Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

rap

root. bind

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “bind” but without derivatives (EtyAC/RAP). The element S. raph (“?rope”) in S. Udalraph “Stirrupless” (“?without (U-) foot-rope”) might be related (UT/313).

Variations

  • RAP ✧ EtyAC/RAP

Derivatives

  • ᴺQ. rappa “rope”
  • S. raph “?rope, strap”
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/RAP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

rap

root. climb (as a tree by clinging[?])

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. rampa “[unglossed]” ✧ PE22/127
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/127] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wed

root. bind

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “bind” with derivatives like ᴹQ. vére/N. gwaedh “bond, troth, compact, oath” and ᴹQ. vesta-/N. gwesta- “swear”, though Tolkien deleted Quenya derivatives of this root beginning with ves- saying they fell out of use due to conflict with ᴹ√BES “wed” (Ety/WED). This root might be a later iteration of the hypothetical early root ᴱ√FEDE indicated by words in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s like G. fedhin “bound by agreement; ally, friend” and G. fedhra-* “unite in a band” (GL/34), but the 1910s and 1930s forms are rather dissimilar so it is hard to say.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶wedā “bond” ✧ Ety/WED
    • Ilk. gwedh “bond” ✧ Ety/WED
    • On. weda “bond” ✧ Ety/WED
    • N. gwedh “bond” ✧ Ety/WED
  • ᴹ✶wǣdē “bond, troth, compact, oath” ✧ Ety/WED
    • ᴹQ. vére “bond, troth, compact, oath” ✧ Ety/WED
    • On. waide “bond, troth, compact, oath” ✧ Ety/WED
    • N. gwaedh “bond, troth, compact, oath” ✧ Ety/WED
  • ᴹ✶wedtā “contract” ✧ Ety/WED
    • ᴹQ. vesta “contract” ✧ Ety/WED
    • ᴹQ. vesta- “to swear (to do something), contract, make a compact” ✧ Ety/WED
    • N. gwest “oath” ✧ Ety/WED
    • N. gwesta- “to swear” ✧ Ety/WED
  • ᴺQ. angwenda “chain”
  • N. gwedh- “to bind” ✧ Ety/WED
  • N. gwend “bond, friendship” ✧ Ety/WEN

Element in

  • ᴹQ. ovesta “contract, compact, treaty” ✧ Ety/WŌ
  • N. gowest “contract, compact, treaty” ✧ Ety/WŌ
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/WED; Ety/WEN; Ety/WŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by