Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. endure

The root ᴹ√BOR “endure” along with its extended form ᴹ√BORON appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s along with various derivatives having to do with endurance, faithfulness and everlastingness (Ety/BOR, BORÓN). It was simply a later version of the root ᴱ√VORO from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, unglossed but clearly of a similar meaning based on its Qenya and Gnomish derivatives like ᴱQ. voronda “faithful”, ᴱQ. vorima “everlasting” and G. bron(n) “steadfast, firm” (QL/102; GL/23-24).

Similar forms like Q. voronda or vórima “faithful” continued to appear in Tolkien’s later writing (UT/317). The well established names Q. Voronwë or S. Bronwe(g) “Steadfast, Faithful” retained the same basic form and meaning throughout Tolkien’s life, testifying to the enduring nature of the Elvish root for “endurance”.


  • Ad. abâr “strength, endurance, fidelity”
  • ᴹ✶boron- ✧ Ety/BOR
    • Ilk. boron “steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal” ✧ Ety/BOR
    • On. boron “steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal” ✧ Ety/BOR
    • N. bôr “steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal” ✧ Ety/BOR; Ety/BOR
  • ᴹ✶b’rōnā ✧ Ety/BORÓN
    • On. brūna “that has long endured, old” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
    • N. brûn “old (has long endured)” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
  • ᴺQ. vor- “to endure, survive”
  • ᴹQ. vóre “lasting” ✧ Ety/BOR
  • ᴹQ. vórea “continuous, enduring, lasting; continuant” ✧ Ety/BOR
  • ᴹQ. vórima “continuous, enduring, repeated” ✧ Ety/BOR
  • ᴹQ. voro “ever, continually, ever, continually, [ᴱQ.] always” ✧ Ety/BOR
  • Q. voronda “faithful, steadfast (in allegiance, in keeping oath or promise)”
  • ᴺQ. voron(do) “trusty man, faithful vassal”
  • ᴹQ. voronwa “enduring, long-lasting” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
  • Q. voronwë “steadfastness, loyalty, faith(fulness)”
  • ᴹQ. voronwie “endurance, lasting quality” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
  • ᴺQ. vorta- “to preserve, make lasting”
  • ᴺQ. voruva “age long”
  • S. born “[stead]fast”
  • N. borth “[unglossed]” ✧ Ety/BOR
  • ᴺS. brond “firm, [G.] steadfast, *faithful, constant”
  • N. bronwe “endurance”
  • On. bron- “to last, endure, survive” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
    • N. brenia- “to endure” ✧ Ety/BORÓN
    • N. brona- “to last, survive” ✧ Ety/BORÓN

Element in


  • BOR ✧ Ety/BOR; Ety/MIR; EtyAC/WAR
  • BORON ✧ Ety/WEG
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BOR; Ety/BORÓN; Ety/MIR; Ety/WEG; EtyAC/WAR; EtyAC/WEG] Group: Eldamo. Published by