Quenya 

Menel

heavens

Menel noun "heavens" (Markirya, SA), "the heavens, the firmament" (SD:401), "the apparent dome in the sky" (MR:387). Menel Cemenyë ("k") "Heaven and Earth" (VT47:30). Found in names like Meneldil "Heaven-friend" = astronomer (Appendix A; Letters:386), Meneldur masc. name, "Heaven-servant" (Appendix A, Tar-Menelduras a Númenórean King, UT:210); menelluin "sky-blue", used as noun = "cornflower" (J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator p. 193). Menelmacar "Swordsman of the Sky", the Orion constellation (also called Telumehtar, Appendix E, first footnote); the older name was Menelmacil "Heaven-sword" (WJ:411); Meneltarma "Pillar of Heaven", name of the great central mountain of Númenor (SA:tar, VT42:21).Menelya fifth day of the Eldarin six-day week, dedicated to the heavens (Appendix D) Locative meneldë "in heaven"; abandoned forms menellë, menelzë (VT43:12, 16). Adj. meneldëa "(being) in heaven", evidently based on a locative form meneldë "in heaven"; abandoned forms menelzëa, menellëa, menelessëa (VT43:13, VT44:16; the last of these forms would suggest the locative form #menelessë).

menel

noun. the heavens, firmament, sky
Quenya [MC/222; MR/071; MR/387; MR/471; PE17/024; PE17/030; PE17/152; RC/774; SA/kemen; SA/menel; UTI/Menel; VT43/13; VT43/16; VT44/16; VT47/11; WJ/411; WJI/Menel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Taimë

the sky

Taimë, Taimië noun "the sky" (LT1:268; rather menel in LotR-style Quenya)

hellë

sky

hellë noun "sky" (3EL; a distinct word hellë "frost" was struck out, see KHEL.)

hellë

noun. sky
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mectar

swordsman

mectar _("k")_noun"Swordsman". In Telimectar ("k"). (LT1:268; in LotR-style Quenya mehtar, also macar)

macar

noun. swordsman, †forger
Quenya [MR/071.2503-2; VT39/11.3211; VT41/10.1208] Group: Eldamo. Published by

macar

noun. swordsman, †forger
Quenya [MR/071; VT39/11; VT41/10] Group: Eldamo. Published by

macar

swordsman

macar ("k") (1) noun "swordsman" (VT39:11). In Menelmacar (see menel). According to VT41:10, macar is literally "forger" (derived from maca-, q.v.), "often used in later use of a warrior".

ilwë

sky, heavens

ilwë noun "sky, heavens" (LT1:255), "the middle air among the stars" (LT1:273). VT49:51, 53 also mentions an obscure prononominal element ilwë.

* Menel

Menel

The word is understood as men "towards" + el "star" meaning "the Direction of the Stars". The loremaster Quennar is attributed as having devised the word Menel ("heavens, firmament").

Quenya [Tolkien Gateway] Published by

* eruman

place name. Heaven

The Quenya name for Heaven in the final draft of Átaremma, Tolkien’s translation of the Lord’s Prayer (VT43/12), attested only in the assimilated locative form Erumande. Its initial element is Eru “God” and its final element is probably related to the root √MAN “good, blessed, unmarred” also seen in the names Aman and Manwë, as suggested by Patrick Wynne, Arden Smith and Carl Hostetter (VT43/16).

Conceptual Development: In earlier versions of Tolkien’s legendarium, the name ᴱQ/ᴹQ. Eruman was used for the wasteland north of Valinor (LT1/91, Ety/ERE), but in the materials used for the published version of The Silmarillion, that name was changed to Q. Araman (MR/123). This freed Tolkien to use the name Eruman for “Heaven”, as suggested by Patrick Wynne, Arden Smith and Carl Hostetter (VT43/16-17).

In earlier versions of the Átaremma prayer, Tolkien used menel for “Heaven”, but it was rejected and elsewhere Tolkien said that menel referred only to “the heavens, firmanent” where the stars reside (MR/387, PE17/152). In writings from the 1940s, Tolkien used ᴹQ. ilúve for “Heaven” (MR/355, SD/401), but later ilúvë meant “the whole, the all”, and was equated to “the Universe” (WJ/402, Ety/IL).

Quenya [VT43/16] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

Menel

noun. the heavens

_n. _the heavens, the apparent dome of the sky. Probably a Quenya word introduced into Sindarin. It was a 'pictorial' word, as the lore of the Eldar and the Númenoreans know much astronomy.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24] _-_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Menel

noun. sky, high heaven, firmament, the region of the stars
Sindarin [LotR/II:I, LotR/IV:X, LB/354, RGEO/72, VT/44:21,] Q menel. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Menel

noun. Firmament

_n. _Firmament. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

menel

noun. the heavens, firmanent, region of the stars
Sindarin [LB/354; LotR/0238; LotR/0729; MR/387; PE17/024; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; VT44/23] Group: Eldamo. Published by

magor

noun. swordsman
Sindarin [Menelvagor LotR/E, WJ/234] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* Menel

heaven

menel (i venel), pl. menil (i menil)

* magor

noun. swordsman
Sindarin [LotR/0081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* magor

swordsman

magor (i vagor), analogical pl. megyr (i megyr)

Adûnaic

menel

noun. the heavens (draft)

A draft Adûnaic word for “the heavens”, later replaced by minal (SD/305).

Adûnaic [SD/305] Group: Eldamo. Published by

minal

noun. the heavens, sky

An Adûnaic noun for “the heaven” or “sky”, cognate of Q. menel but not a direct loan word from Quenya (SD/241). It was borrowed from Primitive Elvish, probably from an Avari dialect, and therefore underwent different phonetic development (SD/414). In one place Tolkien changed it minil (SD/414), but the form minal appears in various compounds and is probably to be preferred.

Adûnaic [SD/200; SD/241; SD/414; SD/429] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

* menel

noun. *the heavens
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* ell

noun. sky
Noldorin [Ety/SPAR; Ety/THOR; EtyAC/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

menel

root. heavens, firmament, *[ᴹ√] sky
Primitive elvish [PE21/84] Group: Eldamo. Published by

menel

noun. heaven, sky
Primitive elvish [PE21/71; PE21/75] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hel

root. sky
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

minil

root. heaven, sky

A Primitive Adûnaic root glossed “heaven, sky” that Tolkien used as an example of an “early borrowing” from Primitive Elvish: the ancient Elvish root √MENEL became ✶Ad. √MINIL from whatever Avari language influenced Primitive Adûnaic (SD/414).

Primitive adûnaic [SD/414] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

menel

noun. the heavens, firmament, sky
Qenya [PE22/046; RC/671; SD/241; SD/305; SD/401; SD/414; SDI2/Menel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taitelúme

noun. firmament
Qenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

telume

noun. the heavens, (vault of) heaven, firmament
Qenya [MC/214; MC/221; PE16/062; PE16/065; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by

helle

noun. sky
Qenya [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taime

noun. sky
Qenya [LT1A/Telimektar; PE16/142; QL/088] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilduma

noun. heaven
Qenya [PE21/04; PE21/08; PE21/38; PE21/42; PE21/43; PE21/46; PE21/47] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilúve ilu

proper name. Heaven, the universe, all that is

A Quenya term appearing in Númenórean stories from the 1940s referring to the entirety of existence, both the physical universe and Heaven (SD/401), apparently a combination of ilúve “universe” or “Heaven” and ilu “universe, world”.

Qenya [SD/401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taimie

noun. sky
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilwe

noun. sky, heavens
Qenya [GL/50; LBI/Ilwë; LT1/085; LT1/127; LT1A/Ilwë; LT1A/Vilna; LT1I/Ilwë; LT2I/Ilwë; PME/042; QL/042; SMI/Ilwë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

makillar

noun. swordsman
Qenya [QL/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ehtar

noun. swordsman, warrior, sword
Qenya [PE13/158; PE14/044; PE14/072; PE14/074; PE15/77] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ektar¹

noun. swordsman
Qenya [LT1A/Telimektar; PME/035; QL/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tea²

noun. sky
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

fanya

noun/adjective. sky, white
Qenya [Ety/SPAN; EtyAC/SPAN; LR/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaiya¹

noun. sky, skies
Qenya [MC/214; PE16/065; PE16/075] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

gell

noun. sky

A Doriathrin noun for “sky” derived from the root ᴹ√ƷEL (Ety/ƷEL), probably from a primitive form ʒellē* [ɣellē] based on its cognates. It is a clear example of how [[ilk|initial [ɣ] became [g]]] in Ilkorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

elle

noun. sky
Old Noldorin [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* el

noun. sky
Old Noldorin [Ety/ƷEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

menel

root. heaven, sky
Middle Primitive Elvish [SD/414] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒel

root. sky
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ƷEL; Ety/YAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

climli

noun. sky, heaven
Gnomish [GL/26] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daimoth

noun. heaven
Gnomish [GL/29; LT1A/Telimektar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilwint

noun. sky, heavens
Gnomish [GL/50; LT1A/Ilwë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ilon

noun. sky
Gnomish [LT2A/Teld Quing Ilon; PE13/104; PE15/27] Group: Eldamo. Published by

luiston

noun. sky
Gnomish [GL/55] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dai¹

noun. sky
Gnomish [GL/29; LT1A/Telimektar; PE13/112] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

telum

noun. sky, *[G.] roof
Early Noldorin [PE13/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dai

noun/adjective. sky, high
Early Noldorin [LB/049; PE13/141] Group: Eldamo. Published by

English

* firmament

Firmament

In both Quenya and Sindarin, the word for firmament is Menel, though it has other senses too.

English [Tolkien Gateway] Published by