Sindarin 

duin

noun. (large) river, (large) river; [N.] water

A Sindarin word for river, more specifically a large one (LotR/1138; PM/54; RC/765; VT48/24), derived from primitive ✶duinē and the root √DUY “flow (strongly), flood, inundate” (RC/766; VT48/23-24).

Conceptual Development: The first precursor to this word seems to be G. duif “stream” from the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, derived from primitive ᴱ✶duiwe and related to G. duil “flight” (GL/31). The Etymologies of the 1930s had N. duin under the root ᴹ√DUI̯, but there it was a loan word from Ilk. duin “water, river”. After Tolkien abandoned Ilkorin, it became a native Sindarin word.

Cognates

  • Q. -(n)duinë “(large) river” ✧ RC/765; VT48/30
  • T. duinë “(large) river” ✧ VT48/24

Derivations

  • duinē “(large) river” ✧ RC/766; VT48/24
    • DUY “flow (strongly), flood, drench, inundate, pour” ✧ RC/766; VT48/23; VT48/24

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
duinē > duin[duinē] > [duine] > [duin]✧ RC/766
duini > duin[duini] > [duine] > [duin]✧ VT48/24

Variations

  • Duin ✧ WJ/191
Sindarin [LotR/1138; PM/054; RC/765; S/123; SA/duin; VT48/24; VT48/30; WJ/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

duin

noun. (long and large) river (having strong current)

Sindarin [S/430, LotR/F, TC/179, VT/48:24] Group: SINDICT. Published by

nen

noun. water (used of a lake, pool or lesser river)

Sindarin [Ety/376, S/435, UT/457, RC/327-328] Group: SINDICT. Published by

nen

noun. waterland

Sindarin [Ety/376, S/435, UT/457, RC/327-328] Group: SINDICT. Published by

nen

water

{ĕ}_ n. _water, lake. Q. nén. >> nîn

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:52:77] < NEN water. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

lorn

noun. quiet water

Sindarin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lorn

noun. anchorage, harbour

Sindarin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sîr

noun. river

Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, RC/384] Group: SINDICT. Published by

duin

river

(long, large river with strong current) duin (i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin) (VT48:24)

duin

large river

duin (i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin), coll. pl. duinath (Names:179, PM:54)

duin

large river

duin (i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin), coll. pl. duinath (Names:179, PM:54); compare the river-name Anduin, ”long river”. GREAT RIVER sirion (i hirion, o sirion), pl. siryn (i siryn); compare Sirion as the name of a river in Beleriand. MOUTH (OUTFLOW) OF A RIVER ethir (estuary), no distinct pl. form, but coll. pl. ethiriath. Note: a homophone means "spy".

nên

water

nên (lake, pool, stream, waterland), construct nen, pl. nîn. FLOOD-WATER (or ”wash”) iôl (pl. ŷl) (RC:334, VT48:33).

sîr

river

1) (also = rill) sîr (i hîr, o sîr), in compounds sir- or -hir or -hír; no distinct pl. form except with article (i sîr), coll. pl. siriath. Note: sîr is also the adverb ”today”. 2) celon (i gelon, o chelon), pl. celyn (pl. i chelyn), 3) The word lind ”singer” may also be used of rivers (see . (WJ.309).