Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Quenya

qapa-

verb. to chaffer, bargain, swap, barter

Variations

  • qapa ✧ PE13/132

Derivations

  • ᴱ√QAPA “chaffer” ✧ QL/076

Cognates

  • En. pap- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE13/132

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√QAPA > qapa-[kʷapa-]✧ QL/076

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
qampepast-✧ QL/076
Early Quenya [PE13/132; QL/076] Group: Eldamo. Published by