Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

gar

root. keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s, apparently a variant of ᴹ√ƷAR, and having extensions ᴹ√GARAD and ᴹ√GARAT (Ety/ƷAR). It was given various glosses in separate entries such as “hold, possess” and “keep, maintain, defend”, but these glossed entries were all deleted (Ety/GAR; EtyAC/GAR). Two notable derivatives of ᴹ√ƷAR/GAR were ᴹQ. arda “realm, region” and N. ardh “realm” (Ety/ƷAR), apparently transferred to here from the earlier root ᴱ√ƷARA “spread” (QL/32). Both these words reappeared in the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 as Q. arda and S. gardh “region” from primitive ✶gardā (WJ/402), hinting at the continued validity of the root √GAR, though its later meaning is unclear.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ√GARAT ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/GAR
    • ᴹQ. arda “realm, region” ✧ EtyAC/ƷAR
    • ᴹQ. arta “fort, fortress” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT
    • N. garth “fort, fortress” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT; EtyAC/GAR
    • ᴺS. gartha- “to defend, keep”
    • N. gartha- “to defend, keep” ✧ EtyAC/GAR
  • gardā “region”
    • Q. arda “region, realm, particular land or region, region, realm, particular land or region; [ᴱQ.] place, spot” ✧ WJ/402
    • S. gardh “region” ✧ WJ/402
  • ᴹQ. arda “realm, region” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GAR
  • ᴹQ. armar “goods” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GAR; Ety/GAR
  • ᴹQ. arwa “possessing, having, in control of” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GAR; Ety/GAR
  • ᴹQ. aryon “heir” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GAR; Ety/GAR
  • ᴹQ. harwe “treasure, treasury” ✧ Ety/GAR
  • ᴹQ. harya- “to possess” ✧ Ety/GAR
  • Ilk. garth “realm” ✧ Ety/GAR
  • N. gar- “to hold, have, to hold, have, *possess” ✧ Ety/GAR; Ety/ƷAR|GAR; EtyAC/GAR
  • N. ardh “realm” ✧ Ety/GAR
  • N. garn “‘own’, property” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GAR
  • N. garth “fort, fortress” ✧ Ety/GAR
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GAR; Ety/ƷAR; Ety/ƷAR|GAR; EtyAC/GAR; EtyAC/ƷARA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

garat

root. GARAT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/GAR

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. arda “realm, region” ✧ EtyAC/ƷAR
  • ᴹQ. arta “fort, fortress” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT
  • N. garth “fort, fortress” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT; EtyAC/GAR
  • ᴺS. gartha- “to defend, keep”
  • N. gartha- “to defend, keep” ✧ EtyAC/GAR

Variations

  • GAR-AD ✧ EtyAC/ƷAR (GAR-AD)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ƷAR; Ety/ƷAR|GARAT; EtyAC/GAR; EtyAC/ƷAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by