Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

sara

noun. stiff dry grass, bent, stiff dry grass, bent [as a type of grass]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√STAR “stiff” ✧ Ety/STAR

Cognates

  • N. thâr “stiff grass” ✧ Ety/STAR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√STAR > sara[θara] > [θara] > [sara]✧ Ety/STAR

úruva

adjective. fiery

A word in The Etymologies of the 1930s appearing as ᴹQ. úruva “fiery”, an adjectival form of ᴹQ. úr “fire” under the root ᴹ√UR “be hot”, but these words were deleted when the meaning of the root was revised to “wide, large, great” (Ety/UR).

Conceptual Development: The word ᴱQ. urūva “like fire” also appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√URU (QL/98).

Neo-Quenya: The word úr “fire” was restored in some later writings, and this adjective may have been restored with it. I personally would use ᴺQ. úruva “fiery” for purposes of Neo-Quenya. See the entry on ᴹQ. úr for further discussion on the viability of “fire” words based on √UR.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√UR “be hot” ✧ Ety/UR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√UR > úruva[ūruwa] > [ūruva]✧ Ety/UR

uruite

adjective. fiery

A word in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “fiery”, an adjectival form of ᴹQ. úr “fire” under the root ᴹ√UR “be hot”, but these words were deleted when the meaning of the root was revised to “wide, large, great” (Ety/UR).

Conceptual Development: A similar word ᴱQ. uruvoite “fiery, having fire” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon under the early root ᴱ√URU (QL/98).

Neo-Quenya: The word úr “fire” was restored in some later writings, and this adjective may have been restored with it, but I prefer ᴺQ. úruva for “fiery”; see that entry for discussion.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√UR “be hot” ✧ Ety/UR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√UR > uruite[uruite]✧ Ety/UR

tek-

verb. to write, to write, [ᴱQ.] write on; to mark

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TEK “write or draw (signs or letters), make a mark” ✧ Ety/TEK

Cognates

  • N. teitha- “to write, draw” ✧ Ety/TEK

Element in

  • ᴺQ. minatec- “to record, (lit.) into-write”
  • ᴺQ. morteccon “graphite, (lit.) black writing rock”
  • ᴺQ. ninteccon “chalk, (lit.) white writing rock”
  • ᴺQ. teccelma “scroll, parchment, (lit.) writing-skin”
  • ᴺQ. tecemma “drawn image, drawing, painting”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√TEK > teke[tek-]✧ Ety/TEK

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
tekeaorist“writes”✧ Ety/TEK