Primitive elvish

aran

root. good, excellent, noble

An extended root in 1957 Quenya Notes based on √AR “beyond, further than”, √ARAN was glossed “good, excellent, noble” but was principally used for Q. aran, S. aran “king” (PE17/147).

Derivatives

  • arn(a)- “noble, royal”
  • Q. aran “king” ✧ PE17/147
  • S. aran “king, lord, chief, (lit.) high or noble person, king, lord, chief, (lit.) high or noble person; [N.] lord (of a specific region)” ✧ PE17/147
    • S. ar(a)- “noble, royal, high” ✧ Let/426

Variations

  • ARA|N|T ✧ PE17/148
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arat

root. good, excellent, noble

Derivatives

  • Q. arata “high, noble, exalted, lofty” ✧ PE17/147
  • Q. Aratar “High Ones, The Exalted, The Supreme” ✧ SA/ar(a)
  • Q. aráto “champion, eminent man, noble, lord, king” ✧ PE17/147; SA/ar(a)
  • Q. ráta- “to excel, surpass” ✧ PE17/147
  • S. arod “noble” ✧ PE17/147
  • S. raud “noble, eminent; lofty, high, tall; excellent” ✧ PE17/147

Elements

WordGloss
RĀ/ARA“noble, high, royal”

Variations

  • ARA|N|T ✧ PE17/148
  • arat- ✧ SA/ar(a)
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148; SA/ar(a)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ari

root. good, excellent, noble

An extended root in 1957 Quenya Notes based on √AR “beyond, further than”, √ARI was glossed “good, excellent, noble” but was principally used for the prefix Q. ari- (PE17/147). This prefix was glossed “good” in the 1957 Quenya Notes, but in notes on comparison (probably from the early 1960s) it was used as a superlative prefix (PE17/56-57). The corresponding S. superlative prefix seems to be ro- (PE17/147).

Derivatives

  • Q. ar(i)- “superlative prefix; good, superlative prefix; good; [ᴱQ.] intensive” ✧ PE17/147
Primitive elvish [PE17/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

manrā

adjective. good

Derivations

  • MAN “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil, good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil; [ᴹ√] holy spirit” ✧ PE17/162

Derivatives

  • Q. mára “good, proper, good, proper; [ᴹQ.] useful, fit, good (of things), [ᴱQ.] excellent; mighty, power, doughty” ✧ PE17/162
Primitive elvish [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khin

root. child

A root appearing in Notes on Names (NN) from 1957 with the gloss “child” (PE17/157), and again in the Quendi and Eldar essay of 1959-60 with the same gloss (WJ/403). It was the basis for the words Q. hína and S. hên “child”, which were probably inspired by the Adûnaic patronymic suffix -hin that Tolkien introduced in the 1940s as part of Êruhin “Child of God” (SD/358), originally an Adûnaic word but later on used in Sindarin (Let/345; MR/330). This root might be a later iteration of the early root ᴱ√HILI from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s whose derivatives had to do with children (QL/40). As evidence of this, the Adûnaic word was first given as Eruhil (SD/341).

Derivatives

  • Ad. -hin “child, patronymic”
  • khīnā “child” ✧ WJ/403
    • Q. hína “child” ✧ WJ/403
    • S. hên “child” ✧ WJ/403
  • Q. hína “child” ✧ PE17/157
  • Q. hindë “[unglossed]” ✧ PE17/157
  • Q. hindo “[unglossed]” ✧ PE17/157
  • ᴺQ. hinta- “to adopt”
  • Q. hinyë “baby”

Variations

  • khin ✧ WJ/403
Primitive elvish [PE17/157; WJ/403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khīnā

noun. child

Derivations

  • KHIN “child” ✧ WJ/403

Derivatives

  • Q. hína “child” ✧ WJ/403
  • S. hên “child” ✧ WJ/403

Variations

  • khīnā/khinā ✧ WJ/403
Primitive elvish [WJ/403] Group: Eldamo. Published by