Primitive elvish

elen

noun. star

Variations

  • ĕlĕn ✧ Let/281
  • ELEN ✧ PE17/022; PE17/139; PE17/152
  • el-en ✧ PE17/023
  • elen- ✧ VT42/11

Derivatives

  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139
    • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
    • Q. elenya “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar” ✧ WJ/360
    • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/360
  • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/151; WJ/360
  • S. êl “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/139; PE22/150; WJ/360
  • T. elen “star” ✧ WJ/360

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Element in

  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen-barathī “star-queen” ✧ MR/387
  • Q. Elentári “Queen of the Stars, Star-queen” ✧ PE17/022
  • S. Elbereth “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star-queen” ✧ PE17/022; PE17/023

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elenīplural-✧ Let/281; PE22/150; WJ/360
elniplural-✧ PE17/151
Primitive elvish [Let/281; MR/387; MR/388; NM/060; PE17/022; PE17/023; PE17/067; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE17/152; PE22/150; VT42/11; WJ/360] Group: Eldamo. Published by

star

root. *stiff, [ᴹ√] stiff

The root ᴹ√STAR “stiff” appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like ᴹQ. sara/N. thâr “stiff grass” and N. tharn “sapless, stiff, rigid, withered” (Ety/STAR). It had an extended variant ᴹ√STARAN serving as the basis for Ilk. thrôn “stiff, hard” in Ilk. Belthronding (Ety/STARAN). The root √STAR reappeared unglossed in Common Eldarin: Verb Structure of the early 1950s as a verbal root to illustrate certain patterns in the formation of perfect tenses; as such it may not be a “real” appearance of the root (PE22/133).

Derivatives

  • Q. thar- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE22/133
Primitive elvish [PE22/133] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ēl

noun. star

Variations

  • el ✧ PE17/066

Derivatives

  • Q. él “star” ✧ WJ/360
  • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/360

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ WJ/360

Element in

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen-barathī “star-queen” ✧ PE17/066

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
eli/ēliplural-✧ WJ/360
Primitive elvish [PE17/066; WJ/360] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tini

noun. spark

Variations

  • tĭnĭ ✧ PE21/80

Derivatives

  • S. tîn “spark, sparkle, twinkle of stars”

Derivations

  • TIN “sparkle, spark, sparkle, spark, [ᴱ√] twinkle, [ᴹ√] emit slender (silver pale) beams”
Primitive elvish [PE21/80] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilyā

noun. silver spark

Derivatives

  • S. gil “star; (bright) spark, silver glint, twinkle of light” ✧ PE17/152

Derivations

  • (Ñ)GIL “shine (white); silver glint; white or silver light” ✧ PE17/152
Primitive elvish [PE17/152] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

root. lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky

Tolkien introduced ᴹ√EL as the basis for Elvish star-words in The Etymologies of the 1930s at the same time as he devised a new etymology for the words for “Elf” as the “Star-Folk” using an extended form of this root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/EL, ELED). The extended root √ELED seems to have survived at least up until around 1950, where it appear among list of examples of roots for Elvish tribal names, with deleted variant √EDEL (PE18/84). But later on the extend form seems to have fallen away, at least as the basis for Elf-words, being replaced in the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 by the root √DEL “walk, go, proceed, travel” and its Quenya-only variant √LED.

In the Quendi and Eldar essay, the words for “Elf” were recontextualized as a blend of the senses “star” and “departure”, referring to Elves both as the people of the stars and the specific group of the Eldar as those Elves who left for Aman (WJ/362-3). In these same notes Tolkien said that ele originated first as an interjection meaning “lo!, behold!”, as uttered when the Elves first beheld the stars (WJ/360). In this sense, it might have been a partial restoration of a (hypothetical) early root ᴱ√ELE* used for various words of wonderment and “otherness” in the 1910s and 20s; see that entry for details.

Variations

  • el- ✧ PM/340; VT42/11
  • ele ✧ SA/êl
  • ELE ✧ WJ/360

Derivatives

  • ēl “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • Q. él “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/360
  • el-ā “lo!, look!, see!” ✧ WJ/360
    • Q. ela “behold!” ✧ WJ/360
    • S. elo “behold!” ✧ WJ/360
    • T. ela “behold!” ✧ WJ/360
  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ Let/281
    • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl; WJ/360; WJ/364; WJ/364
    • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ Let/281; PE17/140
    • S. Ell “Elf” ✧ PE17/141; WJ/360
    • T. Ella “Elf” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen “star” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360
    • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139
    • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
    • Q. elenya “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar” ✧ WJ/360
    • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/360
    • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/151; WJ/360
    • S. êl “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/139; PE22/150; WJ/360
    • T. elen “star” ✧ WJ/360
  • Q. él “star” ✧ PM/340
  • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/151; PM/340; RGEO/65; SA/êl
  • S. êl “star” ✧ Let/281; RGEO/65; SA/êl

Element in

  • ᴺ✶. ELEM “wonder, marvel”
  • ᴺ✶. ELEK “different, strange; other”
  • Elmō “Venus”
  • Q. Elwë ✧ PM/340
Primitive elvish [Let/281; PE17/067; PE17/151; PE17/152; PM/340; RGEO/65; SA/êl; VT42/11; WJ/360; WJ/362] Group: Eldamo. Published by