Quenya 

elda

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk, Elven, one of the Star-folk, Elves in general

The most common Quenya word for “Elf”. Its literal meaning is “one of the Star-folk” (WJ/374), a name given to them by Oromë (S/49) and derived from the same primitive root √EL as Q. elen “star”. Strictly speaking, this term excludes the Avari who chose not to journey to Valinor, so that the proper term for all of Elvenkind is Q. Quendë “one of the Elven race”. The Elves of the West rarely encountered the Avari, however, so that term Elda was ordinarily broad enough to describe all Elves.

Conceptual Development: This word dates back to the earliest stages of Tolkien’s languages. At its first appearance, ᴱQ. Elda was glossed “a beach-fay” (QL/35), but was soon extended to describe all Elves (LT1/113). In Tolkien’s earliest writings the word was not given a clear etymology. In the Lhammas “Account of Tongues” from the 1930s (LR/168-180), Tolkien gave ᴹQ. Elda the sense of “one who departed” (LR/169), as opposed to the ᴹQ. Lembi “Lingerers” who remained behind (precursors of the Avari). With this sense, Elda was derived from ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” (Ety/LED).

Tolkien soon revised the etymology of Elda so that it was derived instead from ᴹ√ELED “star-folk” (Ety/ELED). In some later writings, he considered both etymologies of this word to be valid, so that Elda was blending of both “star-folk” (from √EL) and Q. Eldo “marcher” (from √LED or √DEL¹), as discussed in the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 and elsewhere (WJ/362-3, PE17/139). However, the sense “star-folk” is probably better known.

In some notes from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving this word from a variant root √DEL² “fair” so that its meaning would be “the fair” (PE17/151), but this seems to have been a transient idea.

Quenya [Let/198.2307; Let/281.2205; LotR/1127.2905; LotR/1137.2308; LotRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Edhil.002; MRI/Eldar.001; MRI/Eldar.004; PE17/045.1001; PE17/056.1103; PE17/057.1008; PE17/114.1202; PE17/135.2402; PE17/135.2414; PE17/139.1302; PE17/139.1907; PE17/139.1907-2; PE17/151.1208; PE17/152.0606; PE17/152.0606-2; PE17/189.4007-1; PE21/73.1713; PE21/73.1908; PE21/77.1605; PE21/77.3111; PE21/77.3209; PE21/77.3214; PE22/155.3408; PM/029.3606; PM/346.4003-1; PM/395.1404; PM/403.0810; PMI/Eldar.001; PMI/Eldar.004; RC/217.1306; RC/780.1604; RC/780.1607; S/049.3102; S/049.3201; SA/êl.071; SA/êl.079; SI/Eldar.001; SI/High Elves.004; TII/Eldar.001; UTI/Eldanna.017; UTI/Eldar.017; VT49/08.2401; VT49/08.3505; VT49/08.3705; WJ/362.2702; WJ/362.2711; WJ/364.0202; WJ/364.0203; WJ/368.4002; WJ/369.0201; WJ/369.0205; WJ/369.1110; WJ/369.1201; WJ/373.0202; WJ/374.1701; WJ/374.3304; WJ/375.3810; WJ/407.2109; WJ/407.2203; WJI/Eldar.001; WJI/Eldar.004; WRI/Eldar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Quenya [PM/340.3302; WJ/362.2302; WJ/362.2304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

star

él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)

elen

star

elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.

hela

or

hela conj. "or", apparently an ephemeral form, replaced by hya (VT49:14-15). The editor theorizes that hela literally meant "other than" (VT49:15)

hellë

noun. sky
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

hellë

sky

hellë noun "sky" (3EL; a distinct word hellë "frost" was struck out, see KHEL.)

er

one, alone

er cardinal "one, alone" (ERE, VT48:6, VT49:54), in an early source also adv. "only, but, still" (LT1:269); Eru er "one God" (VT44:17; er was here emended by Tolkien from erëa, which seems to be an adjectival form *"one, single".)

a

cardinal. one
Quenya [PE 22:94; PE 22:124f] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

erëa

cardinal. one

erëa adj.? "one" or *"single", apparently an adjectival form (see er) (VT44:17)

min

cardinal. one

min numeral "one", also minë (VT45:34, VT48:6)

minë

cardinal. one

minë numeral "one", also min (MINI, VT45:34)

mir

cardinal. one

mir (2) cardinal "one" (LT1:260; in LotR-style Quenya rather minë)

mo

pronoun. one, one, anyone, someone, somebody, one, somebody, somebody, one
Quenya [PE22/154.2601; VT42/34.1101; VT42/34.3311; VT47/37.2101; VT49/19.1605; VT49/20.1201; VT49/20.1307; VT49/26.0702; VTE/47.3701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilwë

sky, heavens

ilwë noun "sky, heavens" (LT1:255), "the middle air among the stars" (LT1:273). VT49:51, 53 also mentions an obscure prononominal element ilwë.

ílë

star

ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)

quén

one, (some)body, person, individual, man or woman

quén (quen-, as in pl. queni; as final element in compounds -quen) noun "one, (some)body, person, individual, man or woman", pl. queni = "persons", "(some) people", "they" with the most general meaning (as in "they [= people in general] say that..."). The element is combined with noun and adjective stems in old compounds to denote habitual occupations or functions, or to describe those having some notable (permanent) quality; examples include roquen, ciryaquen, arquen, q.v. Also in aiquen "whoever", ilquen "everybody" (WJ:361 cf. 360, 372).

mo

one, someone, anyone

mo, indefinite pronoun "one, someone, anyone" (VT42:34, VT49:19, 20, 26)

hya

conjunction. or
Quenya [VT49/14.3601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hya

or

hya conj. "or" or noun "other thing" (VT49:14)

var

or

var (1) conj. "or" (QL:100). In Tolkiens later Quenya, the word hya appears for "or". A phrase involving a double varvar may mean "either…or" in one early (untranslated) text, according to Christopher Gilsons interpretation (PE15:32, 39)

* ecar

conjunction. or
Quenya Group: Neologism. Published by

* herca

conjunction. or
Quenya Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin 

el

star

n. star.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:55] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf
Sindarin [LRI/Edhil.001; PE17/045.0905; PE17/097.2003; PE17/097.3101; PE17/097.3102; PE17/139.2809; PE17/139.2811; PE17/139.2812; PE17/141.0201; PE17/151.1210; PE17/152.0806; PE17/152.0808; PM/346.4001-1; RC/780.1711; RGEO/62.3603; SA/edhel.001; SA/edhel.010; SA/êl.081; SA/êl.083; SI/Sindar.121; SI/Sindar.123; UT/255.2301; UT/318.4109; UTI/Edhelrim.001; UTI/Edhelrim.006; WJ/364.1302; WJ/364.1304; WJ/364.2707; WJ/377.3002; WJ/377.3004; WJ/377.3807; WJ/378.0207; WJ/378.2806-2; WJI/Edhel.001; WJI/Edhel.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. Elf
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ell

noun. Elf
Sindarin [Let/281.3109; PE17/141.0601; PE17/141.0703; PE17/152.1006; VT50/15.0503; VT50/19.1503; VT50/23.0107; WJ/363.0502; WJ/363.0608; WJ/363.0611; WJ/363.0702; WJ/364.1607; WJ/364.1904; WJ/364.2409; WJ/364.2411; WJ/377.3706; WJ/377.4102; WJ/377.4104; WJ/412.2005-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Sindarin [PE17/140.1905; PE17/141.0302-2; PE17/141.0303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath _n._star. Its collective plural (pl2.) designates 'the (host of all the) stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmament'. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'. êl

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:24-5:67:139:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl

noun. star (little used except in verses)
Sindarin [WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

êl

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath** ** n. star. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni, pl2. elelli. elen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24:67:127:139-40:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl

noun. star
Sindarin [Let/281.2609; Let/281.2611; LotR/0238.0504; MR/373.2706; PE17/022.0104; PE17/024.4002; PE17/024.4110; PE17/024.4113; PE17/024.4114; PE17/025.0307; PE17/025.0601; PE17/025.1413; PE17/025.1415; PE17/055.2103; PE17/067.0115; PE17/067.0117; PE17/067.0118; PE17/067.0203; PE17/127.2901; PE17/127.2902; PE17/127.2903; PE17/139.2603; PE17/139.2604; PE17/139.2606; PE17/151.3908; PE17/151.3911; PE17/151.3914; PE22/150.1710; PM/369.2609; RGEO/63.0504; RGEO/64.0405; RGEO/65.1404; RGEO/65.1406; RGEO/65.1407; RGEO/67.0105; RGEO/67.0109; RGEO/67.0202; SA/êl.001; WJ/363.0202; WJ/363.0204; WJ/363.0207] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Menel

noun. sky, high heaven, firmament, the region of the stars
Sindarin [LotR/II:I, LotR/IV:X, LB/354, RGEO/72, VT/44:21,] Q menel. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil

noun. star, bright spark

In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil , plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath )

Sindarin [LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pen

pronoun. one, somebody, anybody

Usually enclitic and mutated as ben.2

Sindarin [WJ/376] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

egor

conjunction. or
Sindarin [SD/129.0204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

egor

conjunction. or
Sindarin [SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil-

noun. star
Sindarin [PE 22:159] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

gill

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Sindarin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

fraction. one (first of a series)
Sindarin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mîn

fraction. one (first of a series)
Sindarin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* min

cardinal. one

1) (number ”one” as the first in a series) min, mîn (VT48:6), Note: homophones include the noun ”peak” and the adjective ”isolated, first, towering”. 2) (number) êr, whence the adjectival prefix er- (alone, lone); 3)

Sindarin [Parviphith] Published by

* pen

cardinal. one

(indefinite pronoun) (= somebody, anybody) pen (WJ:376); lenited ben. According to one interpretation of the phrase caro den i innas lín from the Sindarin Lords Prayer (VT44:23), this could mean *”let one do your will”, with den (perhaps a lenited form of *ten) as the indefinite pronoun ”one”. However, others interpret den as the accusative form of the pronoun ”it”: ”Do it [, that is:] your will”.

* egor

or

egor

* gîl

star

gîl (i ngîl = i ñîl, o n**gîl, construct gil) (bright spark, silver glint), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gîl = i ñgîl), coll. pl. giliath** (RGEO, MR:388). Poetic †êl (elen-, pl. elin, coll. pl. elenath) (RGEO, Letters:281, WJ:363).

Telerin 

ella

noun/adjective. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3502; WJ/364.0608; WJ/375.3504; WJI/Eldar.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ello

noun. Elf
Telerin [WJ/362.3507; WJ/364.0602; WJ/364.1002; WJ/373.0206; WJ/375.3502; WJ/376.0105; WJI/Eldar.013; WJI/Eldar.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3202; WJ/362.3204; WJ/407.1109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3302; WJ/362.3304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

ash

cardinal. one
Black Speech [LotR/0254.1301; PE17/011.1202] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* ash

cardinal. one
Black Speech [PE17/11] Published by

Adûnaic

nimir

noun. Elf, Elf, (lit.) Shining One

A noun translated “Elf” (WJ/419) and fully declined as an example of a Strong I noun (SD/436). In one place, its plural Nimrî was translated “Shining Ones” (SD/358), which indicates was probably derived from the Primitive Adûnaic root √NIMIR.

Conceptual Development: In its earliest appearances from the 1940s, this noun had the plural form Nimrî (SD/358, 388) as opposed to later plural Nimîr (SD/388, 436), which could indicate either an earlier singular form Nimri or a variant syntax for draft-plural formation. The word also appears in Tolkien’s “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/386), indicating that this word survived in Tolkien’s later conception of Adûnaic.

Adûnaic [SD/358.3909; SD/388.0701; SD/388.0703; SD/389.07071; SD/414.0613; SD/436.3008; SD/436.3304; SD/436.3404; SD/436.3503; SD/436.3604; SD/436.3705; SD/436.3804; SDI2/Nimrî.001; SDI2/Nimrî.008; WJ/386.0807; WJ/419.1106; WJI/Nimîr.001; WJI/Nimîr.006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gimli

noun. star, star (in the sky)

A noun translated “star” (SD/431) or “star (in the sky)” (SD/427), and fully declined on SD/431 as an example of a Strong II noun.

Adûnaic [SD/427.3206; SD/427.3908; SD/428.03101; SD/428.3607; SD/431.0404; SD/431.0603; SD/431.0703; SD/431.0805; SD/431.0806; SD/431.0903; SD/431.0904; SD/431.1004; SD/431.1103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

azar

noun. star, star (draft)

Christopher Tolkien mentions this as a noun meaning “star” from early and unpublished materials related to “The Notion Club Papers” stories (PM/372). It may be an element in the early Adûnaic name Indilzar for Elros. As Indilzar was replaced by Gimilzôr, it is likely that azar was replaced by gimli and gimil, which are well attested in later writings.

Adûnaic [PM/372.4601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

el

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/EL.010; Ety/EL.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf
Noldorin [Ety/ELED.010; Ety/ELED.046; Ety/ELED.048; Ety/ELED.050; Ety/KWEN(ED).019; Ety/LÁYAK.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ell

noun. sky

Element in: N. Elfaron

Noldorin [Ety/SPAR.023-1; Ety/THOR.056-1; EtyAC/ƷEL.046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf
Noldorin [Ety/KWEN(ED).008; Ety/KWEN(ED).010; Ety/KWEN(ED).016; EtyAC/SET.019] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penn

noun. Elf
Noldorin [EtyAC/MOR.062-2; PE22/067.0608; PE22/067.0618; PE22/067.0620] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/GIL.015; Ety/GIL.018; Ety/GIL.030; Ety/OT.014-2; EtyAC/GIL.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star, bright spark
Noldorin [Ety/358, VT/45:15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

cardinal. one
Noldorin [Ety/MINI.018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Noldorin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

fraction. one (first of a series)
Noldorin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* er

adjective. one, one, alone
Noldorin [Ety/KAB.018-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

el

root. lo, behold, star
Primitive elvish [Let/281.1905; PE17/067.0103; PE17/151.3701; PE17/152.3301; PM/340.1511; RGEO/65.1305; SA/êl.008; VT42/11.2614; WJ/360.1702; WJ/362.2001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ēl

noun. star
Primitive elvish [PE17/066.0105; WJ/360.2103; WJ/360.2105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edelā

noun. Elf, the fair
Primitive elvish [PE17/139.1611; PE17/151.1201; PE17/151.1205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hel

root. sky
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Primitive elvish [Let/281.2101; Let/281.2103; MR/387.2810-1; MR/388.2101; PE17/022.2506; PE17/023.3010; PE17/067.0105; PE17/139.1607; PE17/151.3901; PE17/152.3901; PE22/150.1709; VT42/11.2615; WJ/360.2203; WJ/360.2205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

imin

masculine name. One
Primitive elvish [WJ/380.2711; WJ/421.1609; WJI/Imin.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one
Primitive elvish [WJ/421.3811] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

el

adverb/adjective. one
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda

noun. Elf, beach-fay
Qenya [GG/13.0509; GL/32.2303; LBI/Eldar.001; LT1/114.2909; LT1/235.0907; LT1/235.1205; LT1A/Eldamar.081; LT1A/Eldar.001; LT1A/Eldar.004; LT1I/Eldar.001; LT1I/Eldar.003; LT2A/Eglamar.056; LT2I/Eldar.001; PE13/099.0601; PE13/155.1601; PE14/009.0301; PE14/047.1112; PE14/047.1114; PE14/047.1714; PE14/050.2202; PE14/050.2207; PE14/079.2405; PE14/079.2409; PE14/079.2705; PE14/083.3211; PE14/083.3215; PE14/083.3602; PE14/084.0313; PE15/23.6505; PE15/61.1103; PE15/62.0507; PE15/62.0509; PE15/71.6303; QL/035.2901; QL/043.2601; WJI/Egla.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [PE21/19.2605; PE21/19.3505; PE21/25.0202; PE21/25.0401; PE21/25.0402; PE21/25.0403; PE21/25.0404; PE21/25.0405; PE21/25.0406; PE21/25.0407; PE21/25.0408; PE21/25.0505; PE21/25.0506; PE21/25.0601; PE21/25.0602; PE21/25.0801; PE21/25.0802; PE21/25.0803; PE21/25.0804; PE21/25.0805; PE21/25.0806; PE21/25.1001; PE21/25.1002; PE21/25.1201; PE21/25.1202; PE21/25.1203; PE21/25.1204; PE21/25.1205; PE21/25.1206; PE21/25.1401; PE21/25.1402; PE21/25.1403; PE21/25.1404; PE21/25.1405; PE21/25.1503; PE21/25.1809; PE21/25.2103; PE21/25.2114; PE21/25.2205; PE21/25.2614; PE21/25.2701; PE21/25.2702; PE21/25.2703; PE21/25.2704; PE21/25.2705; PE21/25.2709; PE21/25.2902] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf
Qenya [GL/32.2403; LRI/Qendi.001; LT1/235.0705; LT1I/Qendi.001; PE13/099.1201; PE13/146.7204; PE13/146.7206; PE14/009.1612; PE14/009.1701; QL/092.1403; SM/013.1107; SM/168.3303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya [Ety/KWEN(ED).005; LR/119.1709; LR/168.2103; LR/212.3104; LRI/Qendi.002; MRI/Quendi.002; PE18/023.0313; PE21/69.0907; SM/085.0202; SM/086.1102; SMI/Quendi.007; TII/Qendi.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.007; Ety/EL.028; Ety/EL.029; Ety/EL.031; PE17/014.1006; RS/324.4402; RS/324.4410; WR/223.3410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elena

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellen

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

helle

noun. sky
Qenya [Ety/ƷEL.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

er

adverb/adjective. one, one (only, alone), one, only, alone, single, single
Qenya [GL/32.9505; GL/32.9506; PE14/047.1703; PE14/049.0705; PE14/079.2609; PE14/082.0305; QL/036.1104; QL/036.1105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one
Qenya [Ety/MINI.007; EtyAC/MINI.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min(e)

cardinal. one
Qenya [EtyAC/MINI.007; Ety/MINI.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mine

cardinal. one
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mir

cardinal. one
Qenya [LT1A/Minethlos.035; PME/061.2003; QL/061.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tea

noun. sky
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

íle

noun. star
Qenya [GL/37.0905; LT1A/Tinwetári.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taime

noun. sky

Variations of the word: Taimie.

Element in: EQ. Taimósi, EQ. Taimordo, EQ. Taimoinen, EQ. Taitelon

Qenya [QL/088.0101; LT1A/Telimektar.088; QL/088.0105; LT1A/Telimektar.089; PE16/142.4301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinwe

noun. star
Qenya [LT1A/Tinwë Linto.127; MC/213.2601; MC/214.1004; MC/220.3802; PE16/056.0306-1; PE16/057.2602-1; PE16/060.2102-1; PE16/060.4217; PE16/062.1202; PE16/072.1602; PE16/074.1202; PE16/077.0502; PE16/142.5301; PME/092.7103; QL/052.6301-2; QL/092.6401; QL/092.6402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taimie

noun. sky
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

el

noun. star

A Doriathrin noun meaning “star”, a simple derivative of the root ᴹ√EL (Ety/EL).

Doriathrin [Ety/EL.009; Ety/EL.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cwend

noun. Elf

A Doriathrin noun meaning “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)), an example of the Ilkorin syncope.

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish Cwenn “Elf” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [kw] became [p].

Doriathrin [EtyAC/KWEN(ED).007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gell

noun. sky

A Doriathrin noun for “sky” derived from the root ᴹ√ƷEL (Ety/ƷEL), probably from a primitive form *✶ʒellē [ɣellē] based on its cognates. It is a clear example of how initial [ɣ] became [g] in Ilkorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/ƷEL.054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* er

cardinal. one

The Ilkorin word for “one” attested only in the name Ermabuin or Ermab(r)in “One-handed” (Ety/MAP).

Doriathrin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

cwenda

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” developed from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (Ety/KWEN(ED)). It is an example of the Danian syncope, with second unstressed [e] vanishing after the identical vowel. It is also one of the Danian words for which a long final vowel developed into short final [a].

Ossriandric [Ety/KWEN(ED).012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel

noun. Elf, Star-folk, Elf

A noun for “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶edel-, an inversion of the primitive root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). Unlike most similar Danian nouns, it did not undergo the Danian syncope and retained its second vowel. One possible explanation is that the primitive form of this noun ended in a short vowel, *✶edelă, and this short final vowel vanished before the period of the syncope, preventing it from occurring in this word. Helge Fauskanger originally suggested a theory much like this one (AL-Nandorin/edel).

Conceptual Development: In an earlier version of this entry, the Danian word for Elf was given as Elda (Ety/ELED).

Ossriandric [Ety/ELED.064; Ety/ELED.092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

elle

noun. sky
Old Noldorin [Ety/ƷEL.006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* el

noun. sky
Old Noldorin [Ety/ƷEL.049-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

el

root. star, star, starry sky
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/ROD.052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwen(ed)

root. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).001; PE18/034.0404; PE18/061.1413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwenedē

noun. Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED).003; PE19/057.1301; PE19/059.0217; PE19/059.0301; PE21/25.1911; PE21/25.2206; PE21/69.0906] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒel

root. sky
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ƷEL.001; Ety/YAT.024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el(ed)

root. star, starry sky, star-folk, Elf
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/EL.043; Ety/ELED.033; Ety/LED.051; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/RIS².029; Ety/ROD.052; PE18/034.0405; PE18/034.0410; PE18/061.1414; PE18/061.1502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilya

noun. star
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GIL.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

el

conjunction. or
Gnomish [GL/32.5001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cwenn

noun. Elf
Gnomish [GL/28.6301; GL/28.6707; GL/32.2405; GL/32.2904; PE13/099.1207; PE14/009.1702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

er

adjective. one
Gnomish [GL/32.9501; LT1A/Tol Eressëa.085] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one, one single, one, single
Gnomish [GL/57.5901; LT1A/Minethlos.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gail

noun. star
Gnomish [GL/37.0901; LT1A/Tinwetári.053] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilon

noun. sky
Gnomish [LT2A/Teld Quing Ilon.041; PE13/104.1201; PE13/104.1708; PE15/27.9107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

luiston

noun. sky
Gnomish [GL/55.2901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dai

noun. sky
Gnomish [GL/29.2901; LT1A/Telimektar.106; PE13/112.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

egol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwenn

noun. Elf
Early Noldorin [PE13/146.6901; PE13/146.7103; PE13/146.7201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

idhel

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ileth

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uigol

noun. elf
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

telum

noun. sky
Early Noldorin [PE13/153.6901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dai

noun/adjective. sky, high
Early Noldorin [LB/049.3105; PE13/141.6001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

ere

root. one, remain alone
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Eriol.029; LT1A/Tol Eressëa.053; QL/036.0501; QL/036.1102] Group: Eldamo. Published by