Quenya zR5Ì#

-ro

he

-ro pronominal ending "he", in antaváro, q.v. In Tolkiens later Quenya, the ending -s covers both "he", "she" and "it".

-r(o)

suffix. agental suffix

[VT41/13.2805-2; WJ/371.2904-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-mo

suffix. agental suffix

[MR/049.2606-2; WJ/400.0506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anta-

give

anta- (1) vb. "give" (ANA1, MC:215, 221), pa.t. antanë (antanen "I gave", VT49:14) or †ánë, perfect ánië (PE17:147, cf. QL:31). According to VT49:14, Tolkien noted that anta- was sometimes often with an "ironic tone" to refer to missiles, so that antanen hatal sena "I gave him a spear (as a present)" was often used with the real sense of "I cast a spear at him". Usually the recipient of the thing given is mentioned in the dative or allative case (like sena in this example), but there is also a construction similar to English "present someone with something" in which the recipient is the object and the gift appears in the instrumental case: antanenyes parmanen, "I presented him with a book" (PE17:91). The verb occurs several times in FS: antalto"they gave"; strangely, no past tense marker seems to be present (see -lto for the ending); antar a pl. verb translated "they gave", though in LotR-style Quenya it would rather be the present tense "give" (pl.); antaróta "he gave it" (anta-ró-ta "gave-he-it"), another verb occurring in Fíriel's Song, once again with no past tense marker. Also antáva "will give", future tense of anta- "give"; read perhaps *antuva in LotR-style Quenya; similarly antaváro* "he will give" (LR:63) might later have appeared as antuvas (with the ending -s rather than "Qenya" -ro for "he"). Antalë imperative "give thou" (VT43:17), sc. anta "give" + the element le "thou", but this was a form Tolkien abandoned. Apparently ana** was at one point considered as another imperative "give", but Tolkien rewrote the text in question (VT44:13), and the normal patterns would suggest *á anta with an independent imperative particle.

essë

he

essë (2) pron? "he" (and also "she, it"?), possible emphatic 3rd sg. emphatic pronoun, attested in the sentence essë úpa nas "he is dumb" (PE17:126)

se

he, she, it

se (1) pron. "he, she, it" also object "him, her, it", 3rd person sg. Used "of living things including plants" (VT49:37; the corresponding inaimate pronoun is sa). The pronoun comes directly from se as the original stem-form (VT49:50). Stressed form , VT49:51, attested in object position in melin sé "I love him" (VT49:21). Ósë "with him/her", VT43:29; see ó-. Long dative/allative sena "[to/for] him" or "at him", VT49:14, allative senna "to him/her" (VT49:45, 46). Compare the reflexive pronoun insë *"himself, herself".

Sindarin iT2#7T5

anno

verb. give!

[VT/44:21,27] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aned

give

[PE 22:163] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

anna

give

anna- (i anna, in annar), pa.t. ?aun (with endings one-)

e

pronoun. he

The meaning "he" is deduced from the apparent function of this word in the so-called "King's Letter", but it also seems possible to interpret it as "indeed" (as in Q. e, LR/63, VT/45:11), used here in a way of formal address expressing the wishes or the will of the King

[SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

e

he

1) e (SD:128-31), 2) ho, hon, hono. (The distinctions between these forms are unclear. Possibly ho is the nominative ”he”, whereas hon is the accusative ”him”. Hono could be an emphatic form. It may be that all of these pronouns, except e, are ”Noldorin” and were not maintained in Sindarin proper.)

e

pronoun. he

[SD/129.0306; SD/129.0403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-(r)on

suffix. agental suffix

[PE17/170.0417-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-or

suffix. agental suffix

[LotR/0081.4105-3] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Telerin 1RjR7T5

-rō

suffix. future suffix

[PE22/132.1506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ró

suffix. future suffix

[PE22/132.1506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

u

pronoun. he

A well-attested pronominal prefix, the masculine singular pronoun “he” (SD/433). See the entry on pronominal-prefixes for more discussion. Tolkien said that it had another variant hu- (SD/433), but this variant was only appears in the early and rejected hunekkū, which was changed to unekkū (see nakh-). Tolkien further indicated that the form u- primitively had an initial consonant [ɣ] or [ʔ] that was lost (SD/433).

[SD/433.3901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ân

suffix. agental suffix

A suffix that is used in some examples for agental-formation: creating nouns from verbs that indicate the agent who performs the verb’s action. The clearest example is sapthân “wise man” derived (after some ancient sound modifications) from saphad- “to understand”. This formation means “one who understands”. Less clear examples are magân “wright, builder”, perhaps from a verb mag- “to build”, and kathuphazgân “conquerer”, perhaps a combined of katha “all” and a verb ?phazag- “to take”, meaning “*one who takes all”.

It is not clear how this suffix related to the similar participle suffix -ân¹ used for form adjectives from verbs. See the entry on participle for further discussion. Andreas Moehn suggested (EotAL/TAN) that -ân as an agental formation may be related to anâ “human being”.

[SD/429.15073] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

ho

pronoun. he

[Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ho

pronoun. he

[Ety/S.022; Ety/S.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon

pronoun. he

[Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hono

pronoun. he

[Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

anna-

verb. to give

[Ety/348] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

-(r)on

suffix. agental suffix

[Ety/BAD.014-2; Ety/BARÁD.049-2; Ety/KHAT.008-2; Ety/MEL.035-2; Ety/MEL.041-2; EtyAC/MAK.143-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-or

suffix. agental suffix

[Ety/MAK.034-2; Ety/ÑGOL.035-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive adûnaic

ʒu

root. he

A Primitive Adûnaic form attested as u “he” (SD/435), but given the later Adûnaic pronoun Ad. u or hu “he”, the actual primitive pronoun may have been ƷU [ɣu], ʔU or *HU [xu], as Tolkien indicated in a footnote (SD/433, note #7). The suffix -u was also a common feature of Classical Adûnaic masculine-nouns.

[SD/435.0307] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ān

suffix. agental suffix

An apparent primitive form of the Classical Adûnaic agental suffix -ân², attested in the Primitive Adûnaic word saphdān = SAPHAD + -ān (SD/421).

[SD/421.33041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

-ro

suffix. an old agental formation

[WJ/371.2311; WJ/371.2410; WJ/371.2507] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ndo

verb. agental suffix

sū̆/sō̆

pronoun. he

Qenya zR5Ì#

-ro

suffix. agental suffix

-mo

suffix. agental suffix

anta-

verb. give, to give

[Ety/ANA¹.011; EtyAC/YAN².003; LR/063.1003; LR/072.1002; LR/072.1404; LR/072.2103; LR/072.3804; PE22/044.2109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hu

pronoun. he, 3rd sg. masc. pronoun

[MC/216.1502; PE14/052.1607; PE14/052.1709; PE14/053.1003; PE14/053.1004; PE14/053.1903; PE14/053.1904; PE14/053.1905; PE14/053.2403; PE14/053.2404; PE14/054.1212; PE14/078.2906; PE14/084.2504; PE14/085.1108; PE14/085.2008; PE16/100.0602; PE16/100.1603; PE16/104.0602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ette

pronoun. he, hé, he (emphatic)

[PE22/121.0702; PE22/122.1214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he, she, it, hé

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
énestative-past-PE22/123.3709
iestative-PE22/123.3211

[PE22/096.1709; PE22/097.3504; PE22/100.2611; PE22/100.3008; PE22/106.0208; PE22/108.1702; PE22/110.2308-1; PE22/116.4801; PE22/118.1711; PE22/119.0116; PE22/120.2311; PE22/121.0102; PE22/122.0404; PE22/121.3715; PE22/123.3709; PE22/123.3211] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he, he, she, it, it

[PE22/096.1709; PE22/097.3504; PE22/100.2611; PE22/100.3008; PE22/106.0208; PE22/108.1702; PE22/110.2308-1; PE22/116.4801; PE22/118.1711; PE22/119.0116; PE22/120.2311; PE22/121.0102; PE22/121.3715; PE22/122.0404; PE22/123.3211; PE22/123.3709] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tu

pronoun. he

[PE14/046.2303; PE14/079.3306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-mo

suffix. agental suffix

[QL/052.1601-2; QL/058.7001-2; QL/078.3201-2; QL/100.1501-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

-thā

suffix. future suffix

[PE22/097.0611] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ro

prefix. agental suffix

[Ety/LED.031-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanta-

verb. give, to give

[EtyAC/YAN².005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

-ndo

verb. agental suffix

sū̆/sō̆

pronoun. he, masc., he

[Ety/S.004; Ety/S.008; EtyAC/S.010; EtyAC/S.012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he, he, she, it, it, he, she

[PE22/094.1901; PE22/095.0417] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yan

root. give

[EtyAC/YAN².001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Telerin

-ró

suffix. future suffix

[PE22/097.0905; PE22/114.3806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

o-

conjunction. he

[GL/53.4804-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

on

pronoun. he

[GL/51.0201-1; GL/62.8301; GL/62.8305] Group: Eldamo. Published by

antha-

verb. give

[GG/11.0401-1; GG/11.0601-1; GG/11.0602; GL/19.8601; GL/19.8603] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-(r)on

suffix. agental suffix

[GL/18.7501-2; GL/21.2301-2; GL/22.2801-2; GL/24.1701-2; GL/28.8701-2; GL/36.5703-2; GL/36.6701-2; GL/36.8501-2; GL/41.3501-2; GL/42.3601-2; GL/44.1701-2; GL/47.1401-2; GL/49.4201-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-or

suffix. agental suffix

[GL/18.7801-2; GL/31.6101-2; GL/33.7301-2; GL/34.6201-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

-og

suffix. agental suffix

[GL/34.4801-2; GL/43.0501-2; GL/47.1001-2; PE13/109.0102-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.