Sindarin

-deid

suff. his

3rd sg. poss. suff. his, her.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -ed.

See also -deith, -dyn, -ed, [[]]

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-deith

suff. his

3rd sg. poss. suff. his, her.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -ed.

See also -deid, -dyn, -ed, [[]]

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-dyn

suff. his

3rd sg. poss. suff. his, her.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -ed.

See also -deid, -deith, -ed, [[]]

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-eb

suff. adjective suffix

[WJ/337.2409-3, WJ/412.3002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-en

suff. adjective suffix

[PE17/098.4102-2, RGEO/62.0301-2, SA/lin¹.006-3, SD/129.0202-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-i

suff. adjectival suffix

[VT42/10.3107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-iel

suff. adjective suffix

[S/235.3205-3] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ren

suff. adjective suffix

[SA/anga.014-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tîn

pron. his

Non-lenited form suggested by Carl Hostetter (VT31/21).

[SD/129.0311, SD/129.0510, SD/129.0608, SD/129.0707] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tín

his

*tín (only attested in lenited form dín, following a noun with article). Possibly, the word also covers ”her(s)” and ”its” as a general 3rd person form. If ”his” refers to the same person as the subject, the form ín is used instead (e.g. *i venn sunc i haw ín ”the man drank his (own) juice”, but *i venn sunc i haw dín ”the man drank his (somebody elses) juice”.

Noldorin

-ion

suff. adjectival suffix

[Ety/TIL.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Quenya

-ya

suff. verbal suffix

-ya

suff. adjective suffix

[PE17/068.2209-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ya

his

-ya (4) pronominal suffix "his" (and probably also "her, its"), said to be used in "colloquial Quenya" (which had redefined the "correct" ending for this meaning, -rya, to mean "their" because it was associated with the plural ending -r). Hence e.g. cambeya ("k") "his hand", yulmaya "his cup" (VT49:17) instead of formally "correct" forms in -rya. The ending -ya was actually ancient, primitive ¤- being used for "all numbers" in the 3rd person, predating elaborated forms like -rya. It is said that -ya "remained in Quenya" in the case of "old nouns with consonantal stems", Tolkien listing tál "foot", cas "head", nér "man", sír "river" and macil "sword" as examples. He refers to "the continued existence of such forms as talya his foot", that could apparently be used even in "correct" Quenya (VT49:17). In PE17:130, the forms talya "his foot" and macilya ("k") "his (or their) sword" are mentioned.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-ya

suff. his, her, its (colloquial)

[PE17/130.1918, PE17/130.2214, VT49/16.3902, VT49/17.0809, VT49/17.1805] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ya

suff. suffix of endearment

[UT/174.1812-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ya-

suff. verbal suffix

-a

suff. adjectival suffix

This suffix is frequently used to create the adjective form of a noun, especially in the form -ëa for nouns ending in . This function dates back to CE. ✶.

[PE17/149.0706-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-rya

suff. his, her, its

[PE17/057.2804, PE17/067.1201, PE17/076.0505, PE17/076.2607, PE17/130.1506, PE17/132.1107, PE17/190.2704, PE17/190.2705, PE19/102.3820, VT49/16.3802, VT49/17.1409, VT49/38.2512, VT49/48.3604] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-rya

his, her

-rya 3rd person sg. pronominal ending "his, her" and probably "its" (VT49:16, 38, 48, Nam, RGEO:67), attested in coivierya *"his/her life", máryat "her hands", ómaryo "of her voice" (genitive of *ómarya "her voice"), súmaryassë "in her bosom" (locative of súmarya "her bosom"); for the meaning "his" cf. coarya "his house" (WJ:369). The ending is descended from primitive ¤-sjā via -zya (VT49:17) and therefore connects with the 3rd person ending -s "he, she, it". In colloquial Quenya the ending -rya could be used for "their" rather than "his/her", because it was felt to be related to the plural ending -r,e.g. símaryassen "in their [not his/her] imaginations" (VT49:16, 17). See -ya #4.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-voitë

suff. adjective suffix

-zya

his, her, its

-zya, archaic form of the pronominal ending -rya "his, her, its", q.v. (VT49:17)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Telerin

-ya

suff. adjective suffix

[VT42/25.3309] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

-dâ-

suff. verbal suffix

A possible causative verbal suffix in ugrudâ- “to overshadow”, as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne (/24). It may be related to Primitive Elvish causative suffix ✶-tā. Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne instead suggested (/24) it may be related to the Adûnaic prepositional suffix -ada “to, toward”.

Primitive elvish

-ya

suff. adjectival suffix

[PE22/136.2405, VT42/10.2801, VT42/25.0603, VT42/25.1611, VT42/25.1701, VT49/17.0601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-yā

suff. causative [from] verbal bases

[PE22/135.1015] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ina

suff. adjective suffix

-syā

suff. his, her, its

[PE17/076.2009, PE17/130.1505, PE19/102.3822, VT49/17.1402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya

etta

pron. his

[PE22/119.2208] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

-en

suff. adjectival suffix

An adjectival suffix appearing as both -en and -in, and in one place as -on: Brithon. The -en form can be easily explained as a derivative of the primitive suffix ᴹ✶-inā, with the [[primitive [i] becoming [e] due to Ilkorin a-affection]], the same origin as the Noldorin adjectival suffix -en. The -in variant is more difficult to explain. At least one example lómen had variations with both -en and -in, so perhaps the two forms represented vacillation on the function of Ilkorin a-affection, or an alternate primitive form ᴹ✶-ină where the final ă was lost before a-affection.
Alterately, -in could be a Doriathrin-specific variant, since the forms where it appears are all Doriathrin, while the forms where -en appear are marked Ilkorin, excepting only lómen which was itself revised from lómin.

[Ety/LAM.020-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

-la

suff. verbal suffix

[GL/24.2001-2, GL/27.2801-2, GL/36.2401-2, GL/45.7701-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ra

suff. adjective suffix

[GL/18.7301-2, GL/23.5901-2, GL/26.1301-2, GL/32.0901-2, GL/35.8301-2, GL/47.1301-2, GL/47.4101-2, GL/47.6101-2, GL/48.0401-2, LT1A/Vána.055-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-thol

suff. adjective suffix

[GL/26.7001-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-wed

suff. adjective suffix

[GL/24.8801-2, GL/25.1301-2, GL/25.7801-2, GL/26.3502-2, GL/26.4801-2, GL/29.6001-2, GL/30.0901-2, GL/31.0401-2, GL/33.0801-2, GL/34.0201-2, GL/34.1601-2, GL/34.3601-2, GL/40.7301-2, GL/41.4801-2, GL/42.5001-2, GL/43.7201-2, GL/44.8101-2, GL/45.8701-2, GL/49.1901-2, PE13/113.3501-2, PE13/114.4601-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ontha

pron. his

[GG/11.0806, GL/62.8401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.