Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



noun. hand

An Ilkorin and Doriathrin noun for “hand” derived from primitive ᴹ✶mapā (Ety/MAP, EtyAC/MAP), where the [[ilk|voiceless stop [p] voiced to [b] after the vowel]]. Since its primitive form had a short [a] and its Ilkorin form a long [ā] (EtyAC/MAP), this word is an example of how short vowels sometimes lengthened in monosyllables in Ilkorin.


  • N. mab “grasp” ✧ EtyAC/MAP


  • ᴹ✶mapā “hand” ✧ Ety/MAP
    • ᴹ√MAP “lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ Ety/MAP
  • ᴹ√MAP “lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ EtyAC/MAP

Element in

  • Ilk. Mabluin “Pale-hand”
  • Ilk. Mablost “Empty-handed” ✧ Ety/KAB
  • Ilk. Mablosgen “Empty-handed” ✧ Ety/MAP
  • Ilk. Ermabuin “One-handed” ✧ Ety/MAP; EtyAC/MAP (Ermabin)
  • Ilk. Mablung “Heavy-hand” ✧ Ety/MAP

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶mapā > mâb[mapā] > [mapa] > [maba] > [mab] > [māb]✧ Ety/MAP


  • Mab ✧ Ety/KAB (Dor. Mab)
  • mab ✧ EtyAC/MAP; EtyAC/MAP (Dor. mab)
Doriathrin [Ety/KAB; Ety/MAP; EtyAC/MAP] Group: Eldamo. Published by