_ pref. _across, over, properly 'athwart'. Original S. form þara-. See also the rejected glose in PE17:34.
- iâth ✧ SA/iâth; UTI/Doriath
- Iâth ✧ SI/Doriath; WJ/370; WJI/Iathrim
prefix. across, athwart, over, beyond
noun. fence or palisade of spikes and sharp stakes
noun. outer fence, encircling fence
(noun) 1) iâth (construct iath, pl. iaith) (WJ:370, 378), also ?iâd (construct iad), pl. iaid. 2) lest (girdle, boundary), pl. list, 3) (outer/encircling fence) ephel (pl. ephil), 4) (with spikes and sharp stakes) cail (i gail, o chail) (palisade); no distinct pl. form except with article (i chail).
(preposition) *athar (beyond). Suggested correction of the reading "athan" in SD:62. As prep. probably followed by soft mutation. Also (as adverbial prefix) ath- (on both sides), athra-, thar- (athwart, over, beyond)
(verb) *thora- (the curious form ”thoro-” occurs in the primary source, LR:393 s.v. THUR). The passive participle thoren ”fenced, guarded, hidden” is cited (pl. thorin).
adv. & prep. across. . This gloss was rejected.