Quenya zR5Ì#

-ro 0

he

-ro pronominal ending "he", in antaváro, q.v. In Tolkiens later Quenya, the ending -s covers both "he", "she" and "it".

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

anta- 0

give

anta- (1) vb. "give" (ANA1, MC:215, 221), pa.t. antanë (antanen "I gave", VT49:14) or †ánë, perfect ánië (PE17:147, cf. QL:31). According to VT49:14, Tolkien noted that anta- was sometimes often with an "ironic tone" to refer to missiles, so that antanen hatal sena "I gave him a spear (as a present)" was often used with the real sense of "I cast a spear at him". Usually the recipient of the thing given is mentioned in the dative or allative case (like sena in this example), but there is also a construction similar to English "present someone with something" in which the recipient is the object and the gift appears in the instrumental case: antanenyes parmanen, "I presented him with a book" (PE17:91). The verb occurs several times in FS: antalto"they gave"; strangely, no past tense marker seems to be present (see -lto for the ending); antar a pl. verb translated "they gave", though in LotR-style Quenya it would rather be the present tense "give" (pl.); antaróta "he gave it" (anta-ró-ta "gave-he-it"), another verb occurring in Fíriel's Song, once again with no past tense marker. Also antáva "will give", future tense of anta- "give"; read perhaps *antuva in LotR-style Quenya; similarly antaváro* "he will give" (LR:63) might later have appeared as antuvas (with the ending -s rather than "Qenya" -ro for "he"). Antalë imperative "give thou" (VT43:17), sc. anta "give" + the element le "thou", but this was a form Tolkien abandoned. Apparently ana** was at one point considered as another imperative "give", but Tolkien rewrote the text in question (VT44:13), and the normal patterns would suggest *á anta with an independent imperative particle.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-mo 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -mo.

Elements

WordGlossSource
moone-

Element in: Q. astarmo, Q. ciryamo, Q. Curumo, Q. enelmo, Q. Estelmo, Q. Herucalmo, Q. ingolmo, Q. Írimon, Q. Irmo, Q. Isilmo, Q. Maitimo, Q. Námo, Q. Nólimon, Q. nolmo, Q. onótimo, Q. ormo, Q. Súlimo, Q. tirmo, Q. Ulmo

[MR/049.2606-2; WJ/400.0506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-r(o) 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -r.

Element in: Q. Avar, Q. Envinyatar, Q. Istar, Q. maitar, Q. nostar, Q. ohtar, Q. Telcontar

[VT41/13.2805-2; WJ/371.2904-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-s 0

suffix. he

Also glossed as “she”, “it; him”, “her”, “it”, “3rd person singular animate”, “3rd person singular neuter”, “3rd person singular”, “3rd person objective singular”, “[Singular] 3”.
Variations of the word: -s, se, -sse.

[PE17/075.1801; PE17/075.4003; PE17/110.3408; PE17/190.2804; VT49/16.3801; VT49/48.3603; PE17/057.2601; PE17/057.2501; VT49/51.2702; PE22/161.2710; VT49/28.4103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ssë⁴ 0

suffix. he

Also glossed as “she”, “it”.

essë 0

he

essë (2) pron? "he" (and also "she, it"?), possible emphatic 3rd sg. emphatic pronoun, attested in the sentence essë úpa nas "he is dumb" (PE17:126)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

se 0

he, she, it

se (1) pron. "he, she, it" also object "him, her, it", 3rd person sg. Used "of living things including plants" (VT49:37; the corresponding inaimate pronoun is sa). The pronoun comes directly from se as the original stem-form (VT49:50). Stressed form , VT49:51, attested in object position in melin sé "I love him" (VT49:21). Ósë "with him/her", VT43:29; see ó-. Long dative/allative sena "[to/for] him" or "at him", VT49:14, allative senna "to him/her" (VT49:45, 46). Compare the reflexive pronoun insë *"himself, herself".

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

se 0

pronoun. he

Also glossed as “she”, “it (animate)”, “independent 3rd person pronoun”, “him”, “animate”, “it”, “S[ingular] 3”.
Variations of the word: se.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
sen(na)allativeto himPE17/091.4105
senadativeto himVT49/14.1807
sennaallative-VT49/45.3910

[PE17/129.3809; VT49/15.0501; VT49/32.4506; VT49/37.2113; VT49/15.1602; VT49/51.0901; PE17/091.4105; VT49/14.1807; VT49/45.3910] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

-(r)on 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -ron.

Element in: S. Girithron, S. Gwaeron, S. Lothron

[PE17/170.0417-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-or 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -or.

Element in: S. magor

[LotR/0081.4105-3] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aned 0

give

[PE 22:163] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

anno 0

verb. give!

[VT/44:21,27] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

e 0

pronoun. he

The meaning "he" is deduced from the apparent function of this word in the so-called "King's Letter", but it also seems possible to interpret it as "indeed" (as in Q. e, LR/63, VT/45:11), used here in a way of formal address expressing the wishes or the will of the King

[SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

e 0

pronoun. he

Element in: S. Roch-cheruin, S. Taur e-Ndaedelos

[SD/129.0306; SD/129.0403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anna 0

give

anna- (i anna, in annar), pa.t. ?aun (with endings one-)

e 0

he

1) e (SD:128-31), 2) ho, hon, hono. (The distinctions between these forms are unclear. Possibly ho is the nominative ”he”, whereas hon is the accusative ”him”. Hono could be an emphatic form. It may be that all of these pronouns, except e, are ”Noldorin” and were not maintained in Sindarin proper.)

Telerin 1RjR7T5

-rō 0

suffix. future suffix

[PE22/132.1506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ró 0

suffix. future suffix

[PE22/132.1506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

-(r)on 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -ron, -on.

Element in: N. badhron, N. callon, N. Durion, N. egledhron, N. faron, N. Girithron, N. Gwaeron, N. heron, N. Lothron, N. nathron, N. odhron, N. pethron, N. thavron

[Ety/BARÁD.049-2; Ety/MEL.035-2; EtyAC/MAK.143-2; Ety/BAD.014-2; Ety/KHAT.008-2; Ety/MEL.041-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-or 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -or.

Element in: N. gollor, N. maethor

[Ety/MAK.034-2; Ety/ÑGOL.035-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anna- 0

verb. to give

[Ety/348] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ho 0

pronoun. he

[Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ho 0

pronoun. he

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
huinplural-Ety/S.022

[Ety/S.022; Ety/S.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon 0

pronoun. he

[Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hono 0

pronoun. he

[Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

-ro 0

suffix. an old agental formation

Variations of the word: -rō, -rdŏ.

Element in: P. ndḗro

[WJ/371.2507; WJ/371.2311; WJ/371.2410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ndo 0

verb. agental suffix

sa 0

pronoun. he

Also glossed as “she”, “it”, “this by me”, “of my (?concern)”, “the thing”, “impersonal”, “3 sg. neuter or abstract”.

[VT49/37.1514; VT49/52.1503; VT49/37.1311] Group: Eldamo. Published by

se 0

pronoun. he

Also glossed as “she”, “it”, “him”, “3rd person singular pronoun”, “S[ingular] 3”, “3 sg.”.
Variations of the word: sḗ, se, s(e), -sĕ.

Element in: P. sē tuli, tuli sḗ, āse tuli!

[VT49/17.0706; PE22/140.0805-2; VT47/13.4403; VT49/37.1602; VT49/52.1502; VT48/24.0703; VT49/20.4404; PE22/140.0801; PE22/140.0704; VT49/50.2411] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sū̆/sō̆ 0

pronoun. he

Qenya zR5Ì#

-ro 0

suffix. agental suffix

Element in: MQ. ñandaro, MQ. tambaro, MQ. Vaiaro

-mo 0

suffix. agental suffix

Element in: MQ. Kalamor, MQ. Írimor, MQ. Istimor, MQ. Morimor

-mo 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -mo.

Element in: EQ. laulemo, EQ. manimo, EQ. qolimo

[QL/052.1601-2; QL/058.7001-2; QL/078.3201-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-uva 0

suffix. future suffix

Also glossed as “future ending”.

[VT48/32.1805; PE22/097.1508; PE22/097.1007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e 0

pronoun. he

Also glossed as “she”, “it”, “hé”.
Variations of the word: e.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
énestative-past-PE22/123.3709
iestative-PE22/123.3211

[PE22/096.1709; PE22/097.3504; PE22/100.2611; PE22/100.3008; PE22/106.0208; PE22/108.1702; PE22/110.2308-1; PE22/116.4801; PE22/118.1711; PE22/119.0116; PE22/120.2311; PE22/121.0102; PE22/122.0404; PE22/121.3715; PE22/123.3709; PE22/123.3211] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tu 0

pronoun. he

[PE14/046.2303; PE14/079.3306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

-ro 0

prefix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -ro.

Element in: ON. etledro

[Ety/LED.031-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ndo 0

noun. agental suffix

Variations of the word: ndo.

[Ety/STAB.041-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-thā 0

suffix. future suffix

[PE22/097.0611] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

-ndo 0

verb. agental suffix

Element in: MP. la(n)sro-ndo

e 0

pronoun. he

Also glossed as “she”, “it”.

[PE22/094.1901; PE22/095.0417] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yan 0

root. give

[EtyAC/YAN².001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Telerin

-ró 0

suffix. future suffix

Also glossed as “future”.

[PE22/097.0905; PE22/114.3806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

-(r)on 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -ron, -on.

Element in: G. bridhon, G. gwar(e)dhon

[GL/24.1701-2; GL/36.5703-2; GL/44.1701-2; GL/49.4201-2; GL/18.7501-2; GL/21.2301-2; GL/22.2801-2; GL/28.8701-2; GL/36.6701-2; GL/36.8501-2; GL/41.3501-2; GL/42.3601-2; GL/47.1401-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-or 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -or, -ir.

Element in: G. aith(i)or, G. ecthor

[GL/33.7301-2; GL/34.6201-2; GL/18.7801-2; GL/31.6101-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o- 0

conjunction. he

[GL/53.4804-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

on 0

pronoun. he

Variations of the word: on.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
oninplural-GL/62.8301

[GL/51.0201-1; GL/62.8301; GL/62.8305] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

-og 0

suffix. agental suffix

Variations of the word: -og, -ieg.

Element in: EN. aithrog

[GL/47.1001-2; GL/34.4801-2; GL/43.0501-2; PE13/109.0102-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

ana 0

root. give

Also glossed as “send towards”.

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.