Sindarin 

anann

adverb. long

adv. long. Cuio i Pheriain anann 'May the Halflings live long'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

and

adjective. long

Variations

  • ann ✧ PE17/012; PE17/040; PE17/121
  • ann- ✧ PE17/090
  • an(d) ✧ SA/an(d)
  • an(n)- ✧ VT42/28

Derivations

  • ANAD “long; far” ✧ PE17/040
  • andā “long, far” ✧ PE17/090
    • ANAD “long; far” ✧ PE17/090

Cognates

  • Q. anda “long, far” ✧ PE17/040; PE17/090

Element in

  • S. Anach “?Long Neck”
  • S. anann “(for) long”
  • S. andaith “long-mark”
  • S. Andram “Long Wall” ✧ SA/an(d)
  • S. Andras “Long Cape”
  • S. Andrast “Long Cape”
  • S. Angast “Long Cape” ✧ VT42/28
  • S. Andrath “Long Climb”
  • S. andreth “long-suffering, patience”
  • S. Androth “*Long Cave”
  • S. Anduin “Great River, (lit.) Long River” ✧ PE17/012; PE17/040; RC/765; SA/an(d)
  • S. Anfalas “Langstrand, (lit.) Long Beach” ✧ SA/an(d)
  • S. Anfang “Longbeard”
  • S. angerthas “runic alphabetic, (lit.) long rune-rows” ✧ SA/an(d)
  • ᴺS. annas “length”
  • S. Ann-thennath “*Long-shorts”
  • S. Cair Andros “Ship of Long Foam” ✧ SA/an(d)
  • S. i arben na megil and “Knight of the Long Sword” ✧ PE17/147

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
andā > ann-[andā] > [anda] > [and] > [ann]✧ PE17/090
Sindarin [PE17/012; PE17/040; PE17/090; PE17/121; PE17/147; RC/765; SA/an(d); VT42/28] Group: Eldamo. Published by

and

adjective. long

Sindarin [Ety/348, S/427, X/ND1] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

and

adjective. long

adj. long. i·arben na megil and 'The Knight of the Long Sword'. >> ann

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:12:121:147] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ann

adjective. long

adj. long. Rare except in old names (e.g. Anduin). >> and

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:12:40:121] < ANAD long. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ann

adjective. long

long

adjective. heavy

Sindarin [Ety/370, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lung

adjective. heavy, heavy; [G.] grave, serious

Sindarin adjective meaning “heavy” attested only in the name Mablung “Heavy Hand” (S/185). Given this name’s Quenya cognate Q. Lungumá (VT47/19), S. lung probably developed from primitive lungŭ*, where the [[s|[u] was prevented from become [o] by the presence of the nasal [ŋ]]].

The Gnomish glosses for this word from the 1910s included the more metaphorical senses of “grave, serious” (GL/55). It’s possible the Sindarin word could be used in this way as well.

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, the word for “heavy” was also G. lung (GL/55), an element in the name G. Mablung as well (LT2A/Mablung). Its primitive form was not given, but judging by the related word G. luntha- “to balance, weigh”, it might have been ᴱ√LUŊU. The form ᴱN. lung “heavy” reappeared in the Early Noldorin Grammar from the 1920s (PE13/122), but became ᴱN. lhung* in the (Early) Noldorin Dictionary (PE13/163), after Tolkien decided that [[en|initial [r-], [l-] were unvoiced]].

In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the Noldorin form of this word was N. lhong derived from primitive ᴹ✶lungā (Ety/LUG¹), where [[n|the [u] became [o] due to a-affection]]. At this point in time, Mablung was Doriathrin/Ilkorin rather than a Noldorin name (Ety/MAP), so there was no conflict.

After Tolkien abandoned the Ilkorin language, Mablung would have become a Sindarin name, and Tolkien needed a new etymology for it. Judging by its later Quenya cognate Lungumá (VT47/19), it seems that Tolkien revised the primitive form of this word from ✶lungā to ✶lungŭ, as describe above, possibly a restoration of its etymology from the 1920s. This meant there was no a-affection in the Sindarin development, making S. lung the Sindarin form of the word.

Neo-Sindarin: I personally prefer S. lung for the Sindarin word for “heavy”, but some Neo-Sindarin authors use the reformed word ᴺS. ^long, based on the Noldorin word lhong in The Etymologies, switching to a voiced [l] because the unvoicing of initial [l], [r] does not happen in Sindarin phonology. This is not entirely consistent with my prefered Neo-Quenya word fof “heavy”: lunga; I assume there was some divergent evolution in Sindarin and Quenya for this word.

Derivations

  • lungu “heavy”
    • ᴹ√LUG “be heavy”

Cognates

  • Q. lungo “heavy, heavy [prefix only]”

Element in

  • S. Mablung “Heavy Hand” ✧ S/185

anann

adverb. (for) long

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
an“to, for, to, for; [N. and G.] of”
and“long”
Sindarin [Let/448; LotR/0953; PE17/102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anann

adverb. long, for a long time

Sindarin [LotR/VI:IV, Letters/308] an+and, OS *ananda. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

anann

long

(adverb, = "for a long time") anann

and

long

(adjective) and (pl. aind),

long

heavy

long (pl. lyng);

long

adjective. heavy

Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan adaptations. Published by

annas

5{#iD noun. length

Theoretical Sindarin; based on the attested formations thinnas (– adj. thent).

Sindarin [(neologism)] Group: Neologism. Published by

adorn

Adorn

The name Adorn is said to be a of pre-Númenórean origin, adapted in form to suit the Sindarin language.

Sindarin [Tolkien Gateway] Published by