Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

mahta-

verb. to handle, wield; to deal with, treat; to stroke, feel; to wield a weapon, fight

Changes

  • mahta-mahta- “slay with sword” ✧ EtyAC/MAK

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mahtā- “to handle, stroke, feel; to deal with, wield, treat” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; PE19/048
    • ᴹ✶maʒtā- “to handle, stroke, feel” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹ√MAƷ “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; Ety/MAK; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • ᴹ√MAƷ “hand” ✧ PE19/048
  • ᴹ✶maktā- “to fight” ✧ Ety/MAK
    • ᴹ√MAK “sword; fight (with a sword), cleave” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; Ety/MAK
  • ᴹ√MAK “sword; fight (with a sword), cleave” ✧ EtyAC/MAK; EtyAC/MAK; EtyAC/MAK

Cognates

  • On. mattha- “to stroke, feel, handle” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
  • N. matha- “to stroke, feel, handle” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
  • N. maetha- “to fight” ✧ Ety/MAK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mahtā́ > mahta-[maɣta-] > [maxta-]✧ Ety/MAƷ
ᴹ✶maktā- > mahta-[makta-] > [maxta-]✧ Ety/MAK
ᴹ✶mahtā > mahta-[maɣta-] > [maxta-]✧ PE19/048
Qenya [Ety/MAƷ; Ety/MAK; EtyAC/MAK; PE19/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

manka-

verb. to trade

Variations

  • māka- ✧ EtyAC/MBAKH (māka-)
  • mahta- ✧ EtyAC/MBAKH (mahta-)

Changes

  • māka-manka- ✧ Ety/MBAKH
  • mahta-māka- “trade” ✧ EtyAC/MBAKH

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAKH “exchange” ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Cognates

  • N. banga- “to trade, to trade, *sell” ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Element in

  • ᴺQ. aumanca- “to sell, (lit.) trade away”
  • ᴺQ. homanca- “to buy”
  • ᴺQ. mancamen “market, (lit.) trade-place”
  • ᴺQ. mancanómë “market, market-place”
  • ᴹQ. mankale “commerce, commerce, *trade [as an activity]” ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAKH > manka-[mbaŋkʰa-] > [mbaŋxa-] > [maŋxa-] > [maŋka-]✧ Ety/MBAKH
Qenya [Ety/MBAKH; EtyAC/MBAKH] Group: Eldamo. Published by