Quenya 

sindarin

noun. Grey-elven

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
Sinda“Grey-elf”
-rin“-ian, racial-adjective, language”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
sindarinwapossessive“Grey-elven”✧ LotR/1123
Quenya [LBI/Sindarin; Let/176; Let/219; LotR/1123; LotR/1127; LotRI/Sindarin; LRI/Sindar; LT1I/Sindarin; MRI/Sindarin; PE17/020; PE17/127; PE18/072; PE18/077; PMI/Sindarin; RSI/Sindarin; SDI1/Sindarin; SDI2/Sindarin; SI/Grey-elven tongue; SI/Sindarin; SMI/Sindar; TII/Sindarin; UTI/Sindarin; WJI/Sindarin; WRI/Sindarin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sindarinwa

grey-elven

sindarinwa (þ) adj. "Grey-elven" in the phrase hwesta sindarinwa "Grey-elven hw" (Appendix E); it may really be "Sindarin" (as a noun) with the possessive ending -va, -wa appended, hence literally "hw of [the] Sindarin [language]"

sinda

adjective. grey

The best known Quenya word for “grey” and an element in a number of names. It is also used as a noun Sinda “Grey Elf”. Tolkien sometimes used a variant form sindë, but the form sinda is more recognizable.

Variations

  • Sinda ✧ PE21/77

Derivations

  • THIN “*grey” ✧ PE17/072
  • thindā “grey” ✧ PE17/072

Cognates

  • S. thind “grey, grey, [N.] pale” ✧ PE17/072; SA/thin(d)

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ΘIN > sinda[tʰinda] > [θinda] > [sinda]✧ PE17/072
þindā > sinda[tʰindā] > [θindā] > [θinda] > [sinda]✧ PE17/072

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Sindarplural“Grey”✧ PE21/77
sindarongenitive plural-✧ PE21/77
Quenya [PE17/072; PE17/117; PE21/77; SA/thin(d)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sinda

grey

sinda (þ) adj. "grey" (PE17:72); nominal pl. Sindar used = "Grey-elves", lit. *"Grey ones"; see WJ:375. Gen. pl. Sindaron in WJ:369. With general meaning "grey" also in Sindacollo > Singollo "Grey-cloak, Thingol" (SA:thin(d), PE17:72; see also sindë, Sindicollo);†sindanórië "grey land", ablative sindanóriello "from/out of a grey country" (Nam); the reference is to a "mythical region of shadows lying at outer feet of the Mountains of Valinor" (PE17:72). However, other sources give sindë (q.v.) as the Quenya word for "grey"; perhaps sinda came to mean primarily "Grey-elf" as a noun. Derived adjective Sindarin "Grey-elven", normally used as a noun to refer to the Grey-elven language. (Appendix F)

sindë

grey, pale or silvery grey

sindë (þ) adj. "grey, pale or silvery grey" (the Vanyarin dialect preserves the older form þindë) (WJ:384, THIN; in SA:thin(d) the form given is sinda, cf. also sindanóriello "from a grey country" in Namárië. Sindë and sinda_ are apparently variants of the same word.) _Stem sindi-, given the primitive form ¤thindi; cf. Sindicollo (q.v.)

hiswa

grey

hiswa (þ) adj. "grey" (KHIS/KHITH, Narqelion)

mista

adjective. grey

Derivations

Cognates

  • S. mith “grey, light grey, pale grey”

Element in

mista

grey

mista adj. "grey"; see lassemista

mísë

grey

mísë (þ, cf. Sindarin mith-) adj. "grey" (used as noun of grey clothes in the phrase mi mísë of someone clad "in grey"). The underlying stem refers a paler or whiter "grey" than sinda, making mísë "a luminous grey" (PE17:71-72)

Sindarin

Sindarin

The word Sindarin itself is actually a Quenya word given by the Noldorin Exiles. It is pronounced [ˈsindarin].

Quenya [Tolkien Gateway] Published by

Sindarin 

thind

adjective. grey, pale

Sindarin [Ety/392, S/438] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thind

adjective. grey

adj. grey. Q. sinda. >> thin, Thingol, thinn

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:72:112:141] < _þindā_ grey. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thind

adjective. grey

_ adj. _grey. Obsolete except in names as Thingol. >> hithren

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:140] < _þindĭ_-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thinn

adjective. grey

adj. grey. Q. sinda. >> thin, thind, Thingol

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:72:112:141] < _þindā_ grey. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thinn

adjective. grey

_adj. _grey. Q. sinde.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:141] < _thindi-_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thinn

adjective. grey

hithren

adjective. grey

_ adj. _grey. >> thind

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:140] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

hithren

adjective. grey

Sindarin [PE17/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mithren

adjective. grey

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
mith“grey, light grey, pale grey”
-ren“adjective suffix”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Mithrinplural-✧ LotR/1064
Sindarin [LotR/1064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mithren

adjective. grey

Sindarin [UT/436] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thin

adjective. grey

adj. grey. Q. sinda. >> thind, Thingol, thinn

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:72:112] < _þindā_ grey. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

mith

adjective. (pale) grey

Sindarin [Ety/373, S/434, TC/187] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mith

grey

adj. grey, light grey. >> Mithrandir, mithril

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:47:60:140] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhellen

sindarin

: Apparently the Sindar called their own language simply edhellen = "Elvish".

mithren

grey

1) *mithren (lenited vithren, pl. mithrin). 2) thind (pale); no distinct pl. form. 3) (pale grey) mith (lenited vith; no distinct pl. form). David Salo would read mîth with a long vowel. Note: a homophone means ”white fog, wet mist”.

Primitive elvish

thindi

adjective. grey

Variations

  • þindĭ- ✧ PE17/140
  • thindi- ✧ PE17/141
  • thini ✧ PE21/81

Derivatives

  • Q. sindë “grey, pale or silvery grey, grey, pale or silvery grey, [ᴹQ.] pale” ✧ PE17/141; WJ/384
  • S. thind “grey, grey, [N.] pale” ✧ PE17/140; PE17/141
  • Van. thindë “grey, pale or silvery grey” ✧ WJ/384

Derivations

  • THIN “*grey” ✧ WJ/384
Primitive elvish [PE17/140; PE17/141; PE21/81; WJ/384] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thindā

adjective. grey

Variations

  • þindā ✧ PE17/072

Derivatives

  • Q. sinda “grey” ✧ PE17/072
  • S. thind “grey, grey, [N.] pale” ✧ PE17/072

Derivations

Primitive elvish [PE17/072; PE21/81] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stin

root. grey

Primitive elvish [PE17/184; PE17/186] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thini

adjective. grey

mith

root. grey

Tolkien introduced the root ᴹ√MITH in The Etymologies of the 1930s as a blending of ᴹ√MISwet” and ᴹ√KHITH “mist, fog”, with the derivative N. mith “white fog, wet mist” as in N. MithrimMist Lake” (Ety/MITH, RINGI; EtyAC/MITH). As a later addition to this entry Tolkien wrote the adjective N. mith “grey”, and that was the more common use of this word in Tolkien’s later writings. In a 1955 letter to David Masson Tolkien specified that “usage suggests that MIÞ- is paler and whiter, a luminous grey” (PE17/72).

Variations

  • MIÞ ✧ PE17/072

Derivatives

  • Q. mísë “(light) grey”
  • Q. mista “grey”
  • S. mith “grey, light grey, pale grey”
Primitive elvish [PE17/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

thind

adjective. grey, pale

Noldorin [Ety/392, S/438] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thinn

adjective. grey, pale

Noldorin [Ety/392, S/438] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mith

adjective. (pale) grey

Noldorin [Ety/373, S/434, TC/187] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mith

adjective. grey

Variations

  • mith ✧ Ety/MITH

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MITH “*mist, grey” ✧ Ety/MITH

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MITH > mith[mitʰe] > [miθe] > [miθ]✧ Ety/MITH
Noldorin [Ety/MITH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

hiswa

adjective. grey, grey [of weather], *foggy, overcast; [ᴱQ.] dim, fading

This word is glossed “grey” in The Etymologies, but perhaps means “foggy, overcast”, since Sindarin cognate hethw means “foggy, obscure, vague” and related noun hiswë* means “fog”. @@@

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶khithwa ✧ Ety/KHIS
    • ᴹ√KHITH “mist, fog” ✧ Ety/KHIS

Cognates

  • N. hethw “foggy, obscure, vague” ✧ Ety/KHIS
  • Ilk. hedhu “grey” ✧ Ety/KHIS

Elements

WordGloss
hiswe“fog”
-a“adjectival suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶khithwa > hiswa[kʰitʰwa] > [kʰiθwa] > [xiθwa] > [hiθwa] > [hiswa]✧ Ety/KHIS

Doriathrin

thind

adjective. grey

An adjective for “grey” derived from primitive ᴹ✶thindi (Ety/THIN) because primitive final vowels vanished in Ilkorin.

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶thindi “pallid, grey, wan” ✧ Ety/THIN
    • ᴹ√THIN “*grey” ✧ Ety/THIN

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. sinde “grey, pale” ✧ Ety/THIN

Element in

  • Ilk. Thind ✧ Ety/THIN
  • Ilk. Thingol “*Grey-wise” ✧ Ety/THIN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶thindi > thind[tʰindi] > [tʰinde] > [θinde] > [θind]✧ Ety/THIN
Doriathrin [Ety/THIN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hedhu

adjective. grey

A Doriathrin adjective for “grey” written heðu in The Etymologies, and derived from the primitive form ᴹ✶khithwa [kʰitʰwa] (Ety/KHIS). This word illustrates several interesting phonetic changes in Ilkorin.

  • The [[ilk:[i] became [e] before the final [a]]].

  • Both the aspirates became voiceless spirants: [kʰ-] > [x-] and [-tʰ-] > [-θ-].

  • Later the [[ilk:initial [x-] became [h-]]].

  • Meanwhile the [[ilk:medial [-θ-] voiced to [-ð-]]] (“dh”).

  • The [[ilk:primitive final [a] was lost]].

  • Afterwards, the resulting [[ilk:final [w] became [u]]].

In most other Doriathrin words, a [[ilk:final [u] from [w] further developed into [o]]]; it is unclear why this change did not occur here.

Variations

  • heðu ✧ Ety/KHIS (Dor. heðu); EtyAC/KHIS (Dor. heðu)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶khithwa ✧ Ety/KHIS
    • ᴹ√KHITH “mist, fog” ✧ Ety/KHIS

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. hiswa “grey, grey [of weather], *foggy, overcast; [ᴱQ.] dim, fading” ✧ Ety/KHIS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶khithwa > heðu[kʰitʰwa] > [kʰetʰwa] > [xetʰwa] > [xeθwa] > [xeθw] > [xeðw] > [heðw] > [heðu]✧ Ety/KHIS
Doriathrin [Ety/KHIS; EtyAC/KHIS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

musc

adjective. grey