Quenya 

ur

ur

ur(u)- prefix denoting difficulty (PE17:154, 172), cf. urcárima, urucarin

uru

fire

uru noun "fire" (LT1:271)

úr

noun. fire, heat
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

úr

fire

úr noun "fire" (UR)This stem was struck out in Etym, but a word that must be derived from it occurs in LotR, so it seems that Tolkien restored it. Early "Qenya" also has Ûr, noun "the Sun" (also Úri, Úrinci ("k"), Urwen) (LT1:271). Cf. Úri.

úrë

noun. heat, [ᴹQ.] fire
Quenya [LotR/1123; RC/736] Group: Eldamo. Published by

urya-

be hot

urya- vb. "be hot" (PE17:148), "burn" (intransitive) (LT1:271)

úr(in)

proper name. Sun

A late remnant of earlier names for the Sun: ᴱQ. Ûr and ᴹQ. Úrin. In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, this name was changed from Úrin >> Naira >> Vása (MR/198), but the form Úr(in) occasionally appeared in some later writings (PE17/148, MR/377). This name was a derivative of the root √UR “heat, be hot” (PE17/148).

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this name was ᴱQ. Ûr, Ur or Úri “Sun”, but literally meaning “Fire” (LT1/187, QL/98). The name became ᴹQ. Úrin in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/240). It was rejected in The Etymologies along with the root form ᴹ√UR, but reappeared sometimes in later writing as noted above.

Quenya [MR/198; MR/377; MRI/Úr; PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anar

noun. Sun
Quenya [Let/425; MC/222; MR/044; MRI/Anar; PE17/038; PE17/148; PE17/152; PE21/86; S/099; SA/nár; SI/Anar; UT/022; UTI/Anar; WJI/Anar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ruinë

noun. fire, blaze
Quenya [PE17/183] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fire

noun "fire" (LT1:265; "Qenya" spelling . Rather nárë in LotR-style Quenya.)

yána

adjective. wide, vast, huge
Quenya [PE17/099; PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hrai-

verb. hrai-

hrai- prefix denoting difficulty (PE17:154, 185), cf. ur(u)-

palda

adjective. wide, broad, **expansive
Quenya [VT47/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ruinë

fire, a blaze

ruinë noun "a fire, a blaze" (PE17:183). Compare nárë.

yonda²

adjective. wide, roomy, extensive
Quenya [PE17/043] Group: Eldamo. Published by

asta-

to heat, bake (by exposure to sun)

asta- (2) vb. "to heat, bake (by exposure to sun)" (PE17:148)

yonda

wide, roomy, extensive

yonda adj."wide, roomy, extensive" (PE17:43), also (as alternative form of yonna) glossed "enclosed", with the latter meaning perhaps intended as the passive participle of the verb yor-

landa

noun/adjective. wide, plain
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

landa

wide

landa (2) adj. "wide" (LAD). Maybe in landatavárë = *"wide-wood"? (TI:415)

palla

wide, expansive

palla adj. "wide, expansive" (PAL)

yanda

adjective. wide
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanda

wide

yanda adj. "wide" (PE17:115); variant of yána #1, q.v.

Sindarin 

naur

noun. fire
Sindarin [LotR/0290; LotR/0299; LotR/0942; PE17/038; PE17/101; PM/363; SA/nár] Group: Eldamo. Published by

naur

fire

_ n. fire. naur an edraith ammen! _'fire [be] for rescue/saving for us'. Q. nár. >> Sammath Naur

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:38:101] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ûr

adjective. wide
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

anaur

noun. Sun
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

anor

noun. Sun
Sindarin [LotRI/Anor; PE17/030; PE17/038; PE17/055; RC/297; SA/nár; SDI2/Anar; SI/Anor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ruin

suffix. fire

suff. #fire. Q. ruine. >> Angruin

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:183] < RUYU blaze (red). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

iaun

adjective. wide, extensive, large, roomy, vast, huge
Sindarin [PE17/042; PE17/099; PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

land

adjective. wide, broad
Sindarin [Landroval LotR/VI:IV, Ety/367, X/LH, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

iand

adjective. wide
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* laden

wide

1) laden (plain, flat, open, cleared), pl. ledin (for ”N” lhaden pl. lhedin, LR:368 s.v. LAT), 2) land (plain), pl. laind. Also used as noun ”open space, level”. 3) pann (i bann, o phann, construct pan), pl. pain (i phain). Since the pl. form clashes with *pain ”all” (mutated phain, SD:129), other terms may be preferred for clarity. 4) ûr (pl. uir). Notice the homophone ûr ”fire, heat”.

pann

adjective. wide
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* uir

adjective. *fiery
Sindarin [SA/anga] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* uir

adjective. fiery
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* naur

fire

1) naur (in compounds nar-, -nor) (flame, sun), pl. noer, coll. pl. norath; 2) ûr (heat), pl. uir. Notice the homophone ûr ”wide”.

* ûr

noun. fire, *[ᴱN.] sun
Sindarin [PE21/71] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* ûr

noun. fire
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* land

adjective. wide, broad, *[N.] open space, *level
Sindarin [PE17/144; S/123] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* lann

adjective. wide, broad
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

ghâsh

noun. fire
Black Speech [LotR/0327; LotR/1117; LotR/1131; LotRI/Ghâsh; PE17/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

ûri

noun. sun, sun (and moon)

A noun translated “sun” (SD/306, 428). This word appears in the forms ûrê, ûri and ûrî, but Tolkien declared that the form with long î is actually the personified form Ûrî “Lady of the Sun” (SD/426), perhaps the Adûnaic name of Q. Arien. The form ûrê only appears once (SD/426), so ûri is probably to be preferred as the ordinary word for Sun, especially since it is a neuter noun, which ordinarily cannot end in a long (SD/427). Tolkien lists the “later forms Uir, Ŷr” (SD/306), one of which may be the Westron word for “sun”, most likely Wes. uir. As suggested by several authors (AAD/24, EotAL/UR), ûri is probably derived from the Elvish root ᴹ√UR.

Adûnaic [SD/306; SD/426; SD/428] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

naur

noun. fire
Noldorin [Ety/EK; Ety/NAR¹; PE22/034; TI/187] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûr

noun. wide
Noldorin [Ety/396] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ûr

noun. fire, heat
Noldorin [Ety/396] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ûr²

adjective. wide
Noldorin [Ety/UR; EtyAC/UR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûr¹

noun. fire
Noldorin [Ety/UR; EtyAC/UR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anor

noun. Sun
Noldorin [Ety/ANÁR; Ety/NAR¹; EtyAC/NAR¹; LR/041; LRI/Anar; LRI/Anor; SD/303; SD/306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

rhuin

noun. fire
Noldorin [PE22/034; TI/028] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhann

adjective. wide, *[ᴱN.] broad
Noldorin [Ety/LAD; PM/045] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhand

adjective. wide, broad
Noldorin [Landroval LotR/VI:IV, Ety/367, X/LH, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lhann

adjective. wide, broad
Noldorin [Landroval LotR/VI:IV, Ety/367, X/LH, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pann

adjective. wide
Noldorin [Ety/380] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pann¹

adjective. wide
Noldorin [Ety/PAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Westron

uir

noun. sun

A word listed as a later form of Ad. ûri “sun” (SD/306) and therefore perhaps a Westron word, as suggested by Andreas Moehn (EotAL/UR). The other “later form” Ŷr is unlikely to be Westron, since y seems not to be a vowel in Westron.

Westron [SD/306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

ur

root. heat, be hot
Primitive elvish [PE17/120; PE17/148; PE17/188; PE22/160; SA/ur] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ur

root. heat, be hot
Primitive elvish [PE17/120.0105; PE17/148.1001; PE17/188.3501; PE22/160.1406; SA/ur.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ur

root. wide, large, great
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

ūr

noun. a fire (on hearth)
Primitive elvish [PE21/71] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auri

noun. heat, period of sun
Primitive elvish [PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anār

noun. Sun
Primitive elvish [SA/nár] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nar

root. fire, fire, flame
Primitive elvish [Let/425.3610; PE17/038.1812; PE17/147.3401; PE17/166.0601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nar

root. fire, *[ᴹ√] flame
Primitive elvish [Let/425; PE17/038; PE17/147; PE17/166] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nāro

noun. fire
Primitive elvish [PE17/039] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yan¹

root. wide, extensive, large, vast, huge, extend
Primitive elvish [PE17/042; PE17/099; PE17/115; PE17/155; PE17/158; PE17/191; VT47/27] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pal

root. wide, broad, extended, *[ᴹ√] wide (open), *[ᴱ√] flatness
Primitive elvish [PE17/065; PE17/171; VT47/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

palnā

adjective. wide, broad
Primitive elvish [VT47/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yānā

adjective. wide, large, extensive
Primitive elvish [PE17/042; PE17/155; VT47/27] Group: Eldamo. Published by

b’rás-sē

noun. heat
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

patnā

adjective. wide
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

yad

root. wide
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Valarin 

aþāraigas

proper name. Sun, ‘appointed heat’
Valarin [WJ/401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uruš/rušur

noun. fire
Valarin [WJ/401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

uru

noun. fire
Qenya [GL/75; LT1A/Ûr; QL/075; QL/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úr

noun. fire, heat
Qenya [Ety/UR; PE22/023; PE22/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auro

noun. sun
Qenya [PE13/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mure

noun. heat, close weather
Qenya [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûr

proper name. Sun, (lit.) Fire

Name of the Sun in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/187), sometimes appearing as úri (MC/214, 221), derived from the root ᴱ√URU having to do with heat (QL/98).

Qenya [LRI/Ûr; LT1/085; LT1/187; LT1A/Ûr; LT1A/Urwen; LT1I/Ûr; MC/214; MC/216; MC/221; PE15/77; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/077; PE16/100; PE16/104; PME/098; QL/098; SMI/Ûr] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úrin

proper name. Sun, (lit.) Fire
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

úrin

proper name. Sun, (lit.) Fiery

An earlier Quenya name for the Sun appearing in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s and glossed “Fiery” (LR/240). It was sometimes used in combination with its other name Anar: Úr-anar “Red Sun” (LR/72). In a deleted entry in The Etymologies, it was given as a derivative of the root ᴹ√UR “be hot” (Ety/UR).

Qenya [Ety/UR; LR/072; LR/240; LRI/Ûr; LRI/Úrin; SM/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ahúra

proper name. Sun

An early Qenya word for the Sun appearing in a word list from the 1920s (PE15/77). Its etymology is obscure.

Qenya [PE15/77] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anar

noun. Sun
Qenya [Ety/ANÁR; Ety/NAR¹; EtyAC/ANÁR; LR/041; LR/072; LR/240; LRI/Anar; PE22/019; PE22/023; SD/306; SDI2/Anar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sári

proper name. Sun

A name for the Sun in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/186), probably a derivative of the root ᴱ√SAH(Y)A “be hot” as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Sári).

Qenya [LRI/Sári; LT1/186; LT1/198; LT1A/Sári; LT1I/Sári; PE14/014; SMI/Sári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

um-

verb. to be not, do not
Qenya [PE14/086; PE15/32; QL/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. fire
Qenya [LT1A/Sári; PME/081; QL/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tan(y)a

noun. fire
Qenya [LT1A/Tanyasalpë; PE15/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alanda

adjective. wide, broad
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

halda

adjective. wide, broad
Qenya [PE13/136; PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

landa

adjective. wide, broad
Qenya [LT1A/Nori Landar; PME/034; QL/034; QL/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

landa¹

adjective. wide, *[ᴱQ.] broad
Qenya [Ety/LAD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

palla

adjective. wide, expansive
Qenya [Ety/PAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

ur²

root. wide, large, great

In The Etymologies, this root originally had the sense ᴹ√UR “be hot”, but this entry was deleted and replaced with this root. In later writings, though, the sense “be hot” was restored to √UR, and likely this root and its derivatives were no longer valid.

Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/UR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ur¹

root. be hot
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BERÉK; Ety/LOK; Ety/UR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anār

noun. Sun
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ANÁR; SD/302; SD/306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

b’rássē

noun. heat
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BARAS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

b’rás-sē

noun. heat
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BARAS.027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

patnā

adjective. wide
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/PAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

uril

proper name. Sun
Gnomish [GL/75; LT1A/Ûr] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aur(a)

noun. Sun
Gnomish [GL/20; GL/59; GL/62; GL/75; LT1A/Ûr; LT1I/Aur; PE13/114] Group: Eldamo. Published by

galaduir

proper name. Sun
Gnomish [PE13/114] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hŷr

noun. sun
Gnomish [PE13/114] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. fire
Gnomish [GL/66; LT1A/Sári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

buir

noun. fire
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûr

noun. sun
Early Noldorin [PE13/137; PE13/151; PE13/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by

byr

noun. fire
Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bordh

noun/adjective. heat, rage, hot, raging, wroth
Early Noldorin [PE13/139; PE13/160] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gall

adjective. wide, broad
Early Noldorin [PE13/136; PE13/142; PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Solosimpi

murra

noun. heat, close weather
Solosimpi [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

ourū̆

noun. sun
Early Primitive Elvish [PE13/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saχ[a]

noun. fire
Early Primitive Elvish [PE12/021; QL/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒaldá

adjective. wide, broad
Early Primitive Elvish [PE13/136; PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sah(y)a

root. be hot
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1/248; LT1A/Sári; QL/072; QL/081] Group: Eldamo. Published by