Quenya 

maqua

noun. hand-full, group of five (similar) things; hand (colloquial); closing or closed [hand] (facing down) for taking

@@@ maybe mention in the numerals entry

Variations

  • makwa ✧ VT47/10
  • măqua ✧ VT47/20; VT47/20

Derivations

  • makwā “a hand-full, complete hand with all five fingers” ✧ VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/19
    • MAK “cut, hew with a sharp edge; kill, slay; forge metal, cut, hew with a sharp edge, [ᴹ√] cleave; sword, fight (with a sword); ️[√] forge metal; kill, slay” ✧ VT47/19
  • MAP “take away, take hold of, grasp, take away, take hold of, grasp, [ᴹ√] lay hold of with hand, seize” ✧ VT47/20; VT47/20

Cognates

  • S. mâb “hand, hand, [N.] grasp” ✧ VT47/06; VT47/19; VT47/20
  • T. mapa “hand” ✧ VT47/06; VT47/19; VT47/20

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
makwā > maqua[makwā] > [makwa]✧ VT47/06
makwā > maqua[makwā] > [makwa]✧ VT47/07
makwā > maqua[makwā] > [makwa]✧ VT47/19
MAP > mapā > mākwa > măqua[mapā] > [makwā] > [makwa]✧ VT47/20
MAP > măqua[mapa] > [makwa]✧ VT47/20

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
maquatdual-✧ VT47/07; VT47/10
Quenya [VT47/06; VT47/07; VT47/10; VT47/19; VT47/20] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maqua

hand-full; complete hand with all five fingers; a closing of closed [hand] (facing down) for taking; group of five (similar) things

maqua noun "a hand-full; complete hand with all five fingers; a closing of closed [hand] (facing down) for taking; group of five (similar) things"; in colloquial usage also "hand" as a limb (VT47:7, 18-20); dual maquat "group of ten" (VT47:7, 10). Compounded maquanotië = "decimal system" in counting (VT47:10), Lungumaqua "Heavyhand" (VT47:19)

attat

2 fathers or neighbours

-t (1) dual ending, on nouns denoting a _pair of something: attat "2 fathers or neighbours" (VT48:19; see _atto), máryat "her (pair of) hands" (Nam), siryat "two rivers" (VT47:11), ciriat "2 ships" (Letters:427 read ciryat as in the Plotz Letter?), maquat "group of ten" (from maqua, meaning among other things "group of five") (VT47:7), nápat "thumb and index as a pair" (VT48:5), also compare met "us two" as the dual form of me "us" (Nam, VT47:11). Other dual endings known from the Plotz letter: genitive -to, possessive -twa, dative -nt, locative -tsë, allative -nta, ablative -lto, instrumental -nten, plus -tes as a possible short locative. It may be that these endings only apply to nouns that would have nominative dual forms in -t, and that nouns preferring the alternative dual ending -u would simply add the otherwise "singular" case endings to this vowel, e.g. *Alduo rather than ?Alduto as the genitive form of "Two Trees" (Aldu). The ending -t is also used as a verbal inflection, corresponding to pl. -r (elen atta siluvat**, "two stars shall shine", VT49:45; the verb carit** "do" would also be used with a dual subject, VT49:16; cf. also the endings listed in VT49:48, 50).