_n. _the heavens, the apparent dome of the sky. Probably a Quenya word introduced into Sindarin. It was a 'pictorial' word, as the lore of the Eldar and the Númenoreans know much astronomy.
noun. sky, high heaven, firmament, the region of the stars
noun. the heavens
_n. _Firmament. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'.
noun. the heavens, firmament, region of the stars
Conceptual Development: This word began to appear as an element in Sindarin in late Lord of the Rings drafts (SD/45) and drafts of Lord of the Rings appendices (PM/130) from the early 1950s. In the Sindarin prayer Ae Adar Nín from the mid-to-late 1950s, Tolkien used Menel for “Heaven” as in ae Adar nín i vi Menel “our Father who [art] in Heaven” (VT44/21), but this seems not to be the proper Elvish usage, so could perhaps be considered a Mannish misconception. Elsewhere Tolkien only used S. menel for “the heavens”, such as in o menel aglar elenath “from heaven [the firmanent] on high the glory of the starry host” from the A Elbereth Gilthoniel poem (LotR/238, 1028; RGEO/63-64). Note that menel did not appear in the earliest drafts of Elbereth Gilthoniel from the 1940s (RS/394).
- Q. menel “the heavens, firmament, sky” ✧ PE17/024; MR/387
- S. ae Adar nín i vi Menel “our Father who [art] in Heaven” ✧ VT44/23
- S. bo Ceven sui vi Menel “on Earth as [it is] in Heaven” ✧ VT44/23
- S. Meneldor “*Lord of the Heavens”
- S. Menelrond “Heaven-dome”
- S. Menelvagor “Orion, (lit.) Swordsman of the Sky”
- S. menel-vîr síla díriel “*heaven-jewel shines having watched [for us]” ✧ LB/354
- S. o menel aglar elenath “from heaven on high the glory of the starry host” ✧ LotR/0238; PE17/024; RGEO/63; RGEO/64
- S. o menel palan-diriel “from heaven gazing far” ✧ LotR/0729; RGEO/64
- S. Ormenel “*Heavens-day, Wednesday”
- Menel ✧ VT44/23
- Q. macar “swordsman; †forger”
- √MAK “cut, hew with a sharp edge; kill, slay; forge metal, cut, hew with a sharp edge, [ᴹ√] cleave; sword, fight (with a sword); ️[√] forge metal; kill, slay”
menel (i venel), pl. menil (i menil)
(i venel), pl. menil (i menil)
magor (i vagor), analogical pl. megyr (i megyr)
(i vagor), analogical pl. megyr (i megyr)