Primitive elvish

sib

root. rest, quiet

Changes

  • SIBraine “rest, quiet” ✧ VT44/34

Derivatives

  • Q. sívë “peace” ✧ VT44/35
Primitive elvish [VT44/35] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sed

root. rest

This root first appeared as ᴹ√SED “rest” in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like ᴹQ. sére “rest, repose, peace” and N. sîdh “peace”, along with the name of the Valië ᴹQ. Este < ᴹ✶ezdē (Ety/SED). The root √SED “rest” along with the etymology of Este reappeared in both the Outline of Phonetic Development (OP1) from the 1930s (PE19/45) and the Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the early 1950s (PE19/92), and again in revisions to the OP2 page annotated in green-ink and thus probably from 1970 (PE19/91 and note #110).

The root √SED “rest” was mentioned a couple times in the Quenya Verbal System of the 1940s as the basis for the verb ᴹQ. ser- “rest, repose” (PE22/102, 125) and again (unglossed) in the Quendi and Eldar essay of 1959-60 as the basis for Este (WJ/403). In the sense “peace” this root had some competition, however. In the first version of the Gloria in Excelsis Deo prayer from the mid-1960s, Tolkien used Q. sívë for “peace”, revised to Q. sérë in the second version and then Q. rainë (VT44/32). The word Q. sívë “peace” reappeared in unpublished etymological notes from 1969 derived from the root √SIB “rest, quiet” (VT44/35).

Neo-Eldarin: For purpose of Neo-Eldarin, I would use √SED for the act of resting and so Q. sérë “peace” = “restfulness (personal peace)”, and would use √SIB = “quiet, stillness, absence of activity” and so Q. sívë “peace” = “absence of activity or violence (environmental peace)”. I would use Q. rainë as “good will” in connection to √RAY* “smile”.

Derivatives

  • ezdē “rest” ✧ PE19/091; PE19/092; WJ/403
    • Q. Estë “Rest, Repose, Peace” ✧ PE19/091; PE19/092; WJ/403
    • S. Îdh “Estë, (lit.) Rest, Repose, Peace” ✧ PE19/092
    • S. îdh “rest, repose, peace, tranquility” ✧ PE19/091; WJ/403
    • T. Éde “Repose” ✧ PE19/092; WJ/403
  • sedu- “to go to rest”
  • ᴺQ. sérë “peace; [ᴹQ.] rest, repose”
  • Q. sérë “*peace”
  • ᴺQ. sesta- “to set, (lit.) to make rest (on)”
  • ᴺS. sedh- “to rest”
  • S. send “?rest”
  • ᴺS. sesta- “to set, (lit.) to make rest (on)”
Primitive elvish [PE19/091; PE19/092; WJ/403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ezdē

noun. rest

Variations

  • Ezdē ✧ PE19/092 (Ezdē)
  • Ezdē-l ✧ PE21/83

Derivatives

  • Q. Estë “Rest, Repose, Peace” ✧ PE19/091; PE19/092; WJ/403
  • S. Îdh “Estë, (lit.) Rest, Repose, Peace” ✧ PE19/092
  • S. îdh “rest, repose, peace, tranquility” ✧ PE19/091; WJ/403
  • T. Éde “Repose” ✧ PE19/092; WJ/403

Derivations

  • SED “rest” ✧ PE19/091; PE19/092; WJ/403
Primitive elvish [PE19/091; PE19/092; PE21/83; WJ/403] Group: Eldamo. Published by