Quenya 

interjection. O, Oh
Quenya [Let/448; LotR/0981; S/223; UT/138; VT43/13; VT44/07; VT44/15] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. from
Quenya [PE17/148; PE22/168] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

preposition. from
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

from

ho prep. "from" (3O); cf. -

o-

prefix. together
Quenya [PE17/013; PE17/016; PE17/191; PE19/106; PE22/168; VT48/29; WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by

or

over

or prep. "over" (CO); in early "Qenya", this preposition was also defined as "on, upon" (LT1:256, MC:216). Prefixed or- is translated "up" in ortil, q.v.

uo

together

[uo adv. "together" (PE17:191)]

uo

adverb. together
Quenya [PE17/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ro

he

-ro pronominal ending "he", in antaváro, q.v. In Tolkiens later Quenya, the ending -s covers both "he", "she" and "it".

au¹

adverb. away, off, not here (of position)
Quenya [PE17/144; PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

from

, lo (2) prep. "from", also used = "by" introducing the agent after a passive construction: nahtana ló Turin *"slain by Túrin" (VT49:24). A similar and possibly identical form is mentioned in the Etymologies as being somehow related to the ablative ending -llo, but is not there clearly defined (VT45:28). At one point, Tolkien suggested that lo rather than the ending -llo was used with proper names (lo Manwë rather than Manwello for "from Manwë"), but this seems to have been a short-lived idea (VT49:24).

-va

from

-va possessive ending, presumably related to the preposition va "from". In Eldaliéva, Ingoldova, miruvóreva, Oroméva, rómeva, Valinóreva (q.v. for references), Follondiéva, Hyallondiéva (see under turmen for references). Following a consonant, the ending instead appears as -wa (andamacilwa "of the long sword", PE17:147, rómenwa *"of the East", PE17:59). Pl. - when governing a plural word (from archaic -vai) (WJ:407), but it seems that -va was used throughout in late Exilic Quenya (cf. miruvóreva governing the plural word yuldar in Namárië). Pl. -iva (-ivë*), dual -twa, partitive pl. -líva**.

hó-

away, from, from among

- verbal prefix; "away, from, from among", the point of view being outside the thing, place, or group in thought (WJ:368)

hó-

prefix. away, from, from among
Quenya [WJ/368] Group: Eldamo. Published by

olla

over

olla prep "over" (= beyond, of things passed over, as in "I went over a river" or "they went over the hill") (PE17:65)

va

from

va prep. "from" (VT43:20; prefixed in the form var- in var-úra "from evil", VT43:24). In VT49:24, va, au and o are quoted as variants of the stem awa "away from".

var

adverb. *from, away to
Quenya [VT43/24] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wa-

prefix. together
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

au-

prefix. away (from)
Quenya [PE17/024; VT49/24; WJ/365; WJ/368] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au-

prefix. away, away (from), away from the speaker or the place of his thought
Quenya [PE17/024.1906; VT49/24.2412; WJ/365.3802; WJ/368.2210] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au

adverb. away, off, not here (of position)
Quenya [PE17/144.0505, PE17/148.2903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-s

suffix. he, she, it
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

-s(së)

suffix. he, she, it, him, her
Quenya [PE17/075; PE17/110; PE17/190; PE22/161; VT49/16; VT49/28; VT49/48; VT49/51] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-së

suffix. he, she, it
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ai

interjection. alas
Quenya [LotR/0377.2801, PE17/061.2302, RGEO/58.0501, RGE] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au

away

au (2) adv. "away", of position rather than movement (compare oa). PE17:148

ea

verb. be

be

Quenya [PE 19:48] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

essë

he

essë (2) pron? "he" (and also "she, it"?), possible emphatic 3rd sg. emphatic pronoun, attested in the sentence essë úpa nas "he is dumb" (PE17:126)

essë²

pronoun. he, *she, it (emphatic)
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

issë

pronoun. he, *she, it (emphatic)
Quenya [PE17/126; PE22/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

se

he, she, it

se (1) pron. "he, she, it" also object "him, her, it", 3rd person sg. Used "of living things including plants" (VT49:37; the corresponding inaimate pronoun is sa). The pronoun comes directly from se as the original stem-form (VT49:50). Stressed form , VT49:51, attested in object position in melin sé "I love him" (VT49:21). Ósë "with him/her", VT43:29; see ó-. Long dative/allative sena "[to/for] him" or "at him", VT49:14, allative senna "to him/her" (VT49:45, 46). Compare the reflexive pronoun insë *"himself, herself".

se¹

pronoun. he, she, it (animate)
Quenya [PE17/091; PE17/129; VT49/14; VT49/15; VT49/32; VT49/37; VT49/45; VT49/51] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* uo

adverb. together
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

a

interjection. o

interj. o. A Elbereth Gilthoniel 'O Elbereth Who lit the Stars'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ae

interjection. O!
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

interjection. O!
Sindarin [LB/354; Let/279; LotR/0238; LotR/0729; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; VT44/22] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. about, concerning
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

Sindarin [Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

o

preposition. from, of

@@@ for o + in = uin, compare no + i = nui (Ety/NU)

Sindarin [LotR/0238; LotR/0305; LotR/0729; PE17/024; PE17/042; PE17/148; RGEO/62; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; SD/129; WJ/366; WJ/367; WJ/370] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. from

_ prep. _from. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:148] < AWA, WĀ go, move (from speaker), go away, depart. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

o

preposition. (?origin), from, from, of, of

@@@ for o + in = uin, compare no + i = nui (Ety/NU)

Sindarin [LotR/0238.0501; LotR/0238.0701; LotR/0305.0602; LotR/0729.3901; PE17/024.1902; PE17/042.2502; PE17/148.2911; RGEO/62.3604; RGEO/63.0501; RGEO/63.0701; RGEO/64.0402; RGEO/64.0605; RGEO/64.1304; SD/129.0807; SD/129.0809; SD/129.0903; WJ/366.3409; WJ/367.0501; WJ/370.0306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. from

_ prep. _from, of. In older S. o had the form od before vowels. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:42:54] < _au(t) _< stem_ awa_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-o

suffix. imperative
Sindarin [PE17/040; WJ/365; WJ/372] Group: Eldamo. Published by

no

verb. be!
Sindarin [VT/44:21,24] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

od

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

Sindarin [Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

go-

together

_pref. _together. Q. o-.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:16] < C.E. WĀ, WO. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

go-

prefix. together, co-, com-
Sindarin [PE17/016; PE17/191; WJ/364; WJ/367; WJ/368] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwa-

prefix. together, co-, com-
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

na-

verb. to be
Sindarin [no aer i eneth lín VT/44:21,24] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

est¹

pronoun. he, she, it, 3rd sg. pronoun
Sindarin [PE17/046; VT50/14] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eth

pronoun. he, she, it, 3rd sg. pronoun
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

is

pronoun. he, she, it, 3rd sg. pronoun
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwa-

prefix. together (only in old compounds, the living form is go-)
Sindarin [Ety/399, WJ/367] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

e

pronoun. he
Sindarin [SD/129] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* e

he

1) e (SD:128-31), 2) ho, hon, hono. (The distinctions between these forms are unclear. Possibly ho is the nominative ”he”, whereas hon is the accusative ”him”. Hono could be an emphatic form. It may be that all of these pronouns, except e, are ”Noldorin” and were not maintained in Sindarin proper.)

e

pronoun. he

The meaning "he" is deduced from the apparent function of this word in the so-called "King's Letter", but it also seems possible to interpret it as "indeed" (as in Q. e, LR/63, VT/45:11), used here in a way of formal address expressing the wishes or the will of the King

Sindarin [SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* gwachae

away

1) (adj.) gwachae (remote), lenited wachae, no distinct pl. form. The form occurring in the primary source, #gwahae, must represent the late Gondorian pronunciantion with h for ch (PM:186, isolated from gwahaedir). 2) (adv.) e, ed (out, forth); also as adjectival prefix "outer" and preposition "out from, out of" (WJ:367)

* na

be

: The verb ”to be” is poorly attested. Apparently the root is na-. The imperative is attested as no, and nad (used = ”thing”) may be seen as an original gerund *”a being”. It seems that the copula ”is, are” (and ”was, were”?) can be omitted altogether, as in the ”Noldorin” sentence lheben teil brann i annon ”five feet high [is] the door” (AI:92), in Sindarin perhaps *leben tail brand i annon.

nae

interjection. alas
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* nae

alas

(interjection) nae

* o

concerning

o (about), becoming o h- before a vowel, e.g. o hEdhil ”concerning Elves” (read perhaps oh Edhil in Sindarn spelling)

* o

about

o (concerning), becoming o h- before a vowel, e.g. o hEdhil ”about/concerning Elves”. Read perhaps oh Edhil in Sindarin orthography.

* o

of)

M (also used = OF) o (od), followed by hard mutation. With article uin ”from the, of the” (followed by ”mixed” mutation according to David Salos reconstuctuons). (WJ:366). Not to be confused with o ”about, concerning”.

* o

from)

o (od), followed by hard mutation; with article uin ”from the, of the” (followed by mixed mutation according to David Salos reconstuctuons). (WJ:366) Not to be confused with o ”about, concerning” (q.v. for this meaning of ”of”). 2) na (followed by lenition), with article nan (followed by ”mixed mutation”, according to David Salos reconstruction). The preposition has various meanings: ”with, by, near” and also ”to, toward, at; of” 3)

* go

together

(prefix) go-, gwa- (+ lenition) (co-, com-).

* or

over

(adjectival prefix) or- (above, high)

* thar

over

(adverbial prefix) thar- (across, athwart, beyond)

Telerin 

ho

preposition. from
Telerin [PE21/78] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho-

prefix. away, from, from among
Telerin [WJ/369] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vo-

prefix. together
Telerin [WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au

adverb. away
Telerin [WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by

au-

prefix. away
Telerin [WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

suffix. genitive (draft)

The suffix used for the draft-genitive case, with a plural form -ōm (SD/438). In a later conceptual stage, it became the ordinary prepositional suffix .

Adûnaic [SD/438] Group: Eldamo. Published by

preposition. from

A prepositional suffix translated “from” (SD/429). In a few places, the suffix appears with the glide-consonant v (pronounced [w]) between it and a preceding u-vowel (SD/247, 249). It is likely related to the Quenya genitive inflection Q. -o.

Conceptual Development: At an earlier conceptual stage, this suffix was a grammatical inflection, the draft-genitive (SD/438).

Adûnaic [SD/247; SD/249; SD/365; SD/382; SD/429] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ak

preposition. away

A suffix in the word êphalak “far away”, a derivative of êphal “far” (SD/247). Some authors have suggested that -ak is an intensive suffix “very” instead of suffix meaning “away” (LGtAG, NBA/32). However, the corresponding Quenya word vahai(y)a “far away” is a combination va “(away) from” and haiya “far”, so it seems to me that the literal translation “away” is more likely to be correct (this translation of va was published after LGtAG and NBA were written).

Adûnaic Group: Eldamo. Published by

* u

pronoun. he

A well-attested pronominal prefix, the masculine singular pronoun “he” (SD/433). See the entry on pronominal-prefixes for more discussion. Tolkien said that it had another variant hu- (SD/433), but this variant was only appears in the early and rejected hunekkū, which was changed to unekkū (see nakh-). Tolkien further indicated that the form u- primitively had an initial consonant [ɣ] or [ʔ] that was lost (SD/433).

Adûnaic [SD/433] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

o

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

Noldorin [Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

o

preposition. about, concerning

The Etymologies state that h- is prefixed to the word following this preposition, when it begins with a vowel: o Hedhil "concerning the Elves". Some scholars consider that this rule is not valid in Sindarin, but that the preposition would perhaps become oh in such a case (hence oh Edhil, to be compared with ah in Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth)

Noldorin [Ety/378] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

o

preposition. from, from, of, of
Noldorin [Ety/ƷŌ̆.028; TI/182.1806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

preposition. about, concerning
Noldorin [Ety/OS; EtyAC/OS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

preposition. from, of
Noldorin [Ety/ƷŌ̆; TI/182] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/S] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

go-

prefix. together
Noldorin [Ety/KWET; Ety/NAT; Ety/WŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

go-

prefix. together
Noldorin [Ety/399, WJ/367] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hon

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

os-

prefix. about, around
Noldorin [Ety/379] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

os-

prefix. about
Noldorin [Ety/OS] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hono

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hon(o)

pronoun. he
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwa-¹

prefix. together
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwa-

prefix. together (only in old compounds, the living form is go-)
Noldorin [Ety/399, WJ/367] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

nae

interjection. alas
Noldorin [Ety/375] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

nae

interjection. alas
Noldorin [Ety/NAY; EtyAC/NAY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

suffix. genitive
Primitive elvish [PE17/097; WJ/370; WJ/407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

preposition. from
Primitive elvish [VT47/35] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

root. from, coming from
Primitive elvish [WJ/361; WJ/368] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. from, coming from, as described by a genitive
Primitive elvish [PE22/168; WJ/361; WJ/368; WJ/369; WJ/370] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wo

root. together
Primitive elvish [PE17/016; PE17/191; WJ/361; WJ/367] Group: Eldamo. Published by

prefix. together
Primitive elvish [PE19/106; WJ/361; WJ/367; WJ/368] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wā/awa

root. away (from), go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker), before (of time), ago, *[ᴹ√] forth, *out
Primitive elvish [PE17/024; PE17/063; PE17/143; PE17/148; PE17/189; PE22/167; PE22/168; VT42/32; VT49/24; WJ/361; WJ/364; WJ/365; WJ/366; WJ/368] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒō

preposition. from
Primitive elvish [PE21/78] Group: Eldamo. Published by

or-lā

preposition. over
Primitive elvish [PE17/065.1602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

orlā

preposition. over
Primitive elvish [PE17/065] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ówō

adverb. together
Primitive elvish [PE17/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ăwă

preposition. from
Primitive elvish [PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sū̆/sō̆

pronoun. he
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

wā-

prefix. together
Primitive elvish [WJ/364] Group: Eldamo. Published by

se

pronoun. he, she, it, 3rd person singular pronoun
Primitive elvish [PE22/140; VT47/13; VT48/24; VT49/17; VT49/20; VT49/37; VT49/50; VT49/52] Group: Eldamo. Published by

awa-

prefix. away
Primitive elvish [PE17/144; WJ/360; WJ/365] Group: Eldamo. Published by

awā

adverb. away
Primitive elvish [WJ/361; WJ/366] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. be, exist
Primitive elvish [PE19/096; PE22/147; VT49/28] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. be, exist
Primitive elvish [PE17/093; PE17/166; PE22/147; VT49/27; VT49/28; VT49/31; VT49/36] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ā

particle. imperative
Primitive elvish [PE22/139; PE22/140; WJ/365; WJ/371; WJ/372] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

* ʒu

root. he

A Primitive Adûnaic form attested as u “he” (SD/435), but given the later Adûnaic pronoun Ad. u or hu “he”, the actual primitive pronoun may have been ƷU* [ɣu], *ʔU or HU [xu], as Tolkien indicated in a footnote (SD/433, note #7). The suffix -u was also a common feature of Classical Adûnaic masculine-nouns*.

Primitive adûnaic [SD/435] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

ai

interjection. o!, ha!

@@@ appears as ail in later printings vs. early printing ai!

Qenya [QL/034; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. *from
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

preposition. from
Qenya [Ety/ƷŌ̆; PE21/60] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o-

prefix. together
Qenya [Ety/WŌ; PE19/053] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o-

prefix. he, 3rd sg. masc. pronoun
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ô

preposition. from
Qenya [GL/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-llo

suffix. from, out of, ablative suffix
Qenya [PE14/046; PE14/047; PE14/078] Group: Eldamo. Published by

luina penwa

over, agone
Qenya [QL/073] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penwa

adjective. over, passed, past
Qenya [QL/073] Group: Eldamo. Published by

va

preposition. from, with
Qenya [PE14/054; PE15/75] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pa

preposition. about
Qenya [PE22/119] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vande¹

adverb. away, hence, forth
Qenya [PE15/70; QL/099] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ma-

prefix. together, in one
Qenya [GL/40] Group: Eldamo. Published by

va-

prefix. together
Qenya [PE13/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wa-

prefix. together
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

adjective. away, gone forth, away
Qenya [PE15/70.0104; QL/099.3501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hu

pronoun. he, 3rd sg. masc. pronoun
Qenya [MC/216; PE14/052; PE14/053; PE14/054; PE14/078; PE14/084; PE14/085; PE16/100; PE16/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

u-

prefix. he, 3rd sg. masc. pronoun
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he, she, it
Qenya [PE22/096; PE22/097; PE22/100; PE22/106; PE22/108; PE22/110; PE22/116; PE22/118; PE22/119; PE22/120; PE22/121; PE22/122; PE22/123] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he, he, she, it, it
Qenya [PE22/096.1709; PE22/097.3504; PE22/100.2611; PE22/100.3008; PE22/106.0208; PE22/108.1702; PE22/110.2308-1; PE22/116.4801; PE22/118.1711; PE22/119.0116; PE22/120.2311; PE22/121.0102; PE22/121.3715; PE22/122.0404; PE22/123.3211; PE22/123.3709] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ette

pronoun. he, he (emphatic)
Qenya [PE22/121.0702; PE22/122.1214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nai

interjection. alas
Qenya [Ety/NAY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tu²

pronoun. he
Qenya [PE14/046; PE14/079] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* va

preposition. away
Qenya [SD/247] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* o

preposition. over, across, along
Qenya [QL/069] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

go

preposition. from, away, patronymic

A preposition “from, away” marked as both Ilkorin (Ety/ƷŌ̆; PE21/60) and Doriathrin (EtyAC/ƷŌ̆). It developed from primitive ᴹ✶ʒō̆ (Ety/WŌ), with the [[ilk|initial [ɣ] becoming [g]]]. It was also used as patronymic, as in go-Thingol “*child of Thingol” (Ety/ƷŌ̆).

Conceptual Development: This preposition may be a restoration of the Gnomish patronymic G. go-.

Doriathrin [Ety/ƷŌ̆; Ety/WŌ; EtyAC/ƷŌ̆; PE21/60] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwo-

prefix. together

An archaic prefix meaning “together” derived from primitive ᴹ✶wō̆- (Ety/WŌ). It was lost because it coalesced with the preposition go “from”. As such, it is the clearest example of how [[ilk|initial [gwo] became [go]]] in Ilkorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/WŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-a(n)

suffix. genitive

The Ilkorin genitive suffix (Ety/NAUK), attested in Dor. Tor Tinduma “King of Twilight” (Ety/TIN). It might have developed from the root ᴹ√NĀ/ANA, which is the source of the Quenya genitive suffix ᴹQ. -n and the Noldorin preposition N. na “of”. Helge Fauskanger suggested instead that it developed from a suffixal form of ᴹ✶ʒō (AL-Ilkorin/-a). This second derivation seems more plausible given its plural form -ion, though the plural could also have developed from (plural) ✶ī + (genitive) ✶āna > -iān(a) > -iōn > -ion*. See the entry on the genitive inflection for further discussion.

Conceptual Development: This suffix and its plural are the same as the Gnomish genitive suffix -a with plural -ion (GG/10). The derivation of the Gnomish genitive is closer to Mr. Fauskanger’s suggested etymology of the Ilkorin genitive, giving further support to his theory.

Doriathrin [Ety/NAUK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

wa-

prefix. together
Old Noldorin [Ety/NŌ; Ety/THEL; Ety/TOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

wo

root. together
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KWET; Ety/LOT(H); Ety/NAT; Ety/NŌ; Ety/NOT; Ety/STAR; Ety/THEL; Ety/TOR; Ety/WED; Ety/WŌ; EtyAC/WŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

awa

root. away, forth, out
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/AB; Ety/AR²; Ety/AWA; Ety/KWET; Ety/LONO; PE19/045] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wō̆-

prefix. together
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/WŌ; PE19/053] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yat

adverb. away, back there, ago
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/57] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒo

root. from, away, from among, out of
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ƷŌ̆; Ety/WŌ; EtyAC/LŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ba

root. away, go away
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

nā²/ana²

root. be, exist
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ANA²; Ety/NĀ²] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ana²

root. be, exist
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he, she, it
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/094; PE22/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. be
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/048; PE22/122] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

a nech(a)

alas, o, woe
Gnomish [GL/59] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. from
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

o-

conjunction. he
Gnomish [GL/53] Group: Eldamo. Published by

on

pronoun. he
Gnomish [GL/51; GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. away, off
Gnomish [GL/21; GL/47] Group: Eldamo. Published by

go-¹

prefix. together, in one, with
Gnomish [GL/21; GL/22; GL/34; GL/40; GL/41; GL/43; GL/44; GL/49; GL/56; GL/61; GL/68; LT2A/Golosbrindi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a(n)

preposition. from
Gnomish [GL/17; PE13/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bandra

adverb. away, gone, departed, lost
Gnomish [GG/11; GL/21] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mu

preposition. from
Gnomish [GL/58.8401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mu¹

preposition. from
Gnomish [GL/58] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwa-

prefix. together, in one, with
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

carpa

adverb. together, in a bunch, bunched-up
Gnomish [GL/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by

criptha

adverb/adjective. together, in a bunch, bunched-up
Gnomish [GL/25; GL/27] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gomintha

adverb. together
Gnomish [GL/41] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

o

preposition. *of
Early Noldorin [PE13/128] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an

preposition. *of
Early Noldorin [PE13/128] Group: Eldamo. Published by

go-

prefix. together, co(n)-
Early Noldorin [PE13/146; PE13/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heb

preposition. about, ?from, *[G.] round about, *around
Early Noldorin [MC/217; PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hin

preposition. from
Early Noldorin [MC/217] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwa-

prefix. together, co(n)-
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Solosimpi

va-

prefix. together
Solosimpi [PE13/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

ō

root. be, exist
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/069] Group: Eldamo. Published by

suffix.
Early Primitive Elvish [GG/10] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ŋu̯a

prefix. together, in one
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/40; GL/41; GL/43; GL/44; LT2A/Golosbrindi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. be, exist
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ī

root. be
Early Primitive Elvish [PE16/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by