Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



adjective. habitable

An adjective appearing as G. gwadhra “habitable” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s derived from the early root ᴱ√[[ep|ŋwa[ð]-]] (GL/47).

Neo-Sindarin: Tolkien abandoned this early root, so I would adapt this word as ᴺS. bardhor “habitable” based on S. bardh “home” (PE17/164).


  • ᴱ√ŊWAÐA “tarry, linger” ✧ GL/47

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ŋwa- > gwadhra[ŋʷaðrā] > [ŋgʷaðrā] > [gʷaðrā] > [gʷaðra]✧ GL/47