Noldorin 

bâd

noun. beaten track, pathway, beaten track, pathway, [ᴱN.] way, [G.] path

Variations

  • bád ✧ Ety/BAT

Derivations

  • On. bata “beaten track, pathway” ✧ Ety/BAT
    • ᴹ✶batā̆ “beaten track, pathway” ✧ Ety/BAT
    • ᴹ√BAT “tread” ✧ Ety/BAT

Cognates

  • ᴺQ. vata “beaten track, pathway”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. bata > bád[bata] > [bat] > [bad] > [bād]✧ Ety/BAT
Noldorin [Ety/BAT; EtyAC/BAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anw

noun/adjective. male (person or animal)

A word appearing as N. anw in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from ON. anu under the root ᴹ√ƷAN “male”, where its positioning makes it appear as if it was a cognate of ᴹQ. hanu “a male (man or animal)” (Ety/ƷAN). In the original version of this entry, it was simply glossed “male”, and was initially given as (deleted) {ganw} (EtyAC/ƷAN).

Conceptual Development: Precursors to this word include G. an “person” and G. anos “man” from the Gnomish Lexicon (GL/19).

Neo-Sindarin: Most Neo-Sindarin writers adapt this word as ᴺS. anu to better fit Sindarin’s phonology. In HSD (HSD), Didier Willis suggested (as originally proposed by David Salo) that this word is most likely an adjective, the cognate of adjective ᴹQ. hanwa “male” rather than the noun ᴹQ. hanu “a male (man or animal)”. This is because it is generally believed that final -u (as in ✶ʒanu) vanishes in Noldorin/Sindarin, while the final -wa (as in ✶ʒanwa) would have developed into -u (Noldorin -w). However, I think the evidence of the loss of final -u in Noldorin is ambiguous and in fact N. anw might be a counterexample, especially since the Old Noldorin form was anu; see the entry on how [[s|final [i], [u] generally vanished]] for further discussion.

In any case, I think anu “male” can be used as a both a noun and an adjective for purposes of Neo-Sindarin.

Variations

  • ganw ✧ EtyAC/ƷAN (ganw)

Changes

  • ganwanw ✧ EtyAC/ƷAN

Derivations

  • On. anu “a male (person or animal)” ✧ Ety/ƷAN
    • ᴹ√ƷAN “male” ✧ Ety/ƷAN
  • ᴹ√ƷAN “male” ✧ Ety/INI; Ety/ƷAN

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. hanu “male, man (of Men or Elves), male animal” ✧ Ety/ƷAN; EtyAC/ƷAN
  • ᴹQ. hanwa “male” ✧ Ety/INI

Element in

  • ᴺS. anwas “manhood, *manliness, masculinity”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. anu > anw[anu]✧ Ety/ƷAN
Noldorin [Ety/ƷAN; Ety/INI; EtyAC/ƷAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ada

noun. father (hypocoristic), father (hypocoristic), [G.] daddy

A hypocoristic (affectionate) word for “father” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, hence roughly equivalent to English “daddy”, derived from the root ᴹ√ATA “father” (Ety/ATA).

Conceptual Development: A similar set of affection words appeared the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s: G. ada or nada, adi or nadi (GL/17, 59).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ATA “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. atto “father (hypocoristic)” ✧ Ety/ATA
Noldorin [Ety/ATA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angband

place name. Iron Prison, Hells of Iron

Variations

  • Ang(a)band ✧ EtyAC/MBAD (Ang(a)band)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Angamanda “Iron Prison, Hells of Iron” ✧ Ety/MBAD; EtyAC/ANGĀ; EtyAC/BAD²; LRI/Angband
  • Eq. Angamandi “Hells of Iron” ✧ SMI/Angamandi

Elements

WordGloss
ang“iron”
bann“duress, prison”
Noldorin [Ety/MBAD; EtyAC/ANGĀ; EtyAC/BAD²; EtyAC/MBAD; LR/259; LRI/Angband; PE22/034; PE22/041; RS/182; RSI/Angband; SDI1/Angband; SMI/Angamandi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

annon

noun. great gate, door

Variations

  • Annon ✧ RS/451

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AD “entrance, gate” ✧ Ety/AD

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. andon “great gate, great gate, [ᴱQ.] door, gate” ✧ Ety/AD

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AD > annon[andondo] > [andond] > [andonn] > [annonn] > [annon]✧ Ety/AD
ᴹ√AD > ennyn[andondi] > [andundi] > [endyndi] > [endynd] > [endynn] > [ennynn] > [ennyn]✧ Ety/AD

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ennynplural-✧ Ety/AD
Ennynplural“doors”✧ TI/182; WR/113
Noldorin [Ety/AD; RS/451; TAI/150; TI/182; WR/113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calenhir

place name. *Green River

A river in the early maps of Gondor (TI/312, WR/436), removed by the time The Lord of the Rings was published. It is a compound of calen “green” and -hir, the lenited form of sîr “river”.

Elements

WordGloss
calen“green, (orig.) bright-coloured”
sîr“river”
Noldorin [TI/312; TII/Calenhir; WR/436; WRI/Calenhir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dor-tathrin

place name. Dor-tathrin

Variations

  • Dor Tathrin ✧ SMI/Nan Tathrin
Noldorin [SMI/Nan Tathrin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

asgar

adjective. violent, rushing, impetuous

@@@ ascar may be alternate form

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶askarā “tearing, hastening” ✧ Ety/SKAR
    • ᴹ√SKAR “tear, rend” ✧ Ety/SKAR

Cognates

  • Ilk. ascar “violent, rushing, impetuous” ✧ Ety/SKAR

Element in

  • S. Ascar “rushing, impetuous”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶askarā > ascar > asgar[askarā] > [askara] > [askar] > [asgar]✧ Ety/SKAR
Noldorin [Ety/SKAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aur

noun. day, morning

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AR “day” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ára “dawn, day” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AR¹ > aur[āra] > [ǭra] > [oura] > [aura] > [aur]✧ Ety/AR¹
Noldorin [Ety/AR¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sern aranath

place name. King Stones

Earlier name for the Argonath appearing in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/366), a combination of the plural of sarn “stone” and the class-plural of aran “king”. It also appeared with the ordinary plural Sern Erain, and the singular form Sarn Aran (WR/98).

Variations

  • Sern Erain ✧ WR/098; WRI/Sarn Aran
  • Sarn Aran ✧ WR/098; WRI/Sarn Aran

Changes

  • Sern AranathArgonath ✧ TI/366
  • Sern ErainSarn Aran “King Stones” ✧ WR/098

Elements

WordGloss
sarn“stone as a material”
aran“king, lord (of a specific region)”
Noldorin [TI/366; TII/Argonath; WR/098; WR/132; WRI/Sarn Aran; WRI/Sern Aranath] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iathrad

noun. crossing, ford

Elements

WordGloss
iath“across”
râd“path, track”
Noldorin [EtyAC/YAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calen

adjective. green, (orig.) bright-coloured

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/KAL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kalina “light” ✧ Ety/KAL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAL > calen[kalinā] > [kalina] > [kalena] > [kalen]✧ Ety/KAL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
galensoft-mutation“green”✧ LR/305
Noldorin [Ety/KAL; LR/305] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran chithlum

proper name. King of Hithlum

The name of Fingolfin as the King of Hithlum appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/TĀ), a combination of aran “king” with the lenited form of the region’s name.

Variations

  • aran Chithlum ✧ Ety/TĀ
  • aran Ċhithlum ✧ PE22/033

Elements

WordGloss
aran“king, lord (of a specific region)”
Hithlum“Land of Mist, (lit.) Mist-and-Dusk”
Noldorin [Ety/TĀ; PE22/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bach

noun. article (for exchange), ware, thing

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mbakhā “article (for exchange), ware, thing” ✧ Ety/MBAKH
    • ᴹ√MBAKH “exchange” ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Cognates

  • ᴺQ. macca “article (for exchange), ware, thing”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mbakhā > bach[mbakʰā] > [mbakʰa] > [mbaxa] > [baxa] > [bax]✧ Ety/MBAKH
Noldorin [Ety/MBAKH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bár

noun. home; earth

Variations

  • băr ✧ PE22/036 (băr)
  • bār ✧ PE22/036

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAR “dwell, inhabit” ✧ Ety/GAWA; Ety/MBAR; Ety/TAN
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR
  • On. mbar “home” ✧ EtyAC/MBAR
    • ᴹ√MBAR “dwell, inhabit” ✧ Ety/MBAR
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Cognates

  • Ilk. bar “home”
  • ᴹQ. mar “home, dwelling, house, habitation; earth”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. mbar > bár[mbar] > [bar] > [bār]✧ EtyAC/MBAR

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
barprefix-✧ Ety/GAWA; Ety/MBAR; Ety/TAN
barsuffix-✧ Ety/MBAR; Ety/MBAR
i·mmeirnasal-mutation plural-✧ PE22/035
†bĕı̯rplural-✧ PE22/036
be͡ırplural-✧ PE22/036
Bairplural“houses”✧ WR/380
Noldorin [Ety/GAWA; Ety/MBAR; Ety/TAN; EtyAC/MBAR; PE22/035; PE22/036; WR/380] Group: Eldamo. Published by

annabon

noun. elephant

A noun for “elephant” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, a combination of N. ann “long” and N. bonn “snouted”, from primitive ᴹ✶andambundā (Ety/MBUD). Its historical development would have produced **annammonn, but Tolkien said it was with “with dissimal[itive] alter[ation] of medial mb” (EtyAC/MBUD). The similar forms {Andabund >>} Andrabonn for “elephant” appeared in Lord of the Rings drafts of the 1940s.

Conceptual Development: In the Quenya Lexicon of the 1910s, Tolkien gave G. funt as the equivalent of ᴱQ. hunto “elephant” (QL/41).

Variations

  • Andabund ✧ WR/136; WRI/Andabund
  • Andrabonn ✧ WR/136; WRI/Andabund

Changes

  • AndabundAndrabonn ✧ WR/136
  • AndrabonnMúmund ✧ WR/136

Derivations

Cognates

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶andambundā > andabon > annabon[andambundā] > [andambunda] > [andambonda] > [andambond] > [andabond] > [annabond] > [annabonn] > [annabon]✧ Ety/MBUD
Noldorin [Ety/MBUD; WR/136; WRI/Andabund] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atlanna-

verb. to slope, slant

Variations

  • tlanno ✧ EtyAC/TALÁT (tlanno)

Changes

  • tlannoatlanno ✧ Ety/TALÁT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TALAT “to slip or slide down, incline, slope, lean, tip, topple over” ✧ Ety/TALÁT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. talta- “to slip (down), fall, slide down, slope” ✧ Ety/TALÁT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TALÁT > atlanno[atlanta-] > [atlantʰa-] > [atlanθa-] > [atlanna-]✧ Ety/TALÁT

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
atlannoinfinitive“to slope, slant”✧ Ety/TALÁT
Noldorin [Ety/TALÁT; EtyAC/TALÁT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

banga-

verb. to trade, to trade, *sell

Variations

  • banga ✧ Ety/MBAKH
  • bactha- ✧ EtyAC/MBAKH (bactha-)

Changes

  • bactha-banga ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAKH “exchange” ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. manka- “to trade” ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAKH > banga[mbaŋkʰa-] > [mbaŋxa-] > [baŋxa-] > [baŋga-]✧ Ety/MBAKH

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bancpast-✧ Ety/MBAKH
-bacthadgerund-✧ EtyAC/MBAKH
Noldorin [Ety/MBAKH; EtyAC/MBAKH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calenhad

place name. Calenhad

Elements

WordGloss
calen“green, (orig.) bright-coloured”
sad“*place”
Noldorin [WR/233; WRI/Calenhad] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ramathir

place name. Ramathir

Earliest name for S. Belfalas of unclear meaining.

Variations

  • Ramathor ✧ TI/119 (Ramathor); TII/Belfalas

Changes

  • RamathorRamathir ✧ TI/119
  • RamathirBelfalas ✧ TI/119
Noldorin [TI/119; TII/Belfalas] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar ifan

proper name. *Day of Yavanna

Changes

  • Ar IfanAr Velegol ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Ivann“Fruit-giver”
Noldorin [EtyAC/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bann

noun. duress, prison

Changes

  • bannbann “Hell” ✧ Ety/MBAD

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mbanda “duress, prison” ✧ Ety/MBAD
    • ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judge” ✧ Ety/MBAD; EtyAC/BAD²
  • ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judge” ✧ EtyAC/BAD²; EtyAC/MBAD

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. manda “prison, *duress” ✧ EtyAC/BAD²

Element in

  • N. Angband “Iron Prison, Hells of Iron” ✧ Ety/MBAD; EtyAC/BAD² (Angband); EtyAC/MBAD (Ang(a)band)
  • N. Bannos “Mandos, Dread Imprisoner”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mbanda > band > bann[mbanda] > [banda] > [band] > [bann]✧ Ety/MBAD
ᴹ√BAD² > band > bann[banda] > [band] > [bann]✧ EtyAC/BAD²
Noldorin [Ety/MBAD; EtyAC/BAD²; EtyAC/MBAD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dunhirion

place name. ?West Lord Land

Earlier name for Annúminas appearing in the drafts of the Lord of the Rings appendices (PM/167). It may be a combination of dûn “west”, hîr “lord” and the suffix -ion used in the names of lands.

Changes

  • DunhirionAnnúminas ✧ PMI/Annúminas

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
dûn“west”
hîr“master, lord”
-ion“-region, -land”
Noldorin [PM/167; PMI/Dunhirion] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caer

noun. flat isle on a river

Variations

  • caer ✧ PE22/126

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kaire “flat isle on a river” ✧ PE22/126
    • ᴹ√KAY “lie (down)” ✧ PE22/126

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kaire > caer[kaire] > [kair] > [kaer]✧ PE22/126
Noldorin [PE22/126] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adleitha-

verb. *to release

Element in

  • N. adleithian “*release, freeing” ✧ EtyAC/LEK

Elements

WordGloss
ad-“back, again, re-”
lheithia-“to release, set free”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Adleithoinfinitive-✧ EtyAC/LEK
Noldorin [EtyAC/LEK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleriand

place name. Beleriand

Cognates

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
Balar
-ian(d)“-land”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Veleriandsoft-mutation-✧ LR/202
Noldorin [Ety/BAL; LR/180; LR/202; LR/404; LRI/Beleriand; PE22/034; PE22/041; RSI/Beleriand; SDI2/Beleriand; SM/107; SMI/Beleriand; TII/Beleriand; WRI/Beleriand] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kalenarda

place name. Kalenarda

Earlier name of Calenardhon in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (WR/155), perhaps a mix-language combination of N. calen “green” and ᴹQ. arda “realm”. It also appeared as Kalinarda (WR/156), which might be the pure Quenya form of the name as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/§3.17).

Variations

  • Kalen(arda) ✧ WR/155
  • Kalinarda ✧ WR/156; WRI/Calenardhon

Elements

WordGloss
calen“green, (orig.) bright-coloured”
arda“realm, region”
Noldorin [WR/155; WR/156; WRI/Calenardhon] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belthil

proper name. Divine Radiance

Derivations

  • On. Balthil “White Tree of Valinor” ✧ Ety/BAL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Silpion “White Tree of Valinor” ✧ Ety/BAL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Balthil > Belthil[baltʰil] > [balθil] > [belθil]✧ Ety/BAL
Noldorin [Ety/BAL; Ety/SIL; Ety/THIL; LB/081; LB/195; LBI/Bansil; LBI/Belthil; LR/210; LR/211; LRI/Bansil; LRI/Belthil; SMI/Bansil; SMI/Belthil] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adleithian

noun. *release, freeing

Variations

  • Adleithian ✧ EtyAC/LEK
Noldorin [EtyAC/LEK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran dinnu

proper name. King of Twilight

The Noldorin equivalent of Thingol’s title Ilk. Tor Tinduma, a combination of aran “king” and the lenited form of tinnu “twilight” (Ety/THIN, TIN).

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
aran“king, lord (of a specific region)”
tinnu“(starry) twilight, dusk, early night (without moon)”
Noldorin [Ety/THIN; Ety/TIN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angol

noun. deep lore, magic

Variations

  • angol ✧ Ety/ÑGOL (angol)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑGOL “wise, wisdom, be wise” ✧ Ety/ÑGOL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ingole “deep lore, magic” ✧ Ety/ÑGOL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑGOL > angol[ŋ̣gole] > [aŋgole] > [aŋgol]✧ Ety/ÑGOL
Noldorin [Ety/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dir avos-eithen miriel

dir avos-eithen miriel

Variations

  • {dir >>} lír avos-eithen míriel ✧ WR/218
  • hír avas-eithen míriel ✧ WR/218

Changes

  • {dir >>} lír avos-eithen mírielhír avas-eithen míriel ✧ WR/218

Element in

Noldorin [RS/394; WR/218] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bôr

noun/adjective. steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal

Variations

  • bór ✧ Ety/BOR

Derivations

  • On. boron “steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal” ✧ Ety/BOR; Ety/BOR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. boron > bór[boron] > [boro] > [bor] > [bōr]✧ Ety/BOR

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
býrplural-✧ Ety/BOR; Ety/BOR
†berenplural-✧ Ety/BOR
Noldorin [Ety/BOR; EtyAC/BOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anduin

place name. Great River

Variations

  • Andon ✧ TI/298; TII/Anduin

Changes

  • AndonAnduin ✧ TI/298

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ann“long”
duin“water, river”
Noldorin [LR/033; LRI/Anduin; RS/410; RSI/Anduin; SDI1/Anduin; TI/124; TI/144; TI/298; TII/Anduin; WRI/Anduin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleghir

place name. Great River

Precursor to the river name Anduin appearing in the Lord of the Rings from the 1940s (RS/410), a combination of beleg “great” and the lenited form of sîr “river”.

Changes

  • BeleghirAnduin “Great River” ✧ RS/410

Elements

WordGloss
beleg“great, large”
sîr“river”
Noldorin [RS/410; RSI/Beleghir; TII/Anduin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleriandren

proper name. Beleriandic

A Noldorin term for the Beleriandric language (PE22/36), a combination of Beleriand with the adjectival suffix -ren.

Variations

  • Belerian(d)ren ✧ PE22/036

Elements

WordGloss
Beleriand
-ren“adjective suffix”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
feleriandrensoft-mutation-✧ PE22/034
Noldorin [PE22/034; PE22/036] Group: Eldamo. Published by

breth

noun. mast, *forest nuts

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BERETH “beech” ✧ Ety/NEL

Cognates

  • Ilk. breth “(beech) mast, *beech nut”

Element in

  • N. Brethorn “Forest of Brethil” ✧ EtyAC/NEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√BERÉTH > breth[berétʰā] > [bretʰā] > [bretʰa] > [breθa] > [breθ]✧ Ety/NEL
Noldorin [EtyAC/NEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calenardhon

place name. Calenardhon

Variations

  • Calenardan ✧ WR/168; WRI/Calenardhon
  • Calenard(h)on ✧ WRI/Calenardhon

Changes

  • CalenardanCalenardhon ✧ WR/168

Elements

WordGloss
calen“green, (orig.) bright-coloured”
ardh“realm”
?
Noldorin [WR/168; WRI/Calenardhon] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar vedhwen

proper name. Day of the Spouses, third day of the Valian week

The Noldorin name for the 3rd day of the Valian 5-day week, a combination of the prefix ar- “day” and the lenited form of Bedhwen “Spouses”, a term referring to Aule and Yavanna (Ety/LEP).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Are Veruen “Day of the Spouses, third day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Bedhwen“of the Spouses”
Noldorin [Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar fennuir

proper name. Day of the Fanturi, fourth day of the Valian week

The Noldorin name for the 4th day of the Valian 5-day week, a combination of the prefix ar- “day” and the plural of Fannor, the common title of Lórien and Mandos (Ety/LEP).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Are Fanturion “Day of the Fanturi, fourth day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Fannor“Cloud-lord”
Noldorin [Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

afor

proper name. Refuser, an Elf who did not journey to Aman

Variations

  • Avor/avaron ✧ EtyAC/AB (Avor/avaron)

Changes

  • Avor/avaronAfor ✧ Ety/AB

Derivations

  • On. abōro “refuser, one who does not go forth” ✧ Ety/AB
    • ᴹ✶abāro “refuser, one who does not go forth” ✧ Ety/AB
    • ᴹ√ABAR “*refuser” ✧ Ety/AB

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Avar(o) “Refuser, One who does not go forth” ✧ Ety/AB; Ety/AB

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. abōro > Afor[abǭro] > [abouro] > [avouro] > [avauro] > [avaur] > [avor]✧ Ety/AB

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Efuir/Efyrplural“Elves who never left Middle-earth or began the march”✧ Ety/AB
-eveir/everuinplural-✧ EtyAC/AB
Noldorin [Ety/AB; EtyAC/AB] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amlug

noun. dragon

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
am-“snake”
lhûg“dragon”
Noldorin [Ety/ANGWA; Ety/LOK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anrand

noun. cycle, age, (lit.) long cycle

Variations

  • andrand ✧ PE22/041

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. randa “cycle, age (100 Valian Years)” ✧ Ety/RAD
Noldorin [Ety/RAD; PE22/041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

athrad

noun. ford, crossing

Element in

  • N. Sarn Athrad “Stony Ford, Ford of Stones” ✧ Ety/RAT

Elements

WordGloss
ath-“on both sides, across”
râd“path, track”
Noldorin [Ety/AT(AT); Ety/RAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atlant

adjective. oblique, slanted

An adjective in The Etymologies of the 1930s given as {tlant >>} N. atlant “oblique, slanted”, a derivative of the root ᴹ√TALAT “to slope, lean, tip” (Ety/TALÁT). It is not clear why the consonant did not undergo mutation to dl or gl, such as with ON. etlenna > N. eglenn (Ety/LED).

Neo-Sindarin: If you use this word for Neo-Sindarin, it would probably be best to reform it to ᴺS. adlant, as originally suggested in Hiswelókë’s Sindarin Dictionary.

Variations

  • tlant ✧ EtyAC/TALÁT (tlant)

Changes

  • tlantatlant ✧ Ety/TALÁT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TALAT “to slip or slide down, incline, slope, lean, tip, topple over” ✧ Ety/TALÁT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TALÁT > atlant[atlanta] > [atlantʰa] > [atlanθa] > [atlanθ] > [atlant]✧ Ety/TALÁT
Noldorin [Ety/TALÁT; EtyAC/TALÁT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brethilian(d)

place name. Forest of Brethil

A variant name for the forest Brethil appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s, a combination of brethil “beech” and the suffix -ian(d) “land” (Ety/BERÉTH).

Variations

  • Brethiliand/Brethilian ✧ Ety/BERÉTH

Elements

WordGloss
brethil“beech”
-ian(d)“-land”
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉTH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

agaldor

masculine name. Agaldor

Perhaps the earliest name for Q. Elendil, immediately revised to Amroth, appearing in the earliest version of the tale of the Fall of Númenor (LR/12, 31). The language and the meaning of the name are unclear, but it appears to be Noldorin.

Changes

  • AgaldorAmroth ✧ LR/012
Noldorin [LR/012; LRI/Agaldor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airlond

place name. (?sea-stead)

A name appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s with an unclear gloss, possibly “?swanstead” (EtyAC/LOD). According to Hostetter and Wynne, it seems to replace a rejected form oerlond, possibly glossed “?sea-stead”. It appears to be a combination of oer “sea” and the lenited form of lhonn “haven”. If the gloss “swanstead” is correct, it may be a variant form of Alflon and Alfobas.

Variations

  • airlond ✧ EtyAC/LOD
  • oerlond ✧ EtyAC/LOD (oerlond)

Changes

  • oerlondairlond “(?sea-stead)” ✧ EtyAC/LOD

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
oer“sea”
lhonn“(narrow) path, strait, pass”
Noldorin [EtyAC/LOD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar-

prefix. outside, beside; without

Variations

  • ar- ✧ Ety/AR²; Ety/AWA; Ety/NOT (ar-); Ety/NOT (ar-)
  • ar ✧ EtyAC/AWA

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AR “beside, outside” ✧ Ety/AR²; Ety/AWA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ar- “outside, beside” ✧ Ety/AR²

Element in

  • N. arnediad “without reckoning, numberless, innumerable, countless, endless” ✧ Ety/AR²
  • N. arnœdiad “innumerable, countless, endless” ✧ Ety/NOT
  • N. aronoded “innumerable, countless, endless” ✧ Ety/NOT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AR² > ar-[ar-]✧ Ety/AR²
Noldorin [Ety/AR²; Ety/AWA; Ety/NOT; EtyAC/AWA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arannur

place name. Arannur

@@@

Derivations

Cognates

Noldorin [PE21/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

athelas

noun. a healing plant

Variations

  • Athelas ✧ RSI/Athelas; TII/Athelas

Cognates

Noldorin [RS/190; RSI/Athelas; TII/Athelas; WR/394; WRI/athelas] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belegost

place name. Great Fortress, Great City

Variations

  • Beleg-ost ✧ Ety/OS

Cognates

  • Kh. Gabilgathol “Great Fortress” ✧ LR/274; LRI/Gabilgathol

Elements

WordGloss
beleg“great, large”
ost“city, town (with wall round)”
Noldorin [Ety/BEL; Ety/OS; EtyAC/OS; LR/274; LRI/Belegost; LRI/Gabilgathol; SMI/Belegost; TII/Belegost] Group: Eldamo. Published by

diragas

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • diragath ✧ RS/451

Element in

adel

preposition. behind, in rear (of)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TELES “hindmost, tarrier” ✧ Ety/TELES

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TELES > adel[ateles] > [atele] > [atel] > [adel]✧ Ety/TELES
Noldorin [Ety/TELES] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a tiro’men gilthoniel

*oh watch us, Gilthoniel

Variations

  • tiro men ✧ EtyAC/NDI

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
tir-“to watch”
men“*us”
Noldorin [EtyAC/NDI; WR/218] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bregolas

noun. fierceness, fierceness, *ferocity

Variations

  • Bregolas ✧ Ety/BERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK (Bregolas)

Element in

  • S. Bregolas “*Fierceness”
  • N. Bregolas “Fierceness” ✧ Ety/BERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK (Bregolas)

Elements

WordGloss
bregol“violent, sudden, *fierce”
-as“abstract noun”
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arad

noun. daytime, a day

since later S. aur was derived from √UR "heat", this word most likely is no longer valid @@@

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AR “day” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. arya “day (twelve hours)” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AR¹ > arad[arata] > [arat] > [arad]✧ Ety/AR¹
Noldorin [Ety/AR¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belt

adjective. strong in body

Derivations

  • On. belda “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • ᴹ√BEL “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL

Cognates

  • ᴹT. belda “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. belda > belt[belde] > [belðe] > [belð] > [belt]✧ Ety/BEL
Noldorin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar nethwelein

proper name. Day of the younger Gods, fifth day of the Valian week

Another name for Ar Neleduir, a combination of the prefix ar- “day” and the term Nethwelein “Younger Gods” collectively referring to Osse, Orome and Tulkas (Ety/LEP).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Nessaron “*Day of the Younger Gods” ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Nethwelein“Younger Gods”
Noldorin [Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aglarond

place name. Caves of Splendour

Changes

  • AglarondAglarond “Caves of Splendour” ✧ WR/077

Elements

WordGloss
aglar“glory, splendour”
rhonn“roof, cave”
Noldorin [WR/076; WR/077; WRI/Aglarond] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alchorin

proper name. Not-of-Kôr

Noldorin term for the Elves “Not of Kôr”, equivalent to ᴹQ. Ilkorin, appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/AR², LA). It also appeared in its plural form Elcheryn. This term appears to be a combination of the negative prefix al-, a mutated form of N. Caur (= ᴹQ. Kôr) and a variant of the adjective suffix -en. In some rejected notes from The Etymologies, Tolkien indicated it was derived from OQ. ḷkor- (EtyAC/LA), so perhaps it was an adaptation of the Quenya term rather than an original Noldorin word.

Conceptual Development: In Early Noldorin word lists from the 1920s, rejected cognate of ᴱQ. Ilkorin was Uchor (PE13/155).

Variations

  • Alchoron ✧ Ety/AR²; EtyAC/ALA (Alchoron); EtyAC/AR²; EtyAC/LA (Alchoron)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Ilkorin “Not of Kôr” ✧ Ety/AR²; Ety/LA; EtyAC/LA; LRI/Ilkorindi; LRI/Ilkorindi
  • ᴹQ. Alkorin ✧ EtyAC/ALA

Elements

WordGloss
al-“no, not”
Caur“Kôr”
-en“adjective suffix”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Elcherynplural-✧ Ety/LA; LRI/Ilkorindi
-Elcherynplural-✧ EtyAC/LA
Noldorin [Ety/AR²; Ety/LA; EtyAC/ALA; EtyAC/AR²; EtyAC/LA; LRI/Ilkorindi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ang(ren)ost

place name. Isengard

Variations

  • Angrenost ✧ TI/420; TII/Angrenost; WR/072; WRI/Angrenost
  • Angost ✧ WR/072; WRI/Angrenost

Changes

  • AngrenostAngost “Isengard” ✧ WR/072

Elements

WordGloss
angren“of iron”
ost“city, town (with wall round)”
Noldorin [TI/420; TII/Angrenost; WR/044; WR/072; WRI/Angrenost] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arthoren

place name. Fenced Realm

A Noldorin translation of Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s along with numerous variations (Ety/ƷAR|GARAT, THUR). It seems to be a combination of ardh “realm” and thoren “fenced”, as indicated by the variant forms Ardh-thoren or Ar(ð)thoren. A third variation, Arthurien is said to be a half translation or Noldorization of Ilk. Garthurian. A fourth variation, Ardholen seems to have a different meaning: “Hidden Realm” (Ety/GAT(H)).

Variations

  • Ardh-thoren ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT
  • Arthurien ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT; Ety/THUR; EtyAC/ƷARA (Arthurien)
  • Ar(ð)thoren ✧ Ety/THUR
  • Arthóren ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA (Arthóren)

Changes

  • ArthórenArthoren ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA

Cognates

  • Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” ✧ Ety/ƷAR

Elements

WordGloss
ardh“realm”
thoren“*fenced”
Noldorin [Ety/ƷAR|GARAT; Ety/THUR; EtyAC/ƷARA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

athrada-

verb. to cross, traverse

Elements

WordGloss
ath-“on both sides, across”
rada-“to make a way, find a way”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ath-radoinfinitive“to cross, traverse”✧ Ety/RAT
Noldorin [Ety/RAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balannor

place name. land of the Gods in the West

Changes

  • BalannorDor-Rodyn ✧ MR/200

Derivations

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Valinor “Land of the Valar” ✧ Ety/BAL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Balandor > Balannor[balandor] > [balannor]✧ Ety/BAL
Noldorin [Ety/BAL; MR/200; PE19/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bregalad

masculine name. Quickbeam

Elements

WordGloss
bregol“violent, sudden, *fierce”
galadh“tree”
Noldorin [TI/419; TII/Bregalad; WR/026; WRI/Bregalad] Group: Eldamo. Published by

breitha-

verb. to break out suddenly

Variations

  • breitha ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK (breitha)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶b’rekta “break out suddenly” ✧ Ety/BERÉK
    • ᴹ√BEREK “*sudden, fierce” ✧ Ety/BERÉK
  • ᴹ√MEREK ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶b’rekta > breitho[brekta-] > [brektʰa-] > [brexθa-] > [breiθa-]✧ Ety/BERÉK
ᴹ√MERÉK > breitha[mrekta-] > [brekta-] > [brektʰa-] > [brexθa-] > [breiθa-]✧ EtyAC/MERÉK

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
breithoinfinitive“break out suddenly”✧ Ety/BERÉK
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fauglith

place name. Thirsty Sand

Changes

  • FauglithAnfauglith ✧ LR/301

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
faug“thirsty”
lith“sand”
Noldorin [Ety/LIT; Ety/PHAU; LR/289; LR/301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

grithron

masculine name. Grithron

Changes

  • GrithronGrithnir ✧ LR/151
  • GrithronGrithnir ✧ LRI/Grithnir
Noldorin [LR/151; LRI/Grithnir; LRI/Grithron] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kelegorn

masculine name. Kelegorn

Earlier name of Arathorn appearing in the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/7), perhaps with the same meaning as Celegorn.

Changes

  • KelegornArathorn ✧ TI/392
Noldorin [TI/404; TII/Kelegorn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

padathir

masculine name. Trotter

An early Elvish name in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s for the character that would become Aragorn (RS/198). It is glossed “Trotter” and seems to be a combination of pad- "walk" and the agental suffix dîr “man”, perhaps dissimilated to -thir (as suggested by Roman Rausch, EE/1.3).

Element in

Noldorin [RS/198; RSI/Padathir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aclod

adjective. sloping, tilted

An adjective in The Etymologies of the 1930s given as {tlaud >>} N. atlaud > aclod “sloping, tilted”, a derivative of the root ᴹ√TALAT “to slope, lean, tip” (Ety/TALÁT). In The Etymologies as published in The Lost Road it was given as atland, but this was corrected to atlaud > aclod by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne (EtyAC/TALÁT). The change tl &gt; cl was normal in the Noldorin period, but it is not clear why the consonant did not undergo mutation to gl, such as with ON. etlenna > N. eglenn (Ety/LED). The unaugmented form tlaud “sloping” < ON. tlāta appeared in the first version of Tengwesta Qenderinwa (TQ1), also from the 1930s (PE18/38).

Neo-Sindarin: If you use this word for Neo-Sindarin, it would probably be best to reform it to ᴺS. adlod.

Variations

  • atland ✧ EtyAC/TALÁT
  • claud ✧ EtyAC/TALÁT (claud)
  • tlaud ✧ PE18/038

Changes

  • claudaclod ✧ Ety/TALÁT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TALAT “to slip or slide down, incline, slope, lean, tip, topple over” ✧ Ety/TALÁT
  • On. tlāta “sloping” ✧ PE18/038
    • ᴹ√TALAT “to slip or slide down, incline, slope, lean, tip, topple over” ✧ PE18/038

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. talta “sloping, tilted, leaning, inclined” ✧ Ety/TALÁT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TALÁT > atlaud > aclod[atlāta] > [atlǭta] > [atlouta] > [atlauta] > [atlaut] > [atlaud] > [atlod] > [aklod]✧ Ety/TALÁT
ᴹ√TALÁT > tlaud > claud[tlāta] > [tlǭta] > [tlouta] > [tlauta] > [tlaut] > [tlaud] > [klaud]✧ Ety/TALÁT
Noldorin [Ety/TALÁT; EtyAC/TALÁT; PE18/038] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amon carab

place name. Hill of the Hat

An earlier name of Amon Rûdh that appeared in various forms, one of which (Amon Carab) was translated “Hill of the Hat” (WJ/187). It seems to be a combination of amon “hill” and carab “hat”, the second of which is not otherwise attested.

Variations

  • Carabel ✧ WJI/Amon Carab; WJI/Carabel
  • Amon Garabel ✧ WJI/Amon Garabel; WJI/Carabel

Elements

WordGloss
amon“hill”
carab“hat”
Noldorin [WJ/187; WJI/Amon Carab; WJI/Amon Garabel; WJI/Carabel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bellas

noun. bodily strength

Cognates

  • ᴹT. belle “(physical) strength” ✧ Ety/BEL
Noldorin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar vanwe

proper name. Day of Manwe, first day of the Valian week

The Noldorin name for the 1st day of the Valian 5-day week, a combination of the prefix ar- “day” and the lenited form of Manwe (Ety/AR¹, LEP).

Variations

  • Arvanwe ✧ Ety/AR¹
  • Ar Vanwa ✧ Ety/LEP

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Are Manwen “Day of Manwe, first day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Manwe
Noldorin [Ety/AR¹; Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angrobel

place name. Irongarth

Earliest form of the name of Angrenost, translated “Irongarth” (TI/71). It seems to be a combination of a form of ang “iron” and gobel “village”, as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/2.4).

Changes

  • AngrobelAngrenost “Irongarth” ✧ TII/Angrenost

Elements

WordGloss
ang“iron”
gobel“walled house or village, town”
Noldorin [TI/071; TI/130; TII/Angrobel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

annon porennin diragas·venwed

annon porennin diragas·venwed

Variations

  • Annon porennin diragas·venwed ✧ RS/451

Element in

baudh

noun. judgement

Variations

  • bauð ✧ Ety/BAD; EtyAC/MBAD (bauð)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶bād- “judgement” ✧ Ety/BAD
    • ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judge” ✧ Ety/BAD
  • ᴹ✶mbād- “judgement, sentence” ✧ EtyAC/MBAD
    • ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judge” ✧ EtyAC/MBAD

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶bād- > bauð[bāda] > [bǭda] > [bouda] > [bouða] > [bauða] > [bauð]✧ Ety/BAD
Noldorin [Ety/BAD; EtyAC/MBAD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caleledh

proper name. *Light Elf

Noldorin form that appeared in a marginal note in The Etymologies from the 1930s along side a variant Celion and an unclear form Celelidh, possibly its plural (EtyAC/KAL). It appears to be a singular Noldorin equivalent to ᴹQ. KalaqendiLight Elves”, a combination of ᴹ√KAL “shine” and Eledh* “Elf”.

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
KAL“shine”
Eledh“Star-folk, Elf”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
?Celelidhplural-✧ EtyAC/KAL
Noldorin [EtyAC/KAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

celion

proper name. *Light Elf

Noldorin form that appeared in a marginal note in The Etymologies from the 1930s along side a variant Caleledh, replacing a deleted form Calion (EtyAC/KAL). It appears to be a singular Noldorin equivalent ᴹQ. KalaqendiLight Elves”, a combination of ᴹ√KAL “shine” and the masculine suffix -on (though why the i was added is unclear). This might be a precursor to later S. Calben*.

Variations

  • Calion ✧ EtyAC/KAL (Calion)

Changes

  • CalionCelion ✧ EtyAC/KAL

Elements

WordGloss
KAL“shine”
-on“masculine suffix”
Noldorin [EtyAC/KAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oelinuial

place name. Pools of Twilight

Earlier name of S. Aelin-uial in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/AY) appearing along with variants Elinuial (Ety/KHIS, MBOTH, MUY) and Lhîn Uial (Ety/MUY). All these names contain uial “twilight” as well as a word for “pools”, either the plural of oel or (plural?) lhîn. In the narratives of this period, however, the name already appeared in its later form Aelin-uial (LR/262).

Variations

  • Elinuial ✧ Ety/KHIS; Ety/MBOTH; Ety/MUY
  • Lhîn Uial ✧ Ety/MUY
  • Eilinuial ✧ EtyAC/KHIS; EtyAC/MUY
  • Lhîn Uigâl ✧ EtyAC/MUY (Lhîn Uigâl)
  • Aelin-uial ✧ LR/262; LRI/Aelin-uial
  • Aelinuial ✧ TII/Aelinuial

Changes

  • Lhîn UigâlLhîn Uial ✧ Ety/MUY

Elements

WordGloss
oel“pool, lake”
uial“twilight”
Noldorin [Ety/AY; Ety/KHIS; Ety/MBOTH; Ety/MUY; EtyAC/KHIS; EtyAC/MUY; LR/262; LRI/Aelin-uial; TII/Aelinuial] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tol varad

place name. Defended Isle

Earliest name for Cair Andros (WR/326), a combination of N. toll “isle” and the lenited form of barad “fort” or perhaps an adjective form (?baradh) equivalent to ᴹQ. varna, as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/3.33).

Changes

  • Tol VaradMen Falros “Defended Isle” ✧ WR/326
  • Tol VaradMen Falros ✧ WRI/Cair Andros
Noldorin [WR/326; WRI/Cair Andros] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ad-

prefix. back, again, re-

Variations

  • ad ✧ EtyAC/AT(AT)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AT “back, again, twice; two” ✧ Ety/AT(AT)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. at(a)- “back, again, re-” ✧ Ety/AT(AT)

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AT(AT) > ad-[at-] > [ad-]✧ Ety/AT(AT)
Noldorin [Ety/AT(AT); EtyAC/AT(AT)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aglar

noun. glory, splendour

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AKLA(R) “radiance, splendour” ✧ Ety/AKLA-R; Ety/KAL; PE18/036
    • ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/AKLA-R; Ety/KAL
    • ᴹ√KALAR “be radiant” ✧ PE18/036; PE18/062
    • ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/KAL; PE18/036

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alkar(e) “radiance, brilliance” ✧ Ety/AKLA-R; PE18/036

Element in

  • N. aglareb “glorious” ✧ Ety/AKLA-R; Ety/KAL
  • N. aglar anann “*glory for long” ✧ SD/046
  • N. Aglarond “Caves of Splendour”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AKLA-R > aglar[aklar] > [aglar]✧ Ety/AKLA-R
Noldorin [Ety/AKLA-R; Ety/KAL; PE18/036; SD/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bel daurion sel aurinon

bel daurion sel aurinon

Element in

oeglir

noun. range of mountain peaks

Elements

WordGloss
oeg“sharp, pointed, piercing”
lhîr“row”
Noldorin [Ety/AYAK; Ety/LIR²] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angwedh

noun. chain, fetter, (lit.) iron-bond

Variations

  • angweð ✧ Ety/WED
  • ang-weð ✧ PE22/032

Cognates

Noldorin [Ety/WED; PE22/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amon thorn

place name. Amon Thorn

An earlier name for Amon Dîn (WR/232). The meaning of its second element is unclear; Roman Rausch suggested several possible interpretions (EE/3.22), the most likely of which seems to be thoron “eagle”.

Changes

  • Amon ThornAmon Dîn ✧ WR/233
  • Amon ThornAmon Dîn ✧ WRI/Amon Dîn

Elements

WordGloss
amon“hill”
thoron“eagle”
Noldorin [WR/232; WRI/Amon Lhaw] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anfalas

place name. Langstrand

Elements

WordGloss
ann“long”
falas“beach, shore”
Noldorin [TI/310; TII/Anfalas; WR/287; WRI/Anfalas] Group: Eldamo. Published by

barad-dûr

place name. Dark Tower

Variations

  • Baraddur ✧ SD/024; WRI/Barad-dûr

Cognates

  • Bs. Lugbúrz “Dark Tower” ✧ SD/024

Elements

WordGloss
barad“fort, tower, fortress”
dûr“dark”
Noldorin [SD/024; SDI1/Barad-dûr; TI/178; TII/Barad-dûr; WRI/Barad-dûr] Group: Eldamo. Published by

borthandos

masculine name. *Steadfast-intelligence

Changes

  • BorthandosBorthand ✧ WJI/Borthand

Elements

WordGloss
bôr“steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal”
hannas“understanding, intelligence”
Noldorin [Ety/BOR; Ety/KHAN; LRI/Borthandos; WJI/Borthand] Group: Eldamo. Published by

du-finnion

masculine name. Du-finnion

An early Elvish name in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s for the character that would become Aragorn (RS/361). Its meaning is unclear.

Element in

Noldorin [RS/361; RSI/Du-finnion; TII/Du-finnion] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bronadui

adjective. enduring, lasting

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. voronwa “enduring, long-lasting” ✧ Ety/BORÓN

Elements

WordGloss
brona-“to last, survive”
-ui“adjective suffix”
Noldorin [Ety/BORÓN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oeg

adjective. sharp, pointed, piercing

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AYAK “sharp, pointed” ✧ Ety/AYAK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. aika “sharp” ✧ Ety/AYAK

Element in

  • N. oegas “mountain peak” ✧ Ety/AYAK
  • N. oeglir “range of mountain peaks” ✧ Ety/AYAK
  • N. Crisaegrim

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AYAK > oeg[ajka] > [aika] > [aik] > [aig] > [oeg]✧ Ety/AYAK
Noldorin [Ety/AYAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aglon

place name. defile, pass between high walls

Variations

  • Aglond/Aglon ✧ Ety/AK

Elements

WordGloss
agor“narrow”
lhonn“(narrow) path, strait, pass”
Noldorin [Ety/AK; Ety/LOD; LRI/Aglon; SMI/Aglon] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alag

adjective. rushing, impetuous

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶álākō “rush, rushing flight, wild wind” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alako “rush, rushing flight, wild wind” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Element in

  • N. alagos “storm (of wind)” ✧ EtyAC/ÁLAK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶álākō > alag[alākō] > [alakō] > [alako] > [alak] > [alag]✧ Ety/ÁLAK
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK; EtyAC/ÁLAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

annerchi(o)n

place name. Goblin Gate

A Noldorin name for the “Goblin Gate” appearing only in the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, as both Annerchin and Annerchion (RS/416, TI/114). It seems to a combination of a shorter form of annon “gate” with a plural form of orch “Orc”, hence more literally “Gate of Goblins”. The function of the suffix -i(o)n* is unclear; Roman Rausch suggested it might be a plural or genitive plural suffix (EE/1.8, 2.6).

Variations

  • Annerchin ✧ RS/416; RSI/Annerchin
  • Annerchion ✧ TI/114; TII/Annerchion

Elements

WordGloss
annon“great gate, door”
orch“goblin”
?
Noldorin [RS/416; RSI/Annerchin; TI/114; TII/Annerchion] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auth

noun. war, battle

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶oktā “strife, war” ✧ Ety/KOT; Ety/OKTĀ
    • ᴹ√KOT(H) “quarrel, strive, be wroth” ✧ Ety/KOT; Ety/OKTĀ; PE18/038; PE18/062

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ohta “war” ✧ Ety/KOT; Ety/OKTĀ

Element in

  • ᴺS. othas “warfare”
  • ᴺS. othidh “armistice”
  • ᴺS. othrim “army”
  • ᴺS. othrol “warlike”
  • ᴺS. othwen “amazon”
  • ᴺS. pilinoth “arrow of war, arrow sent as a summons to war”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶oktā > auth[oktā] > [okta] > [oktʰa] > [oxθa] > [ouθa] > [auθa] > [auθ]✧ Ety/KOT
Noldorin [Ety/KOT; Ety/OKTĀ; EtyAC/KOT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

barthan

masculine name. Earth-smith, Earthbuilder

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Martan(o) “Earth-smith, Earthbuilder” ✧ Ety/GAWA; Ety/MBAR; Ety/TAN

Elements

WordGloss
bár“home; earth”
tân“builder, smith”
Noldorin [Ety/GAWA; Ety/MBAR; Ety/TAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

blab-

verb. to flap, beat (wings etc.)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√PALAP “*beat” ✧ Ety/PALAP

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. palpa- “to beat, batter” ✧ Ety/PALAP

Element in

  • ᴺS. blabed “flapping, beating (especially of wings)”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√PALAP > plebi > blebi[palápi-] > [plapi-] > [plapi-] > [plebi-] > [blebi-]✧ Ety/PALAP

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
blebiinfinitive“flap, beat (wings etc.)”✧ Ety/PALAP
blâbpresent-✧ Ety/PALAP
Noldorin [Ety/PALAP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cair andros

place name. Cair Andros

Variations

  • Andros ✧ WR/340; WRI/Cair Andros

Changes

  • AndrosCair Andros ✧ WR/340
  • AndrosCair Andros ✧ WRI/Cair Andros

Elements

WordGloss
ceir“ship”
ann“long”
rhoss“rain”
Noldorin [SDI1/Cair Andros; WR/340; WR/415; WRI/Cair Andros] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eith

noun. spear-point

Variations

  • aith ✧ Ety/EK

Changes

  • aitheith “spear-point” ✧ EtyAC/EK

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EK “spear, (sharp) point, thorn” ✧ Ety/EK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ehte “spear” ✧ Ety/EK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EK > aith[ektē] > [ekte] > [ektʰe] > [exθe] > [eiθe] > [eiθ] > [aiθ]✧ Ety/EK
ᴹ√EK > eith[ektē] > [ekte] > [ektʰe] > [exθe] > [eiθe] > [eiθ]✧ Ety/EK
Noldorin [Ety/EK; EtyAC/EK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ath

suffix. collective or group plural

Variations

  • ath ✧ PE21/57

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶-asta “collective plural” ✧ PE21/57; PE21/64

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. -sta “close grouping” ✧ PE21/57

Element in

  • N. siniath “news, tidings” ✧ Ety/SI

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶-atta > -ath[-attā] > [-atta] > [-attʰa] > [-aθθa] > [-aθθ] > [-aθ]✧ PE21/57
Noldorin [Ety/SI; PE21/57; PE21/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caew

noun. lair, resting-place

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAY “lie (down)” ✧ Ety/KAY

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kaima “bed, bed, [ᴱQ.] couch” ✧ Ety/KAY

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAY > caew[kajma] > [kaima] > [kaem] > [kaev] > [kaew]✧ Ety/KAY
Noldorin [Ety/KAY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amon gwareth

place name. Hill of Watch

Changes

  • Amon GwarethAmon Thoros ✧ LR/056

Elements

WordGloss
amon“hill”
gwareth“watch, guard, ward; vigilance”
Noldorin [LR/056; LRI/Amon Gwareth; SM/137; SM/139; SMI/Amon Gwareth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ardholen

place name. Hidden Realm

A Noldorin equivalent of Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/GAT(H)). It seems to be a combination of ardh “realm” and the lenited form of dolen “hidden”. The related name Arthoren has a different meaning: “Fenced Realm”

Cognates

  • Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” ✧ Ety/GAT(H)

Elements

WordGloss
ardh“realm”
dolen“hidden, secret”
Noldorin [Ety/GAT(H)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bara

adjective. fiery, eager

Derivations

  • On. baraha “hot, burning” ✧ Ety/BARAS
    • ᴹ✶barasā “hot, burning” ✧ Ety/BARAS
    • ᴹ√BARAS “*heat” ✧ Ety/BARAS

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. baraha > bara[baraha] > [barah] > [bara]✧ Ety/BARAS
Noldorin [Ety/BARAS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, large

Derivations

  • On. beleka “mighty, huge, great” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • ᴹ✶bélekā “mighty, huge, great” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • ᴹ√BEL “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL

Cognates

  • Ilk. Beleg “Strong” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • ᴹT. belka “excessive” ✧ Ety/BEL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. beleka > beleg[beleka] > [belek] > [beleg]✧ Ety/BEL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
felegsoft-mutation“large”✧ PE22/031
Noldorin [Ety/BEL; PE22/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

torfirion

place name. Westermanton

Earlier name for Annúminas appearing in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s with the gloss “Westermanton” (TI/144, 304). It may be a combination of Torfir “High-man” and the suffix -ion used in the names of lands, as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/2.19).

Changes

  • TorfirionAnnúminas “Westermanton” ✧ TI/145
  • TorfirionAnnúminas “Westermanton” ✧ TI/304

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Tarkilmar “Westermanton” ✧ TI/144

Elements

WordGloss
Torfir“High-man”
-ion“-region, -land”
Noldorin [TI/144; TI/296; TI/304; TII/Torfirion] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anann

adverb. long

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
an“of”
ann“long”

athan

preposition. beyond

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ath-“on both sides, across”

ar velegol

proper name. Day of Aule, alternate name of the third day of the Valian week

Another name for Ar Vedhwen, a combination of the prefix ar- “day” and the lenited form of Belegol “Aule” (Ety/LEP).

Conceptual Development: The alternate name was first written as (rejected) Ar Ifan containing Ifan “Yavanna” (EtyAC/LEP).

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Belegol“Great Aule”
Noldorin [Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elbereth gilthoniel (draft)

Elbereth Gilthoniel (draft)

The draft version of S. A Elbereth Gilthoniel, appearing on RS/394. The version here includes the draft of Sam’s invocation of Elbereth (WR/218), whose first three lines are nearly identical to the lines appearing on RS/394, and whose 4th line resembles that of 4th line of the later version of the invocation. It has no translation, and is sufficiently different from the later version of the poem that it is quite difficult to analyze.

Elements

WordGloss
Elbereth Gilthoniel
sir evrin pennar oriel
dir avos-eithen miriel
bel daurion sel aurinon
pennáros evrin ériol
a tiro’men Gilthoniel“*oh watch us, Gilthoniel”

breged

noun. violence, suddenness

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BEREK “*sudden, fierce” ✧ Ety/BERÉK
  • ᴹ√MEREK ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK

Element in

  • N. bregedur “wild fire” ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK (bregedúr)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√BERÉK > breged[berékete] > [brékete] > [breket] > [breked] > [breged]✧ Ety/BERÉK
ᴹ√MERÉK > breged[merékete] > [mrekete] > [brekete] > [breket] > [breked] > [breged]✧ EtyAC/MERÉK
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar uiar

proper name. Day of Ulmo, second day of the Valian week

The Noldorin name for the 2nd day of the Valian 5-day week, a combination of the prefix ar- “day” and Uiar, the Noldorin name of Ulmo (Ety/LEP).

Variations

  • Ar Waiar ✧ EtyAC/LEP (Ar Waiar)

Changes

  • Ar WaiarAr Uiar ✧ Ety/LEP

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Ar Ulmon “Day of Ulmo, second day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Uiar“Ulmo”
Noldorin [Ety/LEP; EtyAC/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balrog

proper name. *Torment Demon

Variations

  • Balrog/Bolrog ✧ Ety/ÑGWAL

Derivations

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Malarauko “Balrog” ✧ Ety/RUK; LRI/Balrog

Elements

WordGloss
baul“torment”
rhaug“demon”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶ñgwalaraukō > Balrog[ŋgwalaraukō] > [mbalaraukō] > [mbalarauko] > [balarauko] > [balarauk] > [balaraug] > [balraug] > [balrog]✧ Ety/RUK
Noldorin [Ety/ÑGWAL; Ety/RUK; LR/404; LRI/Balrog; SMI/Balrog; TII/Balrog] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bess

noun. woman; †wife

Derivations

  • On. besse “wife” ✧ Ety/BES; EtyAC/NIS
    • ᴹ✶bessē “wife” ✧ Ety/BES
    • ᴹ√BES “wed” ✧ Ety/BES
  • ᴹ√BED ✧ Ety/NĪ¹; EtyAC/NDIS

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. vesse “wife” ✧ Ety/BES

Element in

  • N. herves “wife” ✧ Ety/BES

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. besse > bess[besse] > [bess]✧ Ety/BES
Noldorin [Ety/BES; Ety/NDIS; Ety/NĪ¹; EtyAC/NDIS; EtyAC/NIS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iarwath

masculine name. Blood-stained

Variations

  • Iarvael ✧ EtyAC/YAR (Iarvael)
  • iârvael ✧ PE22/067
  • Iarwaeth ✧ WJ/083 (S. Iarwaeth); WJI/Iarwaeth (S. Iarwaeth)

Changes

  • IarvaelIarwath ✧ Ety/YAR
  • IarwaethAgarwaen ✧ WJI/Iarwaeth

Elements

WordGloss
iâr“blood”
gwath“stain”
Noldorin [Ety/WAƷ; Ety/YAR; EtyAC/YAR; PE22/067; WJ/083; WJI/Iarwaeth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oegas

noun. mountain peak

The noun N. oegas “mountain peak” appeared in The Etymologies as a noun form of oeg “sharp, pointed, piercing” (Ety/AYAK). In Noldorin, often ancient ai became oe, whereas in Sindarin ai fairly consistently became ae. Thus if adapting this word to Sindarin, its form would likely be ᴺS. aegas, as suggested in Hiswelókë’s Sindarin Dictionary (HSD/aegas).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. aikasse “mountain peak” ✧ Ety/AYAK

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Oegesplural“Peaks”✧ Ety/AYAK
Noldorin [Ety/AYAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adar

noun. father

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • ᴹ√ATA “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶atar > adar[atar] > [adar]✧ Ety/ATA
ᴹ✶atar > edeir > eder[atarī] > [atari] > [eteri] > [eteir] > [edeir] > [eder]✧ Ety/ATA

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ederplural-✧ Ety/ATA
Noldorin [Ety/ATA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arthod

masculine name. Arthod

Changes

  • ArthodArthad ✧ WJI/Arthad
Noldorin [LRI/Arthod; WJI/Arthad] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bedhwen

proper name. of the Spouses

The Noldorin adjectival formation meaning “of the Spouses” appearing in the name Ar Vedhwen “Day of the Spouses”, appearing only in its lenited form Vedhwen (Ety/LEP). It developed from ancient Bedū+ina; see that entry for further discussion.

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Bedūina “*of Spouses” ✧ Ety/LEP

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. veru “husband and wife, married pair” ✧ Ety/LEP

Element in

  • N. Ar Vedhwen “Day of the Spouses, third day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/LEP

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶Bedū+ina > Vedhwen[bedū+ina] > [bedwina] > [beðwina] > [beðwena] > [beðwen]✧ Ety/LEP

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Vedhwensoft-mutation“of the Spouses”✧ Ety/LEP
Noldorin [Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

boldog

masculine name. Torment-slayer

Elements

WordGloss
baul“torment”
daug“warrior, soldier (chiefly used of orcs), warrior, soldier [with evil connotations]”
Noldorin [Ety/NDAK; Ety/ÑGWAL; SMI/Boldog] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tuor

masculine name. strength-vigor

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Tūgore “strength-vigor” ✧ Ety/GOR; Ety/TUG

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶Tūgore > Tuor[tūgore] > [tūɣore] > [tūɣor] > [tuor]✧ Ety/GOR
ᴹ✶tūghor > Tuor[tūgore] > [tūɣore] > [tūɣor] > [tuor]✧ Ety/TUG
Noldorin [Ety/GOR; Ety/TUG; LRI/Tuor; SDI1/Tuor; SDI2/Tuor; SMI/Tuor; TII/Tuor; WRI/Tuor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cael

noun. lying in bed, sickness

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAY “lie (down)” ✧ Ety/KAY

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kaila “lying in bed, bedridden; sickness” ✧ Ety/KAY
  • ᴹQ. kaimasse “lying in bed, sickness” ✧ Ety/KAY

Element in

  • N. caeleb “bedridden, sick” ✧ Ety/KAY

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAY > cael[kajla] > [kaila] > [kail] > [kael]✧ Ety/KAY
Noldorin [Ety/KAY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aglareb

adjective. glorious

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alkarinqa “radiant, glorious” ✧ Ety/AKLA-R

Element in

Noldorin [Ety/AKLA-R; Ety/KAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

al-

prefix. no, not

@@@ the phrase “the only place in Noldorin where the primitive prefix is preserved” was deleted (EtyAC/AR²)

Variations

  • al ✧ Ety/LA

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶al “without”
    • ᴹ√LA “no, not; to be not” ✧ Ety/AR²
  • ᴹ✶la- “no, not, negative prefix” ✧ Ety/LA
    • ᴹ√LA “no, not; to be not” ✧ Ety/LA; EtyAC/LA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. il- “no, not” ✧ Ety/LA

Element in

  • N. Alchorin “Not-of-Kôr” ✧ Ety/LA

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶la- > al[la-] > [al-]✧ Ety/LA

andeith

noun. long-mark

Derivations

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
ann“long”
teith“mark, stroke”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. andatektha > andeith[andatexθa] > [andateiθa] > [andateiθ] > [andadeiθ] > [andeiθ]✧ Ety/TEK
Noldorin [Ety/TEK; PE22/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arafain

masculine name. ?White King

A transient name for Keleborn appearing in the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/256). Roman Rausch suggested it might be a combination of aran “king” and a variant form of fein “white” (EE/2.34).

Elements

WordGloss
aran“king, lord (of a specific region)”
fein“white, radiant”
Noldorin [TI/256; TII/Keleborn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

barahir

masculine name. Barahir

Variations

  • Bara-chir ✧ Ety/KHER

Elements

WordGloss
bara“fiery, eager”
hîr“master, lord”
Noldorin [Ety/BARAS; Ety/KHER; LRI/Barahir; LT2/043; LT2I/Barahir; RSI/Barahir; SMI/Barahir; TII/Barahir; WRI/Barahir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baranor

masculine name. Baranor

Variations

  • Turgon ✧ WR/282

Elements

WordGloss
bara“fiery, eager”
naur“flame”
Noldorin [WR/282; WR/288; WRI/Baranor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

basgorn

noun. loaf, loaf, [G.] loaf of bread, [ᴱN.] round loaf, cake

Derivations

  • ᴹ√M(B)AS “knead” ✧ Ety/MBAS

Cognates

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAS > basgorn[bastgorn] > [basgorn]✧ Ety/MBAS
Noldorin [Ety/MBAS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baul

noun. torment

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL “(suffer) torment, agony” ✧ Ety/ÑGWAL

Element in

  • N. Balrog “*Torment Demon” ✧ Ety/ÑGWAL
  • N. Boldog “Torment-slayer” ✧ Ety/ÑGWAL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑGWAL > baul[ŋgwāla] > [mbāla] > [mbǭla] > [bǭla] > [boula] > [baula] > [baul]✧ Ety/ÑGWAL
Noldorin [Ety/ÑGWAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brenia-

verb. to endure

Variations

  • bronio ✧ EtyAC/BORÓN

Derivations

  • On. bron- “to last, endure, survive” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
    • ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure” ✧ Ety/BORÓN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. bronie > brenio[bronia-] > [brœnia-] > [brenia-]✧ Ety/BORÓN

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
brenioinfinitive“endure”✧ Ety/BORÓN
Noldorin [Ety/BORÓN; EtyAC/BORÓN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brennil

noun. lady

Element in

Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

díriel

masculine name. Díriel

Earlier name for Amras appearing in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/15, LR/223). The form Diriel (with a short i) appeared in The Etymologies as a derivative of ON. Dirghel (Ety/DER, GYEL), perhaps meaning “*Man-joy”.

Variations

  • Diriel ✧ Ety/DER; Ety/GYEL; WJI/Díriel
  • Diriol ✧ WJI/Díriel

Changes

  • DírielAmras ✧ LT2/251
  • DírielAmras ✧ LT2I/Amras
  • DírielAmras ✧ MRI/Amrod
  • DírielAmras ✧ SMI/Amras
  • DírielAmras ✧ SMI/Díriel
  • DírielAmras ✧ WJ/197

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Dirghel > Diriel[dirgel] > [dirɣel] > [diriel]✧ Ety/DER
Noldorin [Ety/DER; Ety/GYEL; LRI/Díriel; LT2/251; LT2I/Amras; LT2I/Díriel; MRI/Amrod; MRI/Damrod; SMI/Amras; SMI/Díriel; WJ/197; WJI/Díriel; WR/161; WRI/Díriel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

falborn

masculine name. Falborn

Variations

  • Falborn ✧ WR/169; WRI/Falborn

Changes

  • FalbornAnborn ✧ WR/169
  • FalbornAnborn ✧ WRI/Falborn
Noldorin [WR/169; WRI/Falborn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

faragon

masculine name. Faragon

Earliest name for Vorondil in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (WR/281). Roman Rausch suggested that this name might be a combination of fara- “hunt” and the suffix -gon “lord”, since he was known for hunting wild oxen (EE/3.26).

Changes

  • FaragonOrondil ✧ WR/288
  • FaragonOrondil ✧ WRI/Faragon

Elements

WordGloss
fara-“to hunt”
-gon“valour”
Noldorin [WR/281; WR/288; WRI/Faragon] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gethron

masculine name. Gethron

Changes

  • GethronGethron ✧ LR/151
Noldorin [LR/151; LRI/Gethron] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alagos

noun. storm (of wind)

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “storm of wind”, an elaboration of N. alag “rushing” so perhaps “(lit.) rushing (of winds)” (Ety/ÁLAK). A similar (masculinized?) form appeared in the name N. Ancalagon* “Biting-Storm” (Ety/NAK). Tolkien continued to use this name in later writings, but it was untranslated.

Variations

  • alagon ✧ Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK

Element in

  • S. Ancalagon “Biting-Storm”
  • N. Ancalagon “Biting-Storm” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÁLAK > alagon[alakosse] > [alakoss] > [alagoss] > [alagos]✧ Ety/NAK
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amrûn

noun. uprising, sunrise, Orient, east

Variations

  • am-rún ✧ Ety/AM²
  • am-rûn ✧ EtyAC/AM²
  • amrún ✧ PE22/035
  • Amrūn ✧ PE22/041

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ambaróne “uprising, sunrise, Orient” ✧ Ety/AM²
  • ᴹQ. róna “east” ✧ Ety/RŌ

Elements

WordGloss
am“up”
rhûn“east, eastern; †rising”
Noldorin [Ety/AM²; Ety/NDŪ; Ety/RŌ; EtyAC/AM²; PE22/035; PE22/041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airandir

masculine name. Sea-wanderer

Changes

  • AirandirAerandir ✧ WJI/Aerandir
Noldorin [LRI/Airandir; WJI/Aerandir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

awartha-

verb. to forsake

Variations

  • awartha ✧ Ety/WAR

Derivations

  • On. awarta- “to forsake, abandon” ✧ Ety/WAR
    • ᴹ√WAR “give way, yield, not endure, let down, betray” ✧ Ety/WAR

Cognates

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. awarta > awartha[awarta-] > [awartʰa-] > [awarθa-]✧ Ety/WAR
Noldorin [Ety/WAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belegast

place name. Void

Noldorin term for the “Void” appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s, a combination of beleg “great” and Gast “void” (Ety/KUM), also appearing as a variant Belego containing gaw “void” (Ety/GAS).

Variations

  • Belego ✧ Ety/GAS

Elements

WordGloss
beleg“great, large”
Gast“Void”
Noldorin [Ety/GAS; Ety/KUM] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belegoer

place name. Great Sea

Variations

  • Belegar ✧ LR/014; LR/019; LRI/Belegar; SMI/Belegar
  • Belegaer ✧ LR/019; LRI/Belegar

Changes

  • BelegarBelegaer ✧ LR/019
  • BelegarBelegaer “Great Sea” ✧ SMI/Belegar

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Alataire “Great Sea” ✧ Ety/ÁLAT; Ety/AY

Elements

WordGloss
beleg“great, large”
oer“sea”
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAT; Ety/AY; Ety/BEL; LR/014; LR/019; LRI/Belegar; SMI/Belegar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belegund

masculine name. Belegund

Elements

WordGloss
beleg“great, large”
cunn“prince”
Noldorin [LRI/Belegund; SMI/Belegund] Group: Eldamo. Published by

berithil

masculine name. Berithil

Variations

  • Beren ✧ WR/282
  • Barathil ✧ WR/288; WRI/Berithil
  • Barithil ✧ WR/288; WRI/Berithil
  • Berethil ✧ WRI/Berithil

Changes

  • BerithilBeregond ✧ SD/059
  • BerithilBeregond ✧ SDI1/Berithil
  • BarathilBarithil ✧ WR/288
  • BarithilBerithil ✧ WR/288
  • BerithilBeregond ✧ WR/288
Noldorin [SD/059; SDI1/Berithil; WR/282; WR/288; WRI/Berithil] Group: Eldamo. Published by

branduin

place name. Branduin

Variations

  • Baranduin ✧ Ety/BARÁN; LRI/Baranduin; TI/066; TII/Baranduin
  • Baranduinen ✧ TII/Baranduin

Changes

  • BranduinBaranduin ✧ TI/066
  • BaranduinMalevarn ✧ TI/066

Elements

WordGloss
baran“brown, swart, dark brown”
duin“water, river”
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁN; EtyAC/DUI; LRI/Baranduin; TI/061; TI/066; TII/Baranduin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calardan

noun. lampwright

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Chalardainnasal-mutation-✧ WR/287
Chelerdainnasal-mutation plural-✧ WR/388
Noldorin [WR/287; WR/388] Group: Eldamo. Published by

marthanc

masculine name. Hamfast

Changes

  • MarthancBaravorn “Hamfast” ✧ SD/121
  • MarthancBaravorn “Hamfast” ✧ SDI1/Marthanc

Elements

WordGloss
bár“home; earth”
tanc“firm, firm; [ᴱN.] steady, steadfast; [G.] settled”
Noldorin [SD/117; SDI1/Marthanc] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beor

noun. follower, vassal

phonetic development fits Ossiriandic (PE19/25) @@@

Derivations

  • On. bioro “follower, vassal” ✧ Ety/BEW
    • ᴹ✶beurō “follower, vassal” ✧ Ety/BEW
    • ᴹ√BEW “follow, serve” ✧ Ety/BEW

Cognates

  • ᴹT. búro “vassal” ✧ Ety/BEW

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. bioro > bior > beor[bioro] > [bior] > [beor]✧ Ety/BEW
Noldorin [Ety/BEW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sern ubed

place name. [Stones of] Denial

Earlier name for the Argonath appearing in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (WR/132), a combination of the plural of sarn “stone” and ubed “denial”.

Variations

  • Sarnel Ubed ✧ WR/132 (Sarnel Ubed); WRI/Sern Ubed (Sarnel Ubed)
  • Sairn Ubed ✧ WR/132; WRI/Sern Ubed

Elements

WordGloss
sarn“stone as a material”
ubed“denial”
Noldorin [WR/132; WRI/Sern Ubed] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bachor

noun. pedlar, pedlar, *trader, merchant

Variations

  • bagor ✧ EtyAC/MBAKH (bagor)

Changes

  • bagorbachor ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAKH “exchange” ✧ Ety/MBAKH

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAKH > bachor[mbakʰro] > [mbaxro] > [baxro] > [baxr] > [baxor]✧ Ety/MBAKH
Noldorin [Ety/MBAKH; EtyAC/MBAKH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aderthad

noun. reuniting

Variations

  • Aderthad ✧ Ety/MBER

Element in

Noldorin [Ety/MBER] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aearendel

masculine name. Aearendel

Variations

  • aearendel ✧ PE22/041

Cognates

Noldorin [PE22/041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amon lhaw

place name. Amon Lhaw

Elements

WordGloss
amon“hill”
lheweg“ear”
Noldorin [TI/364; TII/Amon Lhaw; WRI/Amon Lhaw] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an(d)fang

proper name. Longbeard

Variations

  • Andfang/Anfang ✧ Ety/ÁNAD

Elements

WordGloss
ann“long”
fang“beard”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Enfengplural-✧ Ety/ÁNAD; Ety/SPÁNAG; LR/274; LRI/Enfeng
Noldorin [Ety/ÁNAD; Ety/SPÁNAG; LR/274; LRI/Enfeng] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anc

noun. jaw, row of teeth

Variations

  • Anc ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NAK “bite” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/ÁNAK
  • ᴹ✶ankā “jaw, row of teeth” ✧ Ety/NAK
    • ᴹ√NAK “bite” ✧ Ety/NAK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. anka “jaw, row of teeth” ✧ Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶an-kā́ > anc[aŋkā] > [aŋka] > [aŋk]✧ Ety/NAK
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

andram

place name. Long Wall

Elements

WordGloss
ann“long”
rham“wall”
Noldorin [Ety/ÁNAD; Ety/RAMBĀ; LR/262; LRI/Andram] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baldor

proper name. *Vala-king

A rejected Noldorin equivalent of ᴹQ. Valatar “Vala-king” appearing along side (masculine and feminine?) variants Baldron and Benenil in The Etymologies from the 1930s (EtyAC/TĀ). It seems to be a combination of the root ᴹ√BAL and the suffix -dor “king”.

Variations

  • Baldor/Baldron/Benenil ✧ EtyAC/TĀ (Baldor/Baldron/Benenil)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Valatar “Vala-king” ✧ EtyAC/TĀ; EtyAC/TĀ

Elements

WordGloss
BAL“*power”
-dor“*king, lord”
Noldorin [EtyAC/TĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bauglir

noun. tyrant, oppressor

Changes

  • bauglirbauglir “force, duress, tyranny” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Element in

  • N. Bauglir “Constrainer, Terrible”
Noldorin [Ety/MBAW; EtyAC/MBAW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bronwe

noun. endurance

Variations

  • Bronwe ✧ SD/062

Derivations

Element in

bruinen

place name. Loudwater

Elements

WordGloss
brui“loud”
nen“water”
Noldorin [SDI1/Bruinen; TI/014; TI/296; TII/Bruinen] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dadben

adverb/adjective. downhill, inclined, prone, downhill, inclined, prone; [ᴱN.] (figuratively) easy-going, easy, not arduous

Variations

  • dadðenn/dadhenn ✧ Ety/DEN (dadðenn/dadhenn)
  • dadbenn ✧ Ety/PEN; EtyAC/DAT
  • daddhenn ✧ EtyAC/DAT (daddhenn)
  • dadvenn ✧ EtyAC/DAT (dadvenn)
  • dadðenn ✧ EtyAC/DEN (dadðenn)

Changes

  • daddhenndadbenn ✧ EtyAC/DAT
  • dadvenndaddhenn ✧ EtyAC/DAT

Elements

WordGloss
dad“down”
penn“declivity”
Noldorin [Ety/DAT; Ety/DEN; Ety/PEN; EtyAC/DAT; EtyAC/DEN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dolamarth

place name. Mount Doom

Early name of S. Amon Amarth from Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, also appearing as Amarthon (TI/343). It is a combination of dôl “head, hill” and ammarth “doom”, as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/2.57).

Variations

  • Amarthon ✧ TI/343; TII/Amon Amarth

Elements

WordGloss
dôl“head, hill”
ammarth“fate, doom”
Noldorin [TI/343; TII/Amon Amarth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dúlin(n)

noun. nightingale

Variations

  • dūlinn ✧ Ety/LIN²
  • dúlin ✧ Ety/TIN
  • dúlinn ✧ EtyAC/LIN²
  • duilin ✧ SD/302

Derivations

  • ᴹ√DOƷ “night” ✧ Ety/DOƷ
  • ᴹ√DOM “faint, dim” ✧ Ety/TIN
  • ᴹ✶dōmilindē “nightingale” ✧ SD/302

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. lómelinde “nightingale” ✧ Ety/DOƷ; Ety/LIN²; Ety/TIN; SD/302

Elements

WordGloss
“night, night-fall, late evening”
lhinn“air, tune”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√DOƷ/DÔ > dúlind > dúlin(n)[dōlindē] > [dūlindē] > [dūlinde] > [dūlind] > [dūlinn] > [dūlin]✧ Ety/DOƷ
ᴹ√DOM > dúlind > dúlin[dūvlinde] > [dūvlind] > [dūlind] > [dūlinn] > [dūlin]✧ Ety/TIN
ᴹ✶dōmilindē > duilin[dōmilindē] > [dūmilindē] > [dūmilinde] > [dūmilind] > [dūvilind] > [duilind] > [duilinn] > [duilin]✧ SD/302
Noldorin [Ety/DOƷ; Ety/LIN²; Ety/TIN; EtyAC/LIN²; SD/302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angolonn

place name. Land of the Gnomes

Noldorin equivalent of ᴹQ. Ingolonde “Land of the Gnomes” appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/ÑGOLOD). It seems to be an example of how [[on|initial syllabic [m], [n], [ŋ] became [am], [an], [aŋ]]] in Old Noldorin.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑGOLOD “one of the wise folk, Gnome” ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Ingolonde “Land of the Gnomes” ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑGÓLOD > Angolonn[ŋ̣golonde] > [aŋgolonde] > [aŋgolond] > [aŋgolonn]✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
Noldorin [Ety/ÑGOLOD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

both

noun. puddle, small pool

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBOTH “*pool” ✧ Ety/MBOTH

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. motto “blot” ✧ Ety/MBOTH

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBOTH > both[mbottʰō] > [mbottʰo] > [mboθθo] > [boθθo] > [boθθ] > [moθ]✧ Ety/MBOTH
Noldorin [Ety/MBOTH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adleg-

verb. *to release

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LEK “loose, let loose, release” ✧ Ety/LEK

Elements

WordGloss
ad-“back, again, re-”
LEK“loose, let loose, release”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LEK > adlegi[leki] > [legi]✧ Ety/LEK

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
†adlegiinfinitive-✧ EtyAC/LEK
†adlencpast-✧ EtyAC/LEK
Noldorin [EtyAC/LEK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alflon

place name. *Swan-haven

A Noldorin name for ᴹQ. Alqalonde appearing on the earliest Silmarillion maps (SM/250-1, 261). It appears to be a combination of alf “swan” and the lenited form of lhonn “haven”.

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Alqalonde “Swan-haven” ✧ SMI/Alflon

Elements

WordGloss
alf“swan”
lhonn“(narrow) path, strait, pass”
Noldorin [SMI/Alflon] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ammarth

noun. fate, doom

should be amarth because [[n|[mm] shortened]] @@@

Variations

  • marth ✧ EtyAC/MBARAT (marth); EtyAC/SIL (marth)
  • barth ✧ EtyAC/MBARAT; EtyAC/SIL

Changes

  • marthbarth “fate” ✧ EtyAC/MBARAT
  • marthbarth “fate” ✧ EtyAC/SIL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBARAT “fate” ✧ Ety/MBARAT; EtyAC/MBARAT; EtyAC/SIL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. marta “fated, fey; fate” ✧ EtyAC/MBARAT; EtyAC/SIL
  • ᴹQ. umbar “fate, doom” ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Element in

  • N. Dolamarth “Mount Doom”
  • N. Turumarth “Master of Fate, Conqueror of Fate” ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBARAT > ammarth[ambarta] > [ambartʰa] > [ambarθa] > [ambarθ] > [ambarθ] > [ammarθ]✧ Ety/MBARAT
Noldorin [Ety/MBARAT; EtyAC/MBARAT; EtyAC/SIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balan

noun. Power, God

Derivations

  • On. Bala “Power, God” ✧ Ety/BAL
    • ᴹ✶balā “powerful; Power, God” ✧ Ety/BAL
    • ᴹ√BAL “*power” ✧ Ety/BAL
  • ᴹ√BAL “*power” ✧ Ety/KIRIK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Vala “Power, God” ✧ Ety/BAL; Ety/BAL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Bala > Balan[Bala] > [Balan]✧ Ety/BAL
On. Bala > Belein > Belen[balani] > [beleni] > [belein] > [belen]✧ Ety/BAL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Belenplural-✧ Ety/BAL
Mbelainnasal-mutation plural“Gods”✧ Ety/KIRIK
weleinsoft-mutation plural-✧ Ety/LEP
Noldorin [Ety/BAL; Ety/KIRIK; Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belegol

masculine name. Great Aule

A more elaborate Noldorin name for ᴹQ. Aule appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s, a combination of beleg “great” and his ordinary Noldorin name Gaul (Ety/BEL, GAWA).

Variations

  • Beleg-ol ✧ Ety/BEL

Element in

  • N. Ar Velegol “Day of Aule, alternate name of the third day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
beleg“great, large”
Gaul“Aule”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Velegolsoft-mutation“Aule”✧ Ety/LEP
Noldorin [Ety/BEL; Ety/GAWA; Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beria-

verb. to protect

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶baryā- “to protect” ✧ Ety/BAR
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. varya- “to protect” ✧ Ety/BAR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶baryā́- > berio[barja-] > [baria-] > [beria-]✧ Ety/BAR

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
berioinfinitive“to protect”✧ Ety/BAR
Noldorin [Ety/BAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

men falros

place name. *Place of Splashing Foam

Earlier name for Cair Andros (WR/326), apparently a combination of N. menplace”, some form of the root ᴹ√PHAL “foam” and the suffixal form of -ros of rhoss “rain”, perhaps meaning “Place of Splashing Foam” as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/3.33).

Changes

  • Men FalrosCairros ✧ WRI/Cair Andros

Elements

WordGloss
men“*place”
PHAL“foam”
rhoss“rain”
Noldorin [WR/326; WRI/Cair Andros] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar neleduir

proper name. Day of the three kings, fifth day of the Valian week

The Noldorin name for the 5th day of the Valian 5-day week, a combination of the prefix ar- “day” and the term Neleduir “Three Kings” collectively referring to Osse, Orome and Tulkas (Ety/LEP).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Neldion “Day of the Three, fifth day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/LEP

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“day”
Neleduir“Three Kings”
Noldorin [Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elbereth gilthoniel

Elbereth Gilthoniel

Variations

  • O Elbereth Gilthoniel ✧ SD/112; WR/218; WR/218
  • Gilthoniel O Elbereth ✧ SD/112

Element in

Noldorin [RS/394; SD/112; WR/218] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dú(w)ath

noun. night-shade

Variations

  • Dú(w)ath ✧ Ety/DOƷ

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
“night, night-fall, late evening”
gwath“shade”
Noldorin [Ety/DOƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baug

adjective. tyrannous, cruel, oppressive

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAW “compel, force, subject, oppress” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAW > baug[mbawka] > [mbauka] > [mbǭka] > [bǭka] > [bouka] > [bauka] > [bauk] > [baug]✧ Ety/MBAW
Noldorin [Ety/MBAW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

buia-

verb. to serve, hold allegiance to

Derivations

  • On. buia- “to serve, follow” ✧ Ety/BEW
    • ᴹ✶beuyā- “follow, serve” ✧ Ety/BEW
    • ᴹ√BEW “follow, serve” ✧ Ety/BEW

Cognates

  • ᴹT. búa- “to serve” ✧ Ety/BEW

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. buióbe > buio[buia-]✧ Ety/BEW

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
buioinfinitive“serve, hold allegiance to”✧ Ety/BEW
Noldorin [Ety/BEW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-dis

suffix. female agent

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
dîs“bride”

angrist

proper name. Iron-cleaver

Elements

WordGloss
ang“iron”
crist“cleaver, sword”
Noldorin [LR/303; LRI/Angrist] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar(a)-

prefix. noble, royal

Element in

ath-

prefix. on both sides, across

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ATTA “two” ✧ Ety/AT(AT)
  • ᴹ√AT “back, again, twice; two” ✧ Ety/RAT

Element in

  • N. athan “beyond”
  • N. athrad “ford, crossing” ✧ Ety/AT(AT)
  • N. athrada- “to cross, traverse” ✧ Ety/RAT
  • S. Ethring “*Across Cold”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AT(AT) > ath-[att-] > [attʰ-] > [aθθ-] > [aθ-]✧ Ety/RAT
Noldorin [Ety/AT(AT); Ety/RAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

agor

adjective. narrow

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶akrā “narrow” ✧ Ety/AK
    • ᴹ√AK “narrow, confined” ✧ Ety/AK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. arka “narrow” ✧ Ety/AK

Element in

  • S. Aglon “Narrow Pass”
  • N. Aglon “defile, pass between high walls” ✧ Ety/AK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶akrā > agr > agor[akrā] > [akra] > [akr] > [agr] > [agor]✧ Ety/AK

ang

noun. iron

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ANGA “iron” ✧ Ety/ANGĀ

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. anga “iron” ✧ Ety/ANGĀ

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ANGĀ > ang[aŋgā] > [aŋga] > [aŋg] > [aŋ]✧ Ety/ANGĀ
Noldorin [Ety/ANGĀ; Ety/WED] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

noun. king, lord (of a specific region)

Variations

  • âr ✧ Ety/TĀ
  • Aran ✧ Ety/THIN; TI/182

Derivations

  • On. aran “king”
    • ᴹ√ƷAR “have, hold”
  • ᴹ√ƷAR “have, hold” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; Ety/TĀ; EtyAC/ƷARA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. haran “king, chieftain, lord or king of a specified region” ✧ Ety/TĀ

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷAR > aran[ɣaran] > [aran]✧ Ety/ƷAR
ᴹ√ƷAR > erain[ɣarani] > [arani] > [ereni] > [erein] > [erain]✧ Ety/ƷAR

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
erainplural-✧ Ety/ƷAR
-erainplural-✧ EtyAC/ƷARA
Erainplural-✧ WR/098
Noldorin [Ety/ƷAR; Ety/TĀ; Ety/THIN; EtyAC/ƷARA; PE22/033; TI/182; WR/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cam

noun. hand

Variations

  • camm ✧ Ety/MAƷ

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
kambaioold-genitive plural-✧ PE21/60
Noldorin [Ety/KAB; Ety/LAD; Ety/MAƷ; EtyAC/KAB; PE21/60] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iath

preposition. across

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶yatta “across” ✧ EtyAC/YAT
    • ᴹ√YAT “join” ✧ Ety/YAT

Element in

  • N. iathrad “crossing, ford” ✧ EtyAC/YAT (iathrad)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶yatta > iath[jatta] > [jattʰa] > [jaθθa] > [jaθθ] > [jaθ]✧ EtyAC/YAT
Noldorin [EtyAC/YAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-as

suffix. abstract noun

Element in

  • N. oegas “mountain peak” ✧ Ety/AYAK
  • N. bellas “bodily strength” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • N. bregolas “fierceness, fierceness, *ferocity”
  • N. cevnas “earthenware” ✧ EtyAC/KEM
  • N. gonathras “entanglement” ✧ Ety/NAT
  • N. hannas “understanding, intelligence” ✧ Ety/KHAN
  • N. hobas “harbourage”
  • N. dannas “autumn”
  • N. ínias “annals”
  • N. Lhammas “Account of Tongues, Linguistic History”
  • N. moeas “dough” ✧ Ety/MASAG
  • N. maenas “craft, handicraft, art” ✧ Ety/MAƷ|MAG
  • N. ovras “crowd, heap” ✧ Ety/UB
  • N. panas “floor” ✧ Ety/PAN
  • N. pennas “history”
  • N. ram(m)as “*great wall”
  • N. sarnas “cairn”
  • N. thamas “great hall” ✧ Ety/STAB
  • N. tharas “hassock, footstool” ✧ Ety/STAR
  • N. thinnas “shortness, shortening”
  • N. tobas “roofing, roof” ✧ Ety/TOP
Noldorin [Ety/AYAK; Ety/BEL; Ety/KHAN; Ety/MAƷ|MAG; Ety/MASAG; Ety/NAT; Ety/PAN; Ety/STAB; Ety/STAR; Ety/TOP; Ety/UB; EtyAC/KEM] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-os

suffix. abstract noun

Element in

  • N. alagos “storm (of wind)” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
  • N. hannas “understanding, intelligence” ✧ Ety/BOR
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/BOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

barad

adjective. doomed, *fated

Variations

  • barad ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBARAT “fate” ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. marta “fated, fey; fate” ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBARAT > barad[mbarata] > [barata] > [barat] > [barad]✧ Ety/MBARAT
Noldorin [Ety/MBARAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airin

feminine name. Airin

Changes

  • AirinAerin ✧ WJI/Aerin
Noldorin [LRI/Airin; SMI/Airin; WJI/Aerin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amath

noun. shield

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAT(H) “screen, shield” ✧ EtyAC/MBAT(H)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. umbas “shield” ✧ EtyAC/MBAT(H)

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAT(H) > ambath > amath[ṃbatʰ] > [ambatʰ] > [ambaθ] > [ambaθ] > [ammaθ] > [amaθ]✧ EtyAC/MBAT(H)
Noldorin [EtyAC/MBAT(H)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anfauglin

masculine name. Jaws of Thirst

Changes

  • AnfauglinAnfauglir “Jaws of Thirst” ✧ SMI/Anfauglin

Elements

WordGloss
anc“jaw, row of teeth”
faug“thirsty”
?
Noldorin [SM/115; SMI/Anfauglin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anna-

verb. to give

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NĀ/ANA “to, towards” ✧ Ety/ANA¹

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. anta- “to give” ✧ Ety/ANA¹

Element in

  • ᴺS. dananna- “to give back, return [something]”
  • ᴺS. istanna- “to teach, lecture, explain, (lit.) give knowledge”
  • S. oneth “*giving”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ANA¹ > anno[anta-] > [antʰa-] > [anθa-] > [anna-]✧ Ety/ANA¹

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
annoinfinitive“to give”✧ Ety/ANA¹
Noldorin [Ety/ANA¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balar

place name. Balar

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Bálāre ✧ Ety/BAL
    • ᴹ√BAL “*power” ✧ Ety/BAL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶bálāre > Balar[balāre] > [balare] > [balar]✧ Ety/BAL
Noldorin [Ety/BAL; LR/180; LR/404; LRI/Balar; SMI/Balar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

barad

noun. fort, tower, fortress

Variations

  • barad ✧ Ety/BARAT; EtyAC/BARAT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BARAT “*tower” ✧ Ety/BARAT
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√BARAT > barad[barata] > [barat] > [barad]✧ Ety/BARAT

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Varadsoft-mutation“defended”✧ WR/326
Beredplural-✧ WR/340
Noldorin [Ety/BARAT; EtyAC/BARAT; WR/326; WR/340] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baradh

adjective. steep

Derivations

  • On. barada “steep” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ✶Baradā “lofty, sublime” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ√BARAD ✧ Ety/BARÁD; Ety/BARATH
      • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. barada > baradh[barada] > [baraða] > [barað]✧ Ety/BARÁD
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baran

adjective. brown, swart, dark brown

Derivations

  • On. barane “brown, swart, dark brown” ✧ Ety/BARÁN
    • ᴹ√BARAN “russet, brown” ✧ Ety/BARÁN

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. varne “brown, swart, dark brown” ✧ Ety/BARÁN

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. barane > baran[barane] > [baran]✧ Ety/BARÁN
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bast

noun. bread

Derivations

  • ᴹ√M(B)AS “knead” ✧ Ety/KOR; Ety/MBAS

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. masta “bread” ✧ Ety/MBAS

Element in

  • Ilk. basgorn “round bread” ✧ Ety/KOR
  • N. basgorn “loaf, loaf, [G.] loaf of bread, [ᴱN.] round loaf, cake” ✧ Ety/MBAS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAS > bast[mbasta] > [basta] > [bast]✧ Ety/MBAS
Noldorin [Ety/KOR; Ety/MBAS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

borth

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • Borth ✧ Ety/BOR

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure” ✧ Ety/BOR

Element in

  • N. Borthandos “*Steadfast-intelligence” ✧ Ety/BOR

brann

adjective. lofty, noble, fine; high

Derivations

  • On. branda “lofty, noble, fine” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ✶b’randā “lofty, noble, fine” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ√BARAD ✧ Ety/BARÁD
      • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Cognates

  • ᴹT. branda “lofty, noble, fine” ✧ Ety/BARÁD

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. branda > brand > brann[branda] > [brand] > [brann]✧ Ety/BARÁD
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD; TAI/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bregol

adjective. violent, sudden, *fierce

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶berékā “wild” ✧ Ety/BERÉK
    • ᴹ√BEREK “*sudden, fierce” ✧ Ety/BERÉK
  • ᴹ√MEREK ✧ Ety/MERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. verka “wild” ✧ Ety/BERÉK

Element in

  • N. Bregalad “Quickbeam”
  • N. bregolas “fierceness, fierceness, ferocity” ✧ Ety/BERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK (Bregolas*)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶berékā > bregol[berékāla] > [brekāla] > [brekǭla] > [brekoula] > [brekaula] > [brekaul] > [bregaul] > [bregol]✧ Ety/BERÉK
ᴹ√MERÉK > bregol[merékāla] > [mrekāla] > [brekāla] > [brekǭla] > [brekoula] > [brekaula] > [brekaul] > [bregaul] > [bregol]✧ Ety/MERÉK
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉK; Ety/MERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brith

noun. gravel

Derivations

  • Ilk. brith “broken stones, gravel” ✧ Ety/BIRÍT
    • ᴹ✶b’rittē “broken stones, gravel” ✧ Ety/BIRÍT
    • ᴹ√BIRIT ✧ Ety/BIRÍT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
Ilk. brith > brith[brith]✧ Ety/BIRÍT
Noldorin [Ety/BIRÍT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cad

adverb. *after

Variations

  • Cad ✧ PM/136 (Cad)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kata “after”

Element in

  • N. Cadloer “July, *After-summer” ✧ PM/136
  • N. Cathriw “January, *After-winter”

cadw

adjective. shaped, formed

Variations

  • -gadu ✧ EtyAC/KAT

Derivations

  • On. katwe “shaped, formed” ✧ Ety/KAT
    • ᴹ✶katwā “shaped, formed” ✧ Ety/KAT
    • ᴹ√KAT “shape, make” ✧ Ety/KAT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kanta “shape, frame; shaped” ✧ Ety/KAT

Element in

  • N. cadwor “shapely” ✧ Ety/KAT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. katwe > cadw[katwe] > [katw] > [kadw] > [kadu]✧ Ety/KAT

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-gadwsoft-mutation-✧ Ety/KAT
Noldorin [Ety/KAT; EtyAC/KAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caint

place name. Caint

An unglossed name from a deleted entry in The Etymologies from the 1930s, derived from the deleted root ᴹ√KEN “spearhead, gore” (EtyAC/KEN). It might be a precursor to S. Naith “Gore, Triangle”.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KEN “spearhead, gore” ✧ EtyAC/KEN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KEN > Caint[kǣnt] > [kaint]✧ EtyAC/KEN
Noldorin [EtyAC/KEN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calad

noun. light

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/KAL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAL > calad[kalata] > [kalat] > [kalad]✧ Ety/KAL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
galadsoft-mutation“light”✧ Ety/KIL
Noldorin [Ety/KAL; Ety/KIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

egnor

masculine name. Egnor

Variations

  • Eg-nor ✧ Ety/EK

Changes

  • EgnorAegnor ✧ MR/327
  • EgnorAegnor ✧ MRI/Aegnor
  • EgnorAegnor ✧ WJI/Egnor

Elements

WordGloss
êg“thorn”
naur“flame”
Noldorin [Ety/EK; Ety/NAR¹; LRI/Egnor; MR/327; MRI/Aegnor; SMI/Egnor; WJI/Egnor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

palw

noun. agony

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KWAL “die (in pain)” ✧ Ety/KWAL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. qalme “(death) agony, (process of) death” ✧ Ety/KWAL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KWAL > palw[kwalme] > [palme] > [palm] > [palv] > [palu]✧ Ety/KWAL
Noldorin [EtyAC/KWAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bannos

masculine name. Mandos, Dread Imprisoner

Noldorin name of Mandos appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s as a combination of the roots ᴹ√MBAD and ᴹ√GOS (Ety/MBAD). His name was glossed as “Dread Imprisoner” (Ety/MBAD) and as rejected “Dread Doom” (EtyAC/MBAD). It might be considered a combination of bann “prison” and the lenited form of gost “terror”.

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, his name was G. Bannoth or Bandoth (GL/18, 21).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Angamanda “Iron Prison, Hells of Iron” ✧ EtyAC/MBAD
  • ᴹQ. Mandos “(Dread) Imprisoner” ✧ Ety/MBAD

Elements

WordGloss
bann“duress, prison”
gost“dread, terror”
Noldorin [Ety/MBAD; EtyAC/MBAD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adab

noun. building, house

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶atakwē “construction, building” ✧ Ety/TAK
    • ᴹ√TAK “fix, make fast, make” ✧ Ety/TAK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ataqe “construction, building” ✧ Ety/TAK

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶atakwē > adab[atakwē] > [atapē] > [atape] > [atap] > [atab] > [adab]✧ Ety/TAK
ᴹ✶atakwē > edeb[atakwī] > [atapī] > [atapi] > [etepi] > [eteip] > [eteib] > [edeib] > [edeb]✧ Ety/TAK

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
edebplural-✧ Ety/TAK
-Edebplural“houses”✧ WR/380
Noldorin [Ety/TAK; WR/380] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bein

adjective. fair, beautiful

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶bányā “beautiful” ✧ Ety/BAN
    • ᴹ√BAN “*beauty” ✧ Ety/BAN
  • ᴹ√GWEN “*fresh, green” ✧ Ety/GWEN

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. vanya “beautiful, fair” ✧ Ety/BAN

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶bányā > bein[banjā] > [banja] > [bania] > [benia] > [beni] > [bein]✧ Ety/BAN
ᴹ√GWEN > bein[gwenja] > [benja] > [benia] > [beni] > [bein]✧ Ety/GWEN
Noldorin [Ety/BAN; Ety/GWEN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caeleb

adjective. bedridden, sick

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kaimassea “bedridden, sick, bedridden, sick, [ᴱQ.] confined to bed, a-bed” ✧ Ety/KAY
Noldorin [Ety/KAY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

afarch

adjective. arid, very dry

Derivations

  • On. appharkha “arid, very dry” ✧ EtyAC/A
    • ᴹ✶parkā “dry” ✧ EtyAC/A

Elements

WordGloss
a-“intensive prefix”
parch“dry”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. appharkha > afarch[aɸɸarxa] > [affarxa] > [affarx] > [afarx]✧ EtyAC/A
Noldorin [EtyAC/A; EtyAC/N] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angos

noun. horror

Variations

  • ãngos ✧ EtyAC/GOS (ãngos)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶angosse “horror” ✧ EtyAC/GOS; EtyAC/GOS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶añgoss- > angos[aŋgossǝ] > [aŋgoss] > [aŋgos]✧ EtyAC/GOS
Noldorin [EtyAC/GOS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angrod

masculine name. Angrod

Elements

WordGloss
ang“iron”
rhaud“metal”
Noldorin [Ety/RAUTĀ; LRI/Angrod; SMI/Angrod] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aramir

masculine name. Aramir

The earliest name of Arathorn appearing in the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/7), probably a combination of aran “king” and a variant form of mîr “jewel”.

Elements

WordGloss
aran“king, lord (of a specific region)”
mîr“jewel, precious thing, treasure”
Noldorin [TI/007; TII/Arathorn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

awarth

noun. abandonment

Derivations

  • ᴹ√WAR “give way, yield, not endure, let down, betray” ✧ Ety/WAR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√WAR > awarth[awarta] > [awartʰa] > [awarθa] > [awarθ]✧ Ety/WAR
Noldorin [Ety/WAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

banwen

feminine name. Vana

Noldorin name of Vana appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s as derivative of the Old Noldorin form ON. Bana-wende (Ety/BAN). Her name might be considered a combination of bein “beautiful” and the lenited form of gwenn “maiden”.

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, her name was G. Gwann or Gwannuin along with a number of variations (GL/18, 31, 44, 47).

Derivations

Elements

WordGloss
bein“fair, beautiful”
gwenn“maiden”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Bana-wende > Banwend > Banwen[banawende] > [banawend] > [banwend] > [banwenn] > [banwen]✧ Ety/BAN
Noldorin [Ety/BAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

batha-

verb. to trample

Derivations

  • On. battha- “to trample” ✧ Ety/BAT
    • ᴹ✶battā “trample” ✧ Ety/BAT
    • ᴹ√BAT “tread” ✧ Ety/BAT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. batthṓ > batho[baθθa-] > [baθa-]✧ Ety/BAT

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bathoinfinitive“trample”✧ Ety/BAT
Noldorin [Ety/BAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bennas

noun. angle

Variations

  • Bennas ✧ TI/238; TII/Bennas

Cognates

Noldorin [Ety/BEN; TI/238; TII/Bennas] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brona-

verb. to last, survive

Derivations

  • On. bron- “to last, endure, survive” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
    • ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure” ✧ Ety/BORÓN

Cognates

  • ᴺQ. vor- “to endure, survive”

Element in

  • ᴺS. bronad “survival”
  • N. bronadui “enduring, lasting” ✧ Ety/BORÓN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. bronie > brono[brona-]✧ Ety/BORÓN

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bronoinfinitive“last, survive”✧ Ety/BORÓN
Noldorin [Ety/BORÓN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

callon

noun. hero

Derivations

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kallo “noble man, hero” ✧ Ety/KAL

Elements

WordGloss
-(r)on“agental suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kalrondō > callon[kalrondō] > [kallondō] > [kallondo] > [kallond] > [kallonn] > [kallon]✧ Ety/KAL
Noldorin [Ety/KAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

damrod

masculine name. hammerer of copper

Changes

  • DamrodAmrod ✧ LT2/251
  • DamrodAmrod ✧ LT2I/Amrod
  • DamrodAmrod ✧ MRI/Amrod
  • DamrodAmrod ✧ SMI/Amrod
  • DamrodAmrod ✧ SMI/Damrod
  • DamrodAmrod ✧ WJ/197

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Nambarauto “Hammerer of Copper” ✧ Ety/NDAM; Ety/RAUTĀ

Elements

WordGloss
dam“hammer”
rhaud“metal”
Noldorin [Ety/NDAM; Ety/RAUTĀ; LRI/Damrod; LT2/251; LT2I/Amrod; MRI/Amrod; MRI/Damrod; SMI/Amrod; SMI/Damrod; WJ/197; WJI/Damrod] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hundor

masculine name. Hundor

Variations

  • Hûndor ✧ Ety/KHŌ-N
Noldorin [Ety/KHŌ-N; EtyAC/KHŌ-N; LRI/Hundor; SMI/Hundor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tindobel

place name. Twilit City, Starlit City

Earliest name of Barad Nimras in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/331; LR/129, 265). It appeared in The Etymologies with the gloss “Twilit City, Starlit City”, a combination of tinnu “twilight” and the lenited form of gobel “town” (Ety/PEL(ES), TIN).

Variations

  • Tindubel ✧ Ety/TIN; EtyAC/TIN
  • Tindabel ✧ LR/270; LRI/Tindobel; WJI/Tindobel

Changes

  • TindabelTindobel ✧ LR/270
  • TindobelIngildon ✧ WJI/Ingildon

Elements

WordGloss
tinnu“(starry) twilight, dusk, early night (without moon)”
gobel“walled house or village, town”
Noldorin [Ety/PEL(ES); Ety/TIN; EtyAC/TIN; LR/270; LRI/Tindobel; SMI/Tindobel; WJI/Ingildon; WJI/Tindobel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alfobas

place name. *Swan-harbourage

A Noldorin name for ᴹQ. Alqalonde appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/KHOP). It appears to be a combination of alf “swan” and hobas “harbourage”, and possibly replaced the earlier form Alflon.

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Alqalonde “Swan-haven” ✧ Ety/KHOP; TII/Alqualondë

Elements

WordGloss
alf“swan”
hobas“harbourage”
Noldorin [Ety/KHOP; TII/Alqualondë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ammalas

masculine name. Ammalas

Earliest form of the name of Amroth, first changed to Amaldor and then Amroth (TI/223). The meaning of these name are unclear, but Roman Rausch suggested they both contain the element am “up” appearing in his later name, and possibly end with the lenited forms of lhass “leaf” (or possibly glass “joy”) and Galdor (EE/2.26).

Variations

  • Amaldor ✧ TI/223; TII/Amroth

Changes

  • AmmalasAmaldor ✧ TI/223
  • AmaldorAmroth ✧ TI/223

Elements

WordGloss
am“up”
lhass“leaf”
Noldorin [TI/223; TII/Amroth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

andrath

place name. Andrath

Variations

  • Amrath ✧ TI/079; TI/298; TII/Andrath

Changes

  • AmrathAndrath ✧ TI/079
  • AmrathAndrath ✧ TI/298
  • AmrathAndrath ✧ TII/Andrath

Elements

WordGloss
ann“long”
rath“course, river-bed”
Noldorin [TI/079; TI/298; TII/Andrath] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angren

adjective. of iron

Variations

  • Angren ✧ SD/033

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. angaina “of iron” ✧ Ety/ANGĀ

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
engrinplural-✧ Ety/ANGĀ; Ety/AYAK
Noldorin [Ety/ANGĀ; Ety/AYAK; SD/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

annûn

noun. west

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ṇdūnē “sunset” ✧ Ety/NDŪ
    • ᴹ√NDŪ “go down, sink, set (of Sun)” ✧ Ety/NDŪ

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. númen “west” ✧ Ety/NDŪ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶ṇdūnē > annûn[ṇdūnē] > [andūnē] > [andūne] > [andūn] > [annūn]✧ Ety/NDŪ
Noldorin [Ety/NDŪ; Ety/RŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bartha-

verb. to doom

Variations

  • bartha ✧ EtyAC/MBARAT (bartha)

Changes

  • barthabartho ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBARAT “fate” ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. martya- “to destine” ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBARAT > bartho[mbarta-] > [mbartʰa-] > [mbarθa-] > [barθa-]✧ Ety/MBARAT

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
barthoinfinitive“to doom”✧ Ety/MBARAT
Noldorin [Ety/MBARAT; EtyAC/MBARAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baugla-

verb. to oppress

Variations

  • bauglo ✧ EtyAC/MBAW

Changes

  • baugla-bauglo- ✧ Ety/MBAW

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAW “compel, force, subject, oppress” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. mauya- “to compel” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Element in

  • N. bauglir “tyrant, oppressor” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAW > bauglo-[mbawkla-] > [mbaukla-] > [baukla-] > [baugla-]✧ Ety/MBAW

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bauglo-infinitive“to oppress”✧ Ety/MBAW
Noldorin [Ety/MBAW; EtyAC/MBAW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bertha-

verb. to dare

Derivations

  • On. bertha- “to be bold” ✧ Ety/BER
    • ᴹ√BER “valiant” ✧ Ety/BER

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. verya- “to dare” ✧ Ety/BER

Element in

  • ᴺS. berthas “adventure, bold undertaking”
  • ᴺS. berthian “challenge; daring, audacity”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. bértha- > bertho[berθa-]✧ Ety/BER

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
berthoinfinitive“dare”✧ Ety/BER
Noldorin [Ety/BER] Group: Eldamo. Published by

boromir

masculine name. Boromir

Earlier name of Borlach (LR/134). In The Etymologies, it was given as a derivative of ON. Boronmīro (Ety/BOR). The medial [m] developed from [mm] < [n+m], which is why it did not become [v]. This is a distinct etymology of the later name of S. Boromir of Gondor, where the medial [m] was explained by the fact that it was a mixture of Sindarin and Quenya elements.

Changes

  • BoromirBorlach ✧ WJI/Boromir¹

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Boronmíro/Borommíro > Boromir[boronmiro] > [borommiro] > [borommir] > [borommir] > [boromir]✧ Ety/BOR
Noldorin [Ety/BOR; LRI/Boromir; WJI/Boromir¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brethil

noun. beech

Variations

  • brethel ✧ Ety/NEL

Changes

  • brethilbrethel ✧ Ety/NEL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BERETH “beech” ✧ Ety/NEL; Ety/PHER

Cognates

  • ᴹT. bredele “beech-tree” ✧ Ety/BERÉTH

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√BERÉTH > brethel[berétʰele] > [bretʰel] > [breθele] > [breθel]✧ Ety/NEL
ᴹ√BERÉTH > brethil[berétʰelī] > [bretʰelī] > [bretʰeli] > [breθeli] > [breθili] > [breθil]✧ Ety/NEL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
brethilplural-✧ Ety/NEL
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉTH; Ety/NEL; Ety/PHER; EtyAC/NEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caerost

place name. ?-town

Early name for the town S. Calembel in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (WR/437). Its final element appears to be ost “city, town”, but the meaning of its initial element is unclear. Roman Rausch suggested that it might be caer “ten” or some derivative of ᴹ√KAY “lie down” (EE/3.45). It might also be caer “flat isle” appearing in linguistic notes around the same period (PE22/126).

Changes

  • CaerostCalembel ✧ WR/437

Elements

WordGloss
?
ost“city, town (with wall round)”
Noldorin [WR/437; WRI/Caerost] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellonel

feminine name. Ellonel

Variations

  • Finduilas ✧ SD/066
  • Amareth ✧ SD/066; SDI1/Amareth
  • Emrahil ✧ SD/066; SDI1/Emrahil

Changes

  • EllonelFinduilas ✧ SD/066
  • FinduilasAmareth ✧ SD/066
  • AmarethEmrahil ✧ SD/066
  • EmrahilArwen ✧ SD/066
Noldorin [SD/066; SDI1/Amareth; SDI1/Ellonel; SDI1/Emrahil] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhawhen

place name. Lhawhen

A variety of names for the hills Amon Lhaw and Amon Hen first consider by Tolkien in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/387). These names are all combinations of the elements lhaw “ears” or ᴹ√LAS “listen” with hên “eye” or ᴹ√TIR “watch”, as analyzed by Roman Rausch (EE/2.61).

Variations

  • Amon Tirlaw ✧ TI/387 (Amon Tirlaw)
  • Lhawdir ✧ TI/387 (Lhawdir)
  • Lasthen ✧ TI/387 (Lasthen)
  • Henlas ✧ TI/387 (Henlas)
  • Hendlas ✧ TI/387

rimbedir

masculine name. Trotter

Earliest Elvish name in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s for the character that would become Aragorn (RS/198). Its etymology is unclear.

Changes

  • RimbedirPadathir “Trotter” ✧ RS/198
Noldorin [RS/198; RSI/Rimbedir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bunn

noun. snout, nose, cape

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mbundu “snout, nose; cape [of land]” ✧ Ety/MBUD
    • ᴹ√(M)BUD “jut out, project” ✧ Ety/MBUD

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. mundo “snout, nose; cape [of land]” ✧ Ety/MBUD

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mbundu > bund > bunn[mbundu] > [mbundo] > [bundo] > [bund] > [bunn]✧ Ety/MBUD
Noldorin [Ety/MBUD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caras

noun. a city (built above ground)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAR “make, build, construct” ✧ Ety/KAR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAR > caras[karassa] > [karass] > [karas]✧ Ety/KAR
Noldorin [Ety/KAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amon hen

place name. Amon Hen

Variations

  • Amon Henn ✧ WR/128; WRI/Amon Hen

Changes

  • Amon HenAmon Henn ✧ WR/128

Elements

WordGloss
amon“hill”
hên“eye”
Noldorin [TI/364; TII/Amon Hen; WR/128; WRI/Amon Hen] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an-

prefix. with, by

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ana- “to, towards” ✧ Ety/NĀ¹
Noldorin [Ety/NĀ¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arnediad

adjective. without reckoning, numberless, innumerable, countless, endless

Variations

  • Arnediad ✧ Ety/NAY

Derivations

  • N. arnœdiad “innumerable, countless, endless” ✧ Ety/NOT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. avanóte “without number, numberless” ✧ Ety/AR²

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“outside, beside; without”
nœdia-“to count”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
N. arnœdiad > arnediad[arnœdiad] > [arnediad]✧ Ety/NOT
Noldorin [Ety/AR²; Ety/NAY; Ety/NOT; Ety/WŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aronoded

adjective. innumerable, countless, endless

Variations

  • Aronoded ✧ Ety/NAY

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
ar-“outside, beside; without”
gonod-“to count (up)”
Noldorin [Ety/NAY; Ety/NOT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

badh-

verb. to judge

Variations

  • bað- ✧ Ety/BAD (bað-)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶bad- “to judge” ✧ Ety/BAD
    • ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judge” ✧ Ety/BAD

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶bad- > bað-[bad-] > [bað-]✧ Ety/BAD
Noldorin [Ety/BAD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belfalas

place name. Belfalas

Changes

  • BelfalasAnfalas ✧ TI/310
Noldorin [TI/119; TI/310; TII/Belfalas; WRI/Belfalas] Group: Eldamo. Published by

berethil

feminine name. Berethil

A Noldorin name for Varda appearing on in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/BARATH), possibly replacing older N. Bredhil and G. Bridhil and possibly replaced by N. Elbereth. It developed from ON. Barathi(l).

Derivations

  • On. Barathi(l) ✧ Ety/BARATH
    • ᴹ✶Barathī “Spouse of Manwe” ✧ Ety/BARATH
    • ᴹ√BARATH “*queen” ✧ Ety/BARATH
      • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BARATH

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Varda “Lofty, Sublime” ✧ Ety/BARATH

Elements

WordGloss
bereth“queen”
-(r)il“feminine suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Barathi(l) > Berethil[baraθil] > [bereθil]✧ Ety/BARATH
Noldorin [Ety/BARATH] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bregedur

noun. wild fire

A noun appearing as N. {bregedúr >>} bregedur “wild fire” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, a combination of N. breged “suddenness” and N. ûr “fire”, from ᴹ√BEREK and ᴹ√UR “be hot” respectively (Ety/BERÉK, UR; EtyAC/MERÉK). It was also an element in the name N. Dagor Vregedúr “Battle of Sudden Fire” (Ety/BERÉK; LR/280) which in later writings became S. Dagor Bragollach “Battle of Sudden Flame” (S/151; WJ/52).

Neo-Sindarin: Despite this name change, I think bregedur “wild fire” might still be valid, given other late names like S. Bregalad “Quickbeam” and the continued use of the root √UR. In fact, I prefer this over using bragollach “sudden flame”, since bragol “sudden” has no other similar forms on Tolkien’s writings: it is breg- everywhere else.

Variations

  • bregedúr ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK (bregedúr)

Element in

  • N. Dagor Vregedúr “Battle of Sudden Fire” ✧ Ety/BERÉK; Ety/UR (Dagor Vreged-úr); EtyAC/MERÉK (Dagor Vregedúr)

Elements

WordGloss
breged“violence, suddenness”
ûr“fire”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-Vreged-úrsoft-mutation“Sudden Fire”✧ Ety/UR
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉK; Ety/UR; EtyAC/MERÉK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bregolas

masculine name. Fierceness

Elements

WordGloss
bregolas“fierceness, fierceness, *ferocity”
Noldorin [Ety/BERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK; LRI/Bregolas; SMI/Bregolas] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bór

masculine name. Faithful

Variations

  • Bor ✧ LR/147; LR/291; LRI/Bor; RSI/Bor; SMI/Bor

Changes

  • BorBór ✧ LR/147
  • BorBór ✧ LR/291
  • BorBór “Faithful” ✧ LRI/Bor
Noldorin [Ety/BOR; LR/147; LR/291; LRI/Bor; RSI/Bor; SMI/Bor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lalf

noun. elm-tree

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(L)ALAM “elm-tree” ✧ Ety/ÁLAM

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alalme “elm-tree” ✧ Ety/ÁLAM

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÁLAM > lalf[lalme] > [lalm] > [lalv]✧ Ety/ÁLAM
ᴹ√ÁLAM > lelf[lalmi] > [lelmi] > [lelm] > [lelv]✧ Ety/ÁLAM

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lelfplural-✧ Ety/ÁLAM
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAM] Group: Eldamo. Published by

benn

noun. man, male, †husband

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “man” or “male” but originally with the sense “†husband”, derived from primitive ᴹ✶besnō under the root ᴹ√BES “wed” (Ety/BES, DER). The scenario in The Etymologies was that word for “husband” became N. herven while the original word for “man”, N. dîr, fell out of use except as an element in names and as an agental suffix.

Conceptual Development: G. {bend >>} †benn was a word for “husband” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, but it was marked archaic and was replaced by bedhron; these Gnomish words were derived from the early root ᴱ√Bedh- [VEÐE] (GL/22).

Neo-Sindarin: The root for “marry” words was altered in Tolkien’s later writings to √BER, so many Neo-Sindarin writers prefer to use S. dîr as the normal word for “man”; see that entry for discussion. I am of the opinion that both dîr and benn are acceptable, since I prefer to retain ᴹ√BES for “marry, wed”.

Derivations

  • On. benno “man” ✧ Ety/BES
    • ᴹ✶besnō “husband” ✧ Ety/BES
    • ᴹ√BES “wed” ✧ Ety/BER; Ety/BES
  • ᴹ√BES “wed” ✧ Ety/DER

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. venno “husband” ✧ Ety/BES

Element in

  • N. herven “husband” ✧ Ety/BES

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. benno > benn[benno] > [benn]✧ Ety/BES
Noldorin [Ety/BES; Ety/DER; EtyAC/DER] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cadloer

noun. July, *After-summer

Changes

  • CadloerCadlaer “July” ✧ PM/136

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Nólairë “July, *After-summer” ✧ PM/135

Elements

WordGloss
?
loer“summer”

amon ereb

place name. Lonely Hill

Variations

  • Amon Thoros ✧ LR/056

Changes

  • Amon ThorosAmon Ereb ✧ LR/056

Elements

WordGloss
amon“hill”
ereb“isolated”
Noldorin [Ety/ERE; LR/056; LR/143; LRI/Amon Ereb; SM/313; SMI/Amon Ereb] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arad dain

place name. ?High Pass

An alternate name of Annerchi(o)n “Goblin Gate” appearing in the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, preceded by a rejected word Tar (RS/432). The meaning of the name is unclear, Roman Rausch suggested it might mean “High Pass” based on the rejected element Tar. He further suggested the initial element Arad may be derived from the root √ARA “noble” (= “high”) and the second element Dain is a variant form of dîn “pass”, though he also considered the possibility the meaning of the elements was reversed. See EE/2.6 for further discussion.

Variations

  • Tar Dain ✧ RS/432 (Tar Dain)

Changes

  • Tar DainArad Dain ✧ RS/432

Elements

WordGloss
?
dîn“opening, gap, pass in mountains”
Noldorin [RS/432; RSI/Arad Dain] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arnœdiad

adjective. innumerable, countless, endless

Variations

  • arnoediad ✧ EtyAC/NOT

Derivatives

  • N. arnediad “without reckoning, numberless, innumerable, countless, endless” ✧ Ety/NOT
Noldorin [Ety/NOT; EtyAC/NOT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amben

adjective. uphill, uphill; [ᴱN.] arduous, difficult, tiresome

An adjective (and adverb?) for “uphill” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, a combination of am “up” and N. penn “declivity, slope” (Ety/PEN). It was contrasted with N. dadben* “downhill, inclined, prone” (Ety/AM², PEN).

Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies it first appeared as N. amdenn, a derivative of ᴹ√DEN “hillside, slope”, but the meaning of this root was change to ᴹ√DEN “hole; gap, passage” (Ety/DEN), after which the form amben < ᴹ√PEN(ED) given above was introduced. The earliest appearance of this word was in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s as ᴱN. amvenn “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome” explicitly marked as both an adjective and adverb, along with a noun variant ᴱN. amvinn “slope, incline, hillside” (PE13/139, 159-160). This early Noldorin form was a combination of ᴱN. am “up” and ᴱN. benn “sloping”.

Neo-Sindarin: Given its Early Noldorin use for “arduous, difficult, tiresome”, it is possible amben can be used colloquially in Neo-Sindarin with a similar sense of something difficult.

Variations

  • am-bend ✧ Ety/AM²
  • amdenn ✧ Ety/DEN (amdenn)
  • ambenn ✧ Ety/PEN

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. am(ba)penda “uphill, uphill, *sloping up; [ᴱQ.] arduous, difficult, tiresome” ✧ Ety/AM²
  • ᴹQ. ampende “upward slope” ✧ Ety/PEN

Elements

WordGloss
am“up”
penn“declivity”
Noldorin [Ety/AM²; Ety/DEN; Ety/PEN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amon uilos

place name. Amon Uilos

Variations

  • Amon Uilas ✧ LR/210
  • Amon-Uilas ✧ SM/081; SMI/Amon-Uilas
  • Amon-Uilos ✧ SMI/Amon-Uilas

Changes

  • Amon UilasAmon Uilos ✧ LR/210
  • Amon-UilasAmon-Uilos ✧ SMI/Amon-Uilas

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Oiolosse “Everlasting Whiteness” ✧ LR/209
  • ᴹQ. Ialasse “Everlasting Whiteness” ✧ SM/081

Elements

WordGloss
amon“hill”
Uilos“Everlasting Snow”
Noldorin [Ety/OY; LR/209; LR/210; LRI/Amon Uilos; SM/081; SMI/Amon-Uilas] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oel

noun. pool, lake

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ailin “pool, lake” ✧ Ety/AY

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ailin “pool, lake” ✧ Ety/AY

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶ai-lin- > oel[ailin] > [aili] > [ail] > [oel]✧ Ety/AY

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
oelinplural-✧ Ety/AY

bauglir

masculine name. Constrainer, Terrible

Elements

WordGloss
bauglir“tyrant, oppressor”
Noldorin [LR/206; LRI/Bauglir; SM/079; SM/164; SMI/Bauglir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

huor

masculine name. heart-vigour, courage

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Khōgore “heart-vigour, courage” ✧ Ety/GOR; Ety/KHŌ-N

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Huore “heart-vigour, courage” ✧ Ety/KHŌ-N

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶Khōgore > Huor[kʰōgore] > [kʰūgore] > [xūgore] > [xūɣore] > [xūɣor] > [xuor] > [huor]✧ Ety/GOR
Noldorin [Ety/GOR; Ety/KHŌ-N; LRI/Huor; SDI2/Huor; SMI/Huor; WRI/Huor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

calf

noun. water-vessel

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KALPA “water-vessel” ✧ Ety/KALPA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kalpa “water-vessel, bucket” ✧ Ety/KALPA

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KALPA > calf[kalpa] > [kalpʰa] > [kalɸa] > [kalfa] > [kalf]✧ Ety/KALPA
Noldorin [Ety/KALPA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brass

noun. white heat, *extreme heat

Derivations

  • On. brasse “white heat” ✧ Ety/BARAS

Element in

  • N. brassen “white-hot, *very hot” ✧ Ety/BARAS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. brasse > brass[brasse] > [brass]✧ Ety/BARAS
Noldorin [Ety/BARAS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a

conjunction. and

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ar “and; but”

Element in

aew

noun. (small) bird

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AIWĒ “(small) bird” ✧ Ety/AIWĒ

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. aiwe “(small) bird” ✧ Ety/AIWĒ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AIWĒ > aew[aiwē] > [aiwe] > [aiw] > [aew]✧ Ety/AIWĒ
Noldorin [Ety/AIWĒ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ann

adjective. long

Derivations

  • On. anda “long”
  • ᴹ✶andā “long” ✧ Ety/ÁNAD; Ety/MBUD
    • ᴹ√ANAD “*long” ✧ Ety/ÁNAD; Ety/MBUD

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. anda “long” ✧ Ety/ÁNAD

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶andā > and > ann[andā] > [anda] > [and] > [ann]✧ Ety/ÁNAD
ᴹ✶anda > anna-[anda-] > [anna-]✧ Ety/MBUD

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
#anna-prefix-✧ Ety/MBUD
#an-prefix-✧ Ety/RAD
an-prefix“long”✧ Ety/TEK
Noldorin [Ety/ÁNAD; Ety/MBUD; Ety/RAD; Ety/TEK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ant

noun. gift

Variations

  • ann ✧ EtyAC/ANA¹ (ann)

Changes

  • annant ✧ Ety/ANA¹

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NĀ/ANA “to, towards” ✧ Ety/ANA¹

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. anna “gift” ✧ Ety/ANA¹

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ANA¹ > ant[anta] > [antʰa] > [anθa] > [anθ] > [ant]✧ Ety/ANA¹
Noldorin [Ety/ANA¹; EtyAC/ANA¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

conjunction. and

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AR “beside, outside”

Element in

Noldorin [TAI/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ai

interjection. hail

Variations

  • Ai ✧ RS/198; RS/361

Element in

Noldorin [RS/198; RS/361] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alf

noun. swan

Derivations

  • On. alpha “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ✶alkwā “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
    • ᴹ√(A)LAK “swift, rushing” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; PE18/050

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. alqa “swan” ✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. alpha > alf[alɸa] > [alfa] > [alf]✧ Ety/ÁLAK
On. alpha > Elf[alɸi] > [alfi] > [elfi] > [elf]✧ Ety/ÁLAK

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Elfplural-✧ Ety/KHOP
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/KHOP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amar

noun. Earth

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAR “dwell, inhabit” ✧ Ety/MBAR
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Ambar “Earth, World” ✧ Ety/MBAR

Element in

  • N. Emerin “Middle-earth” ✧ Ety/MBAR
  • N. Gondobar “Stone of the World” ✧ Ety/MBAR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAR > ambar > amar[ambar] > [ambar] > [ammar] > [amar]✧ Ety/MBAR
Noldorin [Ety/MBAR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amon

noun. hill

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AM “up” ✧ Ety/AM²

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ambo “hill” ✧ Ety/AM²

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AM² > amon[ambon] > [ambon] > [ammon] > [amon]✧ Ety/AM²
ᴹ√AM² > emuin > emyn[amboni] > [ambuni] > [embyni] > [embyn] > [embyn] > [emmyn] > [emyn]✧ Ety/AM²

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
emynplural-✧ Ety/AM²
Emynplural“hills”✧ TI/313
Noldorin [Ety/AM²; TI/313] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anor

noun. Sun

Variations

  • Anar ✧ Ety/NAR¹
  • ánar ✧ EtyAC/NAR¹ (ánar)
  • Anaur ✧ SDI2/Anar (Anaur)

Changes

  • ánarAnar ✧ Ety/NAR¹

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Anār “Sun” ✧ Ety/ANÁR; SD/302; SD/306
    • ᴹ√NAR “flame, fire” ✧ Ety/ANÁR
  • ᴹ√NAR “flame, fire” ✧ Ety/NAR¹

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Anar “Sun” ✧ Ety/ANÁR; Ety/NAR¹; LR/041; LRI/Anar; SD/306; SDI2/Anar

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶anār- > Anor[anārǝ] > [anār] > [anǭr] > [anour] > [anaur] > [anor]✧ Ety/ANÁR
ᴹ✶Anār > Anaur > Anor[anār] > [anǭr] > [anour] > [anaur] > [anor]✧ SD/302
ᴹ✶Anār > Anaur > Anor[anār] > [anǭr] > [anour] > [anaur] > [anor]✧ SD/306
Noldorin [Ety/ANÁR; Ety/NAR¹; EtyAC/NAR¹; LR/041; LRI/Anar; LRI/Anor; SD/303; SD/306; SDI2/Anar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

araw

masculine name. Orome

Variations

  • Áraw ✧ PE22/037
  • Ramr ✧ WR/292 (Ramr)

Changes

  • RamrAraw ✧ WR/292

Derivations

  • On. Araume “Orome” ✧ Ety/ORÓM; PE22/037; PE22/040
    • ᴹ✶Orǭmē ✧ Ety/ORÓM; PE22/037
    • ᴹ√(O)ROM “loud noise, horn blast” ✧ Ety/ORÓM
  • ᴹ√(O)ROM “loud noise, horn blast” ✧ Ety/ROM

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Orome ✧ Ety/ORÓM; Ety/ROM; PE22/037; WRI/Oromë

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Araume > Araw[araume] > [araum] > [arauv] > [arau]✧ Ety/ORÓM
On. Araume > Aráw > Ara͠uƀ > Aróu̯mh > Áraw[araume] > [araum] > [arauv] > [arau]✧ PE22/037
Noldorin [Ety/ORÓM; Ety/ROM; Ety/TÁWAR; PE22/037; PE22/040; PE22/041; WR/281; WR/292; WRI/Araw; WRI/Oromë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beor

masculine name. Beor

Variations

  • Bëor ✧ Ety/BEW; LRI/Bëor; RSI/Bëor; SDI2/Bëor; TII/Bëor; WRI/Bëor

Elements

WordGloss
beor“follower, vassal”
Noldorin [Ety/BEW; LRI/Bëor; RSI/Bëor; SDI2/Bëor; TII/Bëor; WRI/Bëor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bonn

adjective. snouted

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mbundā “snouted” ✧ Ety/MBUD
    • ᴹ√(M)BUD “jut out, project” ✧ Ety/MBUD

Element in

  • N. annabon “elephant” ✧ Ety/MBUD

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mbundā > bon[mbundā] > [mbunda] > [bunda] > [bonda] > [bond] > [bonn]✧ Ety/MBUD

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
#bonsoft-mutation-✧ Ety/MBUD
Noldorin [Ety/MBUD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brui

adjective. loud

Element in

brôg

noun. bear

A noun for “bear” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from primitive ᴹ✶morókō under the root ᴹ√MOROK (Ety/MORÓK), where the initial syllable reduced to m’rokō and then the initial mr became br.

Conceptual Development: A likely precursor to this word is ᴱN. gorch “bear” (also “fierce fighter”) from Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s (PE13/145, 149).

Variations

  • brog ✧ EtyAC/LIS

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MOROK “*bear” ✧ Ety/LIS
  • ᴹ✶morókō “bear” ✧ Ety/MORÓK
    • ᴹ√MOROK “*bear” ✧ Ety/MORÓK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. morko “bear” ✧ Ety/MORÓK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶morókō > brôg[morókō] > [mrokō] > [brokō] > [broko] > [brok] > [brog] > [brōg]✧ Ety/MORÓK
Noldorin [Ety/LIS; Ety/MORÓK; EtyAC/LIS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dolt

noun. round knob, boss

Variations

  • dolt ✧ Ety/NDOL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NDOL “*head” ✧ Ety/NDOL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NDOL > dolt[ndolto] > [ndoltʰo] > [ndolθo] > [dolθo] > [dolθ] > [dolt]✧ Ety/NDOL
ᴹ√NDOL > dylt[ndoltī] > [ndolti] > [ndoltʰi] > [ndolθi] > [dolθi] > [dulθi] > [dylθi] > [dylθ] > [dylt]✧ Ety/NDOL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
dyltplural-✧ Ety/NDOL
Noldorin [Ety/NDOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

goru

masculine name. Goru

A rejected Noldorin name for ᴹQ. Orome appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s, developed from the rejected primitive form ᴹ✶Górōmē (EtyAC/GÓROM).

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Górōmē ✧ EtyAC/GÓROM
    • ᴹ√GOROM ✧ EtyAC/GÓROM
    • ᴹ√GOR “violence, impetus, haste” ✧ EtyAC/GOR

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Orome ✧ EtyAC/GÓROM

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶Górōmē > Goru[gorōmē] > [gorūmē] > [gorūme] > [gorūm] > [gorum] > [goruv] > [goru]✧ EtyAC/GÓROM
Noldorin [EtyAC/GÓROM] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a-

prefix. intensive prefix

Variations

  • a ✧ EtyAC/N

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶a- ✧ EtyAC/N
    • ᴹ√A “intensive prefix” ✧ EtyAC/N

Element in

  • N. afarch “arid, very dry” ✧ EtyAC/N
  • N. ongol “stench” ✧ EtyAC/N

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶a- > a[a]✧ EtyAC/N
Noldorin [EtyAC/N] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arnen

noun. ?royal

Variations

  • Arnen ✧ WR/363

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
erninplural-✧ WR/370
Noldorin [WR/363; WR/370] Group: Eldamo. Published by

badhor

noun. judge

Variations

  • Badhor ✧ EtyAC/MBAD (Badhor)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶bad- “to judge” ✧ Ety/BAD
    • ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judge” ✧ Ety/BAD
  • ᴹ✶mbād- “judgement, sentence” ✧ EtyAC/MBAD
    • ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judge” ✧ EtyAC/MBAD

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶bad- > badhor[badro] > [baðro] > [baðr] > [baðor]✧ Ety/BAD
Noldorin [Ety/BAD; EtyAC/MBAD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

badhron

noun. judge

Variations

  • baðron ✧ Ety/BAD; EtyAC/MBAD (baðron)

Elements

WordGloss
badh-“to judge”
-(r)on“agental suffix”
Noldorin [Ety/BAD; EtyAC/MBAD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balch

adjective. cruel

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL “(suffer) torment, agony” ✧ Ety/ÑGWAL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. nwalka “cruel” ✧ Ety/ÑGWAL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑGWAL > balch[ŋgwalka] > [mbalka] > [mbalkʰa] > [mbalxa] > [balxa] > [balx]✧ Ety/ÑGWAL
Noldorin [Ety/ÑGWAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beren

adjective. bold

Variations

  • beren ✧ Ety/BER

Derivations

  • On. berina “bold, brave” ✧ Ety/BER
    • ᴹ√BER “valiant” ✧ Ety/BER

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. verya “bold, bold, *brave” ✧ Ety/BER

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. berina > beren[berina] > [berena] > [beren]✧ Ety/BER
Noldorin [Ety/BER] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bereth

noun. queen

Variations

  • bereth ✧ Ety/BARATH; Ety/EL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BARATH “*queen” ✧ Ety/BARATH
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BARATH

Element in

  • N. Berethil
  • N. Elbereth “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star Queen” ✧ Ety/BARATH; Ety/EL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√BARATH > bereth[baratʰi] > [baraθi] > [bereθi] > [bereiθ] > [bereθ]✧ Ety/BARATH
Noldorin [Ety/BARATH; Ety/EL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bredhil

feminine name. Varda

A Noldorin name for Varda appearing in the earliest Silmarillion drafts from the late 1920s, replacing older G. Bridhil (SM/43). It also appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s as a derivative of ON. Bradil (Ety/BARÁD), but these names were rejected and possibly replaced by N. Berethil or N. Elbereth (Ety/BARATH).

Variations

  • Breðil ✧ Ety/BARÁD (Breðil)
  • -breðil ✧ Ety/TIN

Derivations

  • On. Bradil “Varda” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ✶b’radil- ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ√BARAD ✧ Ety/BARÁD
      • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Varda “Lofty, Sublime” ✧ Ety/BARÁD

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Bradil > Breðil[bradil] > [braðil] > [breðil]✧ Ety/BARÁD
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD; Ety/TIN; SMI/Bridhil] Group: Eldamo. Published by

breig

adjective. wild, fierce

Variations

  • braig ✧ Ety/MERÉK (braig)
  • brerg ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK (brerg)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mrekjā “wild, fierce” ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK
    • ᴹ√MEREK ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. merka “wild, untamed” ✧ Ety/MERÉK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mrekjā > breig > braig[mrekjā] > [brekjā] > [brekja] > [brekia] > [breki] > [breik] > [breig] > [braig]✧ EtyAC/MERÉK
Noldorin [Ety/MERÉK; EtyAC/MERÉK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cabor

noun. frog

A noun for “frog” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, an agental form of the root ᴹ√KAP “leap” (Ety/KAP). This was initially glossed “a dog” (EtyAC/KAP).

Changes

  • caborcabor “a dog” ✧ Ety/KAP

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KAP “leap, leap, [ᴱ√] spring” ✧ Ety/KAP

Cognates

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KAP > cabr > cabor[kapro] > [kapr] > [kabr] > [kabor]✧ Ety/KAP
Noldorin [Ety/KAP; EtyAC/KAP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

coe

noun. earth

An indeclinable word given as {cíw >>} coe “earth” in The Etymologies of the 1930s as a derivative of the root ᴹ√KEM (Ety/KEM; EtyAC/KEM).

Possible Etymology: The primitive form of rejected cíw is given as ᴹ✶kēm and its derivation is clear: the long ē became ī and then the final m reduced to w after i as usual. The derivation of coe is more obscure, however. The likeliest explanation is that Tolkien imagined its ancient form with a slightly lowered vowel which he generally represented as ǣ in this period (in later writings as ę̄). According to the first version of the Tengwesta Qenderinwa and Comparative Vowel Tables from the 1930s (PE18/46; PE19/25), ǣ &gt; ei &gt; ai &gt; ae, and in The Etymologies itself, it seems ai often became oe instead of ae.

Neo-Sindarin: Updating the derivation of hypothetical *kę̄m would produced ᴺS. cae in Sindarin phonology. But given the obscurity of its derivation, I recommend using 1950s S. ceven for “earth” instead.

Variations

  • cíw ✧ EtyAC/KEM (cíw)

Changes

  • cíwcoe ✧ Ety/KEM

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KEM “soil, earth” ✧ Ety/KEM
  • ᴹ✶kēm “*earth” ✧ EtyAC/KEM
    • ᴹ√KEM “soil, earth” ✧ Ety/KEM

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. kemen “soil, earth; Great Lands” ✧ Ety/KEM

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KEM > coe[kǣm] > [kaim] > [kai] > [koe]✧ Ety/KEM
ᴹ✶kēm > cíw[kēm] > [kīm] > [kīv] > [kīw]✧ EtyAC/KEM
Noldorin [Ety/KEM; EtyAC/KEM] Group: Eldamo. Published by

isfin

feminine name. Isfin

Name of Aredhel in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/15, LR/223). In The Etymologies, it was given as a combination of ist “knowledge” and ON. phinya “skill” (Ety/IS, PHIN).

Variations

  • Isfin/Istfin ✧ Ety/IS

Changes

  • IsfinÍrith ✧ MR/182
  • IsfinÍreth ✧ PMI/Isfin
  • IsfinAredhel ✧ SMI/Aredhel
  • IsfinAreðel ✧ WJ/317
  • IsfinRodwen ✧ WJI/Rodwen

Elements

WordGloss
ist“lore, knowledge, lore, knowledge; [G.] feeling, sensation; notion”
phinya“skillful”
Noldorin [Ety/IS; Ety/PHIN; LRI/Isfin; MR/182; MRI/Isfin; PMI/Isfin; SMI/Aredhel; SMI/Isfin; WJ/317; WJI/Isfin; WJI/Rodwen] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amroth

masculine name. Amroth

Changes

  • AmrothElendil ✧ LR/031

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
am“up”
?
Noldorin [LR/012; LR/031; LRI/Amroth; TI/223; TII/Amroth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angbor

masculine name. Angbor

Elements

WordGloss
ang“iron”
paur“fist”
Noldorin [WR/419; WRI/Angbor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angmar

place name. Angmar

Elements

WordGloss
ang“iron”
mar“home, dwelling, house, habitation; earth”
Noldorin [WR/334; WRI/Angmar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bergil

masculine name. Bergil

Variations

  • Gwinhir ✧ WRI/Gwinhir
  • Ramloth ✧ WRI/Gwinhir

Changes

  • GwinhirBergil ✧ WRI/Gwinhir
  • RamlothGwinhir ✧ WRI/Gwinhir
Noldorin [WRI/Bergil; WRI/Gwinhir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

borlas

masculine name. Borlas

Changes

  • BorlasBorlad ✧ PMI/Borlas
  • BorlasBorlad ✧ WJI/Borlad

Elements

WordGloss
bôr“steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal”
glass“joy, *happiness”
Noldorin [Ety/BOR; Ety/GALÁS; EtyAC/GALÁS; LRI/Borlas; PMI/Borlas; WJI/Borlad] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bronwe

masculine name. Bronwe

Variations

  • Bronweg ✧ LRI/Bronweg; WJ/137
  • Bronwë ✧ SM/146; SMI/Bronweg; WJ/137

Changes

  • BronwegBronwë ✧ WJ/137

Derivations

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Voronwe “Steadfast, Faithful” ✧ Ety/BORÓN; SMI/Bronweg

Elements

WordGloss
BOR(ON)“endure”
-we“masculine suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. Bronwega > Bronwe[bronwega] > [bronweɣa] > [bronweɣ] > [bronwe]✧ Ety/BORÓN
Noldorin [Ety/BORÓN; Ety/WEG; LRI/Bronweg; SM/146; SMI/Bronweg; WJ/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bui

verb. I must

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mauy- “need (impersonal)” ✧ Ety/MBAW
    • ᴹ√MBAW “compel, force, subject, oppress” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mauy- > bui[mbauj] > [mbǭj] > [mbǭi] > [mbui] > [bui]✧ Ety/MBAW
Noldorin [Ety/MBAW; EtyAC/MBAW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eb

preposition. ?before

Variations

  • Eb ✧ PM/136 (Eb)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶epe “after”

Element in

  • N. Ebloer “June, ?Before-summer” ✧ PM/136

haleth

masculine name. Haleth

Variations

  • Halath ✧ EtyAC/SKEL (Halath)
Noldorin [EtyAC/KHAL²; EtyAC/SKEL; LRI/Haleth; SMI/Haleth; TII/Haleth; WRI/Haleth] Group: Eldamo. Published by

moeleg

masculine name. Moeleg

Variations

  • Maeleg ✧ Ety/MIL-IK (Maeleg); PE19/058
  • maelig ✧ EtyAC/MIL-IK (maelig)

Changes

  • MaelegMoeleg ✧ Ety/MIL-IK
  • maeligMaeleg ✧ Ety/MIL-IK

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Mailikō ✧ Ety/MIL-IK; PE19/058
    • ᴹ√MIL(IK) “*greed, lust” ✧ Ety/MIL-IK

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Melko ✧ Ety/MIL-IK; SMI/Moeleg; SM/079; SM/164

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶Mailikā > Maeleg[mailikā] > [mailika] > [maileka] > [mailek] > [maileg] > [maeleg]✧ Ety/MIL-IK
ᴹ✶Mailikā > Moeleg[mailikā] > [mailika] > [maileka] > [mailek] > [maileg] > [moeleg]✧ Ety/MIL-IK
Noldorin [Ety/MIL-IK; EtyAC/MIL-IK; PE19/058; SM/079; SM/164; SM/167; SMI/Belcha; SMI/Moeleg] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cadwor

adjective. shapely

Variations

  • cadwar ✧ Ety/KAT

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶katwārā > cadwor[katwārā] > [katwāra] > [katwǭra] > [katwoura] > [katwaura] > [katwaur] > [kadwaur] > [kadwor]✧ Ety/KAT
Noldorin [Ety/KAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cairros

place name. *Ship-foam

Precursor to Cair Andros (WR/340), apparently a combination of a later form cair of N. ceir “ship” and the lenited form -ros of rhoss “rain” or (later) “foam”.

Changes

  • CairrosAndros ✧ WR/340
  • CairrosAndros ✧ WRI/Cair Andros

Elements

WordGloss
ceir“ship”
rhoss“rain”
Noldorin [WR/340; WRI/Cair Andros] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anórien

place name. Anórien

Variations

  • Anarion ✧ TI/310

Changes

  • AnarionAnórien ✧ TI/310

Elements

WordGloss
Anor“Sun”
-ian(d)“-land”
Noldorin [SDI1/Anórien; TI/310; TII/Anórien; WRI/Anórien] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brûn

adjective. old (has long endured)

Derivations

  • On. brūna “that has long endured, old” ✧ Ety/BORÓN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. brūna > brûn[brūna] > [brūn]✧ Ety/BORÓN
Noldorin [Ety/BORÓN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ancalagon

masculine name. Biting-Storm

Variations

  • Anc-alagon ✧ Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK

Elements

WordGloss
anc“jaw, row of teeth”
alagos“storm (of wind)”
Noldorin [Ety/ÁLAK; Ety/ÁNAK; Ety/NAK; EtyAC/ÁNAK; LRI/Ancalagon; SMI/Ancalagon] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bladorion

place name. Bladorion

Variations

  • Bladorian ✧ MRI/Bladorian; WJI/Bladorian

Changes

  • BladorionArdgalen ✧ WJ/113
  • BladorianArdgalen ✧ WJI/Bladorian
Noldorin [LRI/Bladorion; MRI/Bladorian; WJ/113; WJI/Bladorian] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aes

noun. cooked food, meat

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AP “?cook” ✧ Ety/AP

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. apsa “meat, cooked food” ✧ Ety/AP

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AP > aes[apsa] > [aɸsa] > [aisa] > [ais] > [aes]✧ Ety/AP

an

preposition. of

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
aelided-✧ WR/287; WR/388
Noldorin [WR/287; WR/388] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ast

noun. dust

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “dust” derived from the root ᴹ√ÁS-AT (Ety/ÁS-AT).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ASAT “*dust” ✧ Ety/ÁS-AT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. asto “dust” ✧ Ety/ÁS-AT

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÁS-AT > ast[asto] > [ast]✧ Ety/ÁS-AT
Noldorin [Ety/ÁS-AT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

baur

noun. need

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAW “compel, force, subject, oppress” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. maure “need” ✧ Ety/MBAW

Element in

  • ᴺS. baura- “to need, require”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAW > baur[mbawre] > [mbaure] > [baure] > [baur]✧ Ety/MBAW
Noldorin [Ety/MBAW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ceir

noun. ship

Variations

  • ceirda ✧ EtyAC/KIR (ceirda)
  • cīr ✧ PE21/57
  • cir ✧ PE21/57 (cir)

Changes

  • circīr “ship” ✧ PE21/57

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KIR “cleave” ✧ Ety/KIR

Cognates

  • Ilk. cîr “ship”
  • ᴹQ. kirya “ship, boat” ✧ Ety/KIR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KIR > ceir[kirja] > [kerja] > [keria] > [keri] > [keir]✧ Ety/KIR

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
#cirprefix“ship”✧ Ety/KIR; Ety/PAD
círiathclass-plural“ships”✧ PE21/57
-ciriathclass-plural“ships”✧ PE21/57
Noldorin [Ety/KIR; Ety/PAD; EtyAC/KIR; PE21/57] Group: Eldamo. Published by

am-

prefix. snake

A prefix for “snake” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from the root ᴹ√ANGWA of the same meaning, most notably an element in N. amlug “dragon” (Ety/ANGWA).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ANGWA “snake” ✧ Ety/ANGWA

Element in

  • N. amlug “dragon” ✧ Ety/ANGWA

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ANGWA > am-[aŋgwa] > [amba] > [amb] > [amm] > [am]✧ Ety/ANGWA
Noldorin [Ety/ANGWA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

am

adverb. up

Variations

  • amb ✧ PE22/035 (amb)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AM “up” ✧ Ety/AM²

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. amba “up(wards)” ✧ Ety/AM²

Element in

  • N. amben “uphill, uphill; [ᴱN.] arduous, difficult, tiresome” ✧ Ety/AM²
  • N. Amroth
  • N. Ammalas
  • N. amrûn “uprising, sunrise, Orient, east” ✧ Ety/AM²; PE22/035

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AM² > am[amba] > [amb] > [amb] > [amm] > [am]✧ Ety/AM²
Noldorin [Ety/AM²; PE22/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bad- Reconstructed

verb. *to tread, travel, *to tread, [G.] travel

Derivations

  • On. bat- ✧ Ety/BAT
    • ᴹ√BAT “tread” ✧ Ety/BAT

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. batie > vedi[bat-] > [vat-] > [vad-]✧ Ety/BAT

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
#vediinfinitive-✧ Ety/BAT
Noldorin [Ety/BAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by