Primitive elvish


root. half, half; [ᴹ√] divide in middle, halve

This root first appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s as ᴹ√PER “divide in middle, halve” with derivatives like ᴹQ. perya- “halve” and N. perin “half” (Ety/PER). It reappeared in notes from around 1959-60 as √PER “half” (PE17/171, 173). In Tolkien’s earliest writings, the sense “half” was assigned to the root ᴱ√LEHE or ᴱ√LEFE² instead (QL/52; GL/53).


  • Q. per- “half, half, [ᴹQ.] semi”
  • ᴺQ. permë “half; side (of person or shape)”
  • S. per- “half”
Primitive elvish [PE17/171; PE17/173] Group: Eldamo. Published by