Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Quenya

qenya

noun. Elvish

Cognates

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
Qen“Elf”
Early Quenya [GL/28; LT1I/Qenya; LT2I/Qenya; SMI/Qenya] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qenya

adjective. *our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic

Early Quenya [PE14/054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

menya

adjective. *our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic

Early Quenya [PE14/054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qelqa

noun. throat

The word ᴱQ. qerka appeared in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s as the cognate of G. cwerc “throat” (GL/28). ᴱQ. qerka “throat” appeared again in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/136), but in a list of body parts from this same period it was ᴱQ. qelqa “throat” (PE14/117). There are no signs of these words in Tolkien’s later writings.

Early Quenya [PE14/117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qerka

noun. throat

Cognates

  • G. cwerc “throat” ✧ GL/28

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/28; PE16/136] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tanya

adjective. that

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/215; PE16/090; PE16/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pinilya

adjective. small

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PINI “*small”

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/220; PE16/076] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vea

noun. sea

Cognates

Derivations

  • ᴱ√VAẎA “enfold, wind about”

Element in

Variations

  • vea ✧ MC/213; MC/214; MC/216; PE16/100; PE16/104; PE16/138
Early Quenya [MC/213; MC/214; MC/216; MC/220; PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/100; PE16/104; PE16/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kar

noun. head

Cognates

  • G. cas “head, skull”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KASA “head” ✧ QL/045

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KASA > kar[kas] > [kar]✧ QL/045
Early Quenya [PE14/042; PE14/043; PE14/044; PE14/046; PE14/047; PE14/117; PE15/73; PME/045; QL/030; QL/045] Group: Eldamo. Published by

miqe

noun. kiss

Cognates

  • G. mib “little kiss, peck”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MIQI “kiss” ✧ QL/061

Element in

  • Eq. miqele “kissing” ✧ QL/061
  • Eq. miqilitse “little or tender kiss” ✧ QL/061

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MIQI > miqe[mikʷē] > [mikʷe]✧ QL/061
Early Quenya [PME/061; QL/061] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mána

adjective. dead

An adjective for “dead” in the Early Qenya Grammar of the 1920s based on the verb ᴱQ. maka- “die” (PE14/58).

Variations

  • māna ✧ PE14/058
Early Quenya [PE14/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

narka

adjective. dead

An adjective for “dead” implied by the stative formation narkea “is dead” in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/140), perhaps connected to some precursor of √NDAK “slay”.

Early Quenya [PE16/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qalna

adjective. dead

Derivations

  • ᴱ√QALA “die” ✧ QL/076

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√QALA > qalna[kʷalnā] > [kʷalna]✧ QL/076
Early Quenya [QL/076] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ulqa

adjective. evil

warda

adjective. dead

An adjective for “dead” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√GWṚÐṚ “die” (QL/104), given as a cognate to G. gwarth “dead (only of persons)” in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon (GL/44).

Cognates

  • G. gwarth “dead (only of persons)” ✧ GL/44

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶gu̯r̄́þa > warda[gʷṝθā] > [gʷṝθa] > [wṝθa] > [warθa] > [warða] > [warda]✧ GL/44
ᴱ√GWṚÐR > warda[gʷṝðā] > [gʷṝða] > [wṝða] > [warða] > [warda]✧ QL/104
Early Quenya [GL/44; QL/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elben

noun. heart

elwen

noun. heart

A word appearing as ᴱQ. Elben “heart” in the Name-list to the Fall of Gondolin of the 1910s (LT2/202; PE15/23), but as ᴱQ. Elwen “heart” in the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon under the early root ᴱ√LEFE (QL/35, 52). These words were connected to the character G. Elfrith who vanished from later versions of the Legendarium.

Cognates

  • G. elf “heart” ✧ LT2/202; PE15/23
  • G. ilf “heart” ✧ LT1A/Ilverin

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LEFE “*heart” ✧ QL/035; QL/052

Element in

  • Eq. Elwenil(do) “Littleheart” ✧ LT1A/Ilverin (Elwenildo); LT2/202 (Elbenil)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LEFE > Elwen[elɸen] > [elβen] > [elwen]✧ QL/035
ᴱ√LEFE > elwen[elɸen] > [elβen] > [elwen]✧ QL/052

Variations

  • Elben ✧ LT2/202; PE15/23
  • Elwen ✧ QL/035
Early Quenya [LT1A/Ilverin; LT2/202; PE15/23; QL/035; QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon

noun. heart

Changes

  • hondolonda “heart” ✧ PE13/162

Cognates

  • En. lhonn “heart” ✧ PE13/149; PE13/162
  • G. honn “heart”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√HONO “*heart” ✧ QL/040

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√HONO > hon[xondo] > [xondǝ] > [xond] > [hond] > [hon]✧ QL/040

Variations

  • londa ✧ PE13/149; PE13/162
  • hondo ✧ PE13/162 (hondo); QL/040
  • honde ✧ PE16/137
  • hon ✧ QL/040
Early Quenya [PE13/149; PE13/162; PE15/32; PE16/137; QL/040] Group: Eldamo. Published by

honde

noun. heart

hondo

noun. heart

londa

noun. heart

minwa

adjective. small

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MINI “*small, less” ✧ QL/061

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MINI > minwa[minwā] > [minwa]✧ QL/061
Early Quenya [QL/061] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ninqe

adjective. white

Cognates

  • G. nimp “pallid” ✧ GL/60
  • En. nimp “wan, pale, sickly” ✧ PE13/164

Derivations

  • ᴱ√NIQI “white” ✧ LT1A/Taniquetil; QL/066

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√NIQI > ninqe[niŋkʷi] > [niŋkʷe]✧ QL/066

Variations

  • ninqë ✧ LT1A/Nielíqui; LT1A/Taniquetil
  • ninkve ✧ PE16/072; PE16/072; PE16/077
Early Quenya [GL/60; LT1A/Nielíqui; LT1A/Taniquetil; MC/213; MC/220; PE13/164; PE14/045; PE14/048; PE14/077; PE14/080; PE15/78; PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/064; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/081; PE16/100; PE16/140; PME/066; QL/066] Group: Eldamo. Published by

níva

adjective. pale

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/213] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sor(ne)

noun. eagle

Cognates

  • G. thorn “eagle” ✧ LT1A/Sorontur

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ÞORO “eagle” ✧ LT1A/Sorontur; QL/086

Element in

  • Eq. Sornekiris “Eagles’ Cleft” ✧ LT1A/Sorontur
  • Eq. sornion “eyrie” ✧ LT1A/Sorontur; QL/086
  • Eq. Sorontur “King of Eagles” ✧ LT1A/Sorontur; QL/086

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ŠORO² > sorne[θorni] > [θorne] > [sorne]✧ QL/086

Variations

  • sor ✧ LT1A/Sorontur; QL/086
  • sornë ✧ LT1A/Sorontur
  • sorne ✧ QL/086
Early Quenya [LT1A/Sorontur; PME/086; QL/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron

noun. eagle

Cognates

  • En. thorn “eagle” ✧ PE13/154

Variations

  • soron ✧ PE13/154
Early Quenya [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sár(e)a

adjective. fiery

An adjective in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “fiery” with variants sāra and sārea (the second added later) derived from the early root ᴱ√SAH(Y)A “be hot” (QL/81).

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SAH(Y)A “be hot” ✧ LT1/248

Variations

  • sára ✧ LT1/248
  • sārea ✧ QL/081
  • sāra ✧ QL/081
Early Quenya [LT1/248; QL/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tekka

noun. book

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TEKE “make marks” ✧ QL/090

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TEKE > tekka[tekkā] > [tekka]✧ QL/090
Early Quenya [QL/090] Group: Eldamo. Published by

telda

adjective. having a roof

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TELE “cover in” ✧ LT1A/Telimektar; QL/090

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TELE > telda[teldā] > [telda]✧ QL/090
Early Quenya [LT1A/Telimektar; QL/090] Group: Eldamo. Published by

telqe

noun. silver

wende

noun. maiden

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/215; PE16/090; PE16/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yelwa

adjective. cold

Derivations

  • ᴱ√DYELE “*cold” ✧ LT1A/Melko; QL/106

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√DẎELE > ’yelwa[dʲelwā] > [dʲelwa] > [jelwa]✧ QL/106

Variations

  • ’yelwa ✧ QL/106
Early Quenya [LT1A/Melko; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambos

noun. breast

Cognates

  • En. amoth “shoulder” ✧ PE13/137; PE13/159
  • En. bost “back from shoulder to shoulder” ✧ PE13/139

Derivations

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶a-mbod-t’ > ambos[ambodt] > [amboðt] > [ambozt] > [ambost] > [ambos]✧ PE13/137
ᴱ✶a-mbos-t > ambos[ambost] > [ambos]✧ PE13/159
Early Quenya [PE13/137; PE13/139; PE13/159; PE16/136; PE16/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kanuva

adjective. leaden

Early Quenya [LT1A/Tilkal; QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pínea

adjective. small

Element in

Variations

  • pīnea ✧ QL/073; QL/095
Early Quenya [QL/073; QL/095; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qívie

noun. awakening

Variations

  • qîvie ✧ GL/29
Early Quenya [GL/29] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tyulma

noun. mast

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TYULU “tall” ✧ QL/050

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TYULU > tyulma[tʲulmā] > [tʲulma]✧ QL/050

Variations

  • tyulme ✧ PE16/100
Early Quenya [MC/216; PE16/100; PE16/104; QL/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tyakta-

verb. hew

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TYAKA “hew” ✧ QL/049

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TYAKA > tyakta-[tʲakta-]✧ QL/049
Early Quenya [QL/049] Group: Eldamo. Published by

velunte

noun. sail

Cognates

  • G. belon “sail” ✧ GL/22

Derivations

  • ᴱ√VELU “unroll” ✧ QL/100

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√VELU > velunte[βeluntē] > [βelunte] > [velunte]✧ QL/100

Variations

  • velu ✧ GL/22
Early Quenya [GL/22; QL/100] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silda

adjective. gleaming

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SILI “*gleam”

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/213; MC/214; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mailina

adjective. beautiful

Changes

  • mailinamailinen ✧ PE14/056

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ne

conjunction. that

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/052; PE14/054; PE14/085] Group: Eldamo. Published by

no

preposition. under

nu

preposition. under

Derivations

  • ᴱ√NUHU “bow, bend down, stoop, sink”

Element in

Variations

  • no ✧ PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074 (no)
Early Quenya [MC/214; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tilwindea

adjective. shining

tilwínea

adjective. shining

Variations

  • tilwīnea ✧ QL/092 (tilwīnea)
  • tilwindea ✧ QL/092 (tilwindea)
Early Quenya [QL/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wilwarin

noun. butterfly

Cognates

  • G. gwilbrin “butterfly” ✧ LT1A/Vilna

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GWILI “*fly” ✧ LT1A/Vilna; QL/104

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√GWILI > ’wilwarin[gʷilwarind] > [wilwarind] > [wilwarin]✧ QL/104

Variations

  • ’wilwarin ✧ QL/104
Early Quenya [LT1A/Vilna; MC/213; MC/220; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PME/104; QL/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fion

noun. son

A word glossed {“nephew” >>} “son” in an isolated entry of the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with stem form fiond- (QL/37). The same word appeared unglossed under the early root ᴱ√SUẈU where it was derived from primitive ᴱ✶þẉ-iı̯on-d (QL/87).

Derivations

Element in

  • Eq. Fionwe ✧ LT1A/Fionwë; QL/038

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶þẉ-iı̯on-d > fion[θwijond] > [swijond] > [swiond] > [fiond] > [fion]✧ QL/087

Variations

  • Fion ✧ LT1A/Fionwë; QL/038
Early Quenya [LT1A/Fionwë; QL/038; QL/087] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hilmo

noun. son

hilu

noun. son

A word for “son” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variants hilu and hilmo under the early root ᴱ√HILI (QL/40), both variants also appearing in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/40).

Derivations

  • ᴱ√HILI “*youth, offspring” ✧ QL/040

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√HIL > hilu[xilū] > [xilu] > [hilu]✧ QL/040

Variations

  • hilmo ✧ PME/040; QL/040; QL/106
Early Quenya [PME/032; PME/040; QL/040; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilma

noun. air

A word for “air” in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/142), probably based on the early root ᴱ√ILU “ether”. Later ᴹQ. Ilma was used for “Starlight” (Ety/GIL; LR/205).

Elements

WordGloss
ILU“ether, the slender airs among the stars”
Early Quenya [PE16/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ion

noun. son

In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, ᴱQ. Ion was the “mystic name of God, 2nd Person of Blessed Trinity”, that is the “Son” in the “Father, Son, Holy Ghost” trinity (QL/43). In that document yon or yond- was given in a couple of places as (archaic?) words for “son” (QL/43, 106). In Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s, Tolkien gave ion as the equivalent of ᴱN. “son”, along with a plural form yondi (PE13/113). However, in the English-Qenya Dictionary Tolkien said yondi was an irregular plural form of ᴱQ. yondo “son” (PE15/77), and this is the form he typically used in later writings.

Cognates

  • En. “son” ✧ PE13/144

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ole

cardinal. three

Derivations

  • ᴱ√OLO “tip” ✧ LT1A/Lindelos; QL/069

Element in

  • Eq. olwen “thirty six” ✧ QL/069

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√OLO¹ > ole[olē] > [ole]✧ QL/069

Variations

  • olë ✧ LT1A/Lindelos
  • ole ✧ QL/069
Early Quenya [LT1A/Lindelos; QL/069] Group: Eldamo. Published by

rau

noun. lion

Cognates

  • G. rau “lion” ✧ LT1A/Meássë

Derivations

  • ᴱ√RAVA “*hunt” ✧ LT1A/Meássë; QL/079

Element in

  • Eq. ravenne “she-lion” ✧ QL/079

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√RAVA > Rau[raβ] > [rau]✧ QL/079

Variations

  • Rau ✧ QL/079
Early Quenya [LT1A/Meássë; PME/079; QL/079] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sarma

noun. saw

Cognates

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ÞARA “*saw” ✧ QL/082

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SARA > sarma[sarmā] > [sarma]✧ QL/082
Early Quenya [QL/048; QL/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. fire

Cognates

  • G. “fire” ✧ LT1A/Sári

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SAH(Y)A “be hot” ✧ LT1A/Sári; QL/081

Element in

  • Eq. Sainen “Saturday”
  • Eq. saqila “fire-red, scarlet” ✧ QL/081
  • Eq. sár(e)a “fiery” ✧ QL/081

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SAHA > [sax] > [saɣ] > [sā]✧ QL/081

Variations

  • ✧ LT1A/Sári
  • ✧ PME/081
  • ✧ QL/081
Early Quenya [LT1A/Sári; PME/081; QL/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vondo

noun. son

Cognates

  • G. bo(n) “son” ✧ GL/23; LT2A/bo

Derivations

Variations

  • ✧ GL/23; LT2A/bo
Early Quenya [GL/23; LT2A/bo] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. wind

noun. son

noun. wind

Cognates

  • G. gwâ “wind” ✧ LT1A/Súlimo

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GWĀ “*wind” ✧ LT1A/Súlimo; QL/102

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√GWĀ > ’wā[gʷā] > [wā]✧ QL/102

Variations

  • ✧ LT1A/Súlimo
  • ✧ PE16/142
  • vanwe ✧ PE16/142
  • ’wā ✧ QL/102
Early Quenya [LT1A/Súlimo; PE16/142; QL/102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yon

noun. son

noun. son

Derivations

Element in

  • Eq. -ion “-son” ✧ LT2A/Indorion; QL/106
  • Eq. Ion “*Christ” ✧ QL/043; QL/106
  • Eq. súyon “nephew, daughter’s son” ✧ QL/087
  • Eq. yondo “son, male descendant, (great) grandson” ✧ QL/106

Variations

  • ✧ LT2A/go; LT2A/Indorion ()
  • Yon ✧ QL/043
  • yon ✧ QL/087 (yon)
  • Y̯ó ✧ QL/106 (Y̯ó)
Early Quenya [LT2A/go; LT2A/Indorion; QL/043; QL/087; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aire

adjective. old

Element in

Variations

  • aire ✧ MC/214
Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aiwe

noun. bird

Cognates

  • G. aigli “bird” ✧ GL/17

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AYA ✧ GL/17

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√aı̯² > aiwe[ajwē] > [ajwe] > [aiwe]✧ GL/17
Early Quenya [GL/17; PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aksa

noun. waterfall

A word for “waterfall” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, derived from the root ᴱ√ASAKA (QL/29). It also appeared in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon as a cognate of G. acha of the same meaning (GL/17).

Cognates

  • G. acha “waterfall” ✧ GL/17; LT1A/Asgon

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ASAKA “*waterfall” ✧ QL/029

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ASAKA > aksa[asakā] > [asaka] > [aska] > [aksa]✧ QL/029

Variations

  • aksa ✧ GL/17; LT1A/Asgon; LT1A/Helkaraksë; QL/029
Early Quenya [GL/17; LT1A/Asgon; LT1A/Helkaraksë; QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aule

adjective. shaggy

An adjective in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “shaggy” derived from the early root ᴱ√OWO that was the basis of “wool” words (QL/71).

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶OWO “*wool” ✧ LT1A/Aulë; QL/034; QL/071

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶OWO > Aule[owli] > [owle] > [oule] > [aule]✧ QL/034

Variations

  • aulë ✧ LT1A/Aulë
  • Aule ✧ PME/034; QL/034
Early Quenya [LT1A/Aulë; PME/034; PME/071; QL/034; QL/071] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ausi-

prefix. well

Derivations

  • ᴱ√AW̯A “*wealth” ✧ QL/033

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√AW̯A > ausi-[awsi-] > [ausi-]✧ QL/033
Early Quenya [QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kalumet

noun. lamp

Cognates

  • En. glavaith “blaze, burning, blazing light” ✧ PE13/162

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶k’lamektā > kalumet[kalumekta] > [kalumektǝ] > [kalumekt] > [kalumett] > [kalumet]✧ PE13/162
Early Quenya [PE13/162; PME/044; QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laiwa

adjective. pale

Cognates

  • En. lhui “pale” ✧ PE13/149

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶sleiwa “pale” ✧ PE13/149

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶sleiwa > laiwa[sleiwā] > [sleiwa] > [leiwa] > [laiwa]✧ PE13/149
Early Quenya [PE13/149] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mande

adverb. well

Cognates

  • G. mai “well”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MANA “*good (moral)” ✧ QL/058

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MANA > mande[mandē] > [mande]✧ QL/058
Early Quenya [QL/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oilima

adjective. last

Changes

  • oilimaoilin ✧ PE16/062

Element in

Variations

  • Oilima ✧ MC/213
  • oilin ✧ PE16/062
Early Quenya [MC/213; MC/214; MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/066; PE16/067; PE16/072; PE16/073; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/076; PE16/077; PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oive

noun. bird

Cognates

  • En. aiw “bird” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/158

Variations

  • oi ✧ PE16/132
  • oiwe ✧ PE16/132
Early Quenya [PE13/136; PE13/158; PE16/132] Group: Eldamo. Published by

orda

adjective. lofty

orwa

adjective. lofty

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ORO “steepness, rising” ✧ QL/070

Element in

  • Eq. ordie “height, loftiness” ✧ QL/070

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ORO¹ > orwa[orwā] > [orwa]✧ QL/070

Variations

  • orda ✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oswe

noun. hip

Derivations

  • ᴱ√OSO “‽” ✧ QL/071

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√OSO¹ > oswe[oswē] > [oswe]✧ QL/071

Variations

  • oswe ✧ QL/071
Early Quenya [QL/071] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pint

noun. tail

A noun appearing as ᴱQ. pint (pimp-) “tail” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√PIPI “hang, trail” (QL/74).

Neo-Quenya: Helge Fauskanger adopted this word as ᴺQ. pimpë “tail” in his NQNT (NQNT), and I agree with this adaptation, since in later Quenya it was less likely final vowels were lost in disyllables.

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PIPI “hang, trail” ✧ QL/074

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√PIPI > pint[pimp] > [pint]✧ QL/074
Early Quenya [QL/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pondo

noun. gate

Derivations

  • ᴱ√BOÐO “*gate, door” ✧ QL/075

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√BOÐO > pondo[bonðō] > [bonðo] > [bondo] > [pondo]✧ QL/075
Early Quenya [QL/075] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sana

noun. day (24 hours)

Cognates

  • G. dana “day (24 hours)” ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Danuin

Derivations

Element in

Early Quenya [GL/29; LT1A/Danuin] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sanda

adjective. that

Changes

  • santasanda ✧ PE14/055

Element in

Variations

  • santa ✧ PE14/055 (santa)
  • tanda ✧ PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/060
Early Quenya [PE14/055; PE16/056; PE16/057; PE16/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

santo

pronoun. that

Early Quenya [PE14/055] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súlime

noun. wind

A noun for “wind” in Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√SUHYU “air, breath, exhale, puff” and connected to the name ᴱQ. Súlimo (QL/86). Later on, Q. Súlimë was used as the name of March (LotR/1110), whereas Q. Súlimo became “Breather” (PE21/85), a combination of Q. súlë (†þúlë) “breath” + Q. mo “person”.

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SUHYU “air, breath, exhale, puff” ✧ LT1A/Súlimo; QL/086

Element in

  • Eq. Súlisan “Sunday”
  • Eq. Oresul “Eastwind”
  • Eq. Súlimi “Varda” ✧ LT1A/Súlimo; QL/086
  • Eq. Súlimo “Manwe” ✧ LT1A/Súlimo; QL/086
  • Eq. susúlima “full of wind, windy, airy” ✧ QL/086

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SUHU > sūlime[suxlimē] > [suxlime] > [suɣlime] > [sūlime]✧ QL/086

Variations

  • súlimë ✧ LT1A/Súlimo
  • sūlime ✧ QL/086
Early Quenya [LT1A/Súlimo; QL/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tala

noun. sail

Element in

Variations

  • tala ✧ PE16/075
Early Quenya [MC/213; MC/216; MC/220; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/077; PE16/100; PE16/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tampo

noun. well

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s given as ᴱQ. tampo “a well”, derived from the root ᴱ√TṂPṂ “build”; Tolkien considered transferring the word to ᴱ√TAPA “✱stretch” (QL/93). This word also appeared in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/93).

Neo-Quenya: I think ᴺQ. tampo “well” might be salvaged in Neo-Quenya as a derivative of √TAM “construct”; it is used this way in Helge Fauskanger’s NQNT (NQNT).

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TṂPṂ > tampo[tṇ̄pō] > [tṇ̄po] > [tampo]✧ QL/093
Early Quenya [PME/093; QL/093] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tan(y)a

noun. fire

An element meaning “fire” in some early names: tanya in ᴱQ. Tanyasalpe (LT1/187), tana in ᴱQ. Tana Qentima equivalent of G. Tôn a Gwedrin “Tale-fire” (PE15/7; LT2/197), and possibly also in ᴱQ. Fatanyu “Hell” (GL/51). Tan(y)a is likely a derivative of the early root ᴱ√tan- (GL/69, 71).

Cognates

  • G. tôn “fire (on a hearth)”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TANA “*fire, kindle”

Element in

Variations

  • Tanya ✧ LT1A/Tanyasalpë
  • Tana ✧ PE15/07
Early Quenya [LT1A/Tanyasalpë; PE15/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tyulme

noun. mast

uru

noun. fire

Cognates

  • G. ûr “smith” ✧ GL/75

Derivations

  • ᴱ√URU ✧ LT1A/Ûr; QL/098

Element in

  • Eq. (uru)purnie “conflagration” ✧ QL/075
  • Eq. uruvoite “fiery, having fire” ✧ LT1A/Ûr; QL/098
  • Eq. urúva “like fire” ✧ LT1A/Ûr; QL/098

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√URU > uru[urū] > [uru]✧ QL/098
Early Quenya [GL/75; LT1A/Ûr; QL/075; QL/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vande

adverb. well

Derivations

  • ᴱ√VANA “*beauty” ✧ QL/099

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√VANA > vande[βandē] > [βande] > [vande]✧ QL/099

Variations

  • vande ✧ QL/099
Early Quenya [QL/099] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vanwe

noun. wind

velu

noun. sail

finde

noun. cunning

finie

noun. cunning

Derivations

  • ᴱ√FINI “*cunning” ✧ LT1A/Finwë; QL/038

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√FINI > finië[ɸiniē] > [ɸinie] > [finie]✧ LT1A/Finwë

Variations

  • finië ✧ LT1A/Finwë
  • findë ✧ LT1A/Finwë
  • finde ✧ QL/038
Early Quenya [LT1A/Finwë; QL/038] Group: Eldamo. Published by

histe

noun/adjective. dusk

kulukalmalínen

with golden lights

The eighth phrase of the first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/220). It is a compound word, a combination of kulu “gold” and the instrumental plural form of kalma “light”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> kulu-kalma-lí-nen = “✱gold-light-(plural)-with”

Conceptual Development: This phrase appeared in the second draft of the poem, and aside from the variant Finnish-like spellings of the fifth draft (OM1e: PE16/72), it remained the same thereafter.

Element in

Variations

  • kulukalmaliinen ✧ PE16/072
Early Quenya [MC/220; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lossa

adjective. white

Derivations

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/213; MC/216; PE16/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maske

noun. dusk

Cognates

  • G. math “dusk” ✧ QL/059

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAÞA “dusk” ✧ QL/059

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MASA¹ > maske[maθkē] > [maθke] > [maske]✧ QL/059
Early Quenya [QL/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tahóra

adjective. lofty

Changes

  • dahóratahóra “lofty” ✧ PE12/021

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶taχsođa “seated high” ✧ PE12/021
    • ᴱ√DAHA “*high”
  • ᴱ√DAHA “*high” ✧ QL/087

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶taχ-sṓđā́ > tahóra[taxsōðā] > [taxsōða] > [taxsōza] > [taxsōra] > [tahōra]✧ PE12/021
ᴱ√TAHA > tahōra[taxsōðā] > [taxsōða] > [taxsōza] > [taxsōra] > [tahōra]✧ QL/087

Variations

  • dahóra ✧ PE12/021 (dahóra)
  • tahōra ✧ PME/088; QL/087 (tahōra)
  • tayóra ✧ QL/087
Early Quenya [PE12/021; PME/088; QL/087] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tande

adverb. thither

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/215; PE16/090; PE16/092] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tekte

noun. book

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TEKE “make marks” ✧ QL/090

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TEKE > tekte[tekti] > [tekte]✧ QL/090
Early Quenya [QL/090] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tolle

noun. island

turwa

adjective. powerful

An adjective for “powerful” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√TURU “am strong” (QL/96).

Neo-Quenya: Since √TUR remains connected to power in Tolkien’s later writings, I’d retain this word for purposes of Neo-Quenya, but I’d use it for general or abstract forms of potency, as opposed to being physically powerful (turca or [ᴹQ.] poldórea) or politically powerful (túrëa). For example: turwa nus “a powerful smell” or turwa vangwe “a powerful storm”.

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TURU “am strong” ✧ QL/095

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TURU > turwa[turwā] > [turwa]✧ QL/095
Early Quenya [QL/096] Group: Eldamo. Published by

túma

adjective. moving

Derivations

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

valkane

adjective. vague

Element in

Variations

  • valkane ✧ MC/213
  • valka ✧ PE16/081
Early Quenya [MC/213; PE16/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

valma

adjective. powerful

Derivations

  • ᴱ√WALA “fortune, happiness; *power”
Early Quenya [PE16/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

welme

noun. spring

welwe

noun. spring

Cognates

  • G. gwelwi “spring of water”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GWELE “*boil, bubble” ✧ QL/103

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√GWELE > ’welwe[gʷelwē] > [gʷelwe] > [welwe]✧ QL/103

Variations

  • ’welwe ✧ QL/103
  • ’welme ✧ QL/103
Early Quenya [QL/103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wilin

noun. bird

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “bird”, derived from the early root ᴱ√GWILI that was the basis for words having to do with flight (QL/104).

Derivations

  • ᴱ√GWILI “*fly” ✧ LT1A/Vilna; QL/104

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√GWILI > ’wilin[gʷilin] > [wilin]✧ QL/104

Variations

  • ’wilin ✧ QL/104
Early Quenya [LT1A/Vilna; QL/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lótefalmarínen

with waves crowned with flowers

The sixth phrase of the first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/220). It is a compound word, a combination of lóte “flower”, and the instrumental plural form falmarínen of the noun falmar “wave”. In the English translation “with waves crowned with flowers”, the word “crowned” is a poetic addition. A better translation might be “with foamcrests like flowers” (PE16/62).

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> lóte-falmar-í-nen = “✱flower-wave-(plural)-with”

Conceptual Development: This phrase appeared in the second draft of the poem (OM1b: PE16/57-8), where Tolkien wrote i falmain lótanéro >> falmain lótanéren, using the nominative plural of the related noun falma “foam” and the feminine plural of the verb lóto- “to bloom”, perhaps “✱foam was blooming”. He revised it to lótefalmarínen in the third draft (OM1c: PE16/60) and aside from the variant Finnish-like spellings of the fifth draft (OM1e: PE16/72), it remained the same thereafter.

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
lóte“flower, bloom, blossom”
falmar“wave (as it breaks), foamcrest”

Variations

  • lótefalmarínen, ✧ MC/220
  • {i falmain >>} falmain {lótanéro >>} lótanéren ✧ PE16/057
  • lootefalmariinen ✧ PE16/072
Early Quenya [MC/220; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fairie

noun. freedom

Cognates

  • G. faidwen “freedom” ✧ LT1A/Dor Faidwen

Variations

  • fairië ✧ LT1A/Dor Faidwen
Early Quenya [LT1A/Dor Faidwen; QL/037] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oi(we)

noun. bird

telempe

noun. silver

tolome

noun. island

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “island”, a more elaborate form of ᴱQ. tol of similar meaning (QL/94). It also appeared as tolome “island” in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/94).

Early Quenya [PME/094; QL/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tuilére

noun. Spring

Cognates

  • G. tuilir “spring(time)” ✧ QL/096

Element in

Variations

  • Tuilérë ✧ LT1A/Tuilérë; LT1I/Tuilérë
  • Tui(lēre) ✧ PME/096
  • Tuilēre ✧ QL/096
  • Tui ✧ QL/096 (Tui)
  • tuilē-re ✧ QL/096
Early Quenya [LT1A/Tuilérë; LT1I/Tuilérë; PME/096; QL/040; QL/096] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ulmula

adjective. mumbling

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fólima

adjective. secretive

Variations

  • fôlima ✧ LT2A/Foalókë; QL/038
Early Quenya [LT2A/Foalókë; QL/038] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taurelasselindon

like leaves of forests

The fourteenth phrase of the Oilima Markirya poem (second version) (MC/213), and the tenth phrase of the first version of the Oilima Markirya poem (MC/220). It is a compound word, a combination of taure “forest” and the adverbial plural form of lasse “leaf”.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> taure-lasse-li-ndon = “✱forest-leaf-(plural)-like”

Conceptual Development: This phrase first appeared in the fourth draft of the first version of this poem (OM1d: PE16/62) and remained the same thereafter.

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
taure“forest”
lasse“leaf; petal”

Variations

  • taurelässelindon ✧ PE16/072
Early Quenya [MC/213; MC/220; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

húro

noun. storm

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SURU “to blow”

Element in

Early Quenya [MC/214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kulu

noun. gold

Cognates

  • G. culu “gold” ✧ LT2A/Glingol; PE15/22

Derivations

  • ᴱ√KULU “gold” ✧ QL/049

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√KULU > kulu[kulū] > [kulu]✧ QL/049

Variations

  • Kulu ✧ LT2A/Glingol; PE15/22
Early Quenya [LT1/100; LT1A/Laurelin; LT2A/Glingol; LT2A/Parma Kuluinen; MC/220; PE14/046; PE14/050; PE14/071; PE14/083; PE14/084; PE14/110; PE15/22; PE15/72; PE15/73; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PME/049; QL/049; QL/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by