Sindarin 

nen

noun. water (used of a lake, pool or lesser river)

Sindarin [Ety/376, S/435, UT/457, RC/327-328] Group: SINDICT. Published by

nen

noun. waterland

Sindarin [Ety/376, S/435, UT/457, RC/327-328] Group: SINDICT. Published by

nen

water

{ĕ}_ n. _water, lake. Q. nén. >> nîn

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:52:77] < NEN water. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

nen

noun. water; lake, pool; (lesser) river, water; lake, pool; (lesser) river, [ᴱN.] stream

A noun for “water”, also regularly applied to bodies of water like lakes, pools and rivers, especially in names like S. Bruinen “Loudwater” (a river) and S. Nen Echui “Water of Awakening” (an inland sea).

Conceptual Development: This word dates all the way back to the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where {nen >>} G. nenn “water; river” appeared (GL/60), a derivative of the early root ᴱ√NENE “flow” as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Neni Erúmëar; QL/65). ᴱN. nen and nenn appeared in various Early Noldorin documents from the 1920s with glosses like “stream” (PE13/123), “water” (PE13/151), and “water, river” (PE13/164), but in this period Tolkien indicated the primitive form was ninda (PE13/123, 164). This seems to have been a transient idea, since in The Etymologies of the 1930s Tolkien gave N. nen “water” as a derivative of ᴹ√NEN (Ety/NEN), and this derivation appeared in Tolkien’s later writings as well (PE17/52).

Cognates

  • Q. nén “water, water, [ᴱQ.] river” ✧ PE17/052; SA/nen

Derivations

  • nē̆n “water”
    • NEN “water, water, [ᴱ√] flow”
  • NEN “water, water, [ᴱ√] flow” ✧ PE17/052; SA/nen

Element in

  • S. Arnen “Beside the Water”
  • S. Bruinen “Loudwater” ✧ SA/nen
  • S. Carnen “Redwater”
  • S. dannen “ebb, lowtide”
  • S. duinen “flood, high tide”
  • S. Emyn Arnen “Hills of Arnen” ✧ SA/nen
  • S. Harnen “*South Water”
  • S. Lebennin “Five Rivers”
  • S. Nen Cenedril “Mirrormere, (lit.) Lake Looking-glass”
  • S. Nen Echui “Water of Awakening”
  • S. Nen Girith “Shuddering Water” ✧ SA/nen
  • S. Nen Hithoel “Mist-cool Water” ✧ RC/328; SA/nen
  • S. Nen Lalaith “*Water of Laughter”
  • S. Nenning “? Water” ✧ SA/nen
  • S. Nenuial “Lake Evendim, (lit.) Water of Twilight” ✧ SA/nen
  • S. Nîn-in-Eilph “Swanfleet, Waterlands of the Swans” ✧ NM/378
  • S. Núrnen “Sad Water, Dead Water” ✧ SA/nen
  • S. Ringnen “Chill-water” ✧ VT42/14

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
NEN > nĕn[nen]✧ PE17/052
nen > nen[nen]✧ SA/nen

Variations

  • nĕn ✧ PE17/052; PE17/077
Sindarin [NM/378; PE17/052; PE17/077; RC/328; SA/nen; VT42/14] Group: Eldamo. Published by

duin

noun. (long and large) river (having strong current)

Sindarin [S/430, LotR/F, TC/179, VT/48:24] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lorn

noun. quiet water

Sindarin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lorn

noun. anchorage, harbour

Sindarin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sîr

noun. river

Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, RC/384] Group: SINDICT. Published by

rib-

verb. to flow like a (torrent ?)

The reading of the gloss is uncertain

Sindarin [Ety/384, X/RH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

siria

flow

(vb.) siria- (i hiria, i siriar).

nên

water

nên (lake, pool, stream, waterland), construct nen, pl. nîn. FLOOD-WATER (or ”wash”) iôl (pl. ŷl) (RC:334, VT48:33).

duin

river

(long, large river with strong current) duin (i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin) (VT48:24)

sîr

river

1) (also = rill) sîr (i hîr, o sîr), in compounds sir- or -hir or -hír; no distinct pl. form except with article (i sîr), coll. pl. siriath. Note: sîr is also the adverb ”today”. 2) celon (i gelon, o chelon), pl. celyn (pl. i chelyn), 3) The word lind ”singer” may also be used of rivers (see . (WJ.309).