Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

arda

place name. Earth, world

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
arda“realm, region”

Variations

  • arda ✧ SD/246; SD/310
Qenya [LRI/Arda; SD/246; SD/310; SD/401; SDI2/Arda; SMI/Arda] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arda

noun. realm, region

Changes

  • ardaharda ✧ EtyAC/EN
  • ardaarda “day (period of 12 hours)” ✧ PE22/021

Cognates

  • N. ardh “realm” ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA
  • Ilk. garth “realm” ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷAR “have, hold” ✧ Ety/EN; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GAR
  • ᴹ√GARAT ✧ EtyAC/ƷAR
    • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/GAR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷAR > harda[ɣarda] > [harda]✧ Ety/EN
ᴹ√GAR > arda[garda] > [ɣarda] > [arda]✧ Ety/ƷARGAR
ᴹ√ƷARA > harda[ɣarda] > [harda]✧ EtyAC/ƷARA

Variations

  • harda ✧ Ety/EN; EtyAC/EN; EtyAC/ƷAR (harda); EtyAC/ƷARA (harda)
Qenya [Ety/EN; Ety/ƷAR|GAR; EtyAC/EN; EtyAC/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA; PE22/021; PE22/022; PE22/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

harda

noun. realm

arya

noun. day (twelve hours)

Changes

  • ardaarya ✧ Ety/AR¹

Cognates

  • N. arad “daytime, a day” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AR “day” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Aryante “Day-bringer” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AR¹ > arya[arja]✧ Ety/AR¹

Variations

  • arda ✧ EtyAC/AR¹ (arda)
Qenya [Ety/AR¹; EtyAC/AR¹; PE22/023; PE22/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambar

noun. Earth, World

Cognates

  • N. amar “Earth” ✧ Ety/MBAR

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAR “dwell, inhabit” ✧ Ety/MBAR; EtyAC/SIL
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAR > a-mbar[ambara]✧ Ety/MBAR
ᴹ√[?mbar] > ambar[ambara]✧ EtyAC/SIL

Variations

  • a-mbar ✧ Ety/MBAR
  • ambaron ✧ EtyAC/MBAR
  • ambar ✧ EtyAC/MBAR; EtyAC/SIL; SM/241
Qenya [Ety/MBAR; EtyAC/MBAR; EtyAC/SIL; LRI/Ambar; SD/056; SM/235; SM/236; SM/241; SMI/Ambar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hún

noun. earth, earth, *ground

A word in the Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s with stem form hun- and gloss “earth” (QL/39). It might be a later iteration of ᴱQ. han “ground, earth” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/39), and if so then hún might also be used as “✱ground”. I think it is useful to assume so for purposes of Neo-Quenya, as the other attested word for “ground”, Q. talan, is probably used more often for “floor”, including floors above the ground level.

Variations

  • hun ✧ PE21/19
Qenya [PE21/19; PE21/24; PE21/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by

esse

noun. place

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ES “*place” ✧ EtyAC/ES

Element in

  • ᴹQ. essea “in place, local” ✧ EtyAC/ES (essea)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ES > esse[esse]✧ EtyAC/ES

Variations

  • esse ✧ EtyAC/ES (esse)

ména

noun. region

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MEN “go, proceed” ✧ Ety/MEN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MEN > ména[mēna]✧ Ety/MEN

men

noun. place, spot

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MEN “go, proceed” ✧ Ety/MEN

Element in

  • ᴹQ. formen “north, right hand”
  • ᴹQ. hyarmen “south, left hand”
  • ᴹQ. Ilmen “Place of Light”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MEN > men[men]✧ Ety/MEN