Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

kab

root. hollow

Variations

  • KAB ✧ Ety/KAB; Ety/KHYAR; Ety/KWAT; Ety/LUS; Ety/MAƷ; Ety/PHOR; EtyAC/KAB (KAB); EtyAC/MAƷ

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶kambā
    • On. kamba “hand” ✧ PE21/59; PE21/59
    • N. cam “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ
  • ᴹQ. kambe “hollow (of hand)” ✧ Ety/KAB; EtyAC/KAB
  • ᴹQ. kapsa “case, vessel, case, vessel, *container”
  • N. cam “hand” ✧ Ety/KAB; EtyAC/KAB
  • On. kamba “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/MAƷ
    • N. cam “hand” ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Element in

  • N. Cambant “Full Hand” ✧ Ety/KWAT
  • N. Camlost “Empty-hand(ed)” ✧ Ety/LUS
  • N. forgam “righthanded” ✧ Ety/PHOR
  • N. hargam “left-handed” ✧ Ety/KHYAR
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KAB; Ety/KHYAR; Ety/KWAT; Ety/LUS; Ety/MAƷ; Ety/PHOR; EtyAC/KAB; EtyAC/MAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kab

root. to be able, capable

A root appearing as both √KAV and √KAB in verbal notes from the 1940s with glosses like “be able” and “capable” (PE22/105, 127). In this sense it was probably replaced by √POL in Tolkien’s later writing (PE17/181). It relationship to √KAB which was “hold, contain, retain” is unclear.

Variations

  • KAV- ✧ PE22/105
  • KAB ✧ PE22/127

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶kab- “can, I can”
    • ᴹQ. kav- “to be able”
  • ᴹQ. kav- “to be able” ✧ PE22/105; PE22/127
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/105; PE22/127] Group: Eldamo. Published by