Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. have, hold

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “have, hold” with derivatives like ᴹQ. arda/N. ardh “realm”, ᴹQ. harma “treasure” and ᴹQ. harya- “possess” (Ety/ƷAN). The continued appearance of Q. harya- “have” (MS) and Q. harma “treasure” (LotR/1123) indicated this root remained valid in Tolkien’s later writings, though perhaps reconceived of as ✱√HAR after Tolkien replaced primitive ʒ with h. Some of its derivatives seems to have been transferred later to √GAR, notably Q. arda/S. gardh “region, realm” that were later derived from primitive ✶gardā (WJ/402).


  • ƷARƷAR “have, hold, keep” ✧ Ety/ƷAR
  • ƷARAƷAR “possess” ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA


  • Ilk. garon “lord” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • ᴹQ. haran “king, chieftain, lord or king of a specified region” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; Ety/TĀ; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • ᴹQ. arda “realm, region” ✧ Ety/EN; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • Q. harma “treasure, treasure, [ᴹQ.] treasured thing”
  • ᴹQ. harma “treasure, treasured thing” ✧ Ety/ƷAR
  • ᴹQ. harwe “treasure, treasury” ✧ Ety/ƷAR
  • Q. harya- “to have, to have, [ᴹQ.] possess”
  • ᴹQ. harya- “to possess” ✧ Ety/ƷAR
  • ᴹQ. haryon “prince (heir)” ✧ Ety/ƷAR
  • N. aran “king, lord (of a specific region)” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; Ety/TĀ; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • Ilk. garth “realm” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • N. ardh “realm” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • On. aran “king”
    • N. aran “king, lord (of a specific region)”

Element in

  • N. Arthoren “Fenced Realm” ✧ Ety/THUR
  • Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” ✧ Ety/THUR; Ety/ƷAR (Garthurian)


Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EN; Ety/ƷAR; Ety/TĀ; Ety/THUR; EtyAC/GAR; EtyAC/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA] Group: Eldamo. Published by