and (“long”) + duin (“long and large river”)
noun. long river
place name. Anduine
topon. -. Q. Anduine.
place name. Great River, (lit.) Long River
Conceptual Development: This river was first mentioned as N. Anduin in the earliest versions of the “Fall of Númenor” from the 1930s (LR/33). In the earliest drafts of the Lord of the Rings from the 1940s this river was named N. Beleghir “Great River”, but it was quickly changed to Anduin (RS/410). As he composed the Lord of the Rings, Tolkien considered other variants: Sirvinya “New Sirion” (TI/119) and Andon (TI/298), but all were rejected in favor of Anduin.
- Q. Anduinë “Long River” ✧ PE17/040
- S. Ethir Anduin “Mouths of Anduin” ✧ RC/350
Word Gloss and “long” duin “(large) river, (large) river; [N.] water”
- anduin ✧ PE17/012; PE17/040
noun. (long and large) river (having strong current)
place name. Great River
Conceptual Development: This river was named G. Sirion in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/238) and was explained as an archaic word for “river” in the Gnomish Lexicon (GL/67). The name N. Sirion appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s as an elaboration of N. sîr (Ety/SIR). The derivation given above appeared in Tolkien’s Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings from the late 1950s or early 1960s (PE17/42). In an early name list its Qenya equivalent was given as ᴱQ. Sirion as well (PE13/102).
- ✶siriānā “Sirion” ✧ PE17/042
Word Gloss sîr “river, stream” iaun “wide, extensive, large, roomy, vast, huge”
Development Stages Sources ✶siriānā > Sirion [siriānā] > [siriāna] > [siriǭna] > [siriauna] > [siriaun] > [sirion] ✧ PE17/042
long river or great river
Anduin is a Sindarin name meaning "long river" or "great river", composed of and + duin.
(long, large river with strong current) duin (i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin) (VT48:24)
(i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin), coll. pl. duinath (Names:179, PM:54); compare the river-name Anduin, ”long river”.
”singer” may also be used of rivers (see
sirion (i hirion, o sirion), pl. siryn (i siryn).
of a river
(estuary), no distinct pl. form, but coll. pl. ethiriath. Note: a homophone means "spy".
(i gelon, o chelon), pl. celyn (pl. i chelyn)
1) (also = rill) sîr (i hîr, o sîr), in compounds sir- or -hir or -hír; no distinct pl. form except with article (i sîr), coll. pl. siriath. Note: sîr is also the adverb ”today”. 2) celon (i gelon, o chelon), pl. celyn (pl. i chelyn), 3) The word lind ”singer” may also be used of rivers (see . (WJ.309).
(i hîr, o sîr), in compounds sir- or -hir or -hír; no distinct pl. form except with article (i sîr), coll. pl. siriath. Note: sîr is also the adverb ”today”.