Sindarin 

serni

noun. shingle, pebble bank

A noun for a “shingle, pebble bank” in The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor from the late 1960s from primitive ✶sarniye, the basis for the river name S. Serni (VT42/11). Here the gloss “shingle” is used in the sense of a mass of smell pebbles rather than as a roofing tile. This word is an unusual example of a final -i in Sindarin, because the i was protected by the final e that was itself lost. Tolkien indicated it might instead be an adjective formation (“pebbly”?) from the (rare) adjective suffix -i derived from primitive ✶-īya, -ēya (VT42/10-11).

Cognates

  • Q. sarnië “shingle, pebble bank” ✧ UTI/Serni; VT42/11

Derivations

  • sarniye “shingle, pebble bank” ✧ VT42/11

Element in

  • S. Serni “Pebble Bank”

Elements

WordGloss
sarn“(small) stone, pebble; stony (place), (small) stone, pebble; stony (place); [N.] stone as a material”
-i“adjectival suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
sarniye > Serni[sarnije] > [sarnīe] > [sernīe] > [sernī] > [serni]✧ VT42/11

Variations

  • Serni ✧ UTI/Serni; VT42/10; VT42/11
Sindarin [UTI/Serni; VT42/10; VT42/11] Group: Eldamo. Published by

serni

place name. Pebble Bank

A river in Gondor appearing on the maps of The Lord of the Rings (LotR/1186). In his discussion of the “The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor”, Tolkien indicated this name was a collective noun or adjectival formation meaning “shingle, pebble bank” (VT42/11).

Conceptual Development: In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, the name N. Serni appears in a list of rivers (TI/312, WR/436).

Elements

WordGloss
serni“shingle, pebble bank”

serni

shingle

serni (i herni, o serni) (pebble-bank), no distinct pl. form except with article (i serni)

serni

pebble-bank

serni (i herni, o serni) (shingle), no distinct pl. form except with article (i serni)