Quenya 

él

star

él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)

él

noun. star

Variations

  • el ✧ PM/340

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ PM/340
  • ēl “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ WJ/360

Cognates

  • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
el- > el[el]✧ PM/340
ēl > él[ēl]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
†éliplural-✧ WJ/362
Quenya [PM/340; WJ/362] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

star

elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.

elen

noun. star

Variations

  • Elen ✧ LotR/0081; WJ/367

Derivations

  • elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/151; WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360
  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ PE17/151; PM/340; RGEO/65; SA/êl

Cognates

  • S. êl “star” ✧ PE17/024; PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/151; SA/êl; WJ/362
  • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/367
  • T. elen “star” ✧ WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
elen > elen[elen]✧ PE17/067

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eleniongenitive plural“of Stars”✧ Let/385; LotR/0720
eleniplural“stars”✧ LotR/0377; PE17/012; PE17/024; PE17/056; PE17/067; PE17/091; PE17/127; PE17/151; RGEO/59; RGEO/65; VT49/45; WJ/362
eleniongenitive plural-✧ LotR/0915; PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/090; PE17/091; PE17/101; VT49/45
elenillorablative plural“[from] the stars”✧ MC/222
ellipartitive-plural-✧ PE17/024
eldiplural-✧ PE17/024; PE17/067
-elellipartitive-plural-✧ PE17/024
elellipartitive-plural-✧ PE17/127
†eldiplural-✧ PE17/151; WJ/362
Elemassimilated“star”✧ PE19/096
élenìplural“stars”✧ RGEO/58
Quenya [Let/265; Let/385; LotR/0081; LotR/0377; LotR/0720; LotR/0915; MC/222; PE17/012; PE17/024; PE17/025; PE17/056; PE17/057; PE17/067; PE17/090; PE17/091; PE17/101; PE17/127; PE17/151; PE19/096; PM/340; RGEO/58; RGEO/59; RGEO/65; SA/êl; UT/213; VT49/39; VT49/44; VT49/45; WJ/362; WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hela

or

hela conj. "or", apparently an ephemeral form, replaced by hya (VT49:14-15). The editor theorizes that hela literally meant "other than" (VT49:15)

hellë

sky

hellë noun "sky" (3EL; a distinct word hellë "frost" was struck out, see KHEL.)

er

one, alone

er cardinal "one, alone" (ERE, VT48:6, VT49:54), in an early source also adv. "only, but, still" (LT1:269); Eru er "one God" (VT44:17; er was here emended by Tolkien from erëa, which seems to be an adjectival form *"one, single".)

a

cardinal. one

Quenya [PE 22:94; PE 22:124f] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

erëa

cardinal. one

erëa adj.? "one" or *"single", apparently an adjectival form (see er) (VT44:17)

min

cardinal. one, one, [ᴱQ.] one (in a series), the first

Derivations

  • min “one”
    • MIN “one, first of a series, one, first of a series; [ᴹ√] stand alone, stick out”

Cognates

  • S. min “one, one, [G.] single” ✧ PE17/095; VT48/06
  • T. min “one” ✧ VT48/06

Element in

Quenya [PE17/095; VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one

min numeral "one", also minë (VT45:34, VT48:6)

minë

cardinal. one

minë numeral "one", also min (MINI, VT45:34)

mir

cardinal. one

mir (2) cardinal "one" (LT1:260; in LotR-style Quenya rather minë)

ilwë

sky, heavens

ilwë noun "sky, heavens" (LT1:255), "the middle air among the stars" (LT1:273). VT49:51, 53 also mentions an obscure prononominal element ilwë.

ílë

star

ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)

quén

one, (some)body, person, individual, man or woman

quén (quen-, as in pl. queni; as final element in compounds -quen) noun "one, (some)body, person, individual, man or woman", pl. queni = "persons", "(some) people", "they" with the most general meaning (as in "they [= people in general] say that..."). The element is combined with noun and adjective stems in old compounds to denote habitual occupations or functions, or to describe those having some notable (permanent) quality; examples include roquen, ciryaquen, arquen, q.v. Also in aiquen "whoever", ilquen "everybody" (WJ:361 cf. 360, 372).

mo

one, someone, anyone

mo, indefinite pronoun "one, someone, anyone" (VT42:34, VT49:19, 20, 26)

hya

or

hya conj. "or" or noun "other thing" (VT49:14)

hya

conjunction. or

Variations

  • hya ✧ VT49/14

Derivations

Element in

Quenya [VT49/14] Group: Eldamo. Published by

var

or

var (1) conj. "or" (QL:100). In Tolkiens later Quenya, the word hya appears for "or". A phrase involving a double varvar may mean "either…or" in one early (untranslated) text, according to Christopher Gilsons interpretation (PE15:32, 39)

ecar

conjunction. or

Cognates

Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

ecar

conjunction. or

herca

conjunction. or

herca

conjunction. or

Cognates

Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

Sindarin 

el

star

n. star.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:55] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel

noun. Elf

Variations

  • edhel ✧ PE17/045; PE17/151; RC/780; SA/edhel; UT/255; UTI/Edhelrim
  • eðel ✧ PE17/139; PE17/141; PE17/152
  • Eðel ✧ PM/346

Derivations

  • edelā “the fair” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/151
    • DEL “fair” ✧ PE17/151
  • edelō “one who goes, traveller, migrant, marcher” ✧ PE17/141; PE17/152; WJ/360
    • DEL “walk, go, proceed, travel” ✧ WJ/360; WJ/363

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ LRI/Edhil; PE17/045; PE17/151; PE17/152; SA/êl; SA/êl; RC/780
  • Q. Eldo “one of the Marchers” ✧ WJ/363

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
edelā > eðel[edelā] > [edela] > [eðela] > [eðel]✧ PE17/139
edelō > eðel[edelō] > [edelo] > [eðelo] > [eðel]✧ PE17/141
edelā > edhel[edelā] > [edela] > [eðela] > [eðel]✧ PE17/151
edelā > eðel[edelā] > [edela] > [eðela] > [eðel]✧ PE17/152
edelō > Edhel[edelō] > [edelo] > [eðelo] > [eðel]✧ WJ/360
edelō > Edhil[edelī] > [edeli] > [eðeli] > [eðili] > [eðil]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Edhilplural-✧ LRI/Edhil; RGEO/62; SA/edhel; SA/êl; SI/Sindar; WJ/364; WJ/377; WJI/Edhel
Edhellionold-genitive plural-✧ PE17/097
-Eleðrimclass-plural-✧ PE17/097
-Edhellonold-genitive plural-✧ PE17/097
eðilplural-✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
eðillimclass-plural-✧ PE17/139
Eledhrim/Edhelrimclass-plural“all Elves”✧ UT/318
Edhelrimclass-plural“The Elves”✧ UTI/Edhelrim
-edhelsuffix-✧ WJ/364 in later compounds
Eledhrimclass-plural-✧ WJ/377; WJ/378 later class-plural
edhilplural“elves”✧ WJ/378
Sindarin [LRI/Edhil; PE17/045; PE17/097; PE17/139; PE17/141; PE17/151; PE17/152; PM/346; RC/780; RGEO/62; SA/edhel; SA/êl; SI/Sindar; UT/255; UT/318; UTI/Edhelrim; WJ/364; WJ/377; WJ/378; WJI/Edhel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh

noun. Elf

Variations

  • eledh ✧ Let/281 (eledh); UTI/Edhelrim
  • elein ✧ PE17/139 (elein)
  • eleð ✧ PE17/140
  • Elen ✧ WJ/363; WJ/377 (Elen); WJI/Elen

Derivations

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ Let/281; PE17/140
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281
  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/360
    • elen “star” ✧ PE17/139
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl
  • Q. elenya “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar” ✧ WJ/362

Element in

  • S. Eledhwen “Elfsheen, Elven-fair” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl; UTI/Haudh-en-Elleth

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
eledā/elenā > eledh[eledā] > [eleda] > [eleða] > [eleð]✧ Let/281
eledā/elenā > elidh[eledī] > [eledi] > [eleði] > [eliði] > [elið]✧ Let/281
elenyā > elein[elenjā] > [elenja] > [elenia] > [eleni] > [elein] > [elain]✧ PE17/139
eledā > eleð[eledā] > [eleda] > [eleða] > [eleð]✧ PE17/140
elenā > Elen[elenā] > [elena] > [elen]✧ WJ/360
elenā > Elin[elenī] > [eleni] > [elini] > [elin]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elidhplural-✧ Let/281
†eleniath/elenwaithclass-plural-✧ PE17/139
Eledhrimclass-plural“The Elves”✧ UTI/Edhelrim; WJ/363; WJI/Elen
Elinplural“Elves”✧ WJ/363; WJI/Elen
†Elinplural-✧ WJ/377
Sindarin [Let/281; PE17/139; PE17/140; SA/êl; UTI/Edhelrim; UTI/Haudh-en-Elleth; WJ/363; WJ/377; WJI/Elen] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. Elf

Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. Elf

ell

noun. Elf

Variations

  • ell ✧ Let/281; PE17/141; PE17/152 (ell)
  • Ell- ✧ WJ/363
  • ell- ✧ WJ/364

Derivations

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ PE17/141; WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ Let/281; WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
eldā > ell[eldā] > [elda] > [elða] > [elð] > [ell]✧ PE17/141
eldā > Ell-[eldā] > [elda] > [elða] > [elð] > [ell]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
eldrimclass-plural-✧ PE17/141
ellathclass-plural“*Elves”✧ VT50/15
Ellathclass-plural“*Elves”✧ VT50/19; VT50/23
El(d)rimclass-plural-✧ WJ/363
-elsuffix-✧ WJ/363; WJ/364; WJ/377
-ilsuffix plural-✧ WJ/363; WJ/364; WJ/377
Eldrim/Elrimclass-plural-✧ WJ/364
†Eldrim/Elrimclass-plural-✧ WJ/377
Elprefix“Elf”✧ WJ/412
Sindarin [Let/281; PE17/141; PE17/152; VT50/15; VT50/19; VT50/23; WJ/363; WJ/364; WJ/377; WJ/412] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf

Variations

  • peneð ✧ PE17/140; PE17/141

Derivations

  • kwende “speaker, elf” ✧ PE17/140
    • KWENED “spoken, articulate, spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf” ✧ PE17/137
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE19/093
      • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392
    • KWEN “speak with rational words” ✧ PE17/140; WJ/360
    • KWE “vocal speech” ✧ WJ/392

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
kwenedē > peneð[kwenedē] > [penedē] > [penede] > [peneðe] > [peneð]✧ PE17/140

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
beneðsoft-mutation-✧ PE17/141
Sindarin [PE17/140; PE17/141] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star

Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star

elen

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath _n._star. Its collective plural (pl2.) designates 'the (host of all the) stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmament'. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'. >> êl

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:24-5:67:139:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath** ** n. star. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni, pl2. elelli. >> elen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24:67:127:139-40:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl

noun. star (little used except in verses)

Sindarin [WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

êl

noun. star

Variations

  • Êl ✧ MR/373
  • el- ✧ PE17/022
  • elen ✧ PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/139
  • el(en) ✧ PE17/025
  • el ✧ PE17/055; PM/369

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; RGEO/65; SA/êl
  • elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/139; PE22/150; WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/024; PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/151; SA/êl; WJ/362

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
EL > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ Let/281
elen > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ PE17/067
ELEN > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ PE17/139
elenī > elin[elenī] > [eleni] > [elini] > [elin]✧ PE22/150
EL > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ RGEO/65
ele > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ SA/êl
elen > êl[elen] > [ele] > [el] > [ēl]✧ WJ/360

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elinplural-✧ Let/281; PE17/024; PE17/025; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE22/150; RGEO/65; RGEO/67
elenathclass-plural-✧ LotR/0238; PE17/024; PE17/024; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/151; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; RGEO/65; RGEO/67; WJ/363
elenathonclass-plural old-genitive-✧ PE17/024 full genitive
†elinplural-✧ WJ/363
Sindarin [Let/281; LotR/0238; MR/373; PE17/022; PE17/024; PE17/025; PE17/055; PE17/067; PE17/127; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE22/150; PM/369; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; RGEO/65; RGEO/67; SA/êl; WJ/363] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Menel

noun. sky, high heaven, firmament, the region of the stars

Sindarin [LotR/II:I, LotR/IV:X, LB/354, RGEO/72, VT/44:21,] Q menel. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lo

lo

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:137] < _law_ < _lawa _ < LOWO. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gil

noun. star, bright spark

In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil , plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath )

Sindarin [LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

cardinal. one, one, [G.] single

Variations

  • min ✧ PE17/095; VT48/06
  • mîn ✧ VT42/25

Cognates

  • Q. min “one, one, [ᴱQ.] one (in a series), the first” ✧ PE17/095; VT48/06

Element in

  • S. Miniel “Vanyar”
  • S. minlamad “?alliteration, (lit.) first-echoing”
  • S. minui “first” ✧ VT42/25
  • S. minuial “(dawn) twilight”
Sindarin [PE17/095; VT42/25; VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen

pronoun. one, somebody, anybody

Usually enclitic and mutated as ben.2

Sindarin [WJ/376] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

egor

conjunction. or

Sindarin [SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

egor

conjunction. or

Cognates

Element in

Sindarin [SD/129] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gil-

noun. star

Sindarin [PE 22:159] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

gill

noun. star

gill

noun. star

Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars

Sindarin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

fraction. one (first of a series)

Sindarin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mîn

fraction. one (first of a series)

Sindarin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

cardinal. one

1) (number ”one” as the first in a series) min, mîn (VT48:6), Note: homophones include the noun ”peak” and the adjective ”isolated, first, towering”. 2) (number) êr, whence the adjectival prefix er- (alone, lone); 3)

Sindarin [Parviphith] Published by

pen

cardinal. one

(indefinite pronoun) (= somebody, anybody) pen (WJ:376); lenited ben. According to one interpretation of the phrase caro den i innas lín from the Sindarin Lords Prayer (VT44:23), this could mean *”let one do your will”, with den (perhaps a lenited form of *ten) as the indefinite pronoun ”one”. However, others interpret den as the accusative form of the pronoun ”it”: ”Do it [, that is:] your will”.

egor

or

egor

gîl

star

gîl (i ngîl = i ñîl, o n**gîl, construct gil) (bright spark, silver glint), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gîl = i ñgîl), coll. pl. giliath** (RGEO, MR:388). Poetic †êl (elen-, pl. elin, coll. pl. elenath) (RGEO, Letters:281, WJ:363).

Telerin 

ella

noun/adjective. Elf

Derivations

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ WJ/362; WJI/Eldar

Element in

Telerin [WJ/362; WJ/364; WJ/375; WJI/Eldar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ello

noun. Elf

Derivations

  • edelō “one who goes, traveller, migrant, marcher” ✧ WJ/362; WJ/360
    • DEL “walk, go, proceed, travel” ✧ WJ/360; WJ/363

Cognates

  • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ WJ/375; WJ/373
  • Q. Eldo “one of the Marchers” ✧ WJI/Eldar

Element in

  • T. Audel “Elf who left for Aman” ✧ WJ/364

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-elsuffix-✧ WJ/364 shortened form in composition
Elloiplural-✧ WJ/373; WJ/375; WJI/Eldar
Telerin [WJ/362; WJ/364; WJ/373; WJ/375; WJ/376; WJI/Eldar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star

Variations

  • ēl ✧ WJ/362; WJ/407

Derivations

  • ēl “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. él “star” ✧ WJ/362
  • Q. elen “star” ✧ WJ/367

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ēliplural-✧ WJ/362
Telerin [WJ/362; WJ/407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star

Derivations

  • elen “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Cognates

  • Q. elen “star” ✧ WJ/362

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
†elniplural-✧ WJ/362
Telerin [WJ/362] Group: Eldamo. Published by

er

cardinal. one

Cognates

  • Q. er “one, alone, one, alone; [ᴱQ.] only, a single” ✧ VT48/06
Telerin [VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one

Cognates

  • Q. min “one, one, [ᴱQ.] one (in a series), the first” ✧ VT48/06
Telerin [VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

el

root. lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky

Tolkien introduced ᴹ√EL as the basis for Elvish star-words in The Etymologies of the 1930s at the same time as he devised a new etymology for the words for “Elf” as the “Star-Folk” using an extended form of this root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/EL, ELED). The extended root √ELED seems to have survived at least up until around 1950, where it appear among list of examples of roots for Elvish tribal names, with deleted variant √EDEL (PE18/84). But later on the extend form seems to have fallen away, at least as the basis for Elf-words, being replaced in the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 by the root √DEL “walk, go, proceed, travel” and its Quenya-only variant √LED.

In the Quendi and Eldar essay, the words for “Elf” were recontextualized as a blend of the senses “star” and “departure”, referring to Elves both as the people of the stars and the specific group of the Eldar as those Elves who left for Aman (WJ/362-3). In these same notes Tolkien said that ele originated first as an interjection meaning “lo!, behold!”, as uttered when the Elves first beheld the stars (WJ/360). In this sense, it might have been a partial restoration of a (hypothetical) early root ᴱ√ELE* used for various words of wonderment and “otherness” in the 1910s and 20s; see that entry for details.

Variations

  • el- ✧ PM/340; VT42/11
  • ele ✧ SA/êl
  • ELE ✧ WJ/360

Derivatives

  • ēl “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • Q. él “star” ✧ WJ/360
    • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/360
  • el-ā “lo!, look!, see!” ✧ WJ/360
    • Q. ela “behold!” ✧ WJ/360
    • S. elo “behold!” ✧ WJ/360
    • T. ela “behold!” ✧ WJ/360
  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ Let/281
    • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ Let/281; SA/êl; WJ/360; WJ/364; WJ/364
    • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ Let/281; PE17/140
    • S. Ell “Elf” ✧ PE17/141; WJ/360
    • T. Ella “Elf” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen “star” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360
    • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139
    • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
    • Q. elenya “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar” ✧ WJ/360
    • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/360
    • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/151; WJ/360
    • S. êl “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/139; PE22/150; WJ/360
    • T. elen “star” ✧ WJ/360
  • Q. él “star” ✧ PM/340
  • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/151; PM/340; RGEO/65; SA/êl
  • S. êl “star” ✧ Let/281; RGEO/65; SA/êl

Element in

  • ᴺ✶. ELEM “wonder, marvel”
  • ᴺ✶. ELEK “different, strange; other”
  • Elmō “Venus”
  • ᴺQ. élicombë “galaxy, collection of stars”
  • Q. Elwë ✧ PM/340
Primitive elvish [Let/281; PE17/067; PE17/151; PE17/152; PM/340; RGEO/65; SA/êl; VT42/11; WJ/360; WJ/362] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ēl

noun. star

Variations

  • el ✧ PE17/066

Derivatives

  • Q. él “star” ✧ WJ/360
  • T. él “star” ✧ WJ/360

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ WJ/360

Element in

  • eledā “star-folk, of the stars” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen-barathī “star-queen” ✧ PE17/066

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
eli/ēliplural-✧ WJ/360
Primitive elvish [PE17/066; WJ/360] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star

Variations

  • ĕlĕn ✧ Let/281
  • ELEN ✧ PE17/022; PE17/139; PE17/152
  • el-en ✧ PE17/023
  • elen- ✧ VT42/11

Derivatives

  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ PE17/139
    • Q. Elda “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk” ✧ PE17/139; PE17/152
    • Q. elenya “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar” ✧ WJ/360
    • S. Eledh “Elf” ✧ PE17/139; WJ/360
  • Q. elen “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/151; WJ/360
  • S. êl “star” ✧ PE17/067; PE17/139; PE22/150; WJ/360
  • T. elen “star” ✧ WJ/360

Derivations

  • EL “lo, behold; star, lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky” ✧ Let/281; PE17/067; VT42/11; WJ/360

Element in

  • elenā “connected with or concerning the stars” ✧ WJ/360
  • elen-barathī “star-queen” ✧ MR/387
  • Q. Elentári “Queen of the Stars, Star-queen” ✧ PE17/022
  • S. Elbereth “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star-queen” ✧ PE17/022; PE17/023

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
elenīplural-✧ Let/281; PE22/150; WJ/360
elniplural-✧ PE17/151
Primitive elvish [Let/281; MR/387; MR/388; NM/060; PE17/022; PE17/023; PE17/067; PE17/139; PE17/151; PE17/152; PE22/150; VT42/11; WJ/360] Group: Eldamo. Published by

imin

masculine name. One

Element in

Primitive elvish [NM/055; NM/060; WJ/380; WJ/421; WJI/Imin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one

Variations

  • Min ✧ NM/060

Derivatives

  • Q. min “one, one, [ᴱQ.] one (in a series), the first”

Derivations

  • MIN “one, first of a series, one, first of a series; [ᴹ√] stand alone, stick out”

Element in

Primitive elvish [NM/060; WJ/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

el

noun. star

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. él “star” ✧ Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. elen “star, stars” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Element in

  • N. elanor “sun-star”
  • N. Elbereth “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star Queen” ✧ Ety/EL
  • N. Elrond “Starry-dome, Sky” ✧ Ety/EL
  • N. Elros “Star-foam”
  • N. Eldûn “*West-star”
  • N. Elrûn “*East-star”
  • N. Elwing “Star-spray” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > el[elen] > [ele] > [el]✧ Ety/EL
Noldorin [Ety/EL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ell

noun. sky

Variations

  • el ✧ Ety/SPAR (el); Ety/THOR (el); EtyAC/ƷEL (el)

Derivations

  • On. elle “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
    • ᴹ√ƷEL “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Element in

  • N. Elfaron “Sky-hunter” ✧ Ety/SPAR
  • N. Elthoron “Eagle of the Sky” ✧ Ety/THOR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. elle > ell > el[elle] > [ell] > [el]✧ Ety/ƷEL
Noldorin [Ety/SPAR; Ety/THOR; EtyAC/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penedh

noun. Elf

Variations

  • peneð ✧ EtyAC/SET (peneð)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • ᴹQ. Qendelie “Elf-race” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > penedh[kwenedē] > [penedē] > [penede] > [peneðe] > [peneð]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
ᴹ✶kwenedē > penidh[kwenedī] > [penedī] > [penedi] > [peneði] > [peniði] > [penið]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
penidhplural-✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Penedhrimclass-plural-✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Noldorin [Ety/KWEN(ED); EtyAC/SET] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penn

noun. Elf

Variations

  • penn ✧ PE22/067

Element in

  • N. Morbenn “Dark Elf” ✧ EtyAC/MOR (Morbenn)

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-bennsoft-mutation“Elf”✧ EtyAC/MOR
i-phinnnasal-mutation plural“the Elves”✧ PE22/067
pinnplural-✧ PE22/067
Noldorin [EtyAC/MOR; PE22/067] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star

Variations

  • gîl ✧ EtyAC/GIL

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶gilya “star” ✧ Ety/GIL
    • ᴹ√GIL “shine (white or pale)” ✧ Ety/GIL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶gilya > gíl[gilji] > [gilī] > [gil] > [gīl]✧ Ety/GIL
ᴹ✶gilya > geil[gilja] > [gelja] > [gelia] > [geli] > [geil]✧ Ety/GIL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
gílplural-✧ Ety/GIL
giliathclass-plural-✧ Ety/GIL
gilplural“stars”✧ Ety/OT
Noldorin [Ety/GIL; Ety/OT; EtyAC/GIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star, bright spark

Noldorin [Ety/358, VT/45:15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

cardinal. one

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MIN “stand alone, stick out” ✧ Ety/MINI

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. min “one” ✧ Ety/MINI

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MINI > min[mini] > [mine] > [min]✧ Ety/MINI
Noldorin [Ety/MINI] Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars

Noldorin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min

fraction. one (first of a series)

Noldorin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

el

adverb/adjective. one

elda

noun. Elf

Variations

  • eleda ✧ EtyAC/EDE (eleda)

Changes

  • EldaElda “‘departed’ Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • ᴹ✶edēlā “firstborn, eldest” ✧ EtyAC/EDE
    • ᴹ√EDE(L) “precede, come forward, hence” ✧ EtyAC/EDE
  • ᴹ✶eledā “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ SD/401; SDI2/Eledâi
    • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves”

Cognates

  • N. Eledh “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/ELED
  • Ilk. Eld “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • Dan. Edel “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/ELED
  • Ilk. Egla “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • Ad. Nimir “Elf, (lit.) Shining One” ✧ SDI2/Nimrî

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ELED > Elda[eleda] > [elda]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ√ÉLED > Elda[eleda] > [elda]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ✶edela > eleda[edela] > [eleda]✧ EtyAC/EDE

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
eldaindative plural“for Elves”✧ LR/072; LR/072
Eldaindative plural“for Elves”✧ LR/072; LRI/Eldar
-Eldarplural“those that departed”✧ LR/169; PE21/57
Eldarplural“Star-folk”✧ LR/169; LR/181; LR/197; LR/212; LR/218; LR/218; LRI/Eldar; PE18/024; PE21/57; PE22/124; PE22/125; SD/401; SDI2/Eldar; SDI2/Eledâi; SDI2/Nimrî; SMI/Eldar
-Eldalipartitive-plural“the Elves, the whole Elda-race”✧ PE21/57
Eldalipartitive-plural“some (many) Elves, (some[?]) elves”✧ PE21/57
Eldalinpartitive-plural“(some) Elves”✧ PE22/124
Qenya [Ety/ELED; EtyAC/EDE; LR/072; LR/169; LR/181; LR/197; LR/212; LR/218; LRI/Eldar; PE18/024; PE21/57; PE22/124; PE22/125; SD/401; SDI2/Eldar; SDI2/Eledâi; SDI2/Nimrî; SMI/Eldar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf

Variations

  • qen ✧ PE21/19; PE21/25

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ PE21/25; PE21/25
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶qend(ǝ)mēn > qenwen[kwendemēn] > [kwendmēn] > [kwenmēn] > [kwenwēn] > [kwenwen]✧ PE21/25

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
qend-stem-✧ PE21/19
qennominative-✧ PE21/25
qendaaccusative-✧ PE21/25
qendendative-✧ PE21/25
qendogenitive-✧ PE21/25
qendaneninstrumental-✧ PE21/25
qenduntaallative-✧ PE21/25
qendulloablative-✧ PE21/25
qendesselocative-✧ PE21/25
†qendataallative-✧ PE21/25
qenduloablative-✧ PE21/25
qenduvapossessive-✧ PE21/25
qendanonsimilative-✧ PE21/25
qenduntnominative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendutaccusative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendudative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendumetinstrumental dual-✧ PE21/25
qendullutablative dual-✧ PE21/25
qenduntauallative dual-✧ PE21/25
qendussetlocative dual-✧ PE21/25
qenduhtagenitive dual-✧ PE21/25
qendinnominative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendiaccusative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendirdative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendiongenitive plural-✧ PE21/25
qendintanallative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendillonablative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendissenlocative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendinwapossessive plural-✧ PE21/25
qendindonsimilative plural-✧ PE21/25
qendíkapartitive-plural-✧ PE21/25
qendíneninstrumental plural-✧ PE21/25
qendilinnominative plural-✧ PE21/25
†qenweninstrumental-✧ PE21/25
†qentaallative-✧ PE21/25
†qenselocative-✧ PE21/25
†qendyoablative-✧ PE21/25 only in OQ
†qentauallative dual-✧ PE21/25
†qentanallative plural-✧ PE21/25
†qendyutablative dual-✧ PE21/25
†qendyonablative plural-✧ PE21/25
†qensetlocative dual-✧ PE21/25
†qenwetinstrumental dual-✧ PE21/25
†qendessetinstrumental dual-✧ PE21/25
†qendardative-✧ PE21/25
Qenya [PE21/19; PE21/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf

Variations

  • qen ✧ PE21/19.2605; PE21/25.0202

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
qend-stem-PE21/19.3505
qennominative-PE21/25.0401
qendaaccusative-PE21/25.0402
qendendative-PE21/25.0403
qendogenitive-PE21/25.0404
qendaneninstrumental-PE21/25.0405
qenduntaallative-PE21/25.0406
qendulloablative-PE21/25.0407
qendesselocative-PE21/25.0408
qendataallative-PE21/25.0505
qenduloablative-PE21/25.0506
qenduvapossessive-adjectival-PE21/25.0601
qendanonsimilative-PE21/25.0602
qenduntnominative dual-PE21/25.0801
qendutaccusative dual-PE21/25.0802
qendudative dual-PE21/25.0803
qendumetinstrumental dual-PE21/25.0804
qendullutablative dual-PE21/25.0805
qenduntauallative dual-PE21/25.0806
qendussetlocative dual-PE21/25.1001
qenduhtagenitive dual-PE21/25.1002
qendinnominative plural-PE21/25.1201
qendiaccusative plural-PE21/25.1202
qendirdative plural-PE21/25.1203
qendiongenitive plural-PE21/25.1204
qendintanallative plural-PE21/25.1205
qendillonablative plural-PE21/25.1206
qendissenlocative plural-PE21/25.1401
qendinwapossessive-adjectival plural-PE21/25.1402
qendindonsimilative plural-PE21/25.1403
qendíkapartitive-plural-PE21/25.1404
qendíneninstrumental plural-PE21/25.1405
qendilinnominative plural-PE21/25.1503
qenweninstrumental-PE21/25.1809
qentaallative-PE21/25.2103
qenselocative-PE21/25.2114
qendyoablative-PE21/25.2205
qentauallative dual-PE21/25.2614
qentanallative plural-PE21/25.2701
qendyutablative dual-PE21/25.2702
qendyonablative plural-PE21/25.2703
qensetlocative dual-PE21/25.2704
qenwetinstrumental dual-PE21/25.2705
qendessetinstrumental dual-PE21/25.2709
qendardative-PE21/25.2902

Derivations

Qenya [PE21/19.2605; PE21/19.3505; PE21/25.0202; PE21/25.0401; PE21/25.0402; PE21/25.0403; PE21/25.0404; PE21/25.0405; PE21/25.0406; PE21/25.0407; PE21/25.0408; PE21/25.0505; PE21/25.0506; PE21/25.0601; PE21/25.0602; PE21/25.0801; PE21/25.0802; PE21/25.0803; PE21/25.0804; PE21/25.0805; PE21/25.0806; PE21/25.1001; PE21/25.1002; PE21/25.1201; PE21/25.1202; PE21/25.1203; PE21/25.1204; PE21/25.1205; PE21/25.1206; PE21/25.1401; PE21/25.1402; PE21/25.1403; PE21/25.1404; PE21/25.1405; PE21/25.1503; PE21/25.1809; PE21/25.2103; PE21/25.2114; PE21/25.2205; PE21/25.2614; PE21/25.2701; PE21/25.2702; PE21/25.2703; PE21/25.2704; PE21/25.2705; PE21/25.2709; PE21/25.2902] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf

Variations

  • qende ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • N. penedh “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > qende[kwenedē] > [kwendē] > [kwende]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
ᴹ✶kwĕndĕ > qende[kwende]✧ PE21/69

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Quendiplural“Elves”✧ LR/119; LR/212; LRI/Qendi; SM/085
Qendiplural“Elves”✧ LR/168; MRI/Quendi; PE18/023; SMI/Quendi; TII/Qendi
-Quendiplural-✧ SM/086
Qenya [Ety/KWEN(ED); LR/119; LR/168; LR/212; LRI/Qendi; MRI/Quendi; PE18/023; PE21/69; SM/085; SM/086; SMI/Quendi; TII/Qendi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf

él

noun. star

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL

Cognates

  • Ilk. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL
  • N. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > él[ēl]✧ Ety/EL
Qenya [Ety/EL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star, stars

Variations

  • ellen ✧ Ety/EL
  • elena ✧ Ety/EL
  • Elen ✧ RS/324

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Cognates

  • Ilk. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL
  • N. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > elen[elen]✧ Ety/EL
ᴹ√EL > elen[elen]✧ Ety/EL
ᴹ√EL > ellen[ellen]✧ Ety/EL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Eleniplural“stars”✧ RS/324
-elliplural-✧ VT28/11
elliplural-✧ VT28/11
eleniplural-✧ VT28/11
Eleniongenitive plural-✧ WR/223
Qenya [Ety/EL; PE17/014; RS/324; VT28/11; WR/223] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elena

noun. star

elena

noun. star

Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellen

noun. star

ellen

noun. star

Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

helle

noun. sky

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷEL “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Cognates

  • On. elle “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • Ilk. gell “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Element in

  • ᴺQ. hellecalma “sky-lantern”
  • ᴹQ. helyanwe “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷEL > helle[ɣelle] > [helle]✧ Ety/ƷEL
Qenya [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one

Variations

  • mine ✧ Ety/MINI

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MIN “stand alone, stick out” ✧ Ety/MINI

Cognates

  • N. min “one” ✧ Ety/MINI

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MINI > mine[mine]✧ Ety/MINI
ᴹ√MINI > min[min]✧ Ety/MINI
Qenya [Ety/MINI; EtyAC/MINI] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

cardinal. one

Variations

  • mine ✧ Ety/MINI.007
  • min ✧ EtyAC/MINI.007

Cognates

  • min “one” ✧ Ety/MINI.018
  • min “one” ✧ Ety/MINI.018

Derivations

  • < √MIN “one” ✧ Ety/MINI.001
  • < √MIN “one” ✧ Ety/MINI.001
Qenya [Ety/MINI.007; EtyAC/MINI.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mine

cardinal. one

mine

cardinal. one

Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

el

noun. star

A Doriathrin noun meaning “star”, a simple derivative of the root ᴹ√EL (Ety/EL).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√EL “star, starry sky” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. él “star” ✧ Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. elen “star, stars” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√EL > el[el]✧ Ety/EL
Doriathrin [Ety/EL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cwend

noun. Elf

A Doriathrin noun meaning “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)), an example of the Ilkorin syncope.

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish Cwenn “Elf” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [[on|[kw] became [p]]].

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > cwend[kwenedē] > [kwenede] > [kwende] > [kwend]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Doriathrin [EtyAC/KWEN(ED)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gell

noun. sky

A Doriathrin noun for “sky” derived from the root ᴹ√ƷEL (Ety/ƷEL), probably from a primitive form ʒellē* [ɣellē] based on its cognates. It is a clear example of how [[ilk|initial [ɣ] became [g]]] in Ilkorin.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷEL “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. helle “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷEL > gell[ɣellē] > [ɣelle] > [gelle] > [gell]✧ Ety/ƷEL
Doriathrin [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

er Reconstructed

cardinal. one

The Ilkorin word for “one” attested only in the name Ermabuin or Ermab(r)in “One-handed” (Ety/MAP).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ER “be alone, deprived”

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. er “one, alone”

Element in

Doriathrin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

cwenda

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” developed from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (Ety/KWEN(ED)). It is an example of the Danian syncope, with second unstressed [e] vanishing after the identical vowel. It is also one of the Danian words for which a long final vowel developed into short final [a].

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Cognates

  • Ilk. cwend “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kwenedē > cwenda[kwenedē] > [kwendē] > [kwenda]✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Ossriandric [Ety/KWEN(ED)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶edel-, an inversion of the primitive root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). Unlike most similar Danian nouns, it did not undergo the Danian syncope and retained its second vowel. One possible explanation is that the primitive form of this noun ended in a short vowel, edelă*, and this short final vowel vanished before the period of the syncope, preventing it from occurring in this word. Helge Fauskanger originally suggested a theory much like this one (AL-Nandorin/edel).

Conceptual Development: In an earlier version of this entry, the Danian word for Elf was given as Elda (Ety/ELED).

Variations

  • Elda ✧ Ety/ELED (Elda)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED
  • ᴹ✶edel- “Star-folk, Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED
    • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/ELED

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. Elda “Elf” ✧ Ety/ELED; Ety/ELED

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÉLED > Elda[eledā] > [eldā] > [elda]✧ Ety/ELED
ᴹ✶edel- > Edel[edela] > [edel]✧ Ety/ELED
Ossriandric [Ety/ELED] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

el

noun. sky

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷEL “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Element in

  • On. elyanme “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷEL > el[ɣel] > [el]✧ Ety/ƷEL
Old Noldorin [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elle

noun. sky

Derivatives

  • N. ell “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷEL “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. helle “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷEL > elle[ɣelle] > [elle]✧ Ety/ƷEL
Old Noldorin [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

el

root. star, star, starry sky

Variations

  • el ✧ Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/ROD.052

Element in

  • ELED “Star-Folk, Elves”
  • Elrond “Vault of Heaven”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/ROD.052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el

root. star, starry sky

Derivatives

  • Ilk. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. él “star” ✧ Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. éle “star-ray, beam, flashing of [?starry] light” ✧ Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. elen “star, stars” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL
  • N. el “star” ✧ Ety/EL; Ety/EL

Element in

  • ᴹ√ELED “Star-Folk, Elves” ✧ Ety/EL
  • ᴹQ. Elerína “Crowned with Stars” ✧ Ety/RIG
  • Ilk. Elrond “Vault of Heaven” ✧ Ety/ROD
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL; Ety/RIG; Ety/ROD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwen(ed)

root. Elf

Variations

  • KWENED ✧ PE18/034; PE18/061

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶kwenedē “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • Ilk. cwend “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
    • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69
    • ᴹQ. Qen “Elf” ✧ PE21/25; PE21/25
    • N. penedh “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED); PE18/034; PE18/061] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwenedē

noun. Elf

Variations

  • kwènedḗ ✧ PE19/057; PE19/059
  • kwendḗ ✧ PE19/059
  • kwĕndĕ ✧ PE21/69

Derivatives

  • Ilk. cwend “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • Dan. cwenda “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
  • ᴹQ. Qende “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED); PE21/69
  • ᴹQ. Qen “Elf” ✧ PE21/25; PE21/25
  • N. penedh “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KWEN(ED) “Elf” ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)

Element in

  • ᴹ✶morikwende “Dark-elf” ✧ PE19/057; PE19/059

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
qend(ǝ)mēninstrumental-✧ PE21/25
qend(ǝ)lōablative-✧ PE21/25
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWEN(ED); PE19/057; PE19/059; PE21/25; PE21/69] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒel

root. sky

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “sky”, with derivatives like ᴹQ. helle/N. ell “sky” and ᴹQ. helwa/N. elw “(pale) blue” (Ety/ƷEL). It was the basis for the initial elements of the names N. Elrond, N. Elwing and ᴹQ. Elwe, but elsewhere Tolkien connected these names to √EL “star”. It was also an element in the word N. eilian(w) “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge”, later given as S. ninniach. On the basis of these changes, I think it is likely Tolkien abandoned ᴹ√ƷEL, but some of its derived words are still popular in Neo-Eldarin.

Derivatives

  • Ilk. gell “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • Ilk. gelu “(pale) blue” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • ᴹ✶Helwe “Elwe” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
    • N. Elwe “Elwe” ✧ EtyAC/ƷEL
  • ᴹQ. helle “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • ᴹQ. helwa “(pale) blue” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • ᴹT. Elu
  • On. el “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • On. elle “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
    • N. ell “sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • On. elwa “(pale) blue” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
    • N. elw “(pale) blue” ✧ Ety/ƷEL

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Elwe ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • N. eilian(w) “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge” ✧ Ety/YAT
  • N. Elrond “Starry-dome, Sky” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • N. Elwing “Star-spray” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
  • ᴹT. Elulindo “?Elwe Singer” ✧ Ety/ƷEL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ƷEL; Ety/YAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilya

noun. star

Derivatives

  • N. geil “star” ✧ Ety/GIL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√GIL “shine (white or pale)” ✧ Ety/GIL

Element in

  • ᴹQ. tingilya “twinkling star” ✧ Ety/GIL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

el

conjunction. or

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ELE “?wonder”

Element in

  • G. eleg “other, else” ✧ GL/32
  • G. elfel “different, like something else” ✧ GL/32
Gnomish [GL/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cwenn

noun. Elf

Variations

  • Cwend ✧ GL/28 (Cwend)

Changes

  • CwendCwenn ✧ GL/28

Cognates

  • Eq. Qen “Elf” ✧ GL/32; PE13/099; PE14/009

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Cwenninplural-✧ GL/32; PE14/009
-Cwendinplural-✧ GL/32
Cwendionplural-✧ PE13/099
Gnomish [GL/28; GL/32; PE13/099; PE14/009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

er

adjective. one

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ERE “remain alone, one” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa

Cognates

  • Eq. er “one, only, alone, a single” ✧ GL/32
  • Eq. er “only, but, still” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa

Element in

  • G. ereg “alone, only” ✧ GL/32
  • G. ereth “solitude, oneness, loneliness” ✧ GL/32; LT1A/Tol Eressëa
  • G. ert “once, once only” ✧ GL/32
  • G. erw “only” ✧ GL/32
  • G. er(e)tha- “to isolate, rob, deprive” ✧ GL/32
  • G. erwed “unique” ✧ GL/32

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ERE > er[er]✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa
Gnomish [GL/32; LT1A/Tol Eressëa] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gail

noun. star

Variations

  • Gail ✧ GL/37

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GILI “*shine (white)”

Cognates

  • Eq. íle “star” ✧ GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári

Element in

Gnomish [GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilon

noun. sky

Variations

  • Ilon ✧ LT2A/Teld Quing Ilon; PE13/104; PE13/104; PE15/27 (Ilon)

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ILU “ether, the slender airs among the stars”

Element in

Gnomish [LT2A/Teld Quing Ilon; PE13/104; PE15/27] Group: Eldamo. Published by

luiston

noun. sky

Gnomish [GL/55] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dai

noun. sky

Variations

  • dai ✧ LT1A/Telimektar; PE13/112

Derivations

  • ᴱ√DAHA “*high” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar

Cognates

  • Eq. taime “sky” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar

Element in

  • G. daimoth “heaven” ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Telimektar
  • G. Dor-na-Dhaideloth “[Land of] Heaven Roof” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar
  • G. Ladwen-na-Dhaideloth “Heath of the Sky-roof” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar
  • G. Daimord “Shepherd of the Sky” ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Telimektar; PE13/112

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TAHA > dai[daxa] > [dax] > [dai]✧ LT1A/Telimektar
Gnomish [GL/29; LT1A/Telimektar; PE13/112] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

egol

noun. elf

egol

noun. elf

Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwenn

noun. Elf

Derivations

Cognates

  • Eq. Qen “Elf” ✧ PE13/146
  • Et. Bende ✧ PE13/146

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
gwinnplural-✧ PE13/146
gwenlhaiclass-plural-✧ PE13/146 collective
Early Noldorin [PE13/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

idhel

noun. elf

idhel

noun. elf

Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ileth

noun. elf

ileth

noun. elf

Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhol

noun. elf

uidhol

noun. elf

Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

uigol

noun. elf

uigol

noun. elf

Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

telum

noun. sky, sky; [G.] roof

Early Noldorin [PE13/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

el

adverb/adjective. one

Early Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen

noun. Elf

Variations

  • qende ✧ PE14/009

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. Cwenn “Elf” ✧ GL/32; PE13/099; PE14/009
  • En. Gwenn “Elf” ✧ PE13/146

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶Gwendi- > Qen[gʷend] > [gʷen] > [kʷen]✧ PE13/146

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Qendiplural-✧ GL/32; LRI/Qendi; LT1/235; LT1I/Qendi; PE13/146; PE14/009
QENDIplural-✧ PE13/099
Quendiplural“Elves, Light-elves”✧ SM/013; SM/168
Early Quenya [GL/32; LRI/Qendi; LT1/235; LT1I/Qendi; PE13/099; PE13/146; PE14/009; QL/092; SM/013; SM/168] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende

noun. Elf

Early Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mir

cardinal. one

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ ✧ LT1A/Minethlos; QL/061

Cognates

  • G. min “one, single” ✧ LT1A/Minethlos

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MĪ¹ > mir[mir]✧ QL/061
Early Quenya [LT1A/Minethlos; PME/061; QL/061] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tea

noun. sky

Early Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

íle

noun. star

Variations

  • īle ✧ GL/37
  • ílë ✧ LT1A/Tinwetári

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GILI “*shine (white)”

Cognates

  • G. gail “star” ✧ GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/37; LT1A/Tinwetári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taime

noun. sky

Variations

  • Taimë ✧ LT1A/Telimektar
  • Taimië ✧ LT1A/Telimektar
  • tea ✧ PE16/142
  • Taime ✧ QL/088
  • Taimie ✧ QL/088

Derivations

  • ᴱ√DAHA “*high” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar; QL/087

Cognates

  • G. dai “sky” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar
  • G. daimoth “heaven” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TAHA > Taime[taximē] > [taxime] > [taɣime] > [taime]✧ QL/087
Early Quenya [LT1A/Telimektar; PE16/142; QL/088] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinwe

noun. star, like stars, stars

Variations

  • tinwë ✧ LT1A/Tinwë Linto

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TINI “twinkle” ✧ LT1A/Tinwë Linto; QL/092

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TINI > tinwe[tinwē] > [tinwe]✧ QL/092

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
tinwelindonsimilative plural“like stars”✧ MC/213; MC/220; PE16/062; PE16/074; PE16/077
tinwiplural“stars”✧ MC/214
tinwelinteallative plural-✧ PE16/060
tinvelindonsimilative plural-✧ PE16/072
tinwe-stem-✧ QL/092
Early Quenya [LT1A/Tinwë Linto; MC/213; MC/214; MC/220; PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/142; PME/092; QL/052; QL/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taimie

noun. sky

Early Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

var

conjunction. or

Derivations

  • ᴱ√VARA “*separate” ✧ QL/100

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√VARA > var[βar] > [var]✧ QL/100
Early Quenya [PE15/32; QL/100] Group: Eldamo. Published by