Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Quenya

ne·súme lasser pínea

*small leaves were in the wind

Variations

  • Ne·súme lasser pínea ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fúmelot valinoriva

(large) poppy

Variations

  • fumella valinōrea ✧ QL/044

Elements

WordGloss
fumella“(red) poppy, (lit.) flower of sleep”
Valinor“Land of the Gods”
Early Quenya [PME/039; QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alildon ornin lassevarnen

alildon ornin lassevarnen

Variations

  • alildon ornin lassevarnen, ✧ PE16/080
Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailissen oilimaisen

upon the last beaches

The nineteenth phrase (line 23) of the first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/221). The first word is the locative plural of the noun aile “beach” and followed by the adjective oilima, also in locative plural form to agree with its noun.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ailissen oilimaisen = “*beach-(plural)-upon last-(plural)-upon”

Conceptual Development: This phrase also appeared in the fourth, fifth and sixth drafts, though the number of times it appeared varied, as did the exact form of the locative plurals (OM1d-f: PE16/62, 72, 74).

Variations

  • {ailim’ >>} ailinisse {te} oilimasse ✧ PE16/062
  • ailisse oilimasse ✧ PE16/062
  • ailinisse oilimasse ✧ PE16/062
  • äilisse oilimasse ✧ PE16/072
  • äilinisse oilimasse ✧ PE16/072
  • ailissen {oilimasse >>} oilimaisen ✧ PE16/074

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

v’ematte sinqi eldamar

*that they call to mind the gems of Elven-home

Variations

  • V’ematte sinqi Eldamar ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arean

noun. wilderness, deserted place

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ARA “(be) dry” ✧ QL/032

Cognates

  • G. armin “desert, waste”

Element in

  • Eq. Areandor “(Land of) Desert” ✧ PME/032

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ARA > arean[areandǝ] > [areand] > [arean]✧ QL/032

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
areand-stem-✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [PME/032; QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

san rotser simpetalla pinqe

*then pipes playing their thin music

Variations

  • San rotser simpetalla pinqe ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súlisan

proper name. Sunday

Alternate of the first Sunday in the Valinorian fortnight (PE14/22), a combination of súlime “wind” and sana “day”, replacing rejected Taimósi (probably from taime “sky”).

Variations

  • Sūlisan ✧ PE14/022

Elements

WordGloss
súlime“wind”
sana“day (24 hours)”
Early Quenya [PE14/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-wen

suffix. *number suffix

Variations

  • -ven ✧ QL/033 (-ven)
  • -we ✧ QL/071 (-we)

Element in

  • Eq. olwen “thirty six” ✧ QL/069
  • Eq. otwen “84” ✧ QL/071
  • Eq. atwen “twenty” ✧ QL/033
  • Eq. uiven “twenty” ✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033; QL/069; QL/071] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkanta-

verb. to make shine

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
alkantamérenpast 3rd-pl-fem“made it shine”✧ MC/216
alkantaniérenpast 3rd-pl-fem“made it shine”✧ PE16/100; PE16/100
alkantanérenpast 3rd-pl-fem-✧ PE16/100
alkantanieerenpast 3rd-pl-fem-✧ PE16/104
Early Quenya [MC/216; PE16/100; PE16/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailinissen oilimaisen

*on the last shores

The twelfth phrase (line 23) of the intermediate version of the Oilima Markirya poem (PE16/77). It is the locative plural of the noun ailin “shore” and the adjective oilima “last”. This phrase corresponds to the lines of the English translations of the poem LA2a-LA2b (PE16/68-9): “on the final/ultimate shore”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ailinissen oilimaisen = “*shore-(plural)-on last-(plural)-on”

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ai lindórea lasselanta

*oh with singing at dawn Fall

Variations

  • Ai lindórea Lasselanta ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aurinde

noun. summer, pleasant warmth

Variations

  • aurin(de) ✧ PME/033
Early Quenya [PME/033; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

san sirilla ter i·aldar

*at that time following through the trees

Variations

  • San sirilla ter i·aldar ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkarissen oilimain

in the last rays of light

The twenty-first phrase (line 25) of the first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/221) and the fifteenth phrase (line 26) of the intermediate version of the Oilima Markirya poem (PE16/77). The first word is the locative plural of alkar “rays of light”, followed by a poetic plural form of the adjective oilima “last”, as indicated by the Glossary Commentary accompanying the sixth draft (PE16/75).

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> alkar-i-ssen oilima-in = “*ray-(plural)-in last-(plural)”

Conceptual Development: This phrase also appeared in the fourth, fifth and sixth drafts (OM1d-f: PE16/62, 72, 74). Tolkien first wrote the phrase in the fourth draft with both the noun and adjective in the locative, but without the final n: alkarisse oilimasse (OM1d: PE16/62). In the fifth draft he switched from the noun alkar to the adjective alkara, and changed the second word to the locative of the (adjective?) panyara of unclear meaning (OM1e: PE16/72). He settled on the final form of the phrase in the sixth draft (OM1f: PE16/74), and retained it for the final draft (MC/221).

Variations

  • alkarisse oilimasse ✧ PE16/062
  • alkarasse {oilimasse >> wanyarasse >>} panyarasse ✧ PE16/072
  • {alkarasse >> alkaraisen >>} alkarissen oilimain ✧ PE16/074
  • alkarissen {oilimaisen >>} oilimain ✧ PE16/077

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
alka“ray (of light), light of day; shining”
oilima“last”
Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkarissen oilimain

*in the last rays of light

Element in

avealta-

verb. to resemble closely

Variations

  • avealta ✧ QL/030

Elements

WordGloss
a-“*intensive prefix”
vealta-“to resemble”
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oilimisse alkarasse

oilimisse alkarasse

Variations

  • {alkarisse oilimasse >> oilimasse alkarisse >>} oilimisse alkarasse ✧ PE16/062
Early Quenya [PE16/062; PE16/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

piliningwe súyer nalla qanta

*the airs are so full

Variations

  • Piliningwe súyer nalla qanta ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala fuin oilimaite

after the last night

The twentieth phrase (lines 24 and 26) of the first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/221). The first word is the preposition ala “after”, followed by the nominative form of the noun fui “night” and the adjective oilimaite “night”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ala fui-n oilimaite = “*before night-(nominative) last”

Conceptual Development: This phrase also appeared in the fourth, fifth and sixth drafts, though the number of times it appeared varied (OM1d-f: PE16/62, 72, 74). It appeared twice in the final draft, on lines 24 and 26 (MC/221). In the fourth draft, ala was translated “before” rather than “after” (PE16/62, 68).

Variations

  • älä fuuin oilimaite ✧ PE16/072; PE16/072; PE16/072

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala fuin oilimaite

after the last night

Element in

alu

noun. dressed leather

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALU “cleanse, dress” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ALU > alu[alū] > [alu]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ankasse(a)

adjective. lofty, tall, (lit.) up-headed, high-headed

Variations

  • ankasse ✧ QL/030
  • ankassea ✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apaika

adjective. conquering

Variations

  • apaira ✧ QL/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PAẎA “requite, punish, take vengeance on, conquer, subdue” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√paẏa > apaika[apaðʲkā] > [apaðʲka] > [apajka] > [apaika]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kalain(e)a

adjective. serene

Variations

  • kalaina ✧ GL/39; QL/044; QL/056
  • kalainea ✧ QL/044

Cognates

  • G. glaim “serene, clear, fair (espec. of weather)” ✧ GL/39

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/39; QL/044; QL/056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lossiattea

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súlimarya

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • Súlimarya ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

assea

adjective. bony

Elements

WordGloss
as“bone”
-a“adjectival suffix”
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súme

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala hui oilimaite

*before the last night

Element in

ala hui oilimaite

*before the last night

Element in

ala hui oilimaite

*before the last night

The repeated thirteenth, fourteenth and sixteenth phrases (lines 24, 25 and 27) of the intermediate version of the Oilima Markirya poem (PE16/77). The first word is ala “before” followed by hui “night” and oilimaite “last”. This phrase corresponds to phrase in the English translations of the poem LA2a-LA2b (PE16/68-9): “before the last night”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ala hui oilimaite = “*before night last”

Conceptual Development: The second word “night” was first written fuin (line 24) or fui (lines 25 and 27).

Variations

  • ala {fuin >>} hui oilimaite ✧ PE16/077
  • ala {fui >>} hui oilimaite ✧ PE16/077; PE16/077

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ala“beyond, after; before”
hui“dark, murk, fog; night, evening”
oilimaite“final, ultimate, last”
Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sinqitalla laiqaninwa

*sparkling green and blue

Variations

  • Sinqitalla laiqaninwa ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ve sangar voro úmeai

*like throngs ever large

Variations

  • Ve sangar voro úmeai ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ainar

noun. temple [body part]

Elements

WordGloss
aina“holy, revered, worshipful”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ainastiplural-✧ PE14/117
ainaqidual-✧ PE14/117
Early Quenya [PE14/117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

avanwa

adjective. going, passing, nearly gone

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AVA “go away, depart, leave” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AVA > avanwa[aβanwā] > [aβanwa] > [avanwa]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

linqarassea

adjective. [unglossed]

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
linqarasseannominative-✧ PE16/080
Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

avesta

noun. summer

Variations

  • avesta ✧ PE13/137; PE13/160

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶awestá ✧ PE13/137; PE13/160

Cognates

  • En. awest “summer” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/160

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶awestá > avesta[awéstā] > [awésta] > [auésta] > [awésta] > [avésta]✧ PE13/137
ᴱ✶awestá > avesta[awéstā] > [awésta] > [auésta] > [awésta] > [avésta]✧ PE13/160
Early Quenya [PE13/137; PE13/160] Group: Eldamo. Published by

túrin

noun. king(dom)

Variations

  • tūrin ✧ PME/096; QL/095; QL/096 (tūrin)

Changes

  • tūrintūrin “king” ✧ QL/095

Element in

  • Eq. turinwa “kingly, royal” ✧ QL/095
  • Eq. turinda “royal, of the ruling dynasty; in power” ✧ QL/095
  • Eq. turinya- “to rule over, reign over” ✧ QL/095
  • Eq. turindo “palace” ✧ QL/095

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
tūrin-stem-✧ QL/095
Early Quenya [PME/096; QL/095; QL/096] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aldamo

noun. shoulder(s), back

Variations

  • almo ✧ PE16/144; QL/029
  • alma ✧ PE16/144 (alma)

Changes

  • almaalmo ✧ PE16/144

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALA “spread‽” ✧ QL/029

Cognates

  • G. alan “shoulder”
  • G. alm “back (from shoulder to shoulder), shoulders”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ALA² > almo[almō] > [almo]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [PE16/144; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amunte

noun. sun-rise, (lit.) lifting

Variations

  • amuntë ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AM(U) “up(wards)” ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth; QL/030

Cognates

  • G. amon “hill, mount, steep slope” ✧ PE13/110
  • G. am(b)ros(t) “dawn”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AM(U) > amunte[amuntē] > [amunte]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [LT2A/Amon Gwareth; PE13/110; PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ardalomba

place name. Secret Place

A Qenya name for G. Gar Thurion in early name lists (PE13/102), a compound of arda “place” and lomba “secret”. It appeared beside the variant form Ardaurin whose etymology is less clear.

Variations

  • Ardaurin ✧ PE13/102 (Ardaurin)

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
arda“place, spot”
lomba“secret”
Early Quenya [PE13/102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ai lintuilind(ov)a lasselanta

*oh Fall with its many swallows

Variations

  • Ai lintuilind(ov)a Lasselanta ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ma

suffix. passive participle

Variations

  • -ma ✧ PE14/056
Early Quenya [PE14/056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailinisse alkarain

upon the shining shore

The twenty-second and final phrase (line 27) of the first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/221). The first word is the locative plural of ailin “shore” followed by the plural form of the adjective alkara “shining”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ailin-i-sse alkara-in = “*beach-(plural)-upon shining-(plural)”

Conceptual Development: This phrase initially appeared in the sixth draft, where Tolkien briefly considered making the first word the locative form of oilima “last” (OM1f: PE16/74).

Variations

  • {oilimisse >>} ailinisse alkarain ✧ PE16/074

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambasse

noun. breast-plate, hauberk, byrne, cuirass

Cognates

  • G. ammos “byrne, hauberk, cuirass”
Early Quenya [PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anúvie

noun. manhood, doughtyness

A word appearing as ᴱQ. anūvie “manhood, doughtyness” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, an abstract noun form of ᴱQ. anūva “doughty” (QL/31).

Neo-Quenya: For purpose of Neo-Quenya, I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. hanúvië, basing it instead on later ᴹQ. hanu “male” (Ety/ƷAN).

Variations

  • anūvie ✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kalaine

noun. serenity, serene

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KALA “shine golden” ✧ QL/044

Cognates

  • G. glaimri “serenity, fair weather”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KALA > kalaine[galainē] > [galaine] > [kalaine]✧ QL/044
Early Quenya [QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nyúken

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • nyuuken ✧ PE16/077

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penda

adjective. *sloping

Variations

  • penda ✧ PE13/159 (penda)

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶bendā “slanting, sloping, up or down hill” ✧ PE13/160

Cognates

  • En. benn “sloping, inclined, slanting, up or down hill” ✧ PE13/160
  • Et. benda “slanting, sloping, up or down hill” ✧ PE13/160

Element in

  • Eq. ambapenda “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome” ✧ PE13/159

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶bendā > penda[bendā] > [benda] > [penda]✧ PE13/160
Early Quenya [PE13/159] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ua

noun. the sea

A word given as a cognate to G. ô “the sea” from the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, derived from primitive ᴱ✶ou̯a (GL/61).

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. ô “the sea” ✧ GL/61

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ou̯a > ua[oua] > [ua]✧ GL/61
Early Quenya [GL/61] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yaksina

adjective. of steel

Cognates

Early Quenya [QL/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arak

noun. shingle, piles of stones

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “shingle, piles of stones”, from a vocalic augment added to the root ᴱ√RAKA “pile up” (QL/39).

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶araka “shingle, piles of stones” ✧ QL/030
    • ᴱ√RAKA “pile up; *break”

Element in

  • Eq. arakte “(stony) beach” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶a + raka- > arak[araka] > [arakǝ] > [arak]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angamandi

place name. Hells of Iron

Variations

  • Angamandu ✧ LT1A/Angamandi; LT1A/Eriol; LT1A/Mandos; PE15/20 (Angamandu); QL/058
  • Angamandos ✧ PE15/20 (Angamandos)
  • Angamandor ✧ PME/036
  • ANGAMANDU ✧ QL/031
  • ANGAMANDOS ✧ QL/058 (ANGAMANDOS)

Changes

  • AngamandosAngamandu ✧ PE15/20
  • AngamanduAngamandi ✧ PE15/20

Cognates

  • G. Angband “Hells of Iron” ✧ GL/19; LT2/051; PE15/20; LT1A/Angamandi; QL/031
  • En. Angbann “Hells of Iron, Iron-hell” ✧ PE15/62
  • N. Angband “Iron Prison, Hells of Iron” ✧ SMI/Angamandi

Elements

WordGloss
anga“iron”
mandu“hell; abyss”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Angamandiplural“Hells of Iron”✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [GL/19; LBI/Angamandi; LT1/077; LT1A/Angamandi; LT1A/Eriol; LT1A/Mandos; LT1I/Angamandi; LT2/051; LT2I/Angamandi; PE15/20; PE15/62; PME/036; QL/031; QL/058; SMI/Angamandi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apsa

noun. hole, opening

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AFA “open, begin” ✧ QL/029

Cognates

  • G. ôth “hole, opening”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AFA > apsa[aɸsā] > [aɸsa] > [apsa]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eremandu

place name. Hells of Iron

Variations

  • Erimandu ✧ PE15/20
  • Eremando ✧ PE15/20 (Eremando)
  • Eremandor ✧ PME/036
  • EREMANDU ✧ QL/031; QL/036
  • EREMANDOS ✧ QL/058 (EREMANDOS)

Changes

  • EremandoErimandu ✧ PE15/20

Elements

WordGloss
ere(n)“iron, steel”
mandu“hell; abyss”
Early Quenya [LT1A/Angamandi; LT1A/Eriol; PE15/20; PME/036; QL/031; QL/036; QL/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mala-

verb. to hurt, pain

Variations

  • mala- ✧ QL/063

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MBALA “crush, hurt, pain, damage, give maim to” ✧ QL/063
Early Quenya [QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailinissen alkarain

*upon the shining shore

The seventeenth and final phrase (line 28) of the intermediate version of the Oilima Markirya poem (PE16/77). The first word is the locative plural of ailin “shore” followed by the plural of alkara “shining”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ailin-i-ssen alkara-in = “*shore-(plural)-on shining-(plural)”

Conceptual Development: The second word “shining” was initially written as the locative plural alkaraisen (PE16/80).

Variations

  • ailinissen {alkaraisen >>} alkarain ✧ PE16/077

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alantya

adjective. *shielded, protected

Cognates

  • En. alanc “*shielded, protected” ✧ PE13/158
Early Quenya [PE13/158] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úri nienaite híse

a bleared sun

The thirty second line of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/214). The first word is úri “sun” followed by the adjective nienaite “tearful” and the noun híse “mist”. These last two words are translated loosely as “bleared” in the English, perhaps more literally meaning “*[with a] tearful mist”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> úri nienaite híse = “*sun tearful mist”

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nierme mintya náre qanta

*reminds me that is is filled with grief

Variations

  • Nierme mintya náre qanta ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-íne(a)

suffix. diminutive

Variations

  • -íne ✧ PE14/049
  • -ine ✧ PE14/081
  • -inea ✧ PE14/081
  • -inya ✧ PE14/081
  • -īne ✧ QL/042
  • -īnea ✧ QL/042
  • -inke ✧ QL/046 (-inke)

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/049; PE14/081; QL/042; QL/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aqa-

verb. to seize

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AQA “*seize” ✧ QL/031

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AQA > aqin[akwa-]✧ QL/031

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aqinpresent 1st-sg“I seize in my hand”✧ QL/031
anqepast“seized”✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hunto

noun. elephant

Variations

  • HUNTO ✧ QL/041

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. funt “elephant” ✧ QL/041
Early Quenya [PME/041; QL/041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kala-

verb. to shine

Variations

  • kal- ✧ PE16/143

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KALA “shine golden” ✧ LT1A/Galmir; QL/044

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KALA > kala-[gala-] > [kala-]✧ QL/044

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
kalliérepast 3rd-sg-fem“shown”✧ MC/220; PE16/062; PE16/074
káliepast“shone”✧ PE14/046
-kalepast“shone”✧ PE14/046
kallíerepast 3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE16/057; PE16/060
kallieerepast 3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE16/072
kalliepast-✧ PE16/075
kaluvaarefuture 3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE16/077
kallepast“shone”✧ PE16/143
kālepast-✧ QL/044
Early Quenya [LT1A/Galmir; MC/220; PE14/046; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/077; PE16/143; QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

markirya

noun. ark

Variations

  • Markirya ✧ MC/213

Elements

WordGloss
mar“house, home, dwelling (of men); -land, the Earth”
kirya“ship, boat”
Early Quenya [MC/213] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nieninqe

Nieninqe

Elements

WordGloss
norolinde pirukendea“tripping lightly, whirling lightly”
elle tande Nielikkilis“thither came little Niéle”
tanya wende nieninqea“that maiden like a snowdrop”
yar i vilya anta miqilis“to whom the air gives kisses”
i oromandin eller tande“the wood-spirits came thither”
ar wingildin wilwarindeën“and the foam-like butterflies”
losselie telerinwa“the white people of the shores of Elfland”
tálin paptalasselindeën“with feet like the music of falling leaves”

qenyarin

noun. *Elvish

Cognates

  • G. Cweneglin “*Elvish (Qenya)” ✧ PE14/009
Early Quenya [PE14/009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkar(in)

noun. temple, shrine

Variations

  • alkar ✧ GL/18
  • alkarin ✧ GL/18; QL/030
  • alkar- ✧ QL/030

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. alc(hor) “shrine, fane, temple” ✧ GL/18; GL/18

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ḶK/KAL > alkar-[ḹkar] > [alkar]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [GL/18; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ea

interjection. a cry of pain or woe

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. ai “cry of pain or woe” ✧ PE13/158
Early Quenya [PE13/158] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kúva lunde (silmea)

*crescent phase (of the moon)

Variations

  • kūva lunde (silmea) ✧ QL/056
Early Quenya [QL/056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar i·súru laustuváro lintataurelasselindon

*and the wind will roar like many forest leaves

The fifth phrase (lines 9-10) of the intermediate version of the Oilima Markirya poem (PE16/77). The first word is the ar(a) “and” followed by the definitive form i·súru of súru “wind” and the future 3rd-singular masculine inflection of the verb lausta- “to roar”. The noun súru seems to be the subject even though it is not inflected into the nominative.

The phrase ends with a long compound combining li(n)- “many”, taure “forest” and the adverbial plural form of lasse “leaf”: lasselindon = “like leaves”. The uninflected compound lintataurelasse is translated “many many forest leaves” in the notes accompanying the poem. Gilson, Welden, and Hostetter suggest that the element -ta- may be a reduplication of the initial part of the following word taure “forest” (PE16/79).

The phrase loosely corresponds to the ninth and tenth lines of the English translations of the poem LA2a-LA2b (PE16/68-9): “who shall hear the wind roaring like leaves of (all) forests”, but is closer to the lines in the first English translation LA1a (PE16/67): “the wind was roaring like leaves of a forest”, which is almost the same except for the tense of the verb.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ar i·súru laust-uvá-ro lin-ta-taure-lasse-li-ndon = “*and the·wind roar-(future)-he many-many-forest-leaf-(plural)-like”

Variations

  • ar i·suuru laustuvaaro lintataurelasselindon ✧ PE16/077
  • lintataurelasse ✧ PE16/077

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailinóne

feminine name. Ailinóne

Name of “a fairy who dwelt on a lily in a pond” appearing only in the Qenya Lexicon and the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa from the 1910s (QL/29, PME/29). It seems to be feminized form of ailinon “water lily”.

Variations

  • Ailinōne ✧ PME/029

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Ailinōni-stem-✧ PME/029
Ailinónĭ-stem-✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [PME/029; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailuvin

feminine name. Lake Foam

A Qenya equivalent of G. Elwing, more obviously related to the archaic form of that name G. †Ailwing, appearing in the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s (GL/17). Tolkien indicated that its stem form as Ailuving-. Assuming it has the same meaning as its Gnomish equivalent, it is probably a compound of ailo “lake” and some form of winge “foam”. The Quenya form of this name did not appear in later writings.

Cognates

  • G. Ailwing “Lake Foam” ✧ GL/17

Elements

WordGloss
ailo“lake, pool”
winge“(blowing) foam, spindrift, froth, scud, spray; wave”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Ailuving-stem-✧ GL/17
Early Quenya [GL/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aka

adverb. very, intensive

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AKA “*intensive, excessive”

Element in

  • Eq. aka- “intensive” ✧ PE15/78
Early Quenya [PE14/081; PE15/78] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anaukante

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • anaükante ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

andesalke

place name. Africa, (lit.) Long-grass

A name for Africa from the Qenya Lexicon from the 1910s (QL/31, 84), glossed “long-grass” in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/31). It is a compound of ande(a) “long” and salke “grass”.

Variations

  • Andisalke ✧ QL/031 (Andisalke)

Changes

  • AndisalkeAndesalke ✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [PME/031; PME/084; QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

andonavestan

proper name. Gates of Summer

Qenya name for ᴱN. Ennyn Awest in Noldorin word lists from the 1920s (PE13/143, 160). It is a compound of andon “gate” and the genitive avestan of avesta “summer”.

Cognates

  • En. Ennyn Awest “Gates of Summer” ✧ PE13/143; PE13/160

Elements

WordGloss
andon“door, gate”
avesta“summer”
Early Quenya [PE13/143; PE13/160] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angayanda

adjective. miserable

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ŊAHYA “hurt, grieve” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√NAẎA > angayanda[aŋajandā] > [aŋajanda] > [aŋgajanda]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angayasse

noun. misery

Variations

  • angayassë ✧ LT1A/Angaino
  • Angayasse ✧ PME/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ŊAHYA “hurt, grieve” ✧ QL/034; QL/065; QL/081

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√NAẎA > angayasse[aŋaðʲassē] > [aŋaðʲasse] > [aŋajasse] > [aŋgajasse]✧ QL/034
ᴱ√ŊAH͡YA > angayasse[aŋaθʲassē] > [aŋaθʲasse] > [aŋaðʲasse] > [aŋajasse] > [aŋgajasse]✧ QL/065
ᴱ√NAẎA > angayasse[aŋaðʲassē] > [aŋaðʲasse] > [aŋajasse] > [aŋgajasse]✧ QL/081
Early Quenya [LT1A/Angaino; PME/034; QL/034; QL/065; QL/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anta

noun. cheek; jaw(s)

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶mtā “cheek” ✧ GL/19; PE12/026
    • ᴱ√MATA “eat”

Cognates

  • G. ant “cheek; face” ✧ GL/19; PE13/110
  • En. ant “face, front, forward surface, face, front, forward surface; [G.] cheek” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/160

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ṃ̄t- > anta[ṃ̄tā] > [ṇ̄tā] > [ṇ̄ta] > [anta]✧ GL/19
ᴱ✶mtā > anta[ṃtā] > [ṇtā] > [ṇta] > [anta]✧ PE12/026
Early Quenya [GL/19; PE12/026; PE13/110; PE13/137; PE13/160; PE16/136; PE16/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anwe

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

are

adverb. very, intensive

Variations

  • are ✧ PE14/081; PE15/78

Element in

  • Eq. ari- “intensive” ✧ PE14/081; PE15/78
Early Quenya [PE14/081; PE15/78] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aryúlima

adjective. equal, equivalent

Variations

  • aryūlima ✧ GL/20

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
are“beside, along”
yulu-“to carry”
-ima“-able, possible”
Early Quenya [GL/20] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aukaine

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • àukáine ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aïlior

collective name. Water [Fay]

Name for a type of Water Fay in Tolkien’s “Creatures of the Earth” from the 1910s (PE14/10). Its etymology is unclear.

Variations

  • aïlior ✧ PE14/010
Early Quenya [PE14/010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eant

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • éant ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ematte

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ka

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lante no lanta-mindon

falling upon fallen towers

The twenty eighth line of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/214). The first word is the aorist tense of the verb lant- “to fall”, its subject being the “old darkness” (aire móre) of the previous phrase. This is followed by the preposition no “upon” with a compound of the adjective lanta “fallen” with the noun mindon “tower”, loosely translated as plural “towers” in the English.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> lant-e no lanta-mindon = “*fall-(aorist) upon fallen-tower”

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

las

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LAQA “catch” ✧ QL/051

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LAQA > las[lakʷsǝ] > [lakʷs] > [laks] > [las]✧ QL/051

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
laks-stem-✧ QL/051
Early Quenya [QL/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lilyen

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lilyennominative plural-✧ PE16/080
Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lungwe

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

láwakéle

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • lāwakēle ✧ QL/052

Elements

WordGloss
LAWA“*life (esp. plants)”
KELE“flow, run; ooze, trickle”
Early Quenya [QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nierme

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • Nierme ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

n·alalmino hyá lanta lasse

*from the elm-tree here a leaf falls

Variations

  • N·alalmino hyá lanta lasse ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pingwe

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pundo

noun. [unglossed]

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
pundonominative-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uinnominative plural-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uvaaccusative-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uiaccusative plural-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uvogenitive-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uviongenitive plural-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uiongenitive plural-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uvedative-✧ PE16/111
[pund]uirdative plural-✧ PE16/111
Early Quenya [PE16/111] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saile

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • G. thail “[unglossed]” ✧ GL/72
Early Quenya [GL/72] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sauke

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SAW̯A “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/082

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SAW̯A > sauke[sawkē] > [sawke] > [saule]✧ QL/082
Early Quenya [QL/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sinqita-

verb. [unglossed]

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Sinqitallaactive-participle-✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tirípti

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [LT1/047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tukalla sangar úmeai

*attracting large throngs

Variations

  • Tukalla sangar úmeai ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

táne

adjective. [unglossed]

Variations

  • tánie ✧ PE13/161

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. dain “height, summit; height, loftiness, sublimity” ✧ PE13/161
Early Quenya [PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ukárele

noun. [unglossed]

Variations

  • uká̹rele ✧ PE12/006

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE12/006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ulird(e)a

adjective. pitiless, cruel, (lit.) without bowels

@@@ possibly based on unattested hir(d) “innards, bowels, guts”, cognate of ᴱN. girdh, as suggested by Damien Bador in private correspondance

Variations

  • olirdea ✧ PE13/161

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. olerdh “pitiless, cruel, (lit.) without bowels” ✧ PE13/144; PE13/161

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ur’-irda > ulird(e)a[urɣirdā] > [urɣirda] > [urirda] > [ulirda]✧ PE13/144
Early Quenya [PE13/144; PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

umpai

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • úmpài ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

upaitya-

verb. [unglossed]

Variations

  • upaitya ✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

usult

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SULU “*support” ✧ QL/087
Early Quenya [QL/087] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yu

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ómu

adverb. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ōmu ✧ PE15/32

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
on(t)“everything”
Early Quenya [PE15/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aki

adjective. extreme, vehement, excessive

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AKA “*intensive, excessive” ✧ GL/17

Cognates

  • G. agra “extreme, vehement, excessive” ✧ GL/17
Early Quenya [GL/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

surussin lurdon lausto

surussin lurdon lausto

Variations

  • {surui >>} surussin surdon lausto ✧ PE16/057
Early Quenya [PE16/057; PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ómalingwe lir’ amaldar

*sang a gentle tune with many voices

Variations

  • Ómalingwe lir’ amaldar ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sí qente feanor

Sí Qente Feanor

Elements

WordGloss
néri ur natsi nostalen máre“*men are not beings good by nature”
ar váro naltur an ómi karmar“*but rather they are to all deeds”
– ulqe núsimar –“*– evil inclined”
sí qente Feanor n·istaléra“*now said Feanor the wise”
varúse qentier nóvo san i“*in other manner than was said before”
malto ísier i nosta – Qarda“*by those from whom this birth was known – less”
qentien no máre nar i hondor“*than good, I said, are the hearts”
nérinwe ar ómu nalto úsiére“*of these men and although they have escaped”
i limbelu tuktalla nai mára“*the long search may be good”
nalto fustúme ma Melkon i“*they can be smelled out by Melko whom”
var limpilto var túkielto“*they are bound to or have looked for”
– en i úmavaisor“*– there on the throne of hate”
listanelto in otso qarda“*they blessed the great evil”
Early Quenya [PE15/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb/adjective. gone forth, away

Variations

  • ✧ PE15/70 ()
  • vā² ✧ QL/099

Derivations

  • ᴱ√VAHA “*depart, travel” ✧ QL/099

Cognates

  • G. “away, off”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√VAHA > vā²[βaxā] > [βaxa] > [βaɣa] > [βā] > [vā]✧ QL/099
Early Quenya [PE15/70; QL/099] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailin

noun. lake, pool

Variations

  • ailin ✧ GL/17; LT2A/Elwing; PE13/136; PME/029; QL/029
  • Ailin ✧ PE15/14

Cognates

  • G. ailion “lake, pool” ✧ GL/17; LT2A/Elwing
  • En. ailin “lake” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/158

Element in

  • Eq. ailinon “water lily” ✧ QL/029

Elements

WordGloss
AYA(LA)“lake”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ailind-stem-✧ PE13/158
ailindiplural-✧ PE13/158
Early Quenya [GL/17; LT2A/Elwing; PE13/136; PE13/158; PE15/14; PME/029; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailinon

noun. water lily

Element in

Early Quenya [PME/029; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ailo

noun. lake, pool

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. ail “lake, pool” ✧ GL/17; LT2A/Elwing

Element in

  • Eq. Ailuvin “Lake Foam” ✧ GL/17

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ailustem-✧ GL/17
Early Quenya [GL/17; LT2A/Elwing] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar(a)

conjunction. but; and

Variations

  • ar ✧ MC/216; MC/216; PE15/32; PE15/32; PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/060; PE16/077; PE16/077; PE16/090; PE16/092; PE16/100; PE16/104; PE16/146; QL/033

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ƷARA “spread, extend sideways; wide places” ✧ QL/032

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ƷARA > ar(a)[ɣar] > [ar]✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [MC/216; PE15/32; PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/077; PE16/090; PE16/092; PE16/100; PE16/104; PE16/146; QL/032; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ardaliskea

place name. Place of Reeds

A Qenya name for G. Garlisgion in early name lists (PE13/102), a compound of arda “place” and a variant (adjectival?) form of liske “reeds”.

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
arda“place, spot”
liske“sedge, reeds”
Early Quenya [PE13/102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

teler-’ohta

proper name. *Sea-elf War

Variations

  • teler-’ohta ✧ PE14/109
Early Quenya [PE14/109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

valinórea

proper name. *Valinorean

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
valinōreaadjectival-✧ QL/044
Early Quenya [QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úmavaisor

proper name. *Throne of Hate

Variations

  • ūmavaisor ✧ PE15/32

Element in

Early Quenya [PE15/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aina

adjective. holy, revered, worshipful

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Element in

  • Eq. ainar “temple [body part]”
  • Eq. Ainatar “God, (lit.) Holy Father” ✧ QL/034
  • Eq. aipio “cherry” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > aina[ajnā] > [ajna] > [aina]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [PME/034; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anda-ráma

adjective. long-arm(ed); long-wing(ed)

Variations

  • anda·ráma ✧ PE14/045
  • andaráma ✧ PE14/075; PE14/075 (andaráma); PE14/112; PE15/79
  • rámandea ✧ PE14/076; PE15/74; PE15/79

Changes

  • andarámaandaráma “long-armed” ✧ PE14/075
Early Quenya [PE14/045; PE14/075; PE14/076; PE14/112; PE15/74; PE15/79] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar wingildin wilwarindeën

and the foam-like butterflies

Variations

  • ar wingildi wilwarindear ✧ PE16/090; PE16/092

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/216; PE16/090; PE16/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oïkta rámavoite karneambarai

*of red-breasted birds on the wing

Variations

  • Oïkta rámavoite karneambarai ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

akairisan

noun. bride chamber, thalamus

A word in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s for “bride chamber”, the equivalent of Latin “thalamus” (QL/46). It was a combination of ᴱQ. akairis “bride” and ᴱQ. sambe “chamber”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
akairisamb-stem-✧ QL/046
Early Quenya [QL/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala

preposition. beyond, after; before

Variations

  • ala ✧ MC/214; MC/221; MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/074; PE16/074; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/077; PE16/077
  • älä ✧ PE16/072; PE16/072; PE16/072

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALA “spread‽”

Element in

  • Eq. ala fuin oilimaite “after the last night” ✧ MC/221; MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/072; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/074; PE16/074
  • Eq. ala hui oilimaite “*before the last night” ✧ PE16/077; PE16/077; PE16/077
  • Eq. aire móre ala tinwi “the old darkness beyond the stars” ✧ MC/214
Early Quenya [MC/214; MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aista

noun. honour, reverence

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Cognates

  • G. aist “reverence, awe”

Element in

  • Eq. aistale “worship” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > aista[ajstā] > [ajsta] > [aista]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aldeon

noun. avenue (of trees)

Variations

  • aldëon ✧ LT1A/Aldaron

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aldeond-stem-✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [LT1A/Aldaron; PME/029; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

n·alalmino lalantila

*from the elm-tree falling one by one

Variations

  • N·alalmino lalantila ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkantaniéren úrio kalmainen

made it shine in the lights of the sun

Variations

  • alkantaméren úrio kalmainen ✧ MC/216
  • alkantanieeren uurio kalmainen ✧ PE16/104

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/216; PE16/100; PE16/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eruman

place name. beyond the abode of the Mánir

Variations

  • Erumáni ✧ GL/20; LT1/131; LT1A/Eruman; LT2I/Eruman
  • Erumàni ✧ GL/31
  • Erumāni ✧ QL/036

Changes

  • ErumanAraman ✧ LT1/083

Derivations

  • ᴱ√EÐE “out” ✧ LT1A/Neni Erúmëar
  • ᴱ✶Eðusmānī “beyond the abode of the Mánir” ✧ QL/036

Cognates

  • G. Edhofon ✧ GL/20; GL/31; LT1A/Eruman

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶eruᶻmāni > Erumāni[eðusmānī] > [eðusmāni] > [eðuzmāni] > [ezuzmāni] > [ezumāni] > [erumāni]✧ QL/036
Early Quenya [GL/20; GL/31; LBI/Eruman; LT1/079; LT1/083; LT1/091; LT1/131; LT1/155; LT1A/Eruman; LT1A/Neni Erúmëar; LT1I/Arvalin; LT1I/Eruman; LT2I/Eruman; QL/036] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kasta

noun. cause, motive, ultimate reason

@@@ compare vasta

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAHA “cause” ✧ QL/043

Cognates

  • G. caith “cause, reason, motive”
Early Quenya [QL/043] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alalminóre

place name. Land of (Many) Elms

A region in Tol Eressëa in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/16). It is a compound of alalme “elm” and nóre “land” (QL/29, 66).

Variations

  • Alalminōre ✧ GL/52 (Alalminōre); PE15/29 (Alalminōre); PME/029; QL/066
  • Alalminórë ✧ LRI/Gar Lossion; LT1/016; LT1/039; LT1A/Alalminórë; LT1I/Alalminórë; LT1I/Gar Lossion; LT2/313; LT2I/Alalminórë
  • Alalminor ✧ LT1I/Alalminórë
  • Alalminore ✧ PE15/07

Cognates

  • G. Dor Lalmin ✧ GL/52; PE15/07
  • G. Gar Lossion “Place of Flowers” ✧ LRI/Gar Lossion; LT1I/Gar Lossion
Early Quenya [GL/52; LRI/Alalminóre; LRI/Gar Lossion; LT1/016; LT1/039; LT1A/Alalminórë; LT1I/Alalminórë; LT1I/Gar Lossion; LT2/313; LT2I/Alalminórë; PE15/07; PE15/29; PME/029; QL/029; QL/066] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alaswa

adjective. like marble

A word in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variations alaswa, alakse, alaska glossed “like marble”, an adjectival form of ᴱQ. alas (alast-) “marble” (QL/30).

Neo-Quenya: I see no straightforward way of adapting any of these forms to Neo-Quenya, so I stick to ᴺQ. alasta as the adjectival form of “marble” instead.

Variations

  • alakse ✧ QL/030
  • alaska ✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arda

noun. place, spot

@@@ probably from [ɣarðā] since cognate G. gar(th) ends in [θ] which only develops from [ð] when final after a consonant

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ƷARA “spread, extend sideways; wide places” ✧ QL/032

Cognates

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ƷARA > arda[ɣarðā] > [ɣarða] > [arða] > [arða]✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nuan·ekkala

tomorrow morning

Variations

  • ettui ✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar laiqali linqi falmari

and the green wet waves

Variations

  • ar laikvali linkvi falmari ✧ PE16/104

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/216; PE16/100; PE16/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oïkta rámavoite malinai

*of yellow birds on the wing

Variations

  • Oïkta rámavoite malinai ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aiqa

adjective. steep, tall; high, lofty, sublime; chief

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. aig “high, steep” ✧ PE13/158

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶aik-wa > aiqa[aikʷā] > [aikʷa]✧ PE13/158

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aiqalinnominative plural“tall”✧ MC/216; PE16/100
aikvalinnominative plural-✧ PE16/104
Early Quenya [MC/216; PE13/158; PE15/74; PE16/100; PE16/104; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arm-

verb. to gather, collect

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√‘ṚMṚ > arm-[ṛm-] > [arm-]✧ QL/032
ᴱ√‘ṚMṚ > arme[ṝme-] > [arme-]✧ QL/032

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
armepast-✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aurin

adjective. warm

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶aurina- ✧ PE13/160
  • ᴱ√AWA “burn; be parched, yellow, warm” ✧ QL/033

Cognates

  • En. oren “hot (weather)” ✧ PE13/160

Element in

  • Eq. aurinde “summer, pleasant warmth” ✧ QL/033
  • Eq. aurinka “sunny” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶aurina- > aurin[awrina] > [awrinǝ] > [awrin] > [aurin]✧ PE13/160
ᴱ√AWA > aurin[awrina] > [awrinǝ] > [awrin] > [aurin]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [PE13/160; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ausie

noun. wealth

Variations

  • ausië ✧ LT2A/Ausir

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AW̯A “*wealth” ✧ LT2A/Ausir; QL/033

Cognates

  • G. avos “wealth, fortune, prosperity; luck” ✧ LT2A/Ausir

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AW̯A > ausie[awsiē] > [awsie] > [ausie]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [LT2A/Ausir; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

karmalin(da)

noun. russet, orange-red

Variations

  • karwalin ✧ PME/049; QL/048 (karwalin)
  • karmalin ✧ QL/048
  • karmalinda ✧ QL/048
  • karn-walin ✧ QL/048 (karn-walin)
  • karnȩwalin ✧ QL/048 (karnȩwalin)
  • karnȩvalin ✧ QL/048 (karnȩvalin)

Changes

  • karwalinkarmalin ✧ QL/048
  • karnȩvalinkarnȩwalin ✧ QL/048
Early Quenya [PME/049; QL/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laika

adjective. keen, sharp

Variations

  • laika ✧ GL/53; LT2A/Dramorleg; QL/041; QL/050

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. (g)leg “keen, sharp, piercing” ✧ GL/53; LT1A/Tári-Laisi; QL/050

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LAIKA > laika[leikā] > [leika] > [laika]✧ QL/050
Early Quenya [GL/53; LT2A/Dramorleg; QL/041; QL/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laiwa

adjective. pale

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶sleiwa “pale” ✧ PE13/149

Cognates

  • En. lhui “pale” ✧ PE13/149

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶sleiwa > laiwa[sleiwā] > [sleiwa] > [leiwa] > [laiwa]✧ PE13/149
Early Quenya [PE13/149] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mara-

verb. to dwell, live

Variations

  • mara-² ✧ QL/063

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MBARA “dwell, live” ✧ QL/063
Early Quenya [QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by

naiqe

noun. ?sword

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ŊAHYA “hurt, grieve”

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

narka

adjective. dead

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
narkeastative“is dead”✧ PE16/140
Early Quenya [PE16/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angaisin(i)e

noun. torment

Variations

  • angaisine ✧ QL/034
  • [angaisin]ie ✧ QL/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ŊAHYA “hurt, grieve” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√NAẎA > angaisine[aŋaðʲsinē] > [aŋaðʲsine] > [aŋajsine] > [aŋaisine] > [aŋgaisine]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arda valarwa

place name. Arda Valarwa

A variant of Ainurarda “Place of the Gods” in an early name list (PE13/103), a compound of arda “place” and the plural adjectival form of Vala.

Elements

WordGloss
arda“place, spot”
Vala“God”
Early Quenya [PE13/103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aryan

place name. Shadow Place

Another name for Mandos said to mean “Shadow Place”, appearing in the Qenya Lexicon from the 1910s (QL/32). It is probably a combination of ᴱ√ƷARA and ᴱ√YAÐA as suggested by Lokyt. ᴱQ. Aryanor was said to be a more direct translation of ᴱIlk. Aryador “Land of Shadow”.

Cognates

  • G. Garioth “Land of Shade” ✧ QL/032

Elements

WordGloss
ƷARA“spread, extend sideways; wide places”
YAÐA“*gloom”
Early Quenya [QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malda

adjective. better, best

Variations

  • malda ✧ PE14/048; PE14/048; PE14/081; PE14/081; PE15/70

Element in

  • Eq. malda la munta “better than nothing” ✧ PE14/048; PE14/081
  • Eq. malda muntar “better than nothing” ✧ PE14/048; PE14/081
Early Quenya [PE14/048; PE14/081; PE15/70] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar váro naltur an ómi karmar

*but rather they are to all deeds

Variations

  • ar vāro naltur an ōmi karmar ✧ PE15/32

Element in

Early Quenya [PE15/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

(a)malda

adjective. tender, soft, kind, gentle

Variations

  • amalda ✧ QL/030; QL/058; QL/062
  • malda ✧ QL/062

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MALA “crush, squeeze, pulp” ✧ QL/058
  • ᴱ√MḶÐḶ “crush, pound” ✧ QL/062

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MLŘL > malda[mḹðā] > [mḹða] > [malða] > [malda]✧ QL/062

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
amaldarplural-✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [PME/062; QL/030; QL/058; QL/062; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

píke assari silde

blinking on bones gleaming

The thirty third line of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/214). The first word is the aorist form of the verb pik- “to blink” followed by an inflected form assari of as (ass-) “bone” modified by the plural form of the adjective silda “gleaming”. Gilson, Welden, and Hostetter suggested that assari might be an idiomatic use of the dative or perhaps a variant accusative (PE16/87), but I believe it might be a variant locative: the r-locative.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> pík-e assa-r-i sild-e = “*blink-(aorist) bone-on-(plural) gleaming-(plural)”

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ahúra

noun. Sun

An early Qenya word for the Sun appearing in a word list from the 1920s (PE15/77). Its etymology is obscure.

Element in

Early Quenya [PE15/77] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alas

noun. marble

A noun appearing as ᴱQ. alas (alast-) “marble” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s derived from primitive ᴱ✶ʒalast- (QL/30).

Neo-Quenya: I think this word may be salvageable in Neo-Quenya as ᴺQ. alas, reconceived as a derivative of ᴹ√GALAS “joy, be glad”, perhaps from ᴺ✶galast- originally with the sense “thing pleasant to touch”.

Derivations

Cognates

Element in

  • Eq. alasta “of marble, marble” ✧ QL/030
  • Eq. alaswa “like marble” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ʒalast- > alas[ɣalastǝ] > [ɣalast] > [ɣalas] > [alas]✧ QL/030

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
alast-stem“marble”✧ PME/030; QL/030
Early Quenya [PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alasta

adjective. of marble, marble

A word in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s given as ᴱQ. alasta “of marble, marble”, an adjectival form of ᴱQ. alas (alast-) “marble” (QL/30).

Neo-Quenya: I think it might likewise be used in Neo-Quenya as ᴺQ. alasta, an adjectival form of ᴺQ. alas “marble”.

Cognates

Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anúva

adjective. doughty

A word appearing as ᴱQ. anūva “doughty” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, an adjectival form of ᴱQ. anu “a male” (QL/31).

Neo-Quenya: For purpose of Neo-Quenya, I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. hanúva “doughty, manly”, basing it instead on later ᴹQ. hanu* “male” (Ety/ƷAN).

Variations

  • anūva ✧ QL/031

Element in

  • Eq. anúvie “manhood, doughtyness” ✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atempa

noun. (strong) dislike

Variations

  • atemba ✧ QL/090 (atemba)

Changes

  • atembaatempa ✧ QL/090

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶atefe- “strong dislike” ✧ QL/030
    • ᴱ√TEFE “*hate, dislike”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶a · tefe- > atempa[atemɸā] > [atemɸa] > [atempa]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030; QL/090] Group: Eldamo. Published by

avíka

adjective. very much alike

Variations

  • avīka ✧ QL/030

Elements

WordGloss
a-“*intensive prefix”
víke“like”
-a“adjectival suffix”
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fuinen

proper name. Tuesday

Name of Tuesday in the seven-day week of the Elves (otsola) in an early word list (PE14/21). The day was related to death and sorrow, and was probably derived from Fui, a name of the Goddess Nienna.

Elements

WordGloss
Fui“Death-goddess, Nienna”
Early Quenya [PE14/021] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kaya-

verb. to lie

Variations

  • kay- ✧ PE16/132

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell”

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Kairepresent 3rd-sg-fem“lay”✧ MC/221
kairepresent 3rd-sg-fem“lay”✧ PE16/062; PE16/074; PE16/077
-kainerpast 3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE16/065
käirepresent 3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE16/072
†kairepresent 3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE16/075
kairpresent 3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE16/075
Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/065; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/077; PE16/132] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kémisan

proper name. Sunday

Name of the second Sunday in the Valinorian fortnight (PE14/22), a combination of the name of the goddess Kémi and sana “day”.

Variations

  • Kēmisan ✧ PE14/022

Elements

WordGloss
Kémi“Earth-lady, Mother Earth”
sana“day (24 hours)”
Early Quenya [PE14/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

manwisan

proper name. Sunday

Name of the first Sunday in the Valinorian fortnight (PE14/22), a combination of the name of the god Manwe and sana “day”.

Elements

WordGloss
Manwe
sana“day (24 hours)”
Early Quenya [PE14/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

poldórien

proper name. Sunday

Name of Sunday in the seven-day week of the Elves (otsola) in an early word list (PE14/21). The day was related to manhood and strength, and was probably derived from poldor “strength”.

Variations

  • Poldōrien ✧ PE14/021

Elements

WordGloss
poldor“physical strength; might”
Early Quenya [PE14/021] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anda ráma

(a) long wing

Changes

  • anda rámaanda ráma “(a) long arm” ✧ PE14/076
Early Quenya [PE14/076] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angasan

place name. Halls of Iron

A name appearing in early name lists but not in the Lost Tales (PE13/104; PE15/20), a compound of anga “iron” and san “hall”.

Cognates

  • G. Angtham “Halls of Iron” ✧ PE15/20; PE13/104

Elements

WordGloss
anga“iron”
san“hall, dwelling house”
Early Quenya [PE13/104; PE15/20] Group: Eldamo. Published by

are

adverb. beside, along

Variations

  • are ✧ QL/032

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ƷARA “spread, extend sideways; wide places” ✧ QL/032

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ƷARA > are[ɣari] > [ɣare] > [are]✧ QL/032

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ariprefix-✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

austa

noun. (high) summer

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AWA “burn; be parched, yellow, warm” ✧ QL/033

Cognates

  • G. aust “summer”

Element in

  • Eq. austalende “mid-summer’s day” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AWA > austa[awstā] > [awsta] > [austa]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [PME/033; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

valka

adjective. cruel, bitter

Variations

  • valka ✧ QL/101

Derivations

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√VḶKḶ > valka[βḹkā] > [βḹka] > [vḹka] > [valka]✧ QL/101
Early Quenya [QL/101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lilta lie noldorinwa

*the dancing gnome-folk

Variations

  • Lilta lie noldorinwa ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ainatar

masculine name. God, (lit.) Holy Father

A name for Ilúvatar appearing in the Qenya Lexicon and Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa from the 1910s (QL/34, PME/34). It is a compound of aina “holy” and atar “father”.

Elements

WordGloss
aina“holy, revered, worshipful”
atar“father”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Ainatard-stem-✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [LT1A/Ainur; PME/034; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alatya-

verb. to shield, ward off, protect

Variations

  • alatya ✧ PE13/158

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶alakya- “to shield, ward off, protect” ✧ PE13/158

Cognates

  • En. elaig- “to shield, ward off, protect” ✧ PE13/158

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶alakya- > alatya[alakjā] > [alakja] > [alatja]✧ PE13/158

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
altíneaorist-✧ PE13/158 aor.
alantyeaorist-✧ PE13/158 aor.
Early Quenya [PE13/158] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambalar

noun. the East

Variations

  • Ambustar ✧ PE16/062; PE16/076 (Ambustar)
  • Ambustaar ✧ PE16/072
  • Ambalaar ✧ PE16/077

Changes

  • AmbustarAmbalar ✧ PE16/074

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/076; PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ande(a)

adjective. long (of space)

Variations

  • andra ✧ GL/51
  • anda ✧ GL/51; PE14/045; PE14/045; PE14/076; PE14/077; PE14/077; PE15/74
  • ande ✧ QL/031
  • andea ✧ QL/031

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ṆÐṆ “stretch, extend” ✧ QL/031

Cognates

  • G. in(d)ra “long (also used of time)” ✧ GL/51

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√NÐN > > ande[ṇðjǝ] > [ṇðj] > [ṇði] > [ṇðe] > [anðe] > [ande]✧ QL/031

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
anda(s)accusative-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
andangenitive-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
andardative-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
andeplural-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
ande(n)accusative plural-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
andengenitive plural-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
anderdative plural-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
†andeongenitive plural-✧ PE14/045; PE14/077
andalissenlocative plural-✧ PE16/057; PE16/060
andĭ-stem“long”✧ PME/031; QL/031
Early Quenya [GL/51; PE14/045; PE14/076; PE14/077; PE15/74; PE16/057; PE16/060; PME/031; QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angaina

adjective. of iron

Variations

  • anga(ina) ✧ PME/031
  • ANGAINA ✧ QL/031

Cognates

  • G. angrin “of iron, iron” ✧ LT1A/Angamandi
Early Quenya [LT1A/Angamandi; PME/031; QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aris

noun. daughter, maid

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “daughter, maid”, a feminine variant of ᴱQ. ar “child” (QL/32). It is also appeared in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa with the gloss “daughter” (PME/32).

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
arits-stem-✧ PME/032; QL/032
Early Quenya [PME/032; QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arvalin

place name. Nigh Valinor

Variations

  • Arvalion ✧ GL/20; LT1A/Eruman
  • Afalinan ✧ LT1A/Eruman
  • Arvalien ✧ LT1I/Arvalin

Changes

  • ArvalinAvathar ✧ LT1/082

Cognates

Early Quenya [GL/20; GL/48; LT1/022; LT1/079; LT1/082; LT1/131; LT1/155; LT1/170; LT1A/Eruman; LT1I/Arvalin; LT1I/Eruman; LT2I/Arvalin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hulále

noun. babble, chatter, conversation

Variations

  • holále ✧ QL/040; QL/041
  • hulāle ✧ QL/050

Derivations

  • ᴱ√HO “shout, scream” ✧ QL/040

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√HO > holále[xolālē] > [xolāle] > [holāle]✧ QL/040
Early Quenya [QL/040; QL/041; QL/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

marasan

proper name. Tuesday

Alternate name of the first Tuesday in the Valinorian fortnight (PE14/22), a combination of mar “Earth” and sana “day”.

Elements

WordGloss
mar“house, home, dwelling (of men); -land, the Earth”
sana“day (24 hours)”
Early Quenya [PE14/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pampinë

noun. tremor, earthquake

Derivations

  • ᴺ✶. PAP “*tremble”

pirimbe

noun. ring, circle

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. rhim “ring, circle” ✧ PE13/152

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶p’rimbe > pirimbe[pirimbē] > [pirimbe]✧ PE13/152
Early Quenya [PE13/152] Group: Eldamo. Published by

simpeta-

verb. *to pipe

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
simpetallaactive-participle-✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

torwa pior má tarasse

*the dark-brown fruit in the hand of the hawthorns

Variations

  • Torwa pior má tarasse ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanéni

noun. beauty

Variations

  • vanēni ✧ QL/099
Early Quenya [QL/099] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súlimarya sildai, hiswa timpe

*slender columns of pearl, a dim rain

Variations

  • Súlimarya sildai, hiswa timpe ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amillo

masculine name. One of the Happy Folk, Hilary

Youngest of the Valar in the earliest Lost Tales, also called Ómar (LT1/67). In the Qenya Lexicon from the 1910s, Tolkien glossed this name as “One of the Happy Folk, Hilary”, but did not provide any further etymological information (QL/30).

Cognates

Element in

  • Eq. Amillion “February” ✧ LT1A/Amillo; QL/030
Early Quenya [LT1A/Amillo; LT1I/Amillo; LT1I/Ómar; LT2I/Amillo; PE14/013; PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amunta

adjective. up, risen (of the sun)

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AM(U) “up(wards)” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AM(U) > amunta[amuntā] > [amunta]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arta

preposition. across, athwart

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TARA “*across”

Cognates

  • G. adr(a) “lying athwart; situated on far side” ✧ GL/17; LT2A/Artanor

Element in

  • Eq. Artanor “Land Beyond” ✧ LT2A/Artanor
Early Quenya [GL/17; LT2A/Artanor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pirindi qitimar

pirindi qitimar

Variations

  • pirinda qitima ✧ QL/078 (pirinda qitima)

Changes

  • pirinda qitimapirindi qitimar ✧ QL/078
Early Quenya [QL/078] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-r

suffix. *allative

Variations

  • -r ✧ GG/10
Early Quenya [GG/10] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aimaksin

noun. martyr (f.)

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > aimaksin[aimaktin] > [aimaktsin] > [aimaksin]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aimaksi-stem-✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkana-

verb. to blaze

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ḶK/KAL > alkana-[ḹkana-] > [alkana-]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

areandor

place name. (Land of) Desert

A Qenya name for ᴱIlk. Aryador “Land of Shadow” in the Qenya and Gnomish Lexicons and the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa from the 1910s (QL/32, GL/20). In the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa, it was glossed “(Land of) Desert” (PEM/32), a compound of arean “wilderness” and nóre “land”. It also appeared in the variant forms Areanóre and Areanor. A similar form ᴹQ. Aryandor appeared in linguistic notes from the early 1930s, where its primitive form ᴹ✶arʒāndōrē was said to mean “Dread Land” (PE21/32).

Variations

  • Areanor ✧ GL/20; PE12/027
  • Arëandor ✧ LT1A/Aryador
  • Arëanor ✧ LT1A/Aryador
  • Áreanòr ✧ PE12/027
  • Areanóre ✧ PE12/027
  • Àreanóre ✧ PE12/027
  • areandor ✧ PME/032
  • areanóre ✧ QL/032

Cognates

  • Eilk. Aryador “Land of Shadow” ✧ QL/032; GL/20; LT1A/Aryador
  • G. Garioth “Land of Shade” ✧ QL/032

Elements

WordGloss
arean“wilderness, deserted place”
nóre“(native) land, nation, family, country”
Early Quenya [GL/20; LT1A/Aryador; PE12/027; PME/032; QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

harwalin

place name. Near the Valar

Variations

  • Harvalien ✧ GL/48 (Harvalien); LT1/155 (Harvalien); LT1I/Eruman (Harvalien)
  • Harmalin ✧ LT1/022 (Harmalin); LT1/079 (Harmalin); LT1/085; LT1/155 (Harmalin); LT1/155 (Harmalin); LT1I/Eruman (Harmalin)
  • Harwali(e)n ✧ PME/039
  • Harẇalien ✧ QL/039
  • Harẇalin ✧ QL/039

Changes

  • HarvalienArvalin ✧ GL/48
  • HarmalinArvalin ✧ LT1/022
  • HarwalinHarmalin ✧ LT1/022
  • HarmalinArvalin ✧ LT1/079
  • HarwalinErumáni ✧ LT1/131
  • HarmalinEruman ✧ LT1/155
  • HarvalienArvalin ✧ LT1/155
  • HarmalinHarvalien ✧ LT1/155
  • HarwalinArvalin ✧ LT1I/Eruman
  • HarvalienArvalin ✧ LT1I/Eruman
  • HarmalinArvalin ✧ LT1I/Eruman

Cognates

Early Quenya [GL/48; LT1/022; LT1/079; LT1/085; LT1/131; LT1/155; LT1A/Eruman; LT1I/Eruman; PME/039; QL/039] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oronte

noun. sun-rise

Variations

  • orontë ✧ LT1A/Oromë

Derivations

  • ᴱ√OÐO “*dawn” ✧ LT1A/Oromë; QL/070

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√OŘO > oronte[ōðontē] > [ōðonte] > [ōzonte] > [ōronte]✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [LT1A/Oromë; PME/030; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

teleatka

proper name. Teleatka

Variations

  • Teleakta ✧ QL/032 (Teleakta)

Changes

  • TeleaktaIlkorin ✧ QL/032

Elements

WordGloss
akta“notion”
Early Quenya [QL/032; QL/039] Group: Eldamo. Published by

turwen

noun. princess

Variations

  • turanwen ✧ PME/096; QL/096
  • turinqilis ✧ QL/096 (turinqilis)
  • turille ✧ QL/096
  • urwen ✧ QL/096 (urwen)
  • turilli ✧ QL/096 (turilli)

Changes

  • urwenturwen ✧ QL/096
  • turilliturille ✧ QL/096
Early Quenya [PME/096; QL/096] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ulka tur

ulka tur

Variations

  • ulca tur ✧ QL/097
Early Quenya [QL/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kuluvai ya karnevalinar

*of golden feathers and orange-red ones too

Variations

  • Kuluvai ya karnevalinar ✧ VT40/08

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aure

noun. sunlight, sunshine, gold light, warmth

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AWA “burn; be parched, yellow, warm” ✧ QL/033

Element in

  • Eq. aurea “sunny, sunlit” ✧ QL/033
  • Eq. aurqila “golden, sunlit” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AWA > aure[awri] > [awre] > [aure]✧ QL/033

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aurĭ-stem-✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kiryan kantalár

kiryan kantalár

Variations

  • kiryan {lantuváre >>} lantumáre ✧ PE16/057
  • kiryan {kantalára >>} kantalár ✧ PE16/060
Early Quenya [PE16/057; PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

foalóke

noun. *serpent that guarded a treasure

Variations

  • Foalókë ✧ LBI/Foalókë; LBI/Fuithlug; LT2/070; LT2I/Foalókë; LT2I/Fuithlug
  • foalókë ✧ LT2A/Foalókë
  • Foaloke ✧ QL/037 (Foaloke)
  • Foalôke ✧ QL/038

Cognates

  • G. fuithlug “dragon (who guards treasure)” ✧ LBI/Fuithlug; LT2I/Fuithlug; LT2/070; LT2A/Foalókë

Elements

WordGloss
foa“hoard, treasure”
lóke“snake, dragon”
Early Quenya [LBI/Foalókë; LBI/Fuithlug; LT2/070; LT2A/Foalókë; LT2I/Foalókë; LT2I/Fuithlug; QL/037; QL/038] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oilima markirya (first version)

Oilima Markirya (First Version)

The first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/220-221). It was preceded by six drafts, discussed in PE16 (PE16/53-76), labeled OM1a to OM1f by the editors of the Early Qenya Poetry article (Gilson, Welden, and Hostetter). A seventh draft, labeled OM1g in the article (PE16/77-80), is sufficiently different that I treat it as a separate poem: Oilima Markirya (Intermediate Version).

The text and translation presented here is the one accompanying the publication of Tolkien’s “A Secret Vice” essay (MC/220-221), presumably the final draft before Tolkien rewrote the poem as discussed in the entry on Oilima Markirya.

The text is divided into phrases for each line of the poem, except for lines 15-16 (mandulómi anta móri Ambalar), 17-18 (telumen tollanta naiko lunganar), 19-20 (kaire laiqa’ondoisen kirya), and 20-22 (karnevaite úri kilde hísen níe nienaite) which are combined to make more complete phrases. The textual history is discussed in the entries for individual phrases.

My analysis of this poem is based almost entirely on the work of the editors of the Early Qenya Poetry article: Gilson, Welden, and Hostetter (PE16/53-76).

Elements

WordGloss
kildo kirya ninqe“a white ship one saw”
pinilya wilwarindon“small like a butterfly”
veasse lúnelinqe“upon the blue streams of the sea”
talainen tinwelindon“with wings like stars”
vean falastanéro“the sea with loud surf”
lótefalmarínen“with waves crowned with flowers”
kirya kalliére“the ship shown”
kulukalmalínen“with golden lights”
súru laustanéro“the winds rushed”
taurelasselindon“with noise like leaves of forests”
ondolin ninqanéron“the rocks lay white”
silmeráno tindon“shining in the silver moon”
kaivo i sapsanta“as a corpse into the grave”
rána númetar“the moon went down in the West”
mandulómi anta móri Ambalar“the East raised black shadows out of hell”
telumen tollanta naiko lunganar“the vault of heaven sagged upon the tops of the hills”
kaire laiqa’ondoisen kirya“the white ship lay upon the rocks”
karnevaite úri kilde hísen níe nienaite“amid the red skies the Sun with wet eyes dropped tears of mist”
ailissen oilimaisen“upon the last beaches”
ala fuin oilimaite“after the last night”
alkarissen oilimain“in the last rays of light”
ala fuin oilimaite“after the last night”
ailinisse alkarain“upon the shining shore”

aimo

noun. saint (m.)

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > aimo[ajmō] > [ajmo] > [aimo]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ainurarda

place name. Place of the Gods

A Qenya equivalent of G. Gar Ainion “Place of the Gods” in an early name list (PE13/103). It is probably a compound of Ainu “God” and arda “place”.

Cognates

  • G. Gar Ainion “Place of the Gods” ✧ PE13/103

Elements

WordGloss
Ainu“a (pagan) God”
arda“place, spot”
Early Quenya [PE13/103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aire

noun. saint (f.)

Variations

  • aire ✧ QL/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > aire[ajrē] > [ajre] > [aire]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aksa

noun. waterfall

A word for “waterfall” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, derived from the root ᴱ√ASAKA (QL/29). It also appeared in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon as a cognate of G. acha of the same meaning (GL/17).

Variations

  • aksa ✧ GL/17; LT1A/Asgon; LT1A/Helkaraksë; QL/029

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ASAKA “*waterfall” ✧ QL/029

Cognates

  • G. acha “waterfall” ✧ GL/17; LT1A/Asgon

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ASAKA > aksa[asakā] > [asaka] > [aska] > [aksa]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [GL/17; LT1A/Asgon; LT1A/Helkaraksë; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amapta-

verb. to ravish, seize and carry off forcibly

Variations

  • mapta- ✧ PE13/163
  • mapta ✧ PE15/76

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAPA “seize” ✧ QL/034; QL/059

Cognates

  • En. maitha- “to ravish, to ravish; [G.] to rule, govern, wield control, hold” ✧ PE13/163

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MAPA > amapta-[amapta-]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
mapant-past-✧ PE13/163
Early Quenya [PE13/163; PE15/76; QL/034; QL/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

attalaite

adjective. biped

Elements

WordGloss
at-“bi-, twi-”
tala“foot; bottom, lowest part”
-ite“adjective ending”
Early Quenya [QL/088] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aulenosse

proper name. Kindred of Aulë

Name for the Kindred of Aulë in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/176), a compound of Aule and nosse “people” as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Aulenossë).

Variations

  • Aulenossë ✧ LT1/176; LT1A/Aulenossë; LT1A/Valinor; LT1I/Aulenossë
Early Quenya [LT1/176; LT1A/Aulenossë; LT1A/Valinor; LT1I/Aulenossë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

avarna

adjective. very rich

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AW̯A “*wealth” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AW̯A > avarna[awárnā] > [awárna] > [auárna] > [awárna] > [avárna]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kiw-

verb. *to germinate, impregnate

Variations

  • kiu̯ ✧ GL/39

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GIWI “*germinate, impregnate” ✧ GL/39

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√giu̯i > kiu̯[giw-] > [kiw-]✧ GL/39
Early Quenya [GL/39] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morniento

place name. Morniento

First name of Amnor (LT1/170), possibly related to the ship Mornie.

Changes

  • MornientoEmnon ✧ LT1/170
  • MornientoEmnon ✧ LT1I/Amnos
Early Quenya [LT1/170; LT1I/Amnos] Group: Eldamo. Published by

narqelion

Narqelion

Elements

WordGloss
n·alalmino lalantila“*from the elm-tree falling one by one”
ne·súme lasser pínea“*small leaves were in the wind”
ve sangar voro úmeai“*like throngs ever large”
oïkta rámavoite malinai“*of yellow birds on the wing”
ai lintuilind(ov)a Lasselanta“*oh Fall with its many swallows”
piliningwe súyer nalla qanta“*the airs are so full”
kuluvai ya karnevalinar“*of golden feathers and orange-red ones too”
v’ematte sinqi Eldamar“*that they call to mind the gems of Elven-home”
san rotser simpetalla pinqe“*then pipes playing their thin music”
súlimarya sildai, hiswa timpe“*slender columns of pearl, a dim rain”
san sirilla ter i·aldar“*at that time following through the trees”
lilta lie noldorinwa“*the dancing gnome-folk”
ómalingwe lir’ amaldar“*sang a gentle tune with many voices”
sinqitalla laiqaninwa“*sparkling green and blue”
n·alalmino hyá lanta lasse“*from the elm-tree here a leaf falls”
torwa pior má tarasse“*the dark-brown fruit in the hand of the hawthorns”
tukalla sangar úmeai“*attracting large throngs”
oïkta rámavoite karneambarai“*of red-breasted birds on the wing”
ai lindórea Lasselanta“*oh with singing at dawn Fall”
nierme mintya náre qanta“*reminds me that is is filled with grief”

uole·mi·kūme

proper name. Moon King

Variations

  • Uolë Mikúmi ✧ LT1/198 (Uolë Mikúmi); LT1I/Uolë Kúvion (Uolë Mikúmi)

Changes

  • Uolë MikúmiUolë Kúvion ✧ LT1/198
  • Uolë MikúmiUolë Kúvion ✧ LT1I/Uolë Kúvion
Early Quenya [LT1/198; LT1I/Uolë Kúvion; QL/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aikaldamor

masculine name. Broadshoulder, Broad Back

A Qenya equivalent of G. Egalmoth appearing in both the Qenya and Gnomish Lexicons from the 1910s (QL/29; GL/19, 32). Christopher Tolkien translated the name as “Broadshoulder” in his appendices to the Lost Tales (LT2A/Egalmoth), while J.R.R. Tolkien translated it more literally as “Broad Back” in the Qenya Lexicon (QL/29). It is a compound of aika “broad” and (plural or masculinized?) aldamo “back, shoulders”. In linguistic notes from the 1920s, Tolkien explored alternate forms of this name: Akaldamor, Ekaldamor, Ekaldamos (PE13/104, 142, 159), but the Quenya form of this name did not appear in later writings.

Variations

  • Akaldamor ✧ PE13/104
  • Ekaldamos ✧ PE13/142
  • Ekaldamor ✧ PE13/142; PE13/159

Derivations

  • ᴱ√EIKA “*far, broad” ✧ GL/32
  • ᴱ✶Eka-ʒalda-mbod-t “he of the broad shoulders” ✧ PE13/142; PE13/159

Cognates

  • G. Egalmoth “Broadshoulder, Broad-back” ✧ GL/19; GL/32; LT2A/Egalmoth; PE13/113; PE13/142; PE13/159; PE13/104; QL/029

Elements

WordGloss
aika“broad, vast”
aldamo“shoulder(s), back”
Early Quenya [GL/19; GL/32; LT2A/Egalmoth; PE13/104; PE13/113; PE13/142; PE13/159; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aimaktu

noun. martyr (m.)

Variations

  • aimakt(u) ✧ PME/034
  • aimaktar ✧ PME/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Elements

WordGloss
makta-“to slay, slaughter”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > aimaktu[aimaktū] > [aimaktu]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aimaktar-stem-✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [PME/034; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alalme

noun. elm (tree)

Variations

  • alalmë ✧ LT1A/Aldaron

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALA “spread‽” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029

Cognates

  • G. lalm “elm, elm-wood” ✧ LT1A/Alalminórë

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ALA² > alalme[alalmi] > [alalme]✧ QL/029

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
alalmistem-✧ PME/029
alalmĭ-stem-✧ QL/029
alalminogenitive-✧ VT40/08; VT40/08
Early Quenya [LT1A/Aldaron; PE16/140; PME/029; QL/029; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anarie

noun. liberality

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ANA “give, send towards” ✧ QL/031

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ANA > anarie[anariē] > [anarie]✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

urwen(di)

feminine name. Sun-maiden

Variations

  • Úrwend ✧ GL/18 (Úrwend)
  • Urwendi ✧ GL/75; LT1A/Urwen; LT1I/Urwendi; LT2I/Urwendi; MRI/Urwendi; PMI/Urwendi; SM/170; SMI/Úrien; SMI/Urwen
  • Urwen ✧ LT1A/Ónen; LT1A/Ûr; LT1A/Urwen (Urwen); LT1I/Urwendi (Urwen); PE14/015; PME/098; QL/098; SM/170; SMI/Úrien; SMI/Urwen
  • Urwandi ✧ LT1I/Urwendi

Changes

  • UrwenUrwendi ✧ LT1A/Urwen
  • UrwenUrwendi ✧ LT1I/Urwendi
  • UrwendiÚrien ✧ SM/170
  • UrwenUrwendi ✧ SM/170
  • UrwendiÚrien ✧ SMI/Úrien
  • UrwendiÚrien ✧ SMI/Urwen

Cognates

  • G. Urwedhin “Maiden of the Sun-ship” ✧ GL/75; LT1A/Urwen; LT1A/Urwen

Elements

WordGloss
Ûr“Sun, (lit.) Fire”
wen(di)“maid, girl, maiden”
Early Quenya [GL/18; GL/75; LT1A/Ónen; LT1A/Ûr; LT1A/Urwen; LT1I/Urwendi; LT2I/Urwendi; MRI/Urwendi; PE14/015; PME/098; PMI/Urwendi; QL/098; SM/170; SMI/Úrien; SMI/Urwen] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yaim-

verb. to possess

Variations

  • yaime ✧ GL/43
  • ia·ma ✧ GL/43 (ia·ma)
  • yaima ✧ GL/43

Changes

  • ia·mayaime ✧ GL/43

Derivations

  • ᴱ√YAYA “*steel, possession”

Cognates

  • G. guira- “to possess” ✧ GL/43
  • G. gôtha- “to possess, have, hold” ✧ GL/43
Early Quenya [GL/43] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an(a)

preposition. to(wards); until

Variations

  • an ✧ LFC/030; PE15/32
  • ana ✧ QL/031

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ANA “give, send towards” ✧ QL/031

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ANA > ana[anā] > [ana]✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [LFC/030; PE15/32; QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kirilde tinwelinqe

kirilde tinwelinqe

Variations

  • {kiryinqe >>} kiryinqen tinweninqen ✧ PE16/056
  • {kiryelle >>} kirilde {tinweninqen >>} tinwelinqe ✧ PE16/057
Early Quenya [PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

si

pronoun. they; 3rd pl. fem. pronoun

Variations

  • si- ✧ PE14/052; PE14/085
  • si ✧ PE16/057 (si)

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶ti “they; 3rd pl. fem. pronoun” ✧ PE14/052; PE14/085

Element in

  • Eq. síse “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun” ✧ PE14/052
  • Eq. sia- “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive” ✧ PE14/052
  • Eq. síva “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive emphatic” ✧ PE14/052

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
siaccusative-✧ PE14/053
singenitive-✧ PE14/053
sirdative-✧ PE14/053
illonablative plural-✧ PE14/054
Early Quenya [PE14/052; PE14/053; PE14/054; PE14/085; PE16/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-rin

suffix. noun suffix

Variations

  • -lin ✧ QL/103
  • rin ✧ QL/103

Element in

  • Eq. enyarin “device, escutcheon, blazon” ✧ QL/035
  • Eq. falmarin “sea-fay (male), spirit of the sea foam”
  • Eq. kulurin “piece of gold; orange” ✧ QL/049
  • Eq. lamáre “flock” ✧ QL/050
  • Eq. werelin “whirligig” ✧ QL/103
Early Quenya [QL/035; QL/049; QL/050; QL/103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auk

noun. fool, clumsy fellow

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. gôg “clumsy; left (hand)”

Element in

  • Eq. auqa “awkward, clumsy (of things), difficult” ✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auro

noun. sun

A noun appearing in Early Noldorin Word-lists as {ūru >>} auro, cognate of ᴱN. úr “sun”, and derived from {✶ourǝ >>} ✶ourū̆ (PE13/155). Elsewhere Q. Úr(in) was a name for the Sun from the 1910s up through the 1950s, but Tolkien eventually changed this to Vása (MR/198).

Variations

  • ūru ✧ PE13/155 (ūru)

Changes

  • ūruauro ✧ PE13/155

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶ourū̆ “sun” ✧ PE13/155

Cognates

  • En. úr “sun” ✧ PE13/155

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ourū̆ > auro[ouru] > [ouro] > [auro]✧ PE13/155
Early Quenya [PE13/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon

noun. stone, rock

Variations

  • ŋonda ✧ PE13/162 (ŋonda)
  • ŋondō ✧ PE13/162 (ŋondō)

Changes

  • ŋondahond- ✧ PE13/162

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. gonn “stone, rock” ✧ PE13/162

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
hond-stem“stone, rock”✧ PE13/162
hondiplural-✧ PE13/162
Early Quenya [PE13/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ildi

collective name. men

Derivations

Early Quenya [QL/042] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ni

pronoun. I; 1st sg. pronoun

Variations

  • ni ✧ LFC/030; PE14/053; PE14/056; PE14/056; PE14/059
  • ni- ✧ PE14/052; PE14/085

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
niaccusative-✧ PE14/053
ningenitive-✧ PE14/053
nirdative-✧ PE14/053
nisselocative-✧ PE14/054
Early Quenya [LFC/030; PE14/052; PE14/053; PE14/054; PE14/056; PE14/059; PE14/085] Group: Eldamo. Published by

â

noun. mind, inner thought

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AHA “know” ✧ QL/029

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√‘AHA > â[axa] > [aɣa] > [ā]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apaire

noun. victory, conquest, reduction

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PAẎA “requite, punish, take vengeance on, conquer, subdue” ✧ QL/034

Cognates

  • G. abair “victory” ✧ GL/17

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√paẏa > apaire[apaðʲrē] > [apaðʲre] > [apajre] > [apaire]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [GL/17; PME/034; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

preposition. to, against, next, on (wall)

Variations

  • ar ✧ QL/033

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ASA “*beside, close to” ✧ QL/033

Cognates

  • G. art “beside, along side of”

Element in

  • Eq. astuvu- “to begin” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ASA > ar[as] > [ar]✧ QL/033

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-✧ QL/033
asa-prefix-✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angaino

proper name. Oppressor, Tormentor

Variations

  • Angainu ✧ GL/37; LT2I/Angainu; MRI/Angainor
  • Angaino/Angayar ✧ PME/034
  • Angear ✧ QL/034
  • Angayar ✧ QL/034 (Angayar)

Changes

  • AngainoEngainor ✧ LBI/Angainor
  • AngainoAngainor “Oppressor” ✧ LT1I/Angaino
  • AngayarAngear ✧ QL/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ŊAHYA “hurt, grieve” ✧ QL/034

Cognates

  • G. Gainu “Tormentor” ✧ GL/18; GL/37; GG/08; LT1A/Angaino

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√NAẎA > Angear[aŋajer] > [aŋgajer] > [aŋgear]✧ QL/034
ᴱ√NAẎA > Angaino[aŋaðʲnō] > [aŋaðʲno] > [aŋajno] > [aŋaino] > [aŋgaino]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [GG/08; GL/18; GL/37; LBI/Angainor; LT1/101; LT1A/Angaino; LT1I/Angaino; LT2I/Angainu; MRI/Angainor; PME/034; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atta

noun. father (child’s word)

Variations

  • atta ✧ PME/033; QL/033

Derivations

Cognates

Element in

Early Quenya [PME/033; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

áma

noun. mind, heart, thought

Variations

  • āma ✧ GL/62

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AHA “know”

Cognates

  • G. ôm “mind, heart, thought” ✧ GL/62
Early Quenya [GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kalmaliondo

proper name. Son of Light

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Kalmaliondiplural“sons of Light”✧ PE14/075
Early Quenya [PE14/075] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aika

adjective. broad, vast

Derivations

  • ᴱ√EIKA “*far, broad” ✧ QL/029

Cognates

  • G. eg “far away, wide, distant, far off” ✧ GL/32; PE13/113; LT2A/Egalmoth; QL/029
  • G. egrin “wide, vast, broad; far” ✧ QL/029

Element in

  • Eq. Aikaldamor “Broadshoulder, Broad Back” ✧ GL/32; LT2A/Egalmoth; QL/029

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√EI̯KA > aika[ejkā] > [ejka] > [eika] > [aika]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [GL/32; LT2A/Egalmoth; PE13/113; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aini

noun. (pagan) goddess

Variations

  • aini ✧ LT1A/Ainur; PME/034; QL/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Cognates

  • G. ainil “(female) god” ✧ PE13/108

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > aini[ajnī] > [ajni] > [aini]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Ainirplural-✧ PME/034
Early Quenya [LT1A/Ainur; PE13/108; PME/034; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ainu

noun. a (pagan) God

Variations

  • ainu ✧ LT1A/Ainur; PME/034; QL/034
  • Aino ✧ PE15/72

Changes

  • AinuAinur ✧ LT1/061

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Cognates

  • G. ainos “(male) god” ✧ PE13/108
  • G. ain “god” ✧ PE15/20; PE15/27; LT1A/Ainur; PE13/103

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > ainu[ajnū] > [ajnu] > [ainu]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Ainurplural-✧ LT1/061; LT1A/Ainur; LT1I/Ainur; LT2I/Ainur; PE13/103; PE15/20; PE15/27; PME/034
Early Quenya [LT1/061; LT1A/Ainur; LT1I/Ainur; LT2I/Ainur; PE13/101; PE13/103; PE13/108; PE15/20; PE15/27; PE15/72; PME/034; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aira

adjective. holy, worshipful

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere”

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
air’elided-✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [PME/034; QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aire

adjective. old

Variations

  • aire ✧ MC/214

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aiwe

noun. bird

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA ✧ GL/17

Cognates

  • G. aigli “bird” ✧ GL/17

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√aı̯² > aiwe[ajwē] > [ajwe] > [aiwe]✧ GL/17

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aiwendonsimilative-✧ PE16/147
Early Quenya [GL/17; PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

akse

noun. steel

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aksínenpartitive“of steel”✧ PE14/048
aksinenpartitive“of steel”✧ PE14/081
aksīnenpartitive“steel”✧ PE15/77
Early Quenya [PE14/048; PE14/081; PE15/77] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alqa

noun. swan

Variations

  • alqe ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë
  • Alqa ✧ QL/030

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ḶKḶ “*appearance” ✧ QL/030

Cognates

  • G. alfa “swan” ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë
  • En. alf “swan” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/159

Element in

  • Eq. Alqalunte “Swanship” ✧ LT1A/Alqaluntë
  • Eq. Alqaráme “Swanwing” ✧ LT2A/Alqarámë

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√(I)ḶKḶ > Alqa[ḹkʷa] > [alkʷa]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [GL/18; LT1A/Alqaluntë; LT2A/Alqarámë; PE13/136; PE13/159; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ana-

prefix. ?towards

Variations

  • Ana- ✧ QL/031

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ANA “give, send towards” ✧ QL/031

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ANA > Ana-[ana-]✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031; QL/089] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anai

noun. woman

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s form “woman” with variants anai and anî, a feminine form ᴱQ. anu “a male” (QL/31).

Variations

  • anî ✧ QL/031

Element in

  • Eq. anaina “womanly” ✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anar

noun. giver

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ANA “give, send towards” ✧ QL/031

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ANA > anar[anard] > [anar]✧ QL/031

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
anard-stem-✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anga

noun. iron

Variations

  • Anga ✧ LT1/100
  • ANGA ✧ QL/031

Cognates

  • G. ang “iron” ✧ GL/19; LT1A/Angamandi
  • En. ang “iron” ✧ PE13/159

Element in

  • Eq. angaina “of iron” ✧ LT1A/Angamandi; QL/031
  • Eq. Angamandi “Hells of Iron” ✧ LT1A/Angamandi; QL/031
  • Eq. Angasan “Halls of Iron”
  • Eq. Angien “Iron-god”
  • Eq. Angoronti “Mountains of Iron” ✧ LT1A/Angamandi; QL/031
  • Eq. Tilkal ✧ LT1/100; LT1A/Tilkal
Early Quenya [GL/19; LT1/100; LT1A/Angamandi; LT1A/Tilkal; PE13/159; PE14/107; QL/031; QL/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anwa

adjective. high up, place high

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AM(U) “up(wards)” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AM(U) > anwa[amuā] > [amua] > [amwa] > [anwa]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apte

adjective. open

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AFA “open, begin” ✧ QL/029

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AFA > [aft]yǝ > apte[aɸtjǝ] > [aɸtj] > [aɸti] > [aɸte] > [apte]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ari-

prefix. intensive

Variations

  • are- ✧ PE14/081
Early Quenya [PE14/048; PE14/081; PE15/78] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arma

noun. flock of sheep

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “flock of sheep” derived from the early root ᴱ√‘ṚMṚ (QL/32).

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. grim “host, folk” ✧ QL/032

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√‘ṚMṚ > arma[ṛmā] > [ṛma] > [arma]✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aswa

adjective. of bone

Variations

  • aksa ✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

har(e)

preposition. near

Variations

  • har ✧ QL/039

Derivations

  • ᴱ√HAÐA “cleave, remain” ✧ QL/039

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√HAŘA > har(e)[xaðǝ] > [xað] > [hað] > [haz] > [har]✧ QL/039
Early Quenya [LT1A/Eruman; QL/039] Group: Eldamo. Published by

naute

noun. skin

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
nausiplural-✧ PE14/117
Early Quenya [PE14/117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ke

pronoun. you; 2nd sg. pronoun

Variations

  • ke- ✧ PE14/052; PE14/085
  • te- ✧ PE14/052 (te-)
  • ke ✧ PE14/053

Changes

  • te-ke- “Sg. 2” ✧ PE14/052

Element in

  • Eq. kéto “you (emphatic); 2nd sg. pronoun” ✧ PE14/052; PE14/052 (tēto)
  • Eq. ketya “*your; 2nd sg. possessive emphatic” ✧ PE14/052
  • Eq. mai ke·tule “do you come?” ✧ PE14/053
  • Eq. tya- “*your; 2nd sg. possessive” ✧ PE14/052

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
keaccusative-✧ PE14/053
kengenitive-✧ PE14/053
kerdative-✧ PE14/053
-tengenitive-✧ PE14/053
-terdative-✧ PE14/053
Early Quenya [PE14/052; PE14/053; PE14/085] Group: Eldamo. Published by

(ana)tarwesta

noun. crucifix(ion)

Variations

  • anatarwesta ✧ QL/031

Elements

WordGloss
ana-“?towards”
tarwe“cross, crucifix”
-sta“verbal noun, infinitive, gerund”
Early Quenya [QL/031; QL/089] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kamu-

verb. to lay down, bend down, reduce

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAMA “lie down” ✧ QL/044

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KAMA > kamu-[kamu-]✧ QL/044
Early Quenya [QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alka

noun. ray (of light), light of day; shining

Variations

  • alkar ✧ PE16/075

Derivations

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ak’lā > alka[aklā] > [akla] > [alka]✧ QL/030

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
alkarissenlocative plural“in the ... rays of light”✧ MC/221; PE16/074; PE16/077
alkarisselocative-✧ PE16/062
Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/077; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kópas alqalunte(n)

place name. Haven of the Swanships

Earliest name of the swan have of the Sea Elves, appearing both with (LT2/82) and without (LT1/164) the genitive suffix -n.

Variations

  • Cópas Alqalunten ✧ LBI/Cópas Alqalunten; LT2A/Cópas Alqalunten; LT2I/Cópas Alqalunten
  • Kópas Alqaluntë ✧ LT1/164; LT1I/Kópas Alqaluntë; SMI/Kópas Alqaluntë; TII/Kópas Alqaluntë
  • Kópas Alqalunten ✧ LT1I/Kópas Alqaluntë
Early Quenya [LBI/Cópas Alqalunten; LT1/164; LT1I/Kópas Alqaluntë; LT2A/Cópas Alqalunten; LT2I/Cópas Alqalunten; SMI/Kópas Alqaluntë; TII/Kópas Alqaluntë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

orme

noun. summit, crest, hilltop

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “summit, crest” given as a derivative of ᴱ√ORO (QL/70). It was glossed “hilltop” in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/70).

Variations

  • ormë ✧ LT1A/Kalormë
  • orme ✧ PME/070; QL/070

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ORO “steepness, rising” ✧ LT1A/Kalormë; QL/070

Cognates

  • G. orm “hill top, summit” ✧ LT1A/Kalormë

Element in

  • Eq. Kalorme “Hill Crest over which the Sun Rises” ✧ LT1A/Kalormë

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ORO¹ > orme[ormē] > [orme]✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [LT1A/Kalormë; PME/070; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-inya

suffix. worthy to be -

Variations

  • -inya ✧ PE14/033

Element in

  • Eq. tulinya “(bringable) worth bringing” ✧ PE14/033
Early Quenya [PE14/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aipio

noun. cherry

Variations

  • Aipio ✧ PME/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ GL/18

Cognates

  • G. aibin “cherry (tree)” ✧ GL/18

Elements

WordGloss
aina“holy, revered, worshipful”
pio“plum, berry, cherry”
Early Quenya [GL/18; PME/034; QL/034; QL/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

akairis

feminine name. Bride

Another name for Erinti appearing in the Qenya Lexicon from the 1910s (QL/36). It is simply akairis “bride” used as a name.

Elements

WordGloss
akairis“bride, wife”
Early Quenya [LT1A/Erinti; QL/036] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aldea

adjective. tree-shadowed

Elements

WordGloss
alda“tree, branch”
-a“adjectival suffix”
Early Quenya [LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anqin

noun. bunch

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AQA “*seize” ✧ QL/031

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AQA > anqin[aŋkwin]✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anta-

verb. to give

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ANA “give, send towards” ✧ QL/031

Cognates

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ANA > anta-[anta-]✧ QL/031

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
antaaorist“gives”✧ MC/215; MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/090; PE16/092
antáika?-✧ PE12/027
antaista?-✧ PE12/027
àntaḯsta?-✧ PE12/027
anpresent“give”✧ PE14/053
nyanta1st-sg“I give”✧ PE14/086
ty’anta2nd-sg“thou givest”✧ PE14/086
hwanta3rd-sg-masc-✧ PE14/086
hyanta3rd-sg-fem-✧ PE14/086
hanta3rd-sg-neut-✧ PE14/086
meäntal1st-pl-exclusive plural-✧ PE14/086
qeäntal1st-pl-inclusive plural-✧ PE14/086
leäntal2nd-pl plural-✧ PE14/086
tuäntal3rd-pl-masc plural-✧ PE14/086
siäntal3rd-pl-fem plural-✧ PE14/086
teäntal3rd-pl-neut plural-✧ PE14/086
muyantas1st-dual-exclusive dual-✧ PE14/086
muyanyet1st-dual-exclusive past dual-✧ PE14/086
-muäntas1st-dual-exclusive dual-✧ PE14/086
-muanyet1st-dual-exclusive past dual-✧ PE14/086
äntäaorist-✧ PE16/072
annoimperative“give (me)”✧ QL/031
-anirpresent 1st-sg“I give”✧ QL/031
-ánepast“gave”✧ QL/031
ānepast-✧ QL/031
-aninpresent 1st-sg-✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [MC/215; MC/221; PE12/027; PE14/053; PE14/086; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/090; PE16/092; QL/031; QL/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apta-

verb. to open

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AFA “open, begin” ✧ QL/029

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AFA > apta-[aɸta-] > [apta-]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aule

masculine name. Smith

Variations

  • Aulë ✧ LBI/Aulë; LT1A/Aulë; LT1I/Aulë; LT2I/Aulë

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. Ôla “God of Crafts” ✧ GL/18; GL/62; PE15/08; LT1A/Aulë; PE13/104; PE14/012
  • G. Ôla Mar ✧ GL/18

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/18; GL/62; LBI/Aulë; LT1A/Aulë; LT1I/Aulë; LT2I/Aulë; PE13/104; PE14/012; PE15/08; PE15/29] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ausi-

prefix. well

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AW̯A “*wealth” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AW̯A > ausi-[awsi-] > [ausi-]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

firin

noun. ray of sun

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “ray of sun”, derived from the root ᴱ√FIŘI [FIÐI] (QL/38).

Variations

  • firin ✧ LT2A/Glorfindel; QL/038

Derivations

  • ᴱ√FIÐI “*hair” ✧ LT2A/Glorfindel; QL/038

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√FIŘI > firin[ɸiðin] > [fiðin] > [fizin] > [firin]✧ QL/038
Early Quenya [LT2A/Glorfindel; QL/038] Group: Eldamo. Published by

haura

adjective. old, aged, ancient

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. hôr “old, aged, ancient” ✧ GL/49

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶χou̯-ră > haura[xourā] > [xoura] > [xaura] > [haura]✧ GL/49
Early Quenya [GL/49] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kaile

noun. lip

Cognates

Early Quenya [PE14/117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maqar

noun. jaw

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MATA “eat” ✧ QL/059

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MATA > maqar[matkʷar] > [makʷkʷar] > [makʷar]✧ QL/059

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
maqar-stem-✧ QL/060
Early Quenya [QL/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mára

adjective. mighty, power[ful], doughty; good, excellent, useful (of things)

Variations

  • māra ✧ GG/10; PE13/122; PE15/32; QL/057
  • Mára ✧ LFC/030
  • mā-ra ✧ PE13/125
  • măra ✧ PE14/048
  • mara ✧ PE14/081; PE15/73
  • mára ✧ PE16/137; PE16/140

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAHA “grasp” ✧ QL/057

Cognates

  • En. maur “good” ✧ PE13/122; PE13/125
  • G. mora “good”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MAHA > māra[maxrā] > [maxra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ QL/057

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
maiteaugmentative-✧ PE13/125
meantesuperlative-✧ PE13/125
māreplural“*good”✧ PE15/32; PE15/32
maldaaugmentative-✧ PE15/73
máreastative“is good”✧ PE16/140
maranyestative-past-✧ PE16/141
Early Quenya [GG/10; LFC/030; PE13/122; PE13/125; PE14/048; PE14/081; PE15/32; PE15/73; PE16/137; PE16/140; PE16/141; QL/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

olwea

adjective. stinking

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶ʒolwéya ✧ PE13/145
    • ᴱ√YOLO “smell, stink, reek (intr.)”

Cognates

  • En. golwai “stinking” ✧ PE13/145

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ʒolwéya > olwea[ɣolwejā] > [ɣolweja] > [olweja] > [olweia] > [olwea]✧ PE13/145
Early Quenya [PE13/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oqi

noun. snake

Derivations

  • ᴱ√OQO “curve, bend” ✧ QL/070

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√OQO > oqi[okʷī] > [okʷi]✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [PME/070; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

satta

adjective. both

Changes

  • sattasatto “the two, both” ✧ PE14/082

Derivations

Cognates

Early Quenya [PE14/049; PE14/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tarwa

adjective. tired

Variations

  • tarwa ✧ PE13/161
  • tarva ✧ PE13/161

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. darw “tired, weary” ✧ PE13/161

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶dar’wa- > tarwa[darwā] > [darwa] > [tarwa]✧ PE13/161
Early Quenya [PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tende

noun. sense of touch, sense, sensation, feeling

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TENE “touch, feel” ✧ QL/091

Element in

  • Eq. tendile “feeling, sentiment” ✧ QL/091

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TENE > tende[tendi] > [tende]✧ QL/091

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
tendi-stem-✧ QL/091
Early Quenya [QL/091] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaiya

noun. sky, skies

A word for “sky” or “skies” in the Oilima Markirya poem and its drafts from around 1930 (MC/221; PE16/75) probably based on the early root ᴱ√VAẎA.

Variations

  • vaiya ✧ MC/214; PE16/065 (vaiya); PE16/075

Changes

  • vaiyavaite ✧ PE16/062

Derivations

  • ᴱ√VAẎA “enfold, wind about”

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214; PE16/065; PE16/075] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanga

noun. staff

Variations

  • vanga ✧ GL/21

Cognates

  • G. bang “staff” ✧ GL/21
Early Quenya [GL/21] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yakse

noun. steel

Variations

  • yaisa ✧ GL/37; GL/37
  • yakse ✧ GL/37 (yakse)
  • Y̯akse ✧ QL/105

Changes

  • yakseyaisa ✧ GL/37

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶ı̯aisa ✧ GL/37; GL/37
    • ᴱ√YAYA “*steel, possession”

Cognates

  • G. gais “steel” ✧ GL/37; GL/37

Element in

  • Eq. yaksina “of steel” ✧ QL/105

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶ı̯aisa > yaisa[jaisā] > [jaisa]✧ GL/37
ᴱ✶ı̯aksĕ > yakse[jaksē] > [jakse]✧ GL/37
Early Quenya [GL/37; QL/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

(a)rauka

adjective. swift, rushing

Variations

  • arauka ✧ LT2A/Rog; PE13/137; PE13/160; PME/034; PME/079; QL/032; QL/032; QL/034; QL/079
  • rauka ✧ PME/079; QL/079

Derivations

  • ᴱ√RAVA “*hunt” ✧ QL/034
  • ᴱ√RAẆA “*rush, run, chase” ✧ QL/079

Cognates

  • G. arog “swift, rushing, torrential” ✧ LT2A/Rog
  • En. arog “swift, swift, [G.] rushing, torrential” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/160
  • G. raug “swift, rushing” ✧ QL/032

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√rava > arauka[araβkā] > [araβka] > [arauka]✧ QL/034
ᴱ√RAẆA > rauka[raɣʷkā] > [raɣʷka] > [rawka] > [rauka]✧ QL/079
Early Quenya [LT2A/Rog; PE13/137; PE13/160; PME/034; PME/079; QL/032; QL/034; QL/079] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aurqila

adjective. golden, sunlit

An adjectice meaning “golden, sunlit” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variant forms aürqila and auriqilea (QL/33), apparently a combination of ᴱQ. aure “sunlight” and ᴱQ. qilea “hued”. The first variant aürqila is unusual in that it implies as vowels in hiatus rather than the usual diphthong [au̯]. The only other similar example is 5-syllable anaükante (PE12/27).

Variations

  • aürqila ✧ QL/033
  • auriqilea ✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

(m)ambe

noun. mother

Variations

  • ambe ✧ PE16/135
  • mambe ✧ PE16/135
Early Quenya [PE16/135] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nto

suffix. fraction suffix

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/051; PE14/085] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aiqale

noun. a steep, steepness

A noun appearing as ᴱQ. aiqale “a steep [thing], steepness” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, an abstract noun form of ᴱQ. aiqa “steep” appearing nearby (QL/29). Since ᴹQ. aiqa “steep” continued to appear in Tolkien’s later writings (Ety/AYAK), perhaps this word can be salvaged for Neo-Quenya writing as ᴺQ. aiqualë.

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/147; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

akta

noun. notion

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AHA “know” ✧ QL/029

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√‘AHA > akta[axtā] > [axta] > [akta]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ama

noun. mother

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AMA “*mother” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AMA > ama[amā] > [ama]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambi

noun. mother

Variations

  • ammi ✧ PME/030
  • amaimi ✧ PME/030; QL/030
  • âmi ✧ QL/030

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AMA “*mother” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AMA > âmi[āmī] > [āmi]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambos

noun. breast

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. amoth “shoulder” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/159
  • En. bost “back from shoulder to shoulder” ✧ PE13/139

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶a-mbod-t’ > ambos[ambodt] > [amboðt] > [ambozt] > [ambost] > [ambos]✧ PE13/137
ᴱ✶a-mbos-t > ambos[ambost] > [ambos]✧ PE13/159

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ambost-stem-✧ PE13/137; PE13/159
ambostuvaadjectival-✧ PE16/146
Early Quenya [PE13/137; PE13/139; PE13/159; PE16/136; PE16/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amis

noun. mother

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AMA “*mother” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AMA > amis[amits] > [amis]✧ QL/030

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
amits-stem-✧ PME/030; QL/030
Early Quenya [PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angien

masculine name. Iron-god

A rejected Qenya name for G. Angainos (GL/18), probably related to anga “iron”.

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
anga“iron”
Early Quenya [GL/18] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atar

noun. father

Variations

  • attar ✧ PE15/72 (attar)
  • Atar ✧ QL/033

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. ador “father”

Element in

  • Eq. Ainatar “God, (lit.) Holy Father”
  • Eq. Ilúvatar “Heavenly Father, Sky-father; Lord for Always” ✧ LT1A/Ilúvatar

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
atarqidual“parents”✧ PE14/077; PE15/72; PE15/76
†attahiplural-✧ PE15/72
†attahwidual-✧ PE15/72
Early Quenya [LT1A/Ilúvatar; PE14/077; PE15/72; PE15/76; PME/033; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

attu

noun. father

Variations

  • atto ✧ PE16/135
  • tatto ✧ PE16/135

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/135; PME/033; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heruni

noun. lady

Cognates

  • G. hiril “princess, †queen”
Early Quenya [QL/040] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kaita-

verb. to place, lie down

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶kaı̯- “to lie down” ✧ PE14/058
    • ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell”
  • ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell” ✧ QL/046

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶kaı̯ > kaita[kajta-] > [kaita-]✧ PE14/058
ᴱ√KAYA > kaita-[kajta-] > [kaita-]✧ QL/046

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
kainepast-✧ PE14/058
kaitapresent“lie down”✧ PE14/058
Early Quenya [PE14/058; QL/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kolume

noun. body

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
kolumengenitive“of ... body”✧ PE14/117
Early Quenya [PE14/117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qalume

adjective. heaving

An adjective for “heaving” in Oilima Markirya poem of 1931 (MC/213). Its etymology is unclear (qal- was usually associated with “death”), and in later versions of the poem was replaced by Q. amortala (MC/222).

Variations

  • qalume ✧ MC/214

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

satto

adjective. both; the two

Derivations

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
satto(s)accusative-✧ PE14/077
sattongenitive-✧ PE14/077
sattordative-✧ PE14/077
†[satt]urdative-✧ PE14/077
Early Quenya [PE14/076; PE14/077; PE14/082; PE14/083; PE15/70] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vírin

noun. glass substance [used to make the Moon]

Variations

  • virin ✧ GL/24
  • Vírin ✧ LT1I/Vírin

Cognates

  • G. brin(in) “glassy substance” ✧ GL/24; LT2A/Failivrin
Early Quenya [GL/24; LT1/192; LT1I/Vírin; LT2A/Failivrin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar i·kiryo kaluváre talain kulukalmalínen

*and the sails of the ship will shine with golden lights

The fourth phrase (lines 7-8) of the intermediate version of the Oilima Markirya poem (PE16/77). The first word is the ar(a) “and” followed by the definitive genitive form i·kiryo of kirya “ship”. This genitive apparently applies to the subject of the phrase talain, the nominative plural of tala “sail”, which follows the verb kaluváre, the future 3rd-singular feminine form of kala- “to shine”.

The phrase ends with a long compound combining kulu “gold” and the instrumental plural of kalma “light”: falmarínen = “with lights”. This compound kulukalmalínen apparently describes the means by which the sails shine.

The phrase loosely corresponds to the seventh and eighth lines of the English translations of the poem LA2a-LA2b (PE16/68-9): “the boat shining with distant/misty lights”. Other than the words “boat”, “shine” and “with lights”, nothing else matches.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> ar i·kiry-o kal-uvá-re tala-i-n kulu-kalma-lí-nen = “*and the·ship-of shine-(future)-she sail-(plural)-(nominative) gold-light-(plural)-with”

Variations

  • ar {i·kirya >>} i·kiryo kaluvaare talain kulukalmaliinen ✧ PE16/077

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aistale

noun. worship

Element in

  • Eq. aistalea “worshipful” ✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alandri

collective name. Earth [Fay]

Name for a type of Earth Fay in Tolkien’s “Creatures of the Earth” from the 1910s (PE14/10). Its etymology is unclear.

Variations

  • alandri ✧ PE14/010
Early Quenya [PE14/010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

allu-

verb. to wash

Variations

  • alnu- ✧ QL/030

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALU “cleanse, dress” ✧ QL/030

Element in

  • Eq. allume “washing” ✧ QL/030
  • Eq. alluva “clean” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ALU > allu-[allu-]✧ QL/030

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
allunepast-✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apanta-

verb. to open, reveal, show, display

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PṆTṆ “open, spread out, show” ✧ QL/034

Element in

  • Eq. apantie “display” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√PATA² > apanta-[apṇta-] > [apanta-]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
apantepast-✧ QL/034
[apant]anepast-✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

attalin

noun. biped

Elements

WordGloss
at-“bi-, twi-”
tala“foot; bottom, lowest part”
Early Quenya [QL/088] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aulisan

proper name. Tuesday

Name of the first Tuesday in the Valinorian fortnight (PE14/22), a combination of the name of the god Aule and sana “day”.

Elements

WordGloss
Aule“Smith”
sana“day (24 hours)”
Early Quenya [PE14/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lamáre

noun. flock

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “flock” with variants lāmáre and lamárin, based on ᴱQ. lama “head of cattle or sheep” (QL/50). It was first written as lāma, then amended to lāmáre, -in with lámarin written after it. The editors (Gilson, Hostetter, Wynne and Smith) suggested that this likely indicated two forms: lamáre and lámarin.

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. lamnarë “flock, herd”, based on the later word Q. laman (lamn-) “[tame] animal”, with the same suffix -re*. This suggestion came from Röandil in a Discord chat from 2022-03-18.

Variations

  • lāmáre ✧ QL/050
  • lámarin ✧ QL/050
  • lāma ✧ QL/050 (lāma)

Changes

  • lāmalāmáre “flock” ✧ QL/050
Early Quenya [QL/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qalmisan

proper name. Tuesday

Name of the second Tuesday in the Valinorian fortnight (PE14/22), a combination of qalme “death” and sana “day”.

Elements

WordGloss
qalme“death, agony”
sana“day (24 hours)”
Early Quenya [PE14/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaqi(e)

noun. victory

Variations

  • vaqi ✧ QL/100
  • vaqie ✧ QL/100
Early Quenya [QL/100] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wintele

noun. *twinkling

Variations

  • ’wintele ✧ QL/104

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GWINI “sparkle” ✧ QL/104

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√GWINI > ’wintele[gʷintelē] > [gʷintele] > [wintele]✧ QL/104
Early Quenya [QL/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

akaire

noun. ‘living beside’, wedded life

A noun for “wedded life” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, more literally “living beside”, based on the early root ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell” (QL/46).

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell” ✧ QL/046

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KAYA > akaire[akajri] > [akajre] > [akaire]✧ QL/046

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
akairi-stem-✧ QL/046
Early Quenya [QL/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aqi

adjective. a brace, a couple of, both

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ATA “dual” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ATA > aqi[atkʷī] > [atkʷi] > [akʷkʷi] > [akʷi]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-a

suffix. adjectival suffix

Variations

  • -ea ✧ QL/074 (-ea); QL/075 (-ea); QL/077 (-ea); QL/077 (-ea); QL/091 (-ea); QL/092 (-ea); QL/092 (-ea); QL/092 (-ea)

Element in

  • Eq. aistalea “worshipful” ✧ QL/034
  • Eq. alasta “of marble, marble” ✧ QL/030
  • Eq. aldea “tree-shadowed”
  • Eq. atempa “(strong) dislike” ✧ QL/090
  • Eq. auqa “awkward, clumsy (of things), difficult” ✧ QL/033
  • Eq. aurea “sunny, sunlit” ✧ QL/033
  • Eq. avíka “very much alike”
  • Eq. assea “bony”
  • Eq. talqea “glassy” ✧ QL/088
  • Eq. kityalea “ticklish, susceptible, sensitive” ✧ QL/047
  • Eq. koirea “alive, lively” ✧ QL/048
  • Eq. talanda “burdened, weighed down, sad” ✧ QL/088
  • Eq. fanórea “absent-minded” ✧ QL/037
  • Eq. ekkia “thorny” ✧ QL/035
  • Eq. eressea “lonely”
  • Eq. pómea “northern” ✧ QL/074
  • Eq. hatsea “rushing, rapid” ✧ QL/039
  • Eq. helinillea “*violet” ✧ QL/039
  • Eq. órea “of the dawn, Eastern” ✧ QL/070
  • Eq. illia “in multitudes” ✧ QL/042
  • Eq. isqalea “clever” ✧ QL/043
  • Eq. kaimassea “confined to bed, a-bed, bedridden” ✧ PE14/079
  • Eq. karneambara “*red-breasted” ✧ QL/048
  • Eq. kiryassea “what is on board ship” ✧ PE14/047
  • Eq. kómea “globe-shaped, round” ✧ QL/047
  • Eq. kotsia “nutty” ✧ QL/048
  • Eq. kulmarinda “orange-coloured” ✧ QL/049
  • Eq. kulurinda “orange-coloured” ✧ QL/049
  • Eq. lassea “with leaves, leafy” ✧ QL/051
  • Eq. latukenda “of tin” ✧ QL/051
  • Eq. laumea “dark, stormy” ✧ QL/051
  • Eq. laurea “golden” ✧ PE15/73
  • Eq. lempea “half” ✧ PE14/051
  • Eq. limpalassea “much roaring” ✧ QL/053
  • Eq. lindelea “melodious” ✧ QL/054
  • Eq. lindea “singing, *musical” ✧ QL/054
  • Eq. lindórea “singing at dawn (esp. of birds)” ✧ QL/054
  • Eq. líneneldora “having many beeches” ✧ QL/053
  • Eq. linqea “watery” ✧ QL/054
  • Eq. lintasarindea “having many willows” ✧ QL/053
  • Eq. lintuilinda “many-swallows of autumn” ✧ QL/053
  • Eq. lintuilindórea “of autumn; when many swallows congregate and sing at dawn”
  • Eq. lintyulussea “having many poplars” ✧ QL/053
  • Eq. liqistea “transparent” ✧ QL/054
  • Eq. listea “full of grace, blessed” ✧ QL/055
  • Eq. lómea “*gloomy”
  • Eq. lómina “shadowy” ✧ QL/055
  • Eq. lótea “full of blossom” ✧ QL/056
  • Eq. lotórea “flourishing” ✧ QL/055
  • Eq. luina “ago” ✧ QL/056
  • Eq. lúlea “sapphirine” ✧ QL/057
  • Eq. lúmia “pertaining to time, temporal” ✧ QL/056
  • Eq. lúrea “overcast, dark [of weather]” ✧ QL/057
  • Eq. Makarnea “Red-handed”
  • Eq. maksilistea “powerful, having possession of or authority over” ✧ QL/057
  • Eq. malikondea “of amber” ✧ QL/058
  • Eq. maqalea “handy, skilled (with hands)” ✧ QL/057
  • Eq. lempea “decimal” ✧ QL/052
  • Eq. melitsa “beloved, favourite” ✧ QL/060
  • Eq. mirmila “rippling” ✧ QL/061
  • Eq. mulda “powdery” ✧ QL/063
  • Eq. murmea “slumbrous” ✧ QL/063
  • Eq. naikelea “agonizing” ✧ QL/065
  • Eq. narka “snappy, ill-tempered” ✧ QL/064
  • Eq. násea “loathsome” ✧ QL/064
  • Eq. niqissea “snowy” ✧ QL/066
  • Eq. nardilea “perfumed” ✧ QL/068
  • Eq. narwa “fragrant” ✧ QL/068
  • Eq. nornea “of oak” ✧ QL/067
  • Eq. nornelassea “having oak-leaves” ✧ QL/067
  • Eq. kaurea “timid”
  • Eq. númea “in the west, western” ✧ QL/068
  • Eq. nyenya “querulous, tearful, plaintive” ✧ QL/069
  • Eq. olórea “dreamy, dreamlike” ✧ QL/069
  • Eq. palassea “foaming (of the sea)” ✧ QL/072
  • Eq. pampil(e)a “tremulous” ✧ QL/072
  • Eq. pirindea “cylindrical” ✧ QL/074
  • Eq. pirúk(end)ea “pirouetting, whirling lightly” ✧ QL/074
  • Eq. pínea “small” ✧ QL/073
  • Eq. poldórea “muscular, powerful” ✧ QL/075
  • Eq. málea “able” ✧ PE15/67
  • Eq. qalúmea “deathly” ✧ QL/076
  • Eq. qentea “verbal” ✧ QL/077
  • Eq. qim(en)ea “womanly, feminine” ✧ QL/077
  • Eq. qirqirinda “murmuring” ✧ QL/078
  • Eq. qalmea “deathly” ✧ QL/076
  • Eq. qámea “sick” ✧ QL/076
  • Eq. qilda “quiet, hushed, still” ✧ QL/078
  • Eq. qilea “coloured, -hued” ✧ QL/077
  • Eq. qínea “squeaking” ✧ QL/077
  • Eq. qinqelea “languorous” ✧ QL/077
  • Eq. werelinda “twirling, pirouetting” ✧ QL/103
  • Eq. mírea “smiling” ✧ QL/061
  • Eq. raustea “of prey” ✧ QL/079
  • Eq. asampe(a) “cavernous”
  • Eq. rua “steady, still, tranquil” ✧ QL/080
  • Eq. saikelea “famished” ✧ QL/082
  • Eq. salamba “twanging, throbbing, resounding, echoing” ✧ QL/081
  • Eq. saminda “silken” ✧ QL/081
  • Eq. silmea “*of the moon” ✧ QL/056
  • Eq. silqeléna “having tresses” ✧ QL/083
  • Eq. silqelossea “with hair like white flowers” ✧ PE16/100
  • Eq. siliq(in)a “flinty” ✧ QL/083
  • Eq. loimea “thirsty” ✧ QL/056
  • Eq. sunqelea “westering, setting” ✧ QL/087
  • Eq. susúlima “full of wind, windy, airy” ✧ QL/086
  • Eq. telerea “elfin” ✧ QL/091
  • Eq. telella “elfin” ✧ QL/091
  • Eq. telúmea “final, conclusive, end; last; extreme” ✧ QL/091
  • Eq. telpea “silvern” ✧ QL/091
  • Eq. telusta “outer, extreme, ultimate” ✧ QL/091
  • Eq. tendilea “feeling; sentimental” ✧ QL/091
  • Eq. tilwínea “shining” ✧ QL/092
  • Eq. timpina “fine, powdered, sprayed” ✧ QL/092
  • Eq. timpínea “made of spray, full of fine showers, showery (of weather)” ✧ QL/092
  • Eq. tiqilindea “thawing, slushy” ✧ QL/092
  • Eq. tólea “central, middle” ✧ QL/094
  • Eq. túrea “mighty” ✧ QL/095
  • Eq. turinda “royal, of the ruling dynasty; in power” ✧ QL/096
  • Eq. turinqia “royal, Queenly” ✧ QL/096 (turinqia)
  • Eq. ulwea “alder-grown” ✧ QL/097
  • Eq. valdea “of moment, important” ✧ QL/102
  • Eq. valkea “cutting, sharp” ✧ QL/101
  • Eq. vanest(e)a “beautious” ✧ QL/099
  • Eq. vea “similar, like” ✧ QL/101
  • Eq. waliemba “tropical” ✧ QL/103
  • Eq. wilwarinda “butterflylike”
  • Eq. yarendila “like a sailor” ✧ QL/105
Early Quenya [PE14/047; PE14/051; PE14/079; PE15/67; PE15/73; PE16/100; QL/030; QL/033; QL/034; QL/035; QL/037; QL/039; QL/042; QL/043; QL/047; QL/048; QL/049; QL/051; QL/052; QL/053; QL/054; QL/055; QL/056; QL/057; QL/058; QL/060; QL/061; QL/063; QL/064; QL/065; QL/066; QL/067; QL/068; QL/069; QL/070; QL/072; QL/073; QL/074; QL/075; QL/076; QL/077; QL/078; QL/079; QL/080; QL/081; QL/082; QL/083; QL/086; QL/087; QL/088; QL/090; QL/091; QL/092; QL/094; QL/095; QL/096; QL/097; QL/099; QL/101; QL/102; QL/103; QL/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angoronti

place name. Mountains of Iron

Qenya name for the Iron Mountains from the Qenya Lexicon and Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa from the 1910s (QL/31, PME/31), a compound of anga “iron” and some variant of oro “hill”, possibly an earlier form of ᴹQ. oron “mountain”. The Quenya form of this name did not appear in Tolkien’s later writings. Based on Angoron(ti), the singular form might be Angoron.

Variations

  • Angaron(ti) ✧ LT1A/Angamandi
  • ANGORON(TI) ✧ QL/031

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
anga“iron”
oro“hill”
Early Quenya [LT1A/Angamandi; PME/031; QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ngwe

suffix. *together

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alqalunte

proper name. Swanship

The swan ships from Kópas Alqalunte(n) (LT1/164), a compound of alqa “swan” and lunte “ship”.

Variations

  • Alqaluntë ✧ LT1A/Alqaluntë

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Alqaluntengenitive-✧ LT1A/Alqaluntë
Early Quenya [LT1A/Alqaluntë; LT2A/Cópas Alqalunten] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apaitya-

verb. to conquer

Variations

  • apaitya ✧ QL/034

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PAẎA “requite, punish, take vengeance on, conquer, subdue” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√paẏa > apaitya[apaðʲkja-] > [apajkja-] > [apaikja-] > [apaitja-]✧ QL/034
ᴱ√paẏa > apaiksine[apajkjne-] > [apaiksine-]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
apaiksinepast-✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taimósi

proper name. Taimósi

Variations

  • Taimōsi ✧ PE14/022 (Taimōsi)

Changes

  • TaimōsiSūlisan ✧ PE14/022

Elements

WordGloss
taime“sky”
Early Quenya [PE14/022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ank

noun. loop, handle, ring

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ᵁNQᵁN > ank[ṇ̄kʷ] > [aŋkʷ] > [aŋk]✧ QL/031
ᴱ√(U)ṆQ(U)Ṇ¹ > ank[ṇ̄kʷ] > [aŋkʷ] > [aŋk]✧ QL/098

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
anq-stem-✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [QL/031; QL/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ána

noun. crown of head, top

Variations

  • āna ✧ GL/62

Cognates

  • G. ôn “crown of head, top” ✧ GL/62
Early Quenya [GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ais

noun. good name

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > ais[ajstǝ] > [ajst] > [ajs] > [ais]✧ QL/034

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aist-stem-✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aka-

prefix. intensive

Variations

  • aka ✧ PE15/78
Early Quenya [PE14/081; PE15/78] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aksan(da)

place name. Aksan(da)

Qenya equivalent of G. Asgon appearing as Aksanda in the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s (GL/20) and as Aksan in other early name lists (PE13/101; PE15/20). It is probably derived from aksa “waterfall” according to Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Asgon).

Variations

  • Aksanda ✧ GL/20; LT1A/Asgon
  • Aksan ✧ LT2A/Asgon; PE13/101; PE15/20
  • Eakson ✧ PE13/101 (Eakson)

Changes

  • EaksonAksan ✧ PE13/101

Cognates

  • G. Asgon ✧ GL/20; LT1A/Asgon; LT2A/Asgon; PE15/20; PE13/101

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
akson-stem-✧ PE13/101
Early Quenya [GL/20; LT1A/Asgon; LT2A/Asgon; PE13/101; PE15/20] Group: Eldamo. Published by

am(u)-

prefix. up(wards)

Variations

  • am(u) ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth
  • am- ✧ PE16/075; QL/030
  • amu- ✧ QL/030

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AM(U) “up(wards)” ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth; QL/030

Cognates

  • G. am “up, upwards, towards head of, above” ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth

Element in

  • Eq. Ambalar “the East” ✧ PE16/075
  • Eq. ankasse(a) “lofty, tall, (lit.) up-headed, high-headed” ✧ QL/030

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AM(U) > am-[am-]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [LT2A/Amon Gwareth; PE16/075; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amu

adverb. up(wards)

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AM(U) “up(wards)” ✧ QL/030

Cognates

  • G. am “up, upwards, towards head of, above”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AM(U) > amu[amū] > [amu]✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angaitya-

verb. to torment

Variations

  • angaitya ✧ LT1A/Angaino; QL/081

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ŊAHYA “hurt, grieve” ✧ QL/034; QL/081

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√NAẎA > angaitya-[aŋaðʲtʲa-] > [aŋajtʲa-] > [aŋaitʲa-] > [aŋgaitʲa-]✧ QL/034
ᴱ√NAẎA > angaitya[aŋaðʲtʲa-] > [aŋajtʲa-] > [aŋaitʲa-] > [aŋgaitʲa-]✧ QL/081

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
angaisinepast-✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [LT1A/Angaino; QL/034; QL/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

poldórea

masculine name. Poldórea

Variations

  • Poldórëa ✧ LT1/079; LT1A/Poldórëa; LT1I/Poldórëa
  • Poldōrea ✧ PE14/012; QL/095

Changes

  • PoldórëaAstaldo ✧ LT1/080

Cognates

  • G. Polodweg “Tulcus” ✧ GL/18; LT1A/Poldórëa; PE14/012

Elements

WordGloss
poldórea“muscular, powerful”
Early Quenya [GL/18; LT1/079; LT1A/Poldórëa; LT1I/Poldórëa; PE14/012; QL/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kama-

verb. to lie down; (c. loc.) to endure, suffer

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAMA “lie down” ✧ QL/044

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KAMA > kama-[kama-]✧ QL/044
Early Quenya [QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aute

noun. goods, property, wealth, money

Variations

  • autë ✧ LT2A/Ausir
  • aute ✧ QL/033

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AW̯A “*wealth” ✧ LT2A/Ausir; QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AW̯A > autē- > aute[awtē] > [awte] > [aute]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [LT2A/Ausir; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar tanda kirya lúte

ar tanda kirya lúte

Variations

  • ar tanda {kiryaiko >>} kirya {lunte >>} lūte ✧ PE16/060
Early Quenya [PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

andon

noun. door, gate

Variations

  • ando ✧ PE13/160

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. ann “door” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/160

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶andond- > andon[andond] > [andon]✧ PE13/137

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
andondiplural-✧ PE13/137; PE13/160
andoliplural-✧ PE13/137; PE13/160
Early Quenya [PE13/137; PE13/160] Group: Eldamo. Published by

akairis

noun. bride, wife

A word in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “bride” or “wife” based on the early root ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell” (QL/30, 46), also mentioned in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa with the gloss “wife, bride” (PME/30). Tolkien said it was used as a name of ᴱQ. Erinti (QL/36; PME/30).

Variations

  • Akairis ✧ PME/030

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell” ✧ QL/046

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KAYA > akairis[akajristǝ] > [akajrist] > [akajris] > [akairis]✧ QL/046

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
akairist-stem-✧ QL/030; QL/046
akairis-stem-✧ QL/046
Early Quenya [PME/030; QL/030; QL/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

i

pronoun. *those, whom

Variations

  • i ✧ PE15/32; PE15/32

Element in

Early Quenya [PE15/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ma

adverb. *interrogative particle

Variations

  • ma ✧ PE16/077

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MA “root of indef[inite]”

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alda

noun. tree, branch

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALA “spread‽” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029

Cognates

  • G. âl “wood (material)” ✧ GL/19
  • G. alwen “tree” ✧ LT2A/Galdor
  • En. alt “bough, branch” ✧ PE13/159

Element in

  • Eq. Aldar
  • Eq. Aldaron “King of Forests” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron
  • Eq. aldea “tree-shadowed” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029
  • Eq. aldeon “avenue (of trees)” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029
  • Eq. paltyalda “palm tree” ✧ PME/074
  • Eq. san sirilla ter i·aldar “*at that time following through the trees” ✧ VT40/08
  • Eq. aldare “wood”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ALA² > alda[aldā] > [alda]✧ QL/029

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
i aldasdefinite plural“the trees”✧ LT1/085
aldarplural-✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [GL/19; LT1/085; LT1A/Aldaron; LT2A/Galdor; PE13/159; PE16/139; PME/029; PME/074; QL/029; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar tanda kiryaiko lúte

ar tanda kiryaiko lúte

Variations

  • ar tanda kiryaiko lunte ✧ PE16/056
  • ar tanda kiryaiko {lunte >> lunse >> si linqe >>} lunte ✧ PE16/057
  • ar tanda kiryaiko {lunte >>} lūte ✧ PE16/060
Early Quenya [PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hosta

noun. walled tower

Variations

  • hosta ✧ PME/071

Derivations

  • ᴱ√HOSO “*gather”
Early Quenya [PME/071] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kala

noun. light, daytime (sunlight), 12 hours

Variations

  • kala ✧ GL/37; GL/39 (kala); QL/044

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶kalā ✧ GL/39
    • ᴱ√KALA “shine golden”
  • ᴱ√KALA “shine golden” ✧ QL/044

Cognates

  • G. gal(a) “daylight, light” ✧ GL/37
  • G. glâ “day, daytime” ✧ GL/39

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶kalā > kala[kalā] > [kala]✧ GL/39
ᴱ√KALA > kala[galā] > [gala] > [kala]✧ QL/044

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
kal’elided“light”✧ LT1/184
Early Quenya [GL/37; GL/39; LT1/184; QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambar

noun. breast, bosom

Variations

  • ambar ✧ MC/213; PME/030; QL/030; QL/048 (ambar)

Cognates

  • G. am “breast, front (chest)”

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ambas-stem-✧ PME/030; QL/030
ambar-stem-✧ QL/030
Early Quenya [MC/213; PME/030; QL/030; QL/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ai

interjection. o!, ha!

@@@ appears as ail in later printings vs. early printing ai!

Variations

  • Ai ✧ VT40/08; VT40/08

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Cognates

  • G. ai “oh!”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > ai[aja] > [ajǝ] > [aj] > [ai]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amba

adverb. up

Cognates

  • En. am “up” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/159

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
amba-prefix-✧ PE13/159
ambardative“morning”✧ PE16/062
Early Quenya [PE13/137; PE13/159; PE16/062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an

noun. gift

Variations

  • āno ✧ GL/62

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ANA “give, send towards” ✧ QL/031

Cognates

  • G. ôn “gift” ✧ GL/62

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ANA > an[and] > [an]✧ QL/031

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
and-stem-✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [GL/62; QL/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. child

Variations

  • arne ✧ PE13/160
  • ar ✧ PE16/135; QL/032

Cognates

  • En. arn “child, child, [G.] son” ✧ PE13/160

Element in

  • Eq. aris “daughter, maid” ✧ QL/032
  • Eq. kalmar “child of light”
  • Eq. Lómear “Child of Gloom”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
arn-stem-✧ PE16/135; PME/032; QL/032
Early Quenya [PE13/160; PE16/135; PME/032; QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

as

noun. bone

Cognates

  • G. asg “bone; stone of fruit”

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
assarilocative plural“on bones”✧ MC/214
ass-stem-✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [MC/214; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mi

preposition. *in

Derivations

  • ᴱ√IMI “in, into”

Element in

Early Quenya [QL/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

preposition. for

Element in

  • Eq. na voru “for always” ✧ PE15/69 (na voru)
Early Quenya [PE15/69] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ára

noun. dry sand, grit

A noun given as {āra >>} àra in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “dry sand, grit” given as a derivative of ᴱ√ARA “be dry” (QL/32), also mentioned as āra in contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon along side its Gnomish cognate G. ôr of similar meaning (GL/62). It is not clear what (if any) significance the grave accent à has.

Variations

  • āra ✧ GL/62; QL/032 (āra)
  • àra ✧ QL/032

Changes

  • āraàra ✧ QL/032

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ARA “(be) dry” ✧ QL/032

Cognates

  • G. ôr “dry sand” ✧ GL/62

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ARA > àra[ārā] > [āra]✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [GL/62; QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkara

adjective. brilliant, bright, shining

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
alkarainplural“shining”✧ MC/221; PE16/074; PE16/077
alkarasselocative-✧ PE16/062; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/072
-alkarisselocative-✧ PE16/067
-alkarasselocative-✧ PE16/076
-alkaraisenlocative plural-✧ PE16/076; PE16/080
Early Quenya [MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/067; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/076; PE16/077; PE16/080; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambapenda

adjective. uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome

Cognates

  • En. amvenn “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome” ✧ PE13/159
Early Quenya [PE13/159] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oilima markirya (intermediate version)

Oilima Markirya (Intermediate Version)

This is the seventh draft of the Oilima Markirya poem (OM1g). As noted in the entry for that poem, this draft seems to be a bridge between the first version of the poem and the version presented with Tolkien’s “A Secret Vice” essay. It is sufficiently different from the other versions that I am discussing it in its own entry.

The Qenya text presented here is from PE16/77, but most of the couplets have been combined to produce more complete phrases. The original poem used an unusual, Finnish-like orthography for the Qenya; I've normalized back to more ordinary Qenya spelling (the originals appear in the discussion of the individual phrases). The translations are my own, which I cherry-picked from the various English translations of the poem based on what seems to fit best. My analysis largely follows that of the editors of the Early Qenya Poetry article: Gilson, Welden, and Hostetter (PE16/77-80).

Elements

WordGloss
máno kiluvando ninqe lutya kirya wilwarindon“*who shall see a white ship sailing like a butterfly”
laivarisse lúnelinqe talalínen tinwelindon?“*in the blue-flowing sea with sails like stars?”
vean san falastuváre alkalótefalmarínen“*the sea then will surge with waves like shining blossoms”
ar i·kiryo kaluváre talain kulukalmalínen“*and the sails of the ship will shine with golden lights”
ar i·súru laustuváro lintataurelasselindon“*and the wind will roar like many forest leaves”
ondoin mórin ninkuváron, núni silmerána tindon“*the dark rocks will shine white, shining under the gleaming-moon”
kaivon nyúken i·sapsanta silmerána númetár“*the gleaming-moon goes down like a corpse into the grave”
hísimandulómi anta móri rauqi n·Ambalár“*the black mist-clouds of hell come rushing from the East”
taitelúmen san tollanta ranka naiko lunganár“*the firmament then leans sickly on broken hill[s]”
ma kaire laiqen ondolissen kirya maita?“*does a ship lie maimed on green rocks?”
karnevaite úri kilivande hísen nie nie nienaite“*red-skied the sun will gaze through a haze of tears”
ailinissen oilimaisen“*on the last shores”
ala hui oilimaite“*before the last night”
ala hui oilimaite“*before the last night”
alkarissen oilimain“*in the last rays of light”
ala hui oilimaite“*before the last night”
ailinissen alkarain“*upon the shining shore”

ala

noun. wing

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALA “spread‽”

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
alaineninstrumental plural“upon wings”✧ PE16/062
äläineninstrumental plural-✧ PE16/072
-álaineninstrumental plural-✧ PE16/076
Early Quenya [PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/076] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aldaron

masculine name. King of Forests

Variations

  • Aldar-on ✧ PE13/110

Cognates

  • G. Aldor ✧ GL/19; PE13/110; GL/18; LT1A/Aldaron; PE14/012
  • G. Galdor ✧ PE13/104

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/18; GL/19; LT1/066; LT1A/Aldaron; LT1I/Aldaron; PE13/104; PE13/110; PE14/012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aru

adverb. in addition, as well, besides

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ƷARA “spread, extend sideways; wide places” ✧ QL/032
Early Quenya [QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ion

noun. son

In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, ᴱQ. Ion was the “mystic name of God, 2nd Person of Blessed Trinity”, that is the “Son” in the “Father, Son, Holy Ghost” trinity (QL/43). In that document yon or yond- was given in a couple of places as (archaic?) words for “son” (QL/43, 106). In Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s, Tolkien gave ion as the equivalent of ᴱN. “son”, along with a plural form yondi (PE13/113). However, in the English-Qenya Dictionary Tolkien said yondi was an irregular plural form of ᴱQ. yondo “son” (PE15/77), and this is the form he typically used in later writings.

Derivations

Cognates

  • En. “son” ✧ PE13/144

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
yondiplural-✧ PE13/144
Early Quenya [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yain tavárin lilyen marden

yain tavárin lilyen marden

Variations

  • yain tavárin lilyen {mardon >>} marden ✧ PE16/080
Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hya-

prefix. *her; 3rd sg. fem. possessive

Variations

  • hya· ✧ PE14/054
Early Quenya [PE14/054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a-

prefix. *intensive prefix

Variations

  • a- ✧ QL/030

Element in

  • Eq. atempa “(strong) dislike” ✧ QL/030
  • Eq. avealta- “to resemble closely”
  • Eq. avíka “very much alike”
Early Quenya [QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aiko

noun. cliff

A noun appearing as ᴱQ. aiko (aiku-) “cliff” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, apparently a noun variant of ᴱQ. aiqa “steep” appearing nearby (QL/29). Since ᴹQ. aiqa “steep” continued to appear in Tolkien’s later writings (Ety/AYAK), perhaps this word can be salvaged for Neo-Quenya writing as ᴺQ. aico (aicu-).

Derivations

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aiku-stem-✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

akka

adverb. too

Variations

  • akka- ✧ GL/17

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AKA “*intensive, excessive” ✧ GL/17

Cognates

  • G. ach “too, *excessively” ✧ GL/17; PE13/108

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/17; PE13/108] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala-

verb. ?to grow

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALA “spread‽”

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
alildonpresent 3rd-sg-masc-✧ PE16/080
Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alma

noun. face

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ALA “gaze‽” ✧ QL/029

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ALA¹ > alma[almā] > [alma]✧ QL/029
Early Quenya [PME/029; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alva

adjective. ?lofty

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶alwa “*lofty”
    • ᴱ√ALA “spread‽”

Cognates

  • G. alw(eg) “lofty (of living things, trees, men)”
Early Quenya [PE12/024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amun

noun. hill

Variations

  • amun(d) ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AM(U) “up(wards)” ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth; QL/030

Cognates

  • G. amon “hill, mount, steep slope” ✧ LT2A/Amon Gwareth

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AM(U) > amun[amund] > [amun]✧ QL/030

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
†amund-stem“hill”✧ PME/030; QL/030
Early Quenya [LT2A/Amon Gwareth; PME/030; QL/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anto

noun. jaw

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MATA “eat” ✧ QL/031

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MATA > anto[ṃtu] > [ṇtu] > [ṇto] > [anto]✧ QL/031

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
antŭ-stem-✧ QL/031
Early Quenya [PME/031; QL/031; QL/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aute

adjective. rich

Variations

  • autë ✧ LT2A/Ausir
  • aute ✧ QL/033

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AW̯A “*wealth” ✧ LT2A/Ausir; QL/033

Cognates

  • G. ausin “rich; fortune” ✧ LT2A/Ausir

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AW̯A > aute[awti] > [awte] > [aute]✧ QL/033
ᴱ√AW̯A > ausi[awti-] > [auti-] > [autsi-] > [ausi-]✧ QL/033

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ausistem-✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [LT2A/Ausir; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. jaw

Cognates

  • G. gag “jaw” ✧ GL/37
Early Quenya [GL/37] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pondo

noun. gate

Derivations

  • ᴱ√BOÐO “*gate, door” ✧ QL/075

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√BOÐO > pondo[bonðō] > [bonðo] > [bondo] > [pondo]✧ QL/075
Early Quenya [QL/075] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ranta

noun. part

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
rantaliplural“parts”✧ PE14/117
Early Quenya [PE14/117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

áye

interjection. hail

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA “honour, revere” ✧ QL/034

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AY̯A > áye[ajē] > [aje] > [aie] > [aije] > [āje]✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [LT1A/Ainur; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kildo kirya noiko

kildo kirya noiko

Variations

  • kildo kirya {naika >>} noiko ✧ PE16/060
Early Quenya [PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aldar

collective name. Aldar

Name for the people of Galdor in an early name list (PE13/104). It seems to be simply the plural of alda “tree”.

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
alda“tree, branch”
Early Quenya [PE13/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alkar

noun. glory

Variations

  • alkar ✧ GL/39

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. aglar “glory” ✧ GL/39
Early Quenya [GL/39] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amnor

place name. Amnor

A strand (beach) in Valinor in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/176). This name as first given as Morniento, revised to Emnon then Amnos (LT1/167, 170) and finally Amnor (LT1/197). The meaning of this name is unclear.

Variations

  • Amnos ✧ LT1/170; LT1/197 (Amnos); LT1I/Amnor (Amnos); LT1I/Amnos
  • Emnon ✧ LT1/170 (Emnon); LT1/197 (Emnon); LT1I/Amnos (Emnon)

Changes

  • EmnonAmnos ✧ LT1/170
  • AmnosAmnor ✧ LT1/197
  • EmnonAmnos ✧ LT1/197
  • AmnosAmnor ✧ LT1I/Amnor
  • EmnonAmnos ✧ LT1I/Amnos
Early Quenya [LT1/170; LT1/197; LT1I/Amnor; LT1I/Amnos] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auvar

masculine name. Wealth

A Qenya name for G. Ausir in the Qenya Lexicon from the 1910s (QL/33), also appearing as Autar and replacing rejected Avar/Avas.

Variations

  • Autar/Auvar ✧ QL/033
  • Avar/Avas ✧ QL/033 (Avar/Avas)

Changes

  • Avar/AvasAutar/Auvar “wealth” ✧ QL/033

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AW̯A “*wealth” ✧ QL/033

Cognates

  • G. Ausir “Wealth (Personified)”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-Avas-/Avast-stem-✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon

noun. heart

Variations

  • londa ✧ PE13/149; PE13/162
  • hondo ✧ PE13/162 (hondo); QL/040
  • honde ✧ PE16/137
  • hon ✧ QL/040

Changes

  • hondolonda “heart” ✧ PE13/162

Derivations

  • ᴱ√HONO “*heart” ✧ QL/040

Cognates

  • En. lhonn “heart” ✧ PE13/149; PE13/162
  • G. honn “heart”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√HONO > hon[xondo] > [xondǝ] > [xond] > [hond] > [hon]✧ QL/040

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
hondorplural“*hearts”✧ PE15/32
hond-stem-✧ QL/040
Early Quenya [PE13/149; PE13/162; PE15/32; PE16/137; QL/040] Group: Eldamo. Published by

il(l)aika

adjective. blunt

Variations

  • ilaika ✧ QL/041
  • illaika ✧ QL/041
Early Quenya [QL/041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aiwala

masculine name. Aiwala

An (Early) Qenya equivalent to Eöl in an early name list along with a number of variants (PE13/104). In some other early notes, it appeared as Arval (LT2I/Arval). Its etymology is unclear.

Variations

  • Arval ✧ LT2I/Arval
  • Aiwi ✧ PE13/104
  • Aival ✧ PE13/104

Cognates

  • Un. Eöl ✧ LT2I/Arval
Early Quenya [LT2I/Arval; PE13/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alfando

masculine name. Alfando

Qenya cognate of G. Flandrog (a name of Melko) in an early name list (PE15/21). It likely has the same mean (“scornful”) but its etymology is unclear, since the associated Gnomish words have no attested Qenya cognates.

Cognates

Early Quenya [PE15/21] Group: Eldamo. Published by

attawhi

noun. parents

An archaic dvanda dual form in the Early Qenya Grammar of the 1920s referring to both parents based on older atta(h)-, replaced by the dual atarqi of ᴱQ. atar in normal speech (PE14/77). As a dvanda dual, it was based on the word for “father”, with “mother” being implied. It also appeared in an (archaic?) plural form attahi in the English-Qenya Dictionary, but presumably this only meant “fathers” (PE15/72).

Elements

WordGloss
atta“father (child’s word)”
Early Quenya [PE14/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

at-

prefix. bi-, twi-

Variations

  • atta ✧ GL/17
  • att- ✧ QL/033
  • atta- ✧ QL/033

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ATA “dual” ✧ QL/033

Cognates

  • G. a(d) “into” ✧ GL/17

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ATA > att-[att-]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [GL/17; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

earendel (poem)

Earendel (Poem)

Elements

WordGloss
san ninqeruvisse lútier“then upon a white horse sailed”
kiryasse Earendil or vea“Earendel, upon a ship upon the sea”
ar laiqali linqi falmari“and the green wet waves”
langon veakiryo kírier“the throat of the sea-ship clove”
wingildin o silqelosseën“the foam-maidens with blossom-white hair”
alkantaniéren úrio kalmainen“made it shine in the lights of the sun”
i lunte linganer“the boat hummed like a harp-string”
tyulmin talalínen aiqalin kautáron“the tall masts bent with the sails”
i súru laustaner“the wind lausted (made a windy noise)”

falma fundunár

falma fundunár

Variations

  • {falmain >>} falma {fundanyuváron >> funduváren >>} funduváre ✧ PE16/057
  • falma {fundunáre >>} fundunár ✧ PE16/060
Early Quenya [PE16/057; PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a

pronoun. it

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambo

noun. hill

Cognates

  • En. amon “hill” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/159
Early Quenya [PE13/137; PE13/159] Group: Eldamo. Published by

macilquilta

noun. swordbelt

Elements

WordGloss
macil“sword, forged sword blade, cutting sword, sword, forged sword blade, cutting sword, [ᴱQ.] broadsword”
quilta“belt, girdle”
Early Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan adaptations. Published by

(a)kainu-

verb. to wed

A verb for “to wed” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variants kainu- and akainu- under the early root ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell”, so perhaps originally meaning “*to come to lie together”, but Tolkien marked the entire entry with a “?” (QL/46).

Variations

  • kainu- ✧ QL/046 (kainu-)
  • akainu- ✧ QL/046 (akainu-)

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KAYA “lie, rest; dwell” ✧ QL/046

Element in

Early Quenya [QL/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au

preposition. away from

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AVA “go away, depart, leave” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AVA > au[aβ] > [au]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by