Quenya 

roa

noun. dog

A word for “dog” appearing in 1968 notes on monosyllabic primitive Elvish nouns (VT47/35). Of the primitive forms, Tolkien first gave ✶wā(w) “dog” and ✶grā “bear”, but ✶wā(w) was struck through and the gloss of ✶grā was changed to “dog”, after which Tolkien wrote Q. roa “dog” (VT47/36). He seems to have been disatisfied with this derivation, however, going on to write a number of primitive animal roots in the upper margin, including ✶yarr- “dog”.

Conceptual Development: ᴱQ. roa “a wild beast” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, derived from primitive ᴱ✶raw̯a under the early root ᴱ√RAVA or ᴱ√RAẆA (QL/79).

Neo-Quenya: Giving Tolkien’s vacillations on these 1968 forms, I’d stick to the better known ᴹQ. huo as the common word for “dog” in (Neo) Quenya, which is the word used in Helge Fauskanger’s NQNT (NQNT).

Derivations

  • grawa “dog” ✧ VT47/35
    • GRAW “[unglossed], [ᴹ√] dark, swart” ✧ VT47/35

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
grawa > roa[grawa] > [ɣrawa] > [ɣroa] > [roa]✧ VT47/35

roa

dog

roa noun "dog" (VT47:35). Also huo.

hravan

noun. wild beast

A word for a “wild beast” in notes from the mid-1960s, derived from the root √S-RAB “wild, in senses not tamed, domesticated” (PE17/78), hence meaning “wild animal” vs. a “tamed animal”, which would probably be Q. laman.

Variations

  • hrăvan ✧ PE17/078

Derivations

  • srāban “wild beast” ✧ PE17/078
    • SRAB “wild, not tamed/domesticated” ✧ PE17/078

Cognates

  • S. rhovan “wilderness; wild beast” ✧ PE17/078

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
hráva“wild, savage, wild, savage, [ᴹQ.] untamed”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
srāban > hrăvan[srāban] > [r̥āban] > [r̥āβan] > [r̥āvan] > [r̥avan]✧ PE17/078

hravan

wild beast

hravan noun "wild beast"; pl.Hravani "the Wild", used as a name of non-Edain Men (PE17:78, WJ:219). PE17:18 has Hrávani with a long á, glossed "Wild-men, Savages".

huo

dog

huo noun "dog" (KHUG, see KHUGAN; cf. , huan). Also roa.