Quenya 

Maia

the beautiful

Maia pl. Maiar noun "the Beautiful" (MR:49), the lesser (= non-Vala) Ainur that entered Eä. Variant Máya in VT42:13/VT47:18, pl. Máyar in PM:363, 364 and VT47:18 (possibly, Máya is to be understood as the older form of Maia). With negative prefix ú- also Úmaiar, Maiar who became evil and followed Melkor, such as Balrogs (MR:79, "Umaiar", MR:165).

maia

noun. (angelic) spirit, the Beautiful

Derivations

  • Māya ✧ PE19/075; PE19/094
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
    • MAY “excellent, admirable, beautiful; make [art]; suitable, useful, proper, serviceable; right” ✧ VT47/18
  • MAY “excellent, admirable, beautiful; make [art]; suitable, useful, proper, serviceable; right” ✧ PE17/163; PE17/163; PE17/163

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
MAY > máya > maia[māja] > [maija] > [maia]✧ PE17/163
MAY > máya > maia[māja] > [maija] > [maia]✧ PE17/163
MAY > Maiar[mājar] > [maijar] > [maiar]✧ PE17/163
magyā > maiya[magjā] > [maɣjā] > [maijā] > [maija]✧ PE19/075
magyā > maı̯ya > maia[magjā] > [maɣjā] > [maijā] > [maija] > [maia]✧ PE19/094

Variations

  • maia ✧ MR/340; PE17/163; PE17/163; PE19/075; PE19/094
  • maiya ✧ PE19/075
  • Máya ✧ VT42/13
Quenya [LRI/Maiar; LT1I/Maiar; LT2I/Maia; MR/049; MR/057; MR/340; MRI/Maiar; PE17/124; PE17/163; PE17/174; PE17/175; PE19/075; PE19/094; PM/363; PM/364; PMI/Maiar; SI/Maiar; UTI/Maiar; VT42/13; WJI/Maiar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maiya

noun. (angelic) spirit

noun. hand

hand

Quenya [PE 18:35] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

hand

noun "hand" (MA3, LT2:339, Narqelion, VT39:10, [VT45:30], VT47:6, 18, 19); the dual "a pair of hands" is attested both by itself as mát (VT47:6) and with a pronominal suffix as máryat "his/her (pair of) hands" (see -rya, -t) (Nam, RGEO:67). The nominative plural form was only máli, not **már (VT47:6), though plurals in -r may occur in some of the cases, as indicated by the pl. allative mannar "into hands" (FS). Mánta "their hand", dual mántat "their hands" (two hands each) (PE17:161). Cf. also the compounds mátengwië "language of the hands" (VT47:9) and Lungumá "Heavyhand" (VT47:19); also compare the adj. -maitë "-handed". See also málimë.

noun. hand

Quenya [PE 22:160] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

noun. hand

Cognates

  • S. maw “hand” ✧ PE17/162; VT47/06
  • T. “hand” ✧ VT47/18; VT47/06

Derivations

  • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ PE17/069; PE17/162; PE19/100; VT39/11; VT47/19
  • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ PE17/161; VT47/18
  • “hand” ✧ PE19/102; VT47/06
    • maha “hand, the manager” ✧ PE19/074; PE19/102; VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/35
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ VT47/18; VT47/18
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ PE21/70
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
  • maha “hand, the manager” ✧ PE19/106; VT47/18
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ VT47/18; VT47/18
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
MAƷ > [maɣa] > [mā]✧ PE17/069
MAG > [maga] > [maɣa] > [mā]✧ PE17/161
MAƷ > [mā]✧ PE17/162
MAƷ > [maɣa] > [mā]✧ PE19/100
māh > [māh] > [mā]✧ PE19/102
māʒ > [māɣ] > [mā]✧ PE19/106
maha > [maha] > [mā]✧ VT39/11
> [mā]✧ VT47/06
māʒ(ă) > [māɣa] > [mā]✧ VT47/18
mag > [māga] > [māɣa] > [mā]✧ VT47/18
MAƷA > [maɣa] > [mā]✧ VT47/19

Variations

  • ✧ PE17/069; PE17/161; VT39/09; VT39/11; VT47/18; VT47/18
  • ✧ PE19/102
  • ✧ PE19/106
Quenya [LotR/0377; PE17/069; PE17/070; PE17/130; PE17/135; PE17/161; PE17/162; PE19/100; PE19/102; PE19/106; PE22/160; RGEO/58; RGEO/59; VT39/09; VT39/11; VT47/03; VT47/06; VT47/12; VT47/18; VT47/19; VT49/10] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maitya

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • mahtya ✧ PE19/084 (mahtya)
Quenya [PE19/084] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úmaiar

úmaiar

Úmaiar pl. noun, Maiar (see Maia) who became evil and followed Melkor, like the Balrogs (MR:79). Sg. #Úmaia.

Máya

máya

#Máya pl. Máyar, see Maia

malsa

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
maslā > malsa[maslā] > [malsā] > [malsa]✧ PE19/101
Quenya [PE19/101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arra

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • SRAG “awkward, awry; hard, (very) difficult” ✧ PE17/172

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
SRA-G > asra > arra[asra] > [azra] > [arra]✧ PE17/172
Quenya [PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

umbacarin

noun. [unglossed]

Quenya [PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amya-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • AM “go up, go up, [ᴹ√] up” ✧ PE17/157

Elements

WordGloss
-ya“verbal suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
AM > amya[amja-]✧ PE17/157

Variations

  • amya ✧ PE17/157 (amya)
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cairë

?. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • S. caer “*flat isle on a river, [N.] flat isle on a river” ✧ PE17/101

Derivations

  • KAY “lie, lie, [ᴹ√] lie down; [ᴱ√] rest, dwell” ✧ PE17/101

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KAYA > caire[kaire]✧ PE17/101

Variations

  • caire ✧ PE17/101
Quenya [PE17/101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cúma

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • S. “bow, bow; [N.] arch, crescent; [G.] waxing or waning moon” ✧ PE17/122

Derivations

  • kūma ✧ PE17/122
    • KU(H) “bow, [ᴱ√] bend”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
kūma > cúma[kūma]✧ PE17/122

finca

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • S. fing “lock of hair” ✧ PE17/017

Derivations

  • phinik ✧ PE17/017
    • SPIN(ID) “fine thread, filament; hair” ✧ PE17/017

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
finik/fink > finca[pʰinika] > [pʰinka] > [pʰiŋka] > [ɸiŋka] > [fiŋka]✧ PE17/017

Variations

  • finca ✧ PE17/017
Quenya [PE17/017] Group: Eldamo. Published by

háro

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
khādo > hāzo > hāro[kʰādo] > [xādo] > [xāðo] > [hāðo] > [hāro]✧ PE22/148

Variations

  • hāro ✧ PE22/148
Quenya [PE22/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tomba

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • TOM “of resonant sounds” ✧ PE17/138

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
TOM > tomba[tomba]✧ PE17/138
Quenya [PE17/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Vanimo

the beautiful

Vanimo (pl. Vanimor given), noun "the beautiful", children of the Valar (BAN), or "fair folk" = (men and) elves (UGU/UMU, VT45:17). Negated úvanimor = "monsters".

melya-

verb. [unglossed]

Quenya [PE17/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

um(ba)-

prefix. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • UMU “not, expressing privation, not, expressing privation; [ᴹ√] negative stems” ✧ PE17/172
    • Ū “denial of fact, privation, negative element, denial of fact, privation, negative element, [ᴱ√] not”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
UMU > um(ba)[umba-]✧ PE17/172

Variations

  • um(ba) ✧ PE17/172 (um(ba))
Quenya [PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cambë

noun. hand, (hollow of) hand

Derivations

  • KAB “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand, hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand; [ᴹ√] hollow”

naue

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ndagwē > ndau̯we > nau̯we > naue[ndagwē] > [ndaɣwē] > [ndauwē] > [nauwē] > [naue]✧ PE19/094

Variations

  • nawe ✧ PE19/094 (nawe)
Quenya [PE19/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sal-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • SAL “[unglossed], *harp(ing), lyre” ✧ PE22/133

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
SAL > asálie[asālie]✧ PE22/133
Quenya [PE22/133] Group: Eldamo. Published by

éna

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • eñna ✧ PE19/097
    • “be, exist”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
eñna > enna > éna[eŋna] > [enna]✧ PE19/097
Quenya [PE19/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ceura

noun. [unglossed]

felca

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • PHELEGexcavation, excavation; [ᴹ√] cave” ✧ PE17/118

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
PHELEK > felca[pʰelka] > [ɸelka] > [felka]✧ PE17/118
Quenya [PE17/118] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hindo

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KHIN “child” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KHIN > hindo[kʰindo] > [xindo] > [hindo]✧ PE17/157
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hindë

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KHIN “child” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KHIN > hinde[kʰinde] > [xinde] > [hinde]✧ PE17/157

Variations

  • hinde ✧ PE17/157 (hinde)
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nonda

hand, especially in [?clutching]

nonda noun "hand, especially in [?clutching]" (VT47:23; Tolkien's gloss was not certainly legible)

sóla

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
soglā > sóla[sogrā] > [soɣlā] > [sōlā] > [sōla]✧ PE19/095
Quenya [PE19/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thar-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • STAR “*stiff, [ᴹ√] stiff” ✧ PE22/133

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
STAR > thar[star-] > [θar-]✧ PE22/133

Variations

  • thar ✧ PE22/133

tompë

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • TOM “of resonant sounds” ✧ PE17/138

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
TOM > tompe[tompe]✧ PE17/138

Variations

  • tompe ✧ PE17/138
Quenya [PE17/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úpa-

verb. [unglossed]

Quenya [PE17/126] Group: Eldamo. Published by

conta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KOM “gather, collect” ✧ PE17/157

Elements

WordGloss
-ta“causative verb suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KOM > conta[komta-] > [konta-]✧ PE17/157

Variations

  • conta ✧ PE17/157 (conta)
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hendas

?. [unglossed]

Element in

  • Q. calma hendas “*light in the eyes” ✧ PMCH/02; TMME/192
Quenya [PMCH/02; TMME/192] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lingi-

verb. [unglossed]

þúna

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • stuknā ✧ PE19/086
    • STUK “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/086

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
stuknā > thúna[stuknā] > [stugnā] > [θugnā] > [θuŋnā] > [θūnā] > [θūna] > [sūna]✧ PE19/086

Variations

  • thúna ✧ PE19/086 (thúna)
Quenya [PE19/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

felehta-

verb. [unglossed], *to excavate, tunnel, mine

Derivations

  • PHELEGexcavation, excavation; [ᴹ√] cave” ✧ PE17/118

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
PHELEK > felehta[pʰelektā] > [ɸelektā] > [ɸelextā] > [ɸelextā] > [felextā]✧ PE17/118

Variations

  • felehta ✧ PE17/118
Quenya [PE17/118] Group: Eldamo. Published by

holdë

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • SKOL “shut, close” ✧ PE17/098

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KHOL > holde[kʰolde] > [xolde] > [holde]✧ PE17/098

Variations

  • holde ✧ PE17/098
Quenya [PE17/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sélo

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
steglō > thélo > þélo > sélo[steglō] > [θeglō] > [θeɣlō] > [θēlō] > [θēlo] > [sēlo]✧ PE19/095
Quenya [PE19/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

mâb

noun. hand, hand, [N.] grasp

Cognates

  • Q. maqua “hand-full, group of five (similar) things; hand (colloquial); closing or closed [hand] (facing down) for taking” ✧ VT47/06; VT47/19; VT47/20

Derivations

  • makwā “a hand-full, complete hand with all five fingers” ✧ VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/19
    • MAK “cut, hew with a sharp edge; kill, slay; forge metal, cut, hew with a sharp edge, [ᴹ√] cleave; sword, fight (with a sword); ️[√] forge metal; kill, slay” ✧ VT47/19
  • MAP “take away, take hold of, grasp, take away, take hold of, grasp, [ᴹ√] lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ VT47/20

Element in

  • ᴺS. mablanthas “sycamore”
  • S. Mablung “Heavy Hand” ✧ VT47/07
  • ᴺS. mabren “handed, having hands, dextrous”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
makwā > mâb[makwā] > [mapā] > [mapa] > [map] > [mab] > [māb]✧ VT47/06
makwā > mâb[makwā] > [mapā] > [mapa] > [map] > [mab] > [māb]✧ VT47/07
makwā > mâb[makwā] > [mapā] > [mapa] > [map] > [mab] > [māb]✧ VT47/19
MAP > măpo > mâb[mapo] > [map] > [mab] > [māb]✧ VT47/20
Sindarin [VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/19; VT47/20] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mâb

noun. a hand-full, complete hand (with all five fingers)

Sindarin [Ety/371, VT/45:32, VT/47:6-7] Group: SINDICT. Published by

maw

noun. hand

Sindarin [VT/47:6] Group: SINDICT. Published by

maw

noun. hand

Cognates

  • Q. “hand” ✧ PE17/162; VT47/06
  • T. “hand” ✧ VT47/18

Derivations

  • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ PE17/162
  • “hand” ✧ VT47/06
    • maha “hand, the manager” ✧ PE19/074; PE19/102; VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/35
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ VT47/18; VT47/18
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ PE21/70
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
  • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18

Element in

  • S. forvo “right hand, right side” ✧ VT47/06
  • S. harvo “left hand, left side” ✧ VT47/06
  • S. maed “handy, skillful, handy, skillful, [N.] skilled” ✧ VT47/06
  • ᴺS. mawedh “glove”
  • S. molif “wrist, (lit.) hand-link” ✧ VT47/06

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
MAƷ > maw[mā] > [mǭ] > [mau]✧ PE17/162
> maw[mā] > [mǭ] > [mau]✧ VT47/06
mag > maw[mā] > [mǭ] > [mau]✧ VT47/18
Sindarin [PE17/162; VT47/06; VT47/18] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mab-

noun. a hand-full, complete hand (with all five fingers)

Sindarin [Ety/371, VT/45:32, VT/47:6-7] Group: SINDICT. Published by

madu

?. [unglossed]

maud

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
matwā > madw̯ > maud[matwā] > [matwa] > [matw] > [maut] > [maud]✧ PE17/148
matwā > madw̯ > madu[matwā] > [matwa] > [matw] > [madw] > [madu]✧ PE17/148

Variations

  • madu ✧ PE17/148
Sindarin [PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cam

noun. hand

Sindarin [Ety/361, Ety/371, S/429] Group: SINDICT. Published by

camm

noun. hand

cidinn

?. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Q. cinta “small” ✧ PE17/157

Derivations

  • KIT “*small” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KIT > cidinn[kitinne] > [kitinn] > [kidinn]✧ PE17/157
Sindarin [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cinnog

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KIT “*small” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KIT > cinnog[kintok] > [kintʰok] > [kinθok] > [kinθog] > [kinnog]✧ PE17/157
Sindarin [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cam

hand

1) cam (i gam, o cham), pl. caim (i chaim), coll. pl. cammath; 2) mâb (i vâb; construct mab), pl. maib (i maib). 3) Archaic †maw (i vaw), pl. moe (i moe). A homophone means ”soil, stain”. (VT47:6) 4) (fist) dond (i dhond; construct don), pl. dynd (i nynd), coll. pl. donnath (VT47:23).

Telerin 

noun. hand

Cognates

  • Q. “hand” ✧ VT47/18; VT47/06
  • S. maw “hand” ✧ VT47/18

Derivations

  • “hand” ✧ VT47/06
    • maha “hand, the manager” ✧ PE19/074; PE19/102; VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/35
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ VT47/18; VT47/18
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ PE21/70
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
  • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18

Element in

  • T. forma “right-hand” ✧ VT47/06
  • T. málimë “wrist, (lit.) hand-link” ✧ VT47/06
  • T. þarma “left-hand” ✧ VT47/06

Variations

  • ✧ VT47/06 ()
  • māga ✧ VT47/18
Telerin [VT47/06; VT47/18] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mapa

noun. hand

Cognates

  • Q. maqua “hand-full, group of five (similar) things; hand (colloquial); closing or closed [hand] (facing down) for taking” ✧ VT47/06; VT47/19; VT47/20

Derivations

  • makwā “a hand-full, complete hand with all five fingers” ✧ VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/19
    • MAK “cut, hew with a sharp edge; kill, slay; forge metal, cut, hew with a sharp edge, [ᴹ√] cleave; sword, fight (with a sword); ️[√] forge metal; kill, slay” ✧ VT47/19
  • MAP “take away, take hold of, grasp, take away, take hold of, grasp, [ᴹ√] lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ VT47/20

Derivatives

  • T. mapa- “to take hold of, grasp” ✧ VT47/07

Variations

  • mapo ✧ VT47/20
Telerin [VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/19; VT47/20] Group: Eldamo. Published by

camba

noun. hand

Cognates

  • S. cam “(cupped) hand, holding hand; handful” ✧ VT47/22
Telerin [VT47/22] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

asdi

?. [unglossed]

A word Tolkien used to illustrate Adûnaic pronunciation (pronounced [azdi]) without giving its meaning (SD/421).

Derivations

  • √Ad. ASAD “?” ✧ SD/421

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
√Ad. ASAD > Asdi[asdi]✧ SD/421

Variations

  • Asdi ✧ SD/421
Adûnaic [SD/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. hand

A noun translated “hand”, given as an example of an apparent Adûnaic uniconsonantal noun, which had a biconsonantal-root but lost one of its consonants from its ancient form ✶Ad. paʒa (SD/416, 426).

Derivations

  • √Ad. PAƷ “hand” ✧ SD/416
  • ✶Ad. paʒa “hand” ✧ SD/426
    • √Ad. PAƷ “hand”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
✶Ad. pa3a > [paɣa] > [paa] > [pā]✧ SD/426

Variations

  • ✧ SD/426
Adûnaic [SD/416; SD/426] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sapda

?. [unglossed]

A word Tolkien used to illustrate Adûnaic pronunciation without giving its meaning (SD/421).

Derivations

  • √Ad. SAPAD “?” ✧ SD/421

Variations

  • Sapda ✧ SD/421
Adûnaic [SD/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

noun. hand

Derivations

  • maha “hand, the manager” ✧ PE19/074; PE19/102; VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/35
    • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ VT47/18; VT47/18
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18
  • MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use, handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand; [ᴱ√] grasp” ✧ PE21/70
  • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/18

Derivatives

  • Q. “hand” ✧ PE19/102; VT47/06
  • S. maw “hand” ✧ VT47/06
  • T. “hand” ✧ VT47/06

Element in

  • makwā “a hand-full, complete hand with all five fingers” ✧ VT47/07
  • mā-limi “wrist, (lit.) hand-link” ✧ VT47/06

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
maʒa > [maɣa] > [mā]✧ VT47/06

Variations

  • māh ✧ PE19/102
  • ✧ VT47/18; VT47/34 ()
Primitive elvish [PE19/074; PE19/102; PE21/70; VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/18; VT47/34; VT47/35] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sal

root. [unglossed], *harp(ing), lyre

The unglossed root ᴱ√SALA appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. salma “lyre, small harp” and ᴱQ. salumbe “harping, music” (QL/81). The root √SAL appeared again Common Eldarin: Verb Structure from the early 1950s to illustrate the reformed perfect form of its verb Q. asálie (PE22/132), but since these later forms are unglossed it is unclear whether they have the same meaning (“✱harp(ing)”) as the earlier version of the root.

Derivatives

  • Q. sal- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE22/133
Primitive elvish [PE22/133] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tig

root. [unglossed]

A root appearing in Late Notes on Verbs (LVS) from 1969 as the basis for the verb Q. tinga- “go (for a long while)” (PE22/157). The etymology was marked with an “X” and so was probably a transient idea (PE22/157 note #70).

Derivatives

  • Q. tinga- “to go (for a long while)” ✧ PE22/157
Primitive elvish [PE22/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lemek

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in the Outline of Phonology from the early 1950s illustrating certain phonetic combinations (PE19/98), and therefore possibly not a “real” root.

Primitive elvish [PE19/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

phut

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root appearing in the second version of Tengwesta Qenderinwa (TQ2) as an etymological variation of √PUT (PE18/90).

Primitive elvish [PE18/090] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stuk

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in a rejected section of the Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the early 1950s, serving to illustration certain phonetic developments: ✶stuknā > Q. thúna (PE19/86).

Derivatives

Primitive elvish [PE19/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

graw Reconstructed

root. [unglossed], [ᴹ√] dark, swart

This root appeared as a primitive form grawa serving as the basis of the word Q. roa “bear” >> “dog” in notes on monosyllabic roots from 1968 (VT47/35); a Sindarin derivative S. graw “bear” appeared in other notes written around the same time (VT47/12). Patrick Wynne suggested that in the sense “bear” grawa might be connected to the root ᴹ√GRAWA “dark, swart” from The Etymologies of the 1930s (EtyAC/GRAWA).

Derivatives

  • grawa “dog” ✧ VT47/35
    • Q. roa “dog” ✧ VT47/35
  • grā “dog, bear” ✧ VT47/35
    • S. graw “bear” ✧ VT47/12

Variations

  • grāw(ɜ) ✧ VT47/35 (grāw(ɜ))
Primitive elvish [VT47/35] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

mauth

?. [unglossed]

Noldorin [PE22/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

diragas

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • diragath ✧ RS/451

nithrad

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. hand

ON. hand

Noldorin [PE 18:35] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

cam

noun. hand

Noldorin [Ety/361, Ety/371, S/429] Group: SINDICT. Published by

cam

noun. hand

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kambe “hollow (of hand)” ✧ Ety/KAB; EtyAC/KAB

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAB “hollow” ✧ Ety/KAB; EtyAC/KAB
  • On. kamba “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
    • ᴹ√KAB “hollow” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹ✶kambā ✧ PE21/59; PE21/59
    • ᴹ√KAB “hollow”

Element in

  • N. Cambant “Full Hand” ✧ Ety/KAB
  • N. camland “palm of hand” ✧ Ety/LAD
  • N. Camlost “Empty-hand(ed)” ✧ Ety/KAB
  • N. Erchamui “One-handed” ✧ Ety/KAB
  • N. forgam “righthanded”
  • N. hargam “left-handed”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAB > camb > cam[kamba] > [kamb] > [kamb] > [kamm] > [kam]✧ Ety/KAB
On. kamba > camm[kamba] > [kamb] > [kamb] > [kamm]✧ Ety/MAƷ

Variations

  • camm ✧ Ety/MAƷ
Noldorin [Ety/KAB; Ety/LAD; Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/KAB; PE21/60] Group: Eldamo. Published by

camb

noun. hand

Noldorin [Ety/361, Ety/371, S/429] Group: SINDICT. Published by

camm

noun. hand

Noldorin [Ety/361, Ety/371, S/429] Group: SINDICT. Published by

camm

noun. hand

clei

?. [unglossed]

Noldorin [PE22/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nith

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. nitse > nĭth[nitse] > [niθθe] > [niθθ] > [niθ]✧ PE22/037

Variations

  • nĭth ✧ PE22/037
Noldorin [PE22/037] Group: Eldamo. Published by

níth

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. nikthe > níth[niktʰe] > [nixθe] > [nīθe] > [nīθ]✧ PE22/037
Noldorin [PE22/037] Group: Eldamo. Published by

menwed

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

porennin

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • porannin ✧ RS/451
Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

borth

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure” ✧ Ety/BOR

Element in

  • N. Borthandos “*Steadfast-intelligence” ✧ Ety/BOR

Variations

  • Borth ✧ Ety/BOR

coen

?. [unglossed]

Noldorin [PE22/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

telwen

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Ancient quenya

caia-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KAY “lie, lie, [ᴹ√] lie down; [ᴱ√] rest, dwell”
Ancient quenya [PE22/159] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

paʒa

noun. hand

The Primitive Adûnaic form of the noun “hand” (SD/426).

Derivations

  • √Ad. PAƷ “hand”

Derivatives

  • Ad. “hand” ✧ SD/426

Variations

  • pa3a ✧ SD/426
Primitive adûnaic [SD/426] Group: Eldamo. Published by

paʒ

root. hand

A Primitive Adûnaic root glossed “hand”, the basis for the noun of the same meaning (SD/416).

Derivatives

  • Ad. “hand” ✧ SD/416
  • ✶Ad. paʒa “hand”
    • Ad. “hand” ✧ SD/426

Variations

  • PA3 ✧ SD/416
Primitive adûnaic [SD/416] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

noun. hand

Cognates

  • On. “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶māʒ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035
    • ᴹ√MAƷ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
  • ᴹ✶magā “hand” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹ√MAG “use, handle” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ

Element in

  • ᴹQ. númessier “and he gave it into the hands of the Lords: they are in the West” ✧ LR/072
  • ᴹQ. Lunguma “Heavy Hand”
  • ᴹQ. maite “handy, skilled”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶māʒ > [māɣ] > [mā]✧ Ety/MAƷ
ᴹ✶magā > [magā] > [maɣā] > [mā]✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
ᴹ✶ > [mā]✧ PE18/035

Variations

  • ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ (); PE18/035; PE21/40; PE22/021
Qenya [Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ; LR/072; PE18/035; PE21/40; PE22/021] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mai(y)a

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶magyā ✧ PE19/046; PE19/062
    • ᴹ√MAG “use, handle”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶magyā > mai(y)a[magjā] > [maɣjā] > [maijā] > [maija] > [maia]✧ PE19/046
ᴹ✶māya > mā̆iya > maia[māja] > [maija] > [maia]✧ PE19/062

Variations

  • maia ✧ PE19/062
  • maiya ✧ PE19/062
Qenya [PE19/046; PE19/062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mahtya

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • maitya ✧ PE19/042 (maitya)
  • maštša ✧ PE19/042 (Lin. maštša)
Qenya [PE19/042; PE22/014; PE22/020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

assa

pronoun. [unglossed]

éma

?. [unglossed]

alama

noun. [unglossed]

kanda

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kandā “bold” ✧ PE19/060; PE19/060
    • ᴹ√KAN “dare” ✧ Ety/KAN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kándāvā̀ > kandava[kandāwā] > [kandawā] > [kandawa] > [kandava]✧ PE19/060
ᴹ✶kandālī́nen > kandalīnen[kandālīnen] > [kandalīnen]✧ PE19/060

maldo

noun. [unglossed]

rampa

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√RAP “climb (as a tree by clinging[?])” ✧ PE22/127

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√RAP² > rampa[rampa]✧ PE22/127

sarya

noun. [unglossed]

toina

adjective. [unglossed]

a

preposition. [unglossed]

Variations

  • a ✧ PE21/03

hyelma

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) > hyelma[kʰjelma] > [xjelma] > [j̊elma]✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
Qenya [EtyAC/KHYEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kaltua

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kaltwa “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/048

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kalt-wa > kaltua[kaltwa] > [kaltua]✧ PE19/048

ereáma

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ĕrĕāma ✧ PE22/018

timpana

noun. [unglossed]

toróma

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶torōmā “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/059; PE19/059

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶torṓmā > toróma[torōmā] > [torōma]✧ PE19/059
ᴹ✶torṓmànna > torō̆mánna > torománna[torōmanna] > [toromanna]✧ PE19/059

varinye

noun. [unglossed]

amaldume

noun. [unglossed]

tatalta-

verb. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
talta-“to slip (down), fall, slide down, slope”

Variations

  • tatalta ✧ PE22/115 (tatalta)

anaristya

noun. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
Anar“Sun”
istya“knowledge”

nandakka-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(N)DAK “slay” ✧ PE22/112

Elements

WordGloss
nak-“to kill, slay; to hate”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NDAK- > nandakka-[ndandakka-] > [nandakka-]✧ PE22/112

sisíria-

verb. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
sirya-“to flow [smoothly]”

Variations

  • sisíria ✧ PE22/115 (sisíria)

asse

pronoun. [unglossed]

asso

pronoun. [unglossed]

engwa

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶eñ-ma > eñwa > eñgwa[eŋma] > [eŋgwā]✧ PE19/047

Variations

  • eñgwa ✧ PE19/047
  • ḗma ✧ PE19/047

niule

?. [unglossed]

olta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶auluta- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/058

Variations

  • olta ✧ PE19/058

sahte

noun. [unglossed]

séra

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶stegrā > thḗra[stegrā] > [θegrā] > [θeɣrā] > [θērā] > [θēra] > [sēra]✧ PE19/046

Variations

  • thḗra ✧ PE19/046

sóla

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶soglā > sóla[sogrā] > [soɣlā] > [sōlā] > [sōla]✧ PE19/046

tante

noun. [unglossed]

teuka

?. [unglossed]

thar-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√STAR “stiff” ✧ PE22/112

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√STAR > thare[star-] > [θar-]✧ PE22/112

yelme

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√YEL “friend” ✧ Ety/YEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√YEL > yelme[jelme]✧ Ety/YEL

Variations

  • yelme ✧ Ety/YEL (yelme)

laqe[t]-

verb. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
“no, not”
qet-“to say”

Variations

  • laqe[t] ✧ EtyAC/LA (laqe[t])

lau(w)e

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶dagwe > lau(w)e[dagwe] > [lagwe] > [laɣwe] > [lauwe] > [laue]✧ PE19/046

ente

pronoun. [unglossed]

ento

pronoun. [unglossed]

es

[unglossed]

nerno

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(N)DER “adult male, man; bridegroom”

tyue

noun. [unglossed]

Qenya [PE21/06; PE21/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

mâb

noun. hand

An Ilkorin and Doriathrin noun for “hand” derived from primitive ᴹ✶mapā (Ety/MAP, EtyAC/MAP), where the [[ilk|voiceless stop [p] voiced to [b] after the vowel]]. Since its primitive form had a short [a] and its Ilkorin form a long [ā] (EtyAC/MAP), this word is an example of how short vowels sometimes lengthened in monosyllables in Ilkorin.

Cognates

  • N. mab “grasp” ✧ EtyAC/MAP

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mapā “hand” ✧ Ety/MAP
    • ᴹ√MAP “lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ Ety/MAP
  • ᴹ√MAP “lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ EtyAC/MAP

Element in

  • Ilk. Mabluin “Pale-hand”
  • Ilk. Mablost “Empty-handed” ✧ Ety/KAB
  • Ilk. Mablosgen “Empty-handed” ✧ Ety/MAP
  • Ilk. Ermabuin “One-handed” ✧ Ety/MAP; EtyAC/MAP (Ermabin)
  • Ilk. Mablung “Heavy-hand” ✧ Ety/MAP

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mapā > mâb[mapā] > [mapa] > [maba] > [mab] > [māb]✧ Ety/MAP

Variations

  • Mab ✧ Ety/KAB (Dor. Mab)
  • mab ✧ EtyAC/MAP; EtyAC/MAP (Dor. mab)
Doriathrin [Ety/KAB; Ety/MAP; EtyAC/MAP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

maga

noun. hand

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶magā “hand” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹ√MAG “use, handle” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶magā > maga[magā] > [maga]✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
Old Noldorin [EtyAC/MAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kamba

noun. hand

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAB “hollow” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
  • ᴹ✶kambā ✧ PE21/59; PE21/59
    • ᴹ√KAB “hollow”

Derivatives

  • N. cam “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAB > kamba[kamba]✧ Ety/MAƷ
Old Noldorin [Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ; PE21/59] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. hand

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶māʒ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035
    • ᴹ√MAƷ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶māʒ > [māɣ] > [mā] > [mǭ]✧ Ety/MAƷ
Old Noldorin [Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

maiga

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root appearing in the first version of Tengwesta Qenderinwa from the 1930s (TQ1) to illustrate certain patterns of root formation (PE18/66). It may have serving as the basis for ᴹQ. Maia, though this word was given different derivations later.

Variations

  • maiga ✧ PE18/066
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE18/066] Group: Eldamo. Published by

magā

noun. hand

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MAG “use, handle” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. “hand” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
  • On. maga “hand” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/MAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mapā

noun. hand

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MAP “lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ Ety/MAP

Derivatives

  • Ilk. mâb “hand” ✧ Ety/MAP
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MAP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kōmā

noun. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. kóma “*ball” ✧ PE19/059; PE19/059

Variations

  • kṓmā ✧ PE19/059
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maʒ

root. hand

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶māʒ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
    • ᴹQ. “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035
    • On. “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035
  • ᴹ✶maʒiti “handy, skilled” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹQ. maite “handy, skilled” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
    • On. maite “handy, skilled” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
    • N. moed “handy, skilled” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
  • ᴹ✶mahtā- “to handle, stroke, feel; to deal with, wield, treat” ✧ PE19/048
    • ᴹQ. mahta- “to handle, wield; to deal with, treat; to stroke, feel; to wield a weapon, fight” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE19/048
    • On. mattha- “to stroke, feel, handle” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • N. matha- “to stroke, feel, handle” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
  • ᴹ✶maʒtā- “to handle, stroke, feel” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; Ety/MAK; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹ✶mahtā- “to handle, stroke, feel; to deal with, wield, treat” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹQ. mahta- “to handle, wield; to deal with, treat; to stroke, feel; to wield a weapon, fight” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE19/048
    • On. mattha- “to stroke, feel, handle” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
      • N. matha- “to stroke, feel, handle” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
  • ᴹQ. masse “handful, share, just portion (in distribution), measure or capacity (of a person)” ✧ PE19/048
  • N. moed “handy, skilled” ✧ EtyAC/KHYAR

Element in

  • ᴹQ. formaite “righthanded, dexterous” ✧ Ety/PHOR
  • ᴹQ. hyarmaite “left-handed” ✧ Ety/KHYAR
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KHYAR; Ety/MAƷ; Ety/MAK; Ety/PHOR; EtyAC/KHYAR; EtyAC/MAƷ; PE19/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

māʒ

noun. hand

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MAƷ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035
  • On. “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035

Element in

  • On. dalma “palm of hand” ✧ Ety/DAL

Variations

  • ✧ Ety/DAL; PE18/035
  • mā̆ʒ ✧ PE18/035
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/DAL; Ety/MAƷ; PE18/035; PE21/58] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kaltwa

?. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. kaltua “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/048

Variations

  • kalt-wa ✧ PE19/048
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

torōmā

noun. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. toróma “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/059; PE19/059

Variations

  • torṓmā ✧ PE19/059
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auluta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. olta- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/058

Variations

  • áuluta- ✧ PE19/058
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iw

root. [unglossed], [ᴱ√] *fish

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/IW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bay

root. [unglossed]

Variations

  • BAYA ✧ EtyAC/WAY (BAYA)
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/WAY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stā

root. [unglossed]

A deleted root reference in The Etymologies apparently serving as the basis for the verbal action suffix ᴹ✶-stā “-ing” in ᴹ✶khau̯-stā “rest-ing” (Ety/KHAW; EtyAC/KHAW). See the entry on ✶-stā for further discussion.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶-stā “-ing” ✧ EtyAC/KHAW
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/KHAW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

phan

root. [unglossed]

A deleted root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with no glosses or derivatives and no clear function (EtyAC/PHAN).

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/PHAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

skil

root. [unglossed]

A root mentioned in passing in as a variant of ᴹ√KIL “divide” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, but it had no derivatives and appeared nowhere else (Ety/KIL).

Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stin

root. [unglossed]

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/STIN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khlip

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in a rejected paragraph from the Quenya Verbal System of the 1940s (PE22/112 note #78).

Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uruk

root. [unglossed]

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with no glosses or derivatives and no clear function (EtyAC/URUK).

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/URUK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

us

root. [unglossed]

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with no glosses or derivatives and no clear function (EtyAC/US).

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/US] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

gatha

?. [unglossed]

@@@ form does not appear elsewhere and similar forms are not relevant

thail

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Eq. saile “[unglossed]” ✧ GL/72

pad

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PATA “*rap, tap” ✧ GL/63

noun. [unglossed]

noun. hand

Cognates

  • Eq. “hand”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAHA “grasp” ✧ GL/55

Variations

  • ✧ GG/14 ()
Gnomish [GG/14; GL/55; GL/57] Group: Eldamo. Published by

rab-

verb. [unglossed]

sind

noun. [unglossed]

thil

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SILI “*gleam”

trum

?. [unglossed]

umeg

?. [unglossed]

brid-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

Element in

  • G. bridol “changing, varying, variable”

thion

noun. [unglossed]

thrim

?. [unglossed]

praust

noun. [unglossed]

sinthi

pronoun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SI(N) “this here by me” ✧ GL/68

climbol

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TELE “cover in”

Element in

Variations

  • Climbol ✧ PE13/104
Gnomish [PE13/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ulthanc

noun. [unglossed]

clidhron

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Eq. qilde “quiet, rest, hush” ✧ GL/23

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√qḷd > clidhron[kwḷðron] > [kḷðron] > [kliðron]✧ GL/23

beb

adverb. [unglossed]

Element in

dôn

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

prog

noun. [unglossed]

rog

noun. [unglossed]

noun. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ GG/14 ()

thel

noun. [unglossed]

thelg

noun. [unglossed]

thû-

verb. [unglossed]

tûn

noun. [unglossed]

’ôs

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√OSO “*enclosure” ✧ QL/041

Early Noldorin

caiad

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ai-

prefix. [unglossed]

cai

?. [unglossed]

Element in

  • En. caiad “[unglossed]” ✧ PE13/140
  • En. ciann “[unglossed]” ✧ PE13/140
Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mab

noun. hand

Element in

Early Noldorin [LB/056; PE13/124; PE13/149; PE13/156] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ciann

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

flair

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

raith

noun. [unglossed], [G.] extent, reach; region, sphere, district, scope

Early Noldorin [PE13/152] Group: Eldamo. Published by

braithgair

noun. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bhraig

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • bhreigros ✧ PE13/139
  • bhregint ✧ PE13/139
Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

braith

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

flaith

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fraith

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glaith

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

luaith

?. [unglossed]

lhuaith

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • luaith ✧ PE15/62
Early Noldorin [PE13/149; PE15/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bailchir

noun. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/128] Group: Eldamo. Published by

blaithrod

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ei-

prefix. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ai- ✧ PE13/161
Early Noldorin [PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

farn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glaithfedhui

?. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
glaith“[unglossed]”
fedhui“[unglossed]”
Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

harn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adjective. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ PE13/125
Early Noldorin [PE13/125] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laus

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶lopse “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Noldorin [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pap-

verb. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Eq. qapa- “to chaffer, bargain, swap, barter” ✧ PE13/132

Derivations

  • ᴱ√QAPA “chaffer”

Element in

  • En. gobab- “to shake” ✧ PE13/132

Variations

  • pap ✧ PE13/132
Early Noldorin [PE13/132] Group: Eldamo. Published by

celin

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

delin

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glich

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

scarn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tharn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fedhui

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√FEDE “*law, bond”

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/142; PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glewin

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

isteth

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pethil

noun. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • Pethil ✧ PE13/152
Early Noldorin [PE13/152] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thrand

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • thrann ✧ PE13/154
Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thrann

?. [unglossed]

bhregint

?. [unglossed]

bhreigros

?. [unglossed]

floth

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geryd

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ PE13/145
Early Noldorin [PE13/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

leus

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶lepse “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Noldorin [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhû

noun. [unglossed]

Variations

  • lhú ✧ PE13/149
Early Noldorin [PE13/149] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nelyn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stroth

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thesg

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ PE13/154
Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

saw̯a

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/82), which may have reemerged as √SAWA “disgusting, foul, vile” in notes from the 1950s (PE17/172, 183).

Derivatives

  • Eq. sauke “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/082
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sivi

root. [unglossed]

Unglossed roots in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variants ᴱ√SIVI and ᴱ√SIWI and a single unglossed derivative ᴱQ. sivilda (QL/84). It is difficult to guess what Tolkien intended for these forms to mean, though they conceivably reemerged as the later roots ᴹ√SIW “excite, egg on, urge” (Ety/SIW) or √SIB “rest, quiet” (VT44/35).

Derivatives

  • Eq. sivilda “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/084

Variations

  • SIWI ✧ QL/084
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/084] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-yǝ

suffix. [unglossed]

Element in

  • Eq. enya “device, method, trick; machine, engine” ✧ QL/035
  • Eq. enye- “to think out, plan, devise” ✧ QL/035
  • Eq. inye- “to imitate, make like”

Variations

  • ✧ QL/035
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepse

?. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • En. leus “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Primitive Elvish [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lopse

?. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • En. laus “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Primitive Elvish [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

teled-

noun. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • Eq. Teler “little elf” ✧ PE13/154
  • En. Tiledh “Sea-elf” ✧ PE13/154
Early Primitive Elvish [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tołᵂo

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in The Qenya Phonology of the 1910s illustrating a hypothetical series of ancient lateral approximants, with derived roots like ᴱ√TOLO and ᴱ√TOẆO [with = ɣʷ] (PE12/16). The former appeared in the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon as the basis for island words (QL/94), but the latter appeared nowhere else in Early Qenya writings.

Derivatives

  • ᴱ√TOLO “*stick up” ✧ PE12/016
    • Eq. tolda “hill (with a flat top), hill top; town on a hill” ✧ QL/094
    • Eq. tóle “centre” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa; QL/094
    • Eq. tol “island, isle” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa; QL/094
    • Eq. tolos “knob, lump” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa; QL/094
    • Eq. tolma “helm”
    • G. tol “isle (with high steep coast)” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa
  • ᴱ√TOẆO “[unglossed]” ✧ PE12/016
Early Primitive Elvish [PE12/016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

toẇo

root. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TOŁᵂO “[unglossed]” ✧ PE12/016

Variations

  • toẇo- ✧ PE12/016
Early Primitive Elvish [PE12/016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tḷkḷ

root. [unglossed]

Early Primitive Elvish [QL/093] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

noun. hand

Cognates

  • G. ma “with instrument or by agent” ✧ GL/55
  • G. “hand”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAHA “grasp” ✧ LT2A/Ermabwed; QL/057

Element in

  • Eq. malenka “left handed” ✧ QL/057
  • Eq. mavoite “having hands” ✧ LT2A/Ermabwed; QL/057
  • Eq. Makarnea “Red-handed”
  • Eq. marikta “wrist” ✧ QL/057
  • Eq. mapalin “plane, sycamore” ✧ QL/057
  • Eq. torwa pior má tarasse “*the dark-brown fruit in the hand of the hawthorns” ✧ VT40/08

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MAHA > maha > [maxa] > [maxǝ] > [max] > [maɣ] > [mā]✧ QL/057

Variations

  • ✧ GL/55; PE15/73
  • ✧ LT2A/Ermabwed; PE16/137; QL/057
Early Quenya [GL/55; LT2A/Ermabwed; PE14/052; PE14/076; PE14/117; PE15/73; PE16/137; QL/057; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

umpai

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • úmpài ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min-

verb. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE14/028] Group: Eldamo. Published by

upaitya-

verb. [unglossed]

Variations

  • upaitya ✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tantilta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

Variations

  • tantilta ✧ PE14/058
Early Quenya [PE14/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

intya

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE14/107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

makte

noun. hand

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAHA “grasp” ✧ QL/057

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MAHA > makte[makti] > [makte]✧ QL/057

Variations

  • makte ✧ QL/057 (makte)
Early Quenya [QL/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nawa-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√NAWA “dwarf”
Early Quenya [QL/064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saile

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • G. thail “[unglossed]” ✧ GL/72
Early Quenya [GL/72] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saqa-

verb. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE14/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

táne

adjective. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • En. dain “height, summit; height, loftiness, sublimity” ✧ PE13/161

Derivations

Variations

  • tánie ✧ PE13/161
Early Quenya [PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laisifalle

noun. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súlimarya

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • Súlimarya ✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ematte

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hyanta

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tyanta

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tánie

adjective. [unglossed]

aukaine

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • àukáine ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sivilda

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SIVI “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/084

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SIVI > sivilda[siβildā] > [siβilda] > [sivilda]✧ QL/084
Early Quenya [QL/084] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talarin

adjective. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [QL/088] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ka

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lantanwa

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶lṇ̹ta̜nwa > lanta̹nwa[lṇtanwā] > [lṇtanwa] > [lantanwa]✧ PE12/006

Variations

  • lanta̹nwa ✧ PE12/006
Early Quenya [PE12/006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sinqita-

verb. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ukárele

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

Variations

  • uká̹rele ✧ PE12/006
Early Quenya [PE12/006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anaukante

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • anaükante ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tultárie

adjective. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
tulu-“to bring, carry, fetch; to move (intr.), come; to produce, bear fruit”
Early Quenya [PE14/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

las

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LAQA “catch” ✧ QL/051

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LAQA > las[lakʷsǝ] > [lakʷs] > [laks] > [las]✧ QL/051
Early Quenya [QL/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lossiattea

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

láwakéle

?. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
LAWA“*life (esp. plants)”
KELE“flow, run; ooze, trickle”

Variations

  • lāwakēle ✧ QL/052
Early Quenya [QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

linqarassea

adjective. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alle

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anwe

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eant

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • éant ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ómu

adverb. [unglossed]

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
on(t)“everything”

Variations

  • ōmu ✧ PE15/32
Early Quenya [PE15/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nauto

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√NAWA “dwarf”
Early Quenya [QL/064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

póya

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PO “‽” ✧ QL/074

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√PO > pōya[pōjā] > [pōja]✧ QL/074

Variations

  • pōya ✧ QL/074
Early Quenya [QL/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ralle

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sauke

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SAW̯A “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/082

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SAW̯A > sauke[sawkē] > [sawke] > [saule]✧ QL/082
Early Quenya [QL/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súme

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

valle

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

varne

adjective. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fingwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hingwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lilyen

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nierme

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • Nierme ✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ningwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pingwe

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vingwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

porokoi

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [QL/075] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tirípti

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [LT1/047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lungwe

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nyúken

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • nyuuken ✧ PE16/077
Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pundo

noun. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/111] Group: Eldamo. Published by

toron

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TORO “*bake” ✧ QL/094

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TORO > toron[toron]✧ QL/094
Early Quenya [QL/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by

usult

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SULU “*support” ✧ QL/087
Early Quenya [QL/087] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yu

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by