya [LT1A/Qalmë-Tári.026; PE12/021.0611; PE12/021.3408; PE14/046.1704; PE14/048.3204; PE14/078.2702; PE14/078.2901; PE14/081.2504; PE15/74.0105; PE15/78.0104; PME/088.2004; QL/087.7701; QL/087.7702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkara

adjective. bright, brilliant, brilliant, bright, shining
Qenya [MC/221.1502; PE16/062.3402; PE16/062.3902; PE16/067.1403; PE16/072.4002; PE16/072.4101; PE16/074.4002; PE16/075.3901; PE16/076.3003; PE16/076.3004; PE16/077.2902; PE16/080.1903; QL/030.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vardar

noun. king
Qenya [LT1A/Varda.012; QL/102.4501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

erus(ta)

noun/adjective. outside
Qenya [QL/036.2701; QL/036.2702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala

noun. day
Qenya [EtyAC/GAL¹.024; EtyAC/GAL¹.028] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lai

adverb. very
Qenya [EtyAC/DAƷ.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. day
Qenya [PE16/075.2104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tur

noun. king
Qenya [LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi.030; LT1A/Sorontur.018; PE13/154.4804; PE16/138.2201; QL/096.1001; QL/096.1002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

selka

adjective. bright
Qenya [PME/083.1402; QL/083.1201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

túranu

noun. king
Qenya [QL/095.8001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ette

adjective. outside
Qenya [Ety/ET.029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

ar-

prefix. outside, beside

An Ilkorin prefix meaning “outside, beside”, the same as in Quenya and Noldorin (Ety/AR²).

Doriathrin [Ety/AR².025] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tôr

noun. king

A noun for “king” derived from primitive ᴹ✶tār(ō), also appearing in its plural form tórin (Ety/TĀ, BAL). Tolkien said that it was “only used of the legitimate kings of whole tribes”, though apparently it also survived in compounds like Torthurnion “King of Eagles” (Ety/THOR) and Balthor “Vala-king” (Ety/BAL). It is an example of how [ā] became [ō] in Ilkorin, as noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/tôr).

Doriathrin [Ety/BAL.088; Ety/TĀ.125; Ety/THIN.041-1; Ety/THOR.052-1; EtyAC/BAL.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gelion

adjective. bright

An adjective meaning “bright” derived from the root ᴹ√GAL¹, the basis of the river name Gelion (Ety/GYEL). There isn’t enough information to deduce its primitive form, but Helge Fauskanger suggested *✶galjānā (AL-Ilkorin/gelion), which seems reasonably plausible.

Doriathrin [Ety/GYEL.060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

aran

noun. king
Old Noldorin [PE22/027.1206] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

ar

root. day
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ANA¹.024; Ety/AR¹.001; Ety/TUY.026] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ari

noun. day
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/AR¹.003; EtyAC/AR¹.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tār(ō)

noun. king

Variations of the word: tā-ro.

Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/55.2103; PE21/55.2105; Ety/TĀ.043; Ety/TĀ.051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tārō

noun. king
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TĀ.043; Ety/TĀ.051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

galan

root. bright
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/GAL¹.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

ar-

prefix. beside, along with, beside, along with, compared with, beside, along with, compared with, etc
Gnomish [GL/20.0601; GL/20.4004; LT1A/Eruman.245] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mandra

adjective. noble
Gnomish [GL/56.5101; LT1A/Mánir.067] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dana

noun. day, day (24 hours)
Gnomish [GL/18.0101-2; GL/29.8601; GL/30.3703; GL/61.3303-1; GL/66.5401-2; LT1A/Danuin.004; PE13/112.4401; PE13/112.4404] Group: Eldamo. Published by

danuin

masculine name. Day
Gnomish [LT1/217.2310; LT1/222.2201; LT1/222.2202; LT1/222.2508; LT1A/Danuin.001; LT1A/Danuin.016; LT1I/Danuin.001; LT1I/Danuin.009; LT1I/Danuin.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dân

noun. day
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

glâ

noun. day, day, daytime
Gnomish [GG/14.1502; GG/14.2001; GG/14.2006; GG/14.2008; GG/14.2301; GG/14.2302; GG/14.2303; GG/14.2304; GG/14.2305; GG/14.2306; GG/14.2401; GG/14.2402; GG/14.2403; GL/39.2101; GL/39.2301; GL/39.2302; GL/39.2304; GL/40.0907; GL/40.1001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adjective. high
Gnomish [GL/29.2601; LT1A/Qalmë-Tári.032; LT1A/Taniquetil.046; PE13/112.0601; PE13/112.0605] Group: Eldamo. Published by

odra

adverb. very
Gnomish [GL/62.2601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tîr

noun. king
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

tûr

noun. king
Gnomish [GG/15.1306-1; GG/15.3403-1; GG/15.3404; GL/72.1301; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi.040; PE13/115.5001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûthi

adjective. outside
Gnomish [GL/74.3201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Ilkorin

tak

adjective. high
Early Ilkorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

tök

adjective. high
Early Ilkorin [PE13/141.5101; PE13/161.3402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

aig

adjective. high, high, steep
Early Noldorin [PE13/136.2701; PE13/158.3501; PE13/158.3601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adjective. high
Early Noldorin [PE13/141.5001; PE13/141.5203; PE13/161.3301; PE13/161.3304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tîr

noun. king

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
tiriantplural-PE13/154.4801
tirinplural-PE13/154.4801

Element in: EN. balthir

Early Noldorin [PE13/155.4501-2; PE13/148.2204; PE13/154.4801; PE13/154.4807; PE13/154.4806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

* ðana

root. day
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/66.7405-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by