Quenya 

elen

noun. star
Quenya [Let/265.0107-1; Let/385.3301; LotR/0081.0103-1; LotR/0377.3306; LotR/0720.2514; LotR/0915.2102; MC/222.2601; PE17/012.3702; PE17/012.3705; PE17/012.3708; PE17/012.3711; PE17/024.4117; PE17/024.4119; PE17/024.4120; PE17/025.0101; PE17/025.0401; PE17/056.2702; PE17/056.2903; PE17/057.0201; PE17/067.0102; PE17/067.0108; PE17/067.0110; PE17/090.0403; PE17/091.1211; PE17/091.1316; PE17/101.1403; PE17/127.2905; PE17/127.2906; PE17/127.2907; PE17/151.3809; PE17/151.3811; PE17/151.3816; PE19/096.3703-1; PM/340.3303; RGEO/58.1006; RGEO/59.0103; RGEO/65.1309; RGEO/65.1402; SA/êl.002; UT/213.0801-1; VT49/39.1501; VT49/44.2101; VT49/45.0406; VT49/45.0610; VT49/45.0706; WJ/362.2402; WJ/362.2404; WJ/362.2408; WJ/367.2307] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

star

elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.

elda

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk, Elven, one of the Star-folk, Elves in general

The most common Quenya word for “Elf”. Its literal meaning is “one of the Star-folk” (WJ/374), a name given to them by Oromë (S/49) and derived from the same primitive root √EL as Q. elen “star”. Strictly speaking, this term excludes the Avari who chose not to journey to Valinor, so that the proper term for all of Elvenkind is Q. Quendë “one of the Elven race”. The Elves of the West rarely encountered the Avari, however, so that term Elda was ordinarily broad enough to describe all Elves.

Conceptual Development: This word dates back to the earliest stages of Tolkien’s languages. At its first appearance, ᴱQ. Elda was glossed “a beach-fay” (QL/35), but was soon extended to describe all Elves (LT1/113). In Tolkien’s earliest writings the word was not given a clear etymology. In the Lhammas “Account of Tongues” from the 1930s (LR/168-180), Tolkien gave ᴹQ. Elda the sense of “one who departed” (LR/169), as opposed to the ᴹQ. Lembi “Lingerers” who remained behind (precursors of the Avari). With this sense, Elda was derived from ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” (Ety/LED).

Tolkien soon revised the etymology of Elda so that it was derived instead from ᴹ√ELED “star-folk” (Ety/ELED). In some later writings, he considered both etymologies of this word to be valid, so that Elda was blending of both “star-folk” (from √EL) and Q. Eldo “marcher” (from √LED or √DEL¹), as discussed in the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 and elsewhere (WJ/362-3, PE17/139). However, the sense “star-folk” is probably better known.

In some notes from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving this word from a variant root √DEL² “fair” so that its meaning would be “the fair” (PE17/151), but this seems to have been a transient idea.

Quenya [Let/198.2307; Let/281.2205; LotR/1127.2905; LotR/1137.2308; LotRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Edhil.002; MRI/Eldar.001; MRI/Eldar.004; PE17/045.1001; PE17/056.1103; PE17/057.1008; PE17/114.1202; PE17/135.2402; PE17/135.2414; PE17/139.1302; PE17/139.1907; PE17/139.1907-2; PE17/151.1208; PE17/152.0606; PE17/152.0606-2; PE17/189.4007-1; PE21/73.1713; PE21/73.1908; PE21/77.1605; PE21/77.3111; PE21/77.3209; PE21/77.3214; PE22/155.3408; PM/029.3606; PM/346.4003-1; PM/395.1404; PM/403.0810; PMI/Eldar.001; PMI/Eldar.004; RC/217.1306; RC/780.1604; RC/780.1607; S/049.3102; S/049.3201; SA/êl.071; SA/êl.079; SI/Eldar.001; SI/High Elves.004; TII/Eldar.001; UTI/Eldanna.017; UTI/Eldar.017; VT49/08.2401; VT49/08.3505; VT49/08.3705; WJ/362.2702; WJ/362.2711; WJ/364.0202; WJ/364.0203; WJ/368.4002; WJ/369.0201; WJ/369.0205; WJ/369.1110; WJ/369.1201; WJ/373.0202; WJ/374.1701; WJ/374.3304; WJ/375.3810; WJ/407.2109; WJ/407.2203; WJI/Eldar.001; WJI/Eldar.004; WRI/Eldar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Elendil

star-friend

Elendil masc. name"Star-friend", "Lover or student of stars", applied to those devoted to astronomical lore. However, when the Edain used this name they intended it to mean "Elf-friend", confusing elen "star" and elda "elf" (WJ:410). (This idea that the name was misapplied seems to be late; Tolken earlier interpreted the name as an ancient compound Eled + ndil so that the meaning really was "Elf-friend"; see Letters:386. See also NIL/NDIL in the Etymologies, where Elendil is equated with "Ælfwine", Elf-friend.) Allative Elendilenna "to Elendil" (PM:401); Elendil Vorondo genitive of Elendil Voronda "Elendil the Steadfast" _(CO) Pl. Elendili the Númenórean Elf-friends (Silm)_; the variant Elendilli in SD:403 would seem to presuppose a stem-form Elendill- not attested elsewhere. Tar-Elendil a Númenorean king, UT:210.

Otselen

seven stars

Otselen noun "Seven Stars" (otso + elen), a name of the Great Bear (constellation) (OT/OTOS/OTOK)

Elenarda

star-kingdom

Elenarda place-name "Star-kingdom", upper sky (3AR). Deleted material in the Etymologies defined elenarda as "star-realm", "upper air or sky" (VT45:16). Compare elen, (h)arda.

Elerrína

crowned with stars

Elerrína adj. used as noun: "Crowned with Stars" (elen + rína), a name of Taniquetil (Silm); spelt Elerína in the Etymologies (EL, RIG).

él

noun. star
Quenya [PM/340.3302; WJ/362.2302; WJ/362.2304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

star

él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)

Elessar

elf-stone

Elessar masc. name "Elf-stone" (Elen + sar, actually "Star-stone", cf. Elendil concerning elen "star" being used to mean "Elf") (LotR3:V ch. 8). Genitive Elesarno _(VT49:28, read _Elessarno?) indicates that the stem is -sarn-. As a common noun, elessar or "elf-stone" may signify "beryl" (in the chapter Flight to the Ford in the LotR, Aragorn finds "a single pale-green jewel" and declares: "It is a beryl, an elf-stone"). Elessar as a name may also be seen as a pun or variant of Elesser "Elf-friend".

ílë

star

ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)

-li

the elves

-li partitive pl. ending (simply called a plural suffix in the Etymologies, stem LI). The ending is used to indicate a plural that is neither generic (e.g. Eldar "the Elves" as a race) nor definite (preceded by article); hence Eldali is used for "some Elves" (a particular group of Elves, when they are first mentioned in a narrative, VT49:8). Sometimes Tolkien also lets -li imply a great number; in PE17:129, the form falmalinnar from _Namárië _is broken down as falma-li-nnar "foam wave-many-towards-pl. ending", and falmali by itself Tolkien translated "many waves" (PE17:73). A distinct accusative in -seems to occur in the phrase an i falmalī (PE17:127, apparently meaning the same as i falmalinnar, but replacing the allative ending with a preposition). Genitive -lion in vanimálion, malinornélion (q.v. for reference), allative -linna and -linnar in falmalinnar, q.v. The endings for other cases are only known from the Plotz letter: possessive -líva, dative -lin, locative -lissë or -lissen, ablative -lillo or -lillon, instrumental -línen, "short locative" -lis. When the noun ends in a consonant, r and n is assimilated before l, e.g. Casalli as the partitive pl. of Casar "Dwarf" (WJ:402), or elelli as the partitive pl. of elen "star" (PE17:127). It is unclear whether the same happens in monosyllabic words, or whether a connecting vowel would be slipped in before -li (e.g. ?queneli or ?quelli as the partitive pl. of quén, quen- "person").

Elemmírë

star-jewel

Elemmírë noun *"Star-jewel" (elen + míre, notice assimilation nm > mm), name of a star/planet (possibly Mercury, MR:435, where the spelling used is Elemmirë); also name of an Elf. (SA:mîr)

na

to, towards

na (2) prep. "to, towards", possibly obsoleted by #1 above; for clarity writers may use the synonym ana instead (NĀ1). Originally, Tolkien glossed na as "at, by, near"; the new meaning entered together with the synonyms an, ana (VT45:36).

ana

to

ana (1) prep. "to" (VT49:35), "as preposition _ana _is used when purely _dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that the preposition ana can be used instead of the dative ending -n (#1, q.v.) Also as prefix: ana- "to, towards" (NĀ1); an (q.v.) is used with this meaning in one source (PE17:127)_

-nna

to, at, upon

-nna "to, at, upon", allative ending, originating from -na "to" with fortified n, VT49:14. Attested in cilyanna, coraryanna, Endorenna, Elendilenna, númenórenna, parma-restalyanna, rénna, senna, tielyanna, q.v. If a noun ends in -n already, the ending -nna merges with it, as in Amanna, formenna, Elenna, númenna, rómenna as the allative forms of Aman, formen, elen, númen, rómen (q.v.). Plural -nnar in mannar, valannar, q.v.

-nna

to

-n (1) dative ending, originating as a reduced form of - "to", related to the allative ending -nna (VT49:14). Attested in nin, men, ten, enyalien, Erun, airefëan, tárin, yondon (q.v.) and also added to the English name Elaine (Elainen) in a book dedication to Elaine Griffiths (VT49:40). The longer dative ending -na is also attested in connection with some pronouns, such as sena, téna, véna (q.v.), also in the noun mariéna from márië "goodness" (PE17:59). Pl. -in (as in hínin, see hína), partitive pl. -lin, dual -nt (Plotz). The preposition ana (#1) is said to be used "when purely dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that it can replace the dative ending, e.g. *ana Eru instead of Erun for "to God". In some of Tolkiens earlier material, the ending -n (or -en) expressed genitive rather than dative, but he later decided that the genitive ending was to be -o (cf. such a revision as Yénië Valinóren becoming Yénië Valinórëo, MR:200).

Sindarin 

elen

noun. Elf
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath _n._star. Its collective plural (pl2.) designates 'the (host of all the) stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmament'. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'. êl

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:24-5:67:139:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

el

star

n. star.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:55] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

eledh

noun. Elda, Elf
Sindarin [Let/281.2701; Let/281.2703; PE17/139.2616; PE17/139.2618; PE17/140.1904; SA/êl.091; UTI/Edhelrim.002; UTI/Edhelrim.007; UTI/Haudh-en-Elleth.034; WJ/363.0802; WJ/363.0804; WJ/363.0808; WJ/377.4203; WJ/377.4205; WJI/Elen.001; WJI/Elen.003; WJI/Elen.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf
Sindarin [LRI/Edhil.001; PE17/045.0905; PE17/097.2003; PE17/097.3101; PE17/097.3102; PE17/139.2809; PE17/139.2811; PE17/139.2812; PE17/141.0201; PE17/151.1210; PE17/152.0806; PE17/152.0808; PM/346.4001-1; RC/780.1711; RGEO/62.3603; SA/edhel.001; SA/edhel.010; SA/êl.081; SA/êl.083; SI/Sindar.121; SI/Sindar.123; UT/255.2301; UT/318.4109; UTI/Edhelrim.001; UTI/Edhelrim.006; WJ/364.1302; WJ/364.1304; WJ/364.2707; WJ/377.3002; WJ/377.3004; WJ/377.3807; WJ/378.0207; WJ/378.2806-2; WJI/Edhel.001; WJI/Edhel.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ell

noun. Elf
Sindarin [Let/281.3109; PE17/141.0601; PE17/141.0703; PE17/152.1006; VT50/15.0503; VT50/19.1503; VT50/23.0107; WJ/363.0502; WJ/363.0608; WJ/363.0611; WJ/363.0702; WJ/364.1607; WJ/364.1904; WJ/364.2409; WJ/364.2411; WJ/377.3706; WJ/377.4102; WJ/377.4104; WJ/412.2005-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Sindarin [PE17/140.1905; PE17/141.0302-2; PE17/141.0303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

êl

noun. star
Sindarin [Let/281.2609; Let/281.2611; LotR/0238.0504; MR/373.2706; PE17/022.0104; PE17/024.4002; PE17/024.4110; PE17/024.4113; PE17/024.4114; PE17/025.0307; PE17/025.0601; PE17/025.1413; PE17/025.1415; PE17/055.2103; PE17/067.0115; PE17/067.0117; PE17/067.0118; PE17/067.0203; PE17/127.2901; PE17/127.2902; PE17/127.2903; PE17/139.2603; PE17/139.2604; PE17/139.2606; PE17/151.3908; PE17/151.3911; PE17/151.3914; PE22/150.1710; PM/369.2609; RGEO/63.0504; RGEO/64.0405; RGEO/65.1404; RGEO/65.1406; RGEO/65.1407; RGEO/67.0105; RGEO/67.0109; RGEO/67.0202; SA/êl.001; WJ/363.0202; WJ/363.0204; WJ/363.0207] Group: Eldamo. Published by

êl

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath** ** n. star. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni, pl2. elelli. elen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24:67:127:139-40:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl

noun. star (little used except in verses)
Sindarin [WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

an

preposition. to, towards, for

With suffixed article and elision in aglar'ni Pheriannath

Sindarin [LotR/II:IV, UT/39, SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

an

to

_ prep. _to, for. naur an edraith ammen! 'fire [be] for rescue/saving for us'. aglar an|i Pheriannath  'glory to all the Halflings'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:38:102:147] < _ana _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

to

e _ prep. _to, towards (of spacetime). n' before vowels. nan 2

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < _nā _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

preposition. to

prep. to Na-chaered palan-díriel lit. "To-distance (remote) after-gazing" na-chaered, nan 2

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:25] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gil

noun. star, bright spark

In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil , plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath )

Sindarin [LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil-

noun. star
Sindarin [PE 22:159] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

gill

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Sindarin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* calben

elda

(Elf of the Great Journey, as opposed to the Avari) calben (i galben, o chalben), pl. celbin (i chelbin). The general word for Elves, Elidh or Edhil, may be used in the sense of Quenya Eldar (which itself is often used in a generalized sense: any kind of Elves).

* edhelharn

elf-stone

(a term for beryl) edhelharn (pl. edhelhern) (SD:128-31).

* edhelharn

elf-stone

(a term for beryl) edhelharn (pl. edhelhern) (SD:128-31). SEEING STONE (palantír) *gwachaedir (i **wachaedir), no distinct pl. form except with prefixed article (in gwachaedir), coll. pl. ?gwachaediriath or ?gwachadirnath (the latter form assuming that -dir is reduced from older -dirn) The form occurring in the primary source, gwahaedir, must represent the late Gondorian pronunciation with h for ch** (PM:186).

* an

to

(prep.) an (+ nasal mutation), with article ni "to the" (+ nasal mutation in plural).

* an

to

(adverbial prefix) an-. 3)

* gîl

star

gîl (i ngîl = i ñîl, o n**gîl, construct gil) (bright spark, silver glint), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gîl = i ñgîl), coll. pl. giliath** (RGEO, MR:388). Poetic †êl (elen-, pl. elin, coll. pl. elenath) (RGEO, Letters:281, WJ:363).

Telerin 

elen

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3302; WJ/362.3304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ella

noun/adjective. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3502; WJ/364.0608; WJ/375.3504; WJI/Eldar.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ello

noun. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3507; WJ/364.0602; WJ/364.1002; WJ/373.0206; WJ/375.3502; WJ/376.0105; WJI/Eldar.013; WJI/Eldar.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3202; WJ/362.3204; WJ/407.1109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

u

preposition. to
Black Speech [LotR/0445.1707; PE17/078.3902; PM/083.0909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

nimir

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) Shining One

A noun translated “Elf” (WJ/419) and fully declined as an example of a Strong I noun (SD/436). In one place, its plural Nimrî was translated “Shining Ones” (SD/358), which indicates was probably derived from the Primitive Adûnaic root √NIMIR.

Conceptual Development: In its earliest appearances from the 1940s, this noun had the plural form Nimrî (SD/358, 388) as opposed to later plural Nimîr (SD/388, 436), which could indicate either an earlier singular form Nimri or a variant syntax for draft-plural formation. The word also appears in Tolkien’s “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/386), indicating that this word survived in Tolkien’s later conception of Adûnaic.

Adûnaic [SD/358.3909; SD/388.0701; SD/388.0703; SD/389.07071; SD/414.0613; SD/436.3008; SD/436.3304; SD/436.3404; SD/436.3503; SD/436.3604; SD/436.3705; SD/436.3804; SDI2/Nimrî.001; SDI2/Nimrî.008; WJ/386.0807; WJ/419.1106; WJI/Nimîr.001; WJI/Nimîr.006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gimli

noun. star, star (in the sky)

A noun translated “star” (SD/431) or “star (in the sky)” (SD/427), and fully declined on SD/431 as an example of a Strong II noun.

Adûnaic [SD/427.3206; SD/427.3908; SD/428.03101; SD/428.3607; SD/431.0404; SD/431.0603; SD/431.0703; SD/431.0805; SD/431.0806; SD/431.0903; SD/431.0904; SD/431.1004; SD/431.1103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

azar

noun. star, star (draft)

Christopher Tolkien mentions this as a noun meaning “star” from early and unpublished materials related to “The Notion Club Papers” stories (PM/372). It may be an element in the early Adûnaic name Indilzar for Elros. As Indilzar was replaced by Gimilzôr, it is likely that azar was replaced by gimli and gimil, which are well attested in later writings.

Adûnaic [PM/372.4601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

el

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/EL.010; Ety/EL.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf
Noldorin [Ety/ELED.010; Ety/ELED.046; Ety/ELED.048; Ety/ELED.050; Ety/KWEN(ED).019; Ety/LÁYAK.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Noldorin [Ety/KWEN(ED).008; Ety/KWEN(ED).010; Ety/KWEN(ED).016; EtyAC/SET.019] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penn

noun. Elf
Noldorin [EtyAC/MOR.062-2; PE22/067.0608; PE22/067.0618; PE22/067.0620] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/GIL.015; Ety/GIL.018; Ety/GIL.030; Ety/OT.014-2; EtyAC/GIL.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star, bright spark
Noldorin [Ety/358, VT/45:15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

heltha-

verb. to strip

The form helta- in the Etymologies is a misreading according to VT/46:14

Noldorin [Ety/386, VT/46:14] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Noldorin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

elen

noun. star
Primitive elvish [Let/281.2101; Let/281.2103; MR/387.2810-1; MR/388.2101; PE17/022.2506; PE17/023.3010; PE17/067.0105; PE17/139.1607; PE17/151.3901; PE17/152.3901; PE22/150.1709; VT42/11.2615; WJ/360.2203; WJ/360.2205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ēl

noun. star
Primitive elvish [PE17/066.0105; WJ/360.2103; WJ/360.2105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edelā

noun. Elf, the fair
Primitive elvish [PE17/139.1611; PE17/151.1201; PE17/151.1205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-na

suffix. to
Primitive elvish [VT49/14.2113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

gimil

root. star

One of the roots Tolkien used to illustrate various processes of Primitive Adûnaic word formation (SD/422-5). It also seems to be the basis of words related to stars, such as gimli.

Primitive adûnaic [SD/422.2708; SD/422.2811; SD/422.3010; SD/422.3308; SD/422.3504; SD/423.0802; SD/423.0803; SD/425.0110; SD/425.1201; SD/425.1202; SD/425.1203; SD/425.1204; SD/425.1205; SD/425.1206; SD/425.1207; SD/425.1304; SD/425.1305; SD/425.1306; SD/425.1307; SD/425.1308; SD/434.1706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

elen

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.007; Ety/EL.028; Ety/EL.029; Ety/EL.031; PE17/014.1006; RS/324.4402; RS/324.4410; WR/223.3410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elena

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellen

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda

noun. Elf, beach-fay
Qenya [GG/13.0509; GL/32.2303; LBI/Eldar.001; LT1/114.2909; LT1/235.0907; LT1/235.1205; LT1A/Eldamar.081; LT1A/Eldar.001; LT1A/Eldar.004; LT1I/Eldar.001; LT1I/Eldar.003; LT2A/Eglamar.056; LT2I/Eldar.001; PE13/099.0601; PE13/155.1601; PE14/009.0301; PE14/047.1112; PE14/047.1114; PE14/047.1714; PE14/050.2202; PE14/050.2207; PE14/079.2405; PE14/079.2409; PE14/079.2705; PE14/083.3211; PE14/083.3215; PE14/083.3602; PE14/084.0313; PE15/23.6505; PE15/61.1103; PE15/62.0507; PE15/62.0509; PE15/71.6303; QL/035.2901; QL/043.2601; WJI/Egla.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [PE21/19.2605; PE21/19.3505; PE21/25.0202; PE21/25.0401; PE21/25.0402; PE21/25.0403; PE21/25.0404; PE21/25.0405; PE21/25.0406; PE21/25.0407; PE21/25.0408; PE21/25.0505; PE21/25.0506; PE21/25.0601; PE21/25.0602; PE21/25.0801; PE21/25.0802; PE21/25.0803; PE21/25.0804; PE21/25.0805; PE21/25.0806; PE21/25.1001; PE21/25.1002; PE21/25.1201; PE21/25.1202; PE21/25.1203; PE21/25.1204; PE21/25.1205; PE21/25.1206; PE21/25.1401; PE21/25.1402; PE21/25.1403; PE21/25.1404; PE21/25.1405; PE21/25.1503; PE21/25.1809; PE21/25.2103; PE21/25.2114; PE21/25.2205; PE21/25.2614; PE21/25.2701; PE21/25.2702; PE21/25.2703; PE21/25.2704; PE21/25.2705; PE21/25.2709; PE21/25.2902] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [GL/32.2403; LRI/Qendi.001; LT1/235.0705; LT1I/Qendi.001; PE13/099.1201; PE13/146.7204; PE13/146.7206; PE14/009.1612; PE14/009.1701; QL/092.1403; SM/013.1107; SM/168.3303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya [Ety/KWEN(ED).005; LR/119.1709; LR/168.2103; LR/212.3104; LRI/Qendi.002; MRI/Quendi.002; PE18/023.0313; PE21/69.0907; SM/085.0202; SM/086.1102; SMI/Quendi.007; TII/Qendi.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

íle

noun. star
Qenya [GL/37.0905; LT1A/Tinwetári.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinwe

noun. star
Qenya [LT1A/Tinwë Linto.127; MC/213.2601; MC/214.1004; MC/220.3802; PE16/056.0306-1; PE16/057.2602-1; PE16/060.2102-1; PE16/060.4217; PE16/062.1202; PE16/072.1602; PE16/074.1202; PE16/077.0502; PE16/142.5301; PME/092.7103; QL/052.6301-2; QL/092.6401; QL/092.6402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. to

Also glossed as “against”, “next”, “on (wall)”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-QL/033.0801
asa-prefix-QL/033.0801
Qenya [QL/033.0801; QL/033.0802; QL/033.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

el

noun. star

A Doriathrin noun meaning “star”, a simple derivative of the root ᴹ√EL (Ety/EL).

Doriathrin [Ety/EL.009; Ety/EL.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cwend

noun. Elf

A Doriathrin noun meaning “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)), an example of the Ilkorin syncope.

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish Cwenn “Elf” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [kw] became [p].

Doriathrin [EtyAC/KWEN(ED).007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

cwenda

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” developed from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (Ety/KWEN(ED)). It is an example of the Danian syncope, with second unstressed [e] vanishing after the identical vowel. It is also one of the Danian words for which a long final vowel developed into short final [a].

Ossriandric [Ety/KWEN(ED).012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf

A noun for “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶edel-, an inversion of the primitive root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). Unlike most similar Danian nouns, it did not undergo the Danian syncope and retained its second vowel. One possible explanation is that the primitive form of this noun ended in a short vowel, *✶edelă, and this short final vowel vanished before the period of the syncope, preventing it from occurring in this word. Helge Fauskanger originally suggested a theory much like this one (AL-Nandorin/edel).

Conceptual Development: In an earlier version of this entry, the Danian word for Elf was given as Elda (Ety/ELED).

Ossriandric [Ety/ELED.064; Ety/ELED.092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

el

root. star, star, starry sky
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/ROD.052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwen(ed)

root. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).001; PE18/034.0404; PE18/061.1413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwenedē

noun. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).003; PE19/057.1301; PE19/059.0217; PE19/059.0301; PE21/25.1911; PE21/25.2206; PE21/69.0906] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilya

noun. star
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GIL.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

cwenn

noun. Elf
Gnomish [GL/28.6301; GL/28.6707; GL/32.2405; GL/32.2904; PE13/099.1207; PE14/009.1702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gail

noun. star
Gnomish [GL/37.0901; LT1A/Tinwetári.053] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* to

proper name. to
Gnomish [PE15/07.1301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

egol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwenn

noun. Elf
Early Noldorin [PE13/146.6901; PE13/146.7103; PE13/146.7201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

idhel

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ileth

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uigol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by