Sindarin 

sîr

noun. river, stream

A common Sindarin word for “river” or “stream”, a relatively small river compared to S. duin. It is a derivative of √SIR “flow” (SA/sîr; Ety/SIR).

Conceptual Development: This word dates all the way back to the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where G. sîr “river” appeared (GL/67), a derivative of the early root ᴱ√SIŘI (or a variant of it) as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Sirion). ᴱN. sír “stream” appeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists from the 1920s, though in that instance it was changed to ᴱN. hír “lord” (PE13/147). N. sîr “river” appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s as a derivative of ᴹ√SIR “flow” (Ety/SIR). It appeared several times in Tolkien’s later writings, variously glossed “river” (RC/384) or “stream” (PE17/37; RC/269), as well as being an element in many Sindarin and Noldorin river names.

Cognates

  • Q. sír(ë) “river, river, [ᴱQ.] stream”

Derivations

  • SIR “flow” ✧ SA/sîr

Element in

  • S. ethir “mouth of a river, (lit.) outflow” ✧ SA/sîr
  • S. Glanhír “Boundary Stream”
  • S. Gwathir “River of Shadow” ✧ UT/263
  • S. lanthir “waterfall”
  • S. Limhír “Clear/Sparkling River”
  • S. Linhir “Fair Stream” ✧ RC/587
  • S. Lithir “?Ash River”
  • S. Methiriad “?End of Two Rivers”
  • S. Minhiriath “Between the Rivers” ✧ SA/sîr
  • S. Nanduhirion “Dimrill Dale, (lit.) Vale of (the Region of) Dim Streams” ✧ PE17/037; RC/269; SA/sîr
  • S. Eglahir “*Elf-river”
  • S. Ossir “Seven-rivers” ✧ RC/384
  • S. Ossiriand “Land of Seven Rivers” ✧ SA/sîr
  • S. Sîr Angren “*River of Iron”
  • S. Sirannon “Gate-stream” ✧ SA/sîr
  • S. Sirion “Great River” ✧ SA/sîr
  • S. Sîr Luin
  • S. Sîr Ninglor “Gladden River”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
sir- > sîr[sīre] > [sīr]✧ SA/sîr

Variations

  • Sîr ✧ RC/384
Sindarin [PE17/037; RC/269; RC/384; RC/587; SA/sîr; UT/263] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sîr

stream

_ n. _stream. >> Nanduhirion

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:37] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

sîr

noun. river

Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, RC/384] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sîr

adverb. now

Sindarin [PE 22:147] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

sír

adverb. today

Sindarin [VT/44:21,27] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sí(r)

adverb. now

now

_adv. _now. Q. . thî/ << . >> thî****

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27:127] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thî

adverb. now

thî

now

_adv. _now. Q. . thî/ << . >> hî****

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

si

adverb. now

Sindarin [LotR/IV:X, LB/354] Group: SINDICT. Published by

adverb. now

Changes

  • thî ✧ PE17/027

Cognates

  • Q. “now” ✧ PE17/027; PE17/045; PE17/127; PE22/147

Derivations

  • khĭn- “*here, now” ✧ VT49/34

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
khĭn- > [kʰin] > [xin] > [xi] > [hi] > [hī]✧ VT49/34

Variations

  • hi ✧ LotR/0307; PE17/045
  • thî ✧ PE17/027
  • ✧ PE17/027; PE17/027 (); PE17/127; VT49/34
  • hin ✧ PE17/127
  • sîr ✧ PE22/147
  • ✧ VT50/22
Sindarin [LotR/0307; PE17/027; PE17/045; PE17/127; PE22/147; VT49/34; VT50/15; VT50/22] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hi

adverb. now

_ adv. _now. annon edhellen edro hi ammen! 'Elvish gate open now for us'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:45] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

hin

adverb. now

duin

noun. (long and large) river (having strong current)

Sindarin [S/430, LotR/F, TC/179, VT/48:24] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sîr

river

1) (also = rill) sîr (i hîr, o sîr), in compounds sir- or -hir or -hír; no distinct pl. form except with article (i sîr), coll. pl. siriath. Note: sîr is also the adverb ”today”. 2) celon (i gelon, o chelon), pl. celyn (pl. i chelyn), 3) The word lind ”singer” may also be used of rivers (see . (WJ.309).

sîr

today

(adv.) sîr. Note: a homophone means ”river”.

sîr

rill (river)

sîr (i hîr, o sîr), in compounds -hir or -hír; no distinct pl. form except with article (i sîr), coll. pl. siriath. Note: sîr is also the adverb ”today”.

si

now

si (lenited hi)

celeth

stream

(noun) 1) celeth (i geleth, o cheleth), pl. celith (i chelith), 2) sirith (i hirith, o sirith) (flowing), no distinct pl. except with article (i sirith), 3) nên (water, lake, pool, waterland), construct nen, pl. nîn, 4) rant (watercourse, water-channel, lode, vein), pl. raint (idh raint), coll. pl. rannath.

duin

river

(long, large river with strong current) duin (i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin) (VT48:24)