Sindarin 

i

definite article. the

Sindarin [Ety/361, SD/129-31, Letters/308, Letters/417] Group: SINDICT. Published by

i

article. the

@@@ enclytic Dagor-nuin-Giliath vs. Dagor-nui-Ngiliath

Cognates

  • Q. i “the” ✧ PE17/066

Element in

Variations

  • i ✧ Let/425; Let/448; LotR/0299; NM/164; NM/372; PE17/039; PE17/044; PE17/044; PE17/066; S/198; SD/129; SD/129; SD/129; UT/280; VT44/24; VT50/12; VT50/18; VT50/18; VT50/23; WJ/338
  • i- ✧ LotR/1061; LotR/1114
  • in ✧ NM/364
  • ✧ PE17/147
  • ir ✧ VT50/23
Sindarin [Let/425; Let/448; LotR/0299; LotR/0305; LotR/0768; LotR/0807; LotR/0953; LotR/1054; LotR/1061; LotR/1114; MR/373; NM/164; NM/364; NM/372; NM/378; PE17/039; PE17/044; PE17/060; PE17/066; PE17/097; PE17/102; PE17/147; PM/256; RGEO/62; S/106; S/198; S/238; SA/edhel; SD/129; UT/054; UT/057; UT/153; UT/280; UT/319; VT44/24; VT50/12; VT50/15; VT50/18; VT50/19; VT50/23; WJ/338; WJ/379; WJ/418; WJI/Taur-i-Melegyrn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

i

the

pl1. in _ art. _the.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:39:42:44:66:96:102:1] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

i

pronoun. who, that, who, that, [G.] indefinite indeclinable relative particle

Cognates

  • Q. i “who, what, which, that”

Element in

Variations

  • i ✧ S/188; SD/129; VT44/22; VT44/29; VT50/12; VT50/18
Sindarin [Let/417; S/188; SD/129; VT44/22; VT44/29; VT50/12; VT50/18] Group: Eldamo. Published by

i

definite article. who

Sindarin [Ety/361, SD/129-31, Letters/308, Letters/417] Group: SINDICT. Published by

im

pronoun. I

In late writings (see esp. VT/47:37-38), Tolkien reinterpreted this form as a reflexive pronoun (= "self").

Sindarin [LotR/II:IV, LB/354, VT/47:14,37-38] Group: SINDICT. Published by

ai

pronoun. for those who

Sindarin [VT/44:21,30] Group: SINDICT. Published by

im

pronoun. I, I myself; reflexive, self(same)

Cognates

  • Q. imma “same, self-same, same thing” ✧ VT47/37
  • Q. immo “same one (person), self” ✧ VT47/37

Derivations

  • immā “reflexive” ✧ VT47/14
    • IM “same, alike, [ᴱ√] same, alike”
  • immō “reflexive” ✧ VT47/14
    • IM “same, alike, [ᴱ√] same, alike”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
immā > im[immā] > [imma] > [imm] > [imm] > [im]✧ VT47/14
immō > im[immō] > [immo] > [imm] > [imm] > [im]✧ VT47/14

Variations

  • im ✧ LB/354; PE17/041; PE17/046; PE22/165; VT47/14; VT47/14; VT47/37
  • Im ✧ LotR/0305
Sindarin [LB/354; LotR/0305; PE17/041; PE17/046; PE22/165; VT47/14; VT47/37] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nin

pronoun. me

Derivations

  • ni “I, me”

Element in

Variations

  • niu ✧ Let/279
Sindarin [Let/279; LotR/0729; PE17/095; RGEO/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nin

pronoun. me

_ pron. _me.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:95] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

nin

pronoun. me

Sindarin [LotR/IV:X, RGEO/72] Group: SINDICT. Published by

anim

pronoun. for myself

Sindarin [LotR/A(v)] an+im. Group: SINDICT. Published by

bess

noun. wife

Sindarin [Ety/352, SD/129-31] Group: SINDICT. Published by

enni

pronoun. to me

Sindarin [VT/41:11] an+ni. Group: SINDICT. Published by

an-

prefix. intensive prefix

Cognates

  • Q. an- “intensive prefix”

Element in

im narvi hain echant

I, Narvi, made them

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
im“I, I myself; reflexive, self(same)”
Narvi
san“that”
echad-“to form, make, shape, cut out; (lit.) to shape out, to form, make, shape, cut out, [N.] fashion; [S.] (lit.) to shape out”

Variations

  • Im Narvi hain echant ✧ LotR/0305; PE17/040
Sindarin [LotR/0305; PE17/040; VT47/38] Group: Eldamo. Published by

le linnon im tinúviel

*to thee I sing, I, Tinúviel

The fifth phrase of Lúthien’s Song (LB/354). Three translations of this phrase are:

  • Patrick Wynne: “✱to thee I sing, I, the Nightingale” (NTTLS/11)

  • David Salo: “✱I sing to you, I, Nightingale” (GS/211)

  • Bertrand Bellet and Benjamin Babut: “✱to thee I sing, Tinúviel myself” (GTLC)

The first word is the 2nd-person-polite pronoun le “thee”, with its use as the indirect object “to thee” implied by its position before the verb, as suggested by Wynne and Salo (NTTLS/10, GS/213). The second word linnon “I sing” is the present 1st-person-singular form of the verb linna- “to sing”. The third word is the first person or reflexive pronoun im “I, myself”. The last word Tinúviel is the other name of the speaker, Lúthien, usually translated “Nightingale”.

Element in

adaneth

noun. (mortal) woman

Sindarin [MR/349] adan+-eth. Group: SINDICT. Published by

arwen

noun. noble woman

Sindarin [Arwen (name) LotR] ar-+gwend. Group: SINDICT. Published by

bess

noun. (young) woman

Sindarin [Ety/352, SD/129-31] Group: SINDICT. Published by

bess

woman

bess (i vess, construct bes) (wife), pl. biss (i miss). The word etymologically means ”wife”, but the meaning was generalized.

cae

cardinal. ten

Sindarin [PE/17:95] Group: SINDICT. Published by

caen

cardinal. ten

Cognates

Element in

Variations

  • caen-/cae ✧ PE17/095

caen-

cardinal. ten

Sindarin [PE/17:95] Group: SINDICT. Published by

han

that

pl1. hain _pron. _that, the thing previously mentioned. Tolkien notes "hain = heinn (< san-)" (PE17:42). Im Narvi hain echant 'I Narvi made them'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:42] < pl1. _hein_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

he

she

he, hen, hene. (The distinctions between these forms are unclear. Possibly he is the nominative, whereas hen is the accusative ”her”. Hene could be an emphatic form. It may be that all of these pronouns as ”N” rather than Sindarin proper.)

mad

eat

mad- (i vâd, i medir). HONEY-EATER, see BEAR

na

be

: The verb ”to be” is poorly attested. Apparently the root is na-. The imperative is attested as no, and nad (used = ”thing”) may be seen as an original gerund *”a being”. It seems that the copula ”is, are” (and ”was, were”?) can be omitted altogether, as in the ”Noldorin” sentence lheben teil brann i annon ”five feet high [is] the door” (AI:92), in Sindarin perhaps *leben tail brand i annon.

na-

verb. to be

Changes

  • dôddád ✧ VT44/22
  • dádhae ✧ VT44/22
  • haeno ✧ VT44/24

Cognates

  • Q. ná- “to be, to be, [ᴱQ.] exist”

Derivations

  • “be (the same as another), exist”

Element in

Variations

  • dôd ✧ VT44/22 (dôd)
  • dád ✧ VT44/22 (dád)
  • hae ✧ VT44/22 (hae)
Sindarin [VT44/22; VT44/24; VT50/23] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na-

verb. to be

Sindarin [no aer i eneth lín VT/44:21,24] Group: SINDICT. Published by

no

verb. be!

Sindarin [VT/44:21,24] Group: SINDICT. Published by

pae

cardinal. ten

pae (the ”Noldorin” form caer listed in the Etymologies was apparently abandoned by Tolkien).

pae

cardinal. ten

Cognates

  • Q. quëan “ten” ✧ VT48/06

Derivations

Element in

Variations

  • pae(an) ✧ VT48/21
Sindarin [VT42/25; VT48/06; VT48/21] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pae

cardinal. ten

Sindarin [VT/42:25, VT/48:6] Group: SINDICT. Published by

paean

cardinal. ten

sa

pronoun. that

Derivations

  • sa “3 sg. neuter [it], the thing, impersonal; this by me, [ᴱ√] demonstrative”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

san

pronoun. that

Derivations

  • san- “that” ✧ PE17/042

Element in

Sindarin [LotR/0305; PE17/042] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taw

that

(demonstrative pronoun) ?taw. _Only the ”Old Noldorin” form is actually given in LR:389 s.v. _

taw

pronoun. that

Derivations

  • TA “that, there, then; demonstrative”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

i

the

: Singular i (+ soft mutation), basically in in the plural, but often loses the n which is then replaced by nasal mutation of the next consonant (e.g. i thîw ”the letters”, compare tîw ”letters”). In this wordlist it is assumed that in becomes idh before a word in r-, as general patterns would seem to suggest. The articles are also used as relative pronouns ”who, which, that” (see THAT). Apparently ”the” sometimes appears as a suffix -n added to a preposition, e.g. be**<u>n</u>** ”according to <u>the</u>”. This suffix is followed by ”mixed mutation” according to David Salos reconstructions.

i

wed

the verb is cited as a ”Noldorin” infinitive in -i, ”gwedi”, but this would seem to be an error for *gwedhi.

ni

pronoun. I

Cognates

  • Q. ni “me, I”

Derivations

  • ni “I, me”

nin

me

(object form of ”I”) nin; as indirect object anim or enni ”for myself, (to) me”.