Quenya 

Firya

mortals

Firya pl. Firyar noun "Mortals", an Elvish name of Mortal Men _(WJ:387). Etym has firya "human", literally *"mortal" (PHIR)_

firya

proper name. Mortal

A shorter variant of Fírima (WJ/219, 387). It is the adjectival form of the root √PHIR produced by the suffix -ya.

Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies, the word ᴹQ. firya is glossed “human” and is derived from the same root ᴹ√PHIR (Ety/PHIR).

Cognates

  • S. Feir “Mortal, Mortal, [N.] mortal man” ✧ WJ/219; WJI/Feir; WJ/219

Derivations

  • PHIR “exhale, expire, breathe out, exhale, expire, breathe out; [ᴹ√] die of natural causes” ✧ WJ/387

Derivatives

  • S. Feir “Mortal, Mortal, [N.] mortal man” ✧ WJ/387

Elements

WordGloss
firya“mortal; human, [ᴹQ.] human; [Q.] mortal”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
PHIRI > Firyar[pʰirja] > [ɸirja] > [firja]✧ WJ/387
Quenya [WJ/219; WJ/387; WJI/Feir] Group: Eldamo. Published by

firya

adjective. mortal; human, [ᴹQ.] human; [Q.] mortal

An adjective translated as “mortal” appearing only in the proper name Firya “Mortal” used of Men in the Quendi and Eldar essay of 1959-60 (WJ/387). ᴹQ. firya was instead translated as “human” in The Etymologies of the 1930s where it was derived from the root ᴹ√PHIR (Ety/PHIR). I would use firya primarily in this second sense “human”, and for “mortal” would use Q. fírima (WJ/387).

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
PHIR“exhale, expire, breathe out, exhale, expire, breathe out; [ᴹ√] die of natural causes”
-ya“adjective suffix”

Variations

  • Firya ✧ WJ/387

fírima

mortal

fírima adj. "mortal" (PHIR; firima with a short i in VT46:4); also used as noun: Fírima pl. Fírimar "those apt to die", "mortals", an Elvish name of Mortal Men (WJ:387). This adj. is also the source of an explicit noun, personalized #Fírimo = mortal, mortal man. Pl. Fírimor (VT49:10-11), dative pl. fírimoin "for men" in Fíriel's Song; cf. also the pl. allative fírimonnar in VT44:35.

Fírimo

mortal

Fírimo noun "mortal", see fírima