Sindarin 

ach

noun. neck, neck, *(upper) spine

A word for “neck” appearing in notes written around 1967, derived from primitive aks based on the root √AKAS “neck, ridge” (PE17/92), where the ks became ch (IPA [x]). Tolkien specified that it was “referring properly only to the vertebrae (the bony part of the neck not including throat)”, so a more accurate translation might be “✱(upper) spine”. A more ordinary word for “neck” as a passage from mouth to the stomach and lungs would be lang.

Cognates

  • Q. axë “neck (vertebrae), rock ridge, neck [vertebrae], *(upper) spine; rock ridge” ✧ PE17/092

Derivations

  • AKAS “neck, ridge” ✧ PE17/092

Element in

  • S. achad “rock ridge, neck (geographically)” ✧ PE17/092
  • S. Anach “?Long Neck”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
AKAS > aks > ach[akse] > [axxe] > [axx] > [ax]✧ PE17/092

Variations

  • ach ✧ PE17/092

ach

noun. neck

n. neck, refeering properly to the vertebrae (the bony part of the neck not including throat). 'geographical' form achad. Q. akas (later akse) pl. aksi. Fachad

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:92] < _aks_ < AKAS. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ach

conjunction. *but

Element in

Variations

  • ach ✧ VT50/15

achad

noun. neck (properly referring only to the bony vertebral part not including the throat)

Sindarin [RC/537] Q. axo. Group: SINDICT. Published by

achad

neck

n. neck, refeering properly to the vertebrae (the bony part of the neck not including throat). This is a 'geographical' form, S. ach. Q. akas (later akse) pl. aksi. Fach, AchadTarlang

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:92] < _aks_ < AKAS. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

lanthir

noun. waterfall

Sindarin [S/406, PM/349] lant+sîr "falling stream". Group: SINDICT. Published by

lanthir

noun. waterfall

A word for “waterfall” in the name S. Lanthir Lamath “Waterfall of Echoing Voices” (S/235; PM/349). It is probably a combination of the variant root √LAT “fall” (more typically √DAT) and S. sîr “river”, hence “✱falling river”.

Cognates

  • ᴺQ. lantasírë “waterfall, (lit.) falling river”

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
LAT“fall (to the ground)”
sîr“river, stream”

Variations

  • Lanthir ✧ PM/349

ach

conjunction. but

[it] appears that ach is the contrastive coordinating conjunction 'but'.

Sindarin [VT50:15] Group: Subject of debate. Published by

ach

conjunction. but

[it] appears that ach is the contrastive coordinating conjunction 'but'.

Sindarin [VT50:15] Group: Subject of debate. Published by

ach

noun. bone

Cognates

  • Q. axo “bone”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

iaeth

neck

1) iaeth; no distinct pl. form. 2) lanc (throat), pl. lainc, coll. pl. langath. Note: homophones mean ”naked” and also ”sharp edge, sudden end, brink”.

lanthir

waterfall

lanthir (no distinct pl. form). Coll. pl. lanthiriath.

lanthir

waterfall

lanthir (no distinct pl. form). Coll. pl. lanthiriath.