_n. _feminine personalized form, probably = 'supreme, sublime, queen'. Q. *Varsi.
noun. queen, spouse
noun. feminine personalized form
theology. a form of Elbereth seldom used
_theon._a form of _Elbereth _seldom used.
noun/adjective. queen, spouse; supreme, sublime
@@@ unclear why it was not beraith since it was derived from barathī; however Elaran deduced that Tolkien may have re-etymologized this word as a derivative of √BER “marry”, given its later gloss “spouse” in addition to “queen” (PE17/23; RGEO/66); in its original derivation it was probably because [[n|[ei] sometimes became [e] in unstressed final syllables]] in Noldorin
Development Stages Sources ✶barathī(e) > bereth [baratʰī] > [baratʰi] > [baraθi] > [bereθi] > [bereθ] ✧ PE17/023
noun. feast, festival
The word was changed to bereth in the Etymologies, but was never changed in the texts (cf. Mereth Aderthad and the compound Merethrond)
noun. feast, feast, [N.] festival
- ᴹ√M(B)ER “*feast, festive”
- S. Mereth Aderthad “Feast of Reuniting” ✧ S/113; SA/mereth
- S. Merethrond “Great Hall of Feasts” ✧ SA/mereth
Word Gloss -th “abstract noun”
- Mereth ✧ S/113
noun. beech, beech-tree, silver birch
- S. Neldoreth ✧ SA/neldor
- S. Taur-na-Neldor “Beech-forest” ✧ LotR/0469
noun. queen, queen, *(lit.) crowned-lady
- S. Celebrían “Silver-queen” ✧ Let/423
(fem.) bereth (i vereth) (queen), pl. berith (i mberith)
mereth (i vereth) (festival), pl. merith (i merith). Note: In the Etymologies, Tolkien changed the relevant root from _ to
†fêr (stem feren-, pl. ferin) (mast);
1) rîs, no distinct pl. except with article preceding (idh rîs); coll. pl. ?rissath; 2) rían (”crown-gift”), pl. ríain (idh ríain); 3) bereth (i vereth) (spouse), pl. berith (i mberith), 4) ríen (crowned lady), pl. ?rîn (idh rîn). The adjective rîn ”crowned” may also be used as a noun ”crowned woman” = ”queen”, but with no distinct pl. form except when article precedes (idh rîn again); coll. pl. ríniath. Note: a homophone means ”remembrance”.
_n. _spouse, used of one who is queen as spouse of a king. Tolkien notes the parallel with the word queen "being in origin only an ancient word for wife or woman already in Old English reserved for the King's wife".